简明英汉词典

yield
[ji:ld]
v.
出产, 生长, 生产
vi.
(~ to)屈服, 屈从
n.
产量, 收益

美国传统词典[双解]

yield
yield
AHD:[y?ld]
D.J.[ji8ld]
K.K.[jild]
v.(动词)
yield.edyield.ingyields
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To give forth by or as if by a natural process, especially by cultivation:
生产:通过或似乎通过自然生产过程产出,尤指通过耕作:
a field that yields many bushels of corn.
盛产玉米的农田

(2)

To furnish as return for effort or investment; be productive of:
获利:作为对努力或投资的回报而给予;产生:
an investment that yields high percentages.
产生高额利润的投资

(3)

To give over possession of, as in deference or defeat; surrender.
放弃,投降:因敬畏或失败而放弃…的所有权;投降

(4)

To give up (an advantage, for example) to another; concede.
让渡:把(如,优势)让与他人;退让
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To give forth a natural product; be productive.
生产:产出自然作物;生产

(2)

To produce a return for effort or investment:
生利:因努力或投资产生收益:
bonds that yield well.
获利很多的债券

(3)

To give up, as in defeat; surrender or submit.
让与,屈服:因失败而放弃;投降或屈服

(4)

To give way to pressure or force:
放弃,屈服:让步于压力或武力:
The door yielded to a gentle push.
轻轻一推门就开了

(5)

To give way to argument, persuasion, influence, or entreaty:
让步:向争论、劝说、影响或乞求让步:
The child pleaded, but the parents wouldn't yield.
孩子苦苦哀求,但父母不让步

(6)

To give place, as to one that is superior:
退让,退位:让位于…,如对于上级:
She yields to no one in her condemnation of violence.
她即使因暴力而受非难,也不肯退位
n.(名词)

(1)

An amount yielded or produced; a product.
生产量;生产物

(2)

A profit obtained from an investment; a return.
投资的收益:投资获利;回报

(3)

The energy released by an explosion, especially by a nuclear explosion, expressed in units of weight of TNT required to produce an equivalent release:
当量:由爆炸,尤其是核爆炸所释放出的能量,用产生相等释放所需要三硝基甲苯重量单位来表示:
The atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima had a yield of 20 kilotons.
落在广岛的原子弹产生出二万吨的当量

语源

(1)

Middle English yielden
中古英语 yielden

(2)

from Old English geldan [to pay]
源自 古英语 geldan [偿付]

继承用法

yielder
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

yieldrelentbowdefersubmitcapitulatesuccumb

(2)

These verbs all mean to give in to what one can no longer oppose or resist.
这些动词都表示让步于不能再反对或抵抗的人或事。

(3)

Yield has the widest application:
Yield 的应用最为广泛:
yield to an enemy;
对敌投降;
wouldn't yield to reason;
不屈服于理由;
yielded to desire.
屈服于欲望。
“The child . . . soon yielded to the drowsiness” (Charles Dickens). To relent is to moderate the harshness or severity of an attitude or decision with respect to another over whom one has authority or influence:
“这孩子…一会儿就支持不住昏昏欲睡了” (查尔斯·狄更斯)。relent 是指出于对处于自己权威和影响下的人的尊重而缓解某一制度或决定的苛刻或严格:
“The captain at last relented, and told him that he might make himself at home” (Herman Melville).
“最后,船长缓和下来,告诉他随便些” (荷曼·麦尔维尔)。

(4)

Bow suggests giving way in defeat or through courtesy:
Bow 表示因失败或通过礼貌而让步:
“Bow and accept the end/Of a love” (Robert Frost). To defer is to yield out of respect or in recognition of another's authority, knowledge, or judgment:
“屈服并接受爱情的结局” (罗伯特·弗罗斯特)。defer 是指出于尊重或对他人权威、才学或判断的认可而让步:
“Philip . . . had the good sense to defer to the long experience and the wisdom of his father” (William Hickling Prescott).
“菲利浦…很明智地在他父亲的丰富经验和智慧面前作出了让步” (威廉姆·希克林·普莱斯哥特)。

(5)

Submit implies giving way out of necessity, as after futile or unsuccessful resistance.
Submit 表示经过无用或不成功的抵抗之后,出于被迫而放弃:
“What must the King do now? Must he submit?” (Shakespeare).
“现在国王必须做什么? 他必须投降吗?” (莎士比亚)。

(6)

Capitulate implies surrender to pressure, force, compulsion, or inevitability:
Capitulate 表示屈服于压力、强力、义务或不可避免性:
“I will be conquered; I will not capitulate [to illness] ” (Samuel Johnson).
“我将被征服;我不会屈服”[于疾病] ” (塞缪尔·约翰逊)。

(7)

Succumb strongly suggests submission to something overpowering or overwhelming:
Succumb 强烈暗示屈服不可一世的或无法抵抗的事物:
“I didn't succumb without a struggle to my uncle's allurements” (H.G. Wells).See also Synonyms at produce, relinquish
“我对叔叔的诱惑未作任何反抗便屈服了” (H.G.威尔斯)参见同义词 producerelinquish

现代英汉词典

yield
[ji:ld]
vt., vi.

(1)

出产
That tree yields fruits.
这种树结果。

(2)

(常与to连用)放弃;投降;让步
I will not yield a step.
我寸步不让。
The army yielded when it was attacked.
当这支军队受到进攻时投降了。

(3)

(压得)塌下去,弯了下来
The shelf is beginning to yield under that heavy weight.
架子被那么大的重量压得弯了下去。

(4)

(与to连用)让位于,被…取代

词性变化

yield
n.
产量;收成;收益
the yield per hectare
每公顷产量
This year's yield from the coal mine was very large.
今年这煤矿产量甚丰。

现代英汉综合大辞典

yield
[ji:ld]
vt.

(1)

生出, 出产; 产生

(2)

让给; 让渡; 放弃(权利, 地位等)

(3)

承认; 同意

(4)

被迫放弃

(5)

交出; 投降
not yield a step
一步也不让
That apple tree yield s plenty of apples.
那棵苹果树结出很多苹果。
They yield ed the fortress to the enemy.
他们把要塞放弃给了敌人。

词性变化

yield
[ji:ld]
vi.

(1)

生产作物, 有收获

(2)

投降, 屈服, 退让(to)

(3)

(因压力)弯曲, 凹进(to); (使疾病)好转

(4)

(在议会等)让给发言权
I would rather die than yield.
我宁死不降。
We yield to nobody in love of freedom.
我们对于自由的爱好不亚于任何人。

yield
[ji:ld]
n.

(1)

生产; 产品, 生产量

(2)

收成, 回收率

(3)

(投资)收益(常用百分比表示)

(4)

屈服(点), 击穿

(5)

极限

(6)

弯曲, 凹进, 沉陷

(7)

二次放射系数

继承用法

yield-point
n.
【物】软化点, 屈服点

yield-power
n.
生产力

yield-value
n.
收获价

yield-weighted
adj.
按产额量度的

yieldable
adj.

yielder
[`ji:ldE(r)]
n.

特殊用法

accident yield
临时收额

actual yield
实际生息[利润]率

affination yield
洗炼得率

aggregate yields
总产量

amalgamation yield
汞齐化率

annual average sediment yields
年平均沉积量

apparent ionization yield
表观电离率

Auger yield
【原物】俄歇(电子)产额

bit yield
存储单元

bond yields
公债利息

capital market yields
资本市场生息率

cash yield
现金生息

casting yield
(铸件)实收率

chain fission yield
【核】裂变链产额

coking yield
焦化(产品的)产率

commercial yield
工业产量

cumulative yield
累积产额

cumulative chain yield
链式反应累计产额

current yield
当年收益; 日产量; 现时产量

delayed yield
【冶】滞后屈服时间

distillation yield
馏出物量, 出酒率

dividend yield
股息生息率

ductile yield
延性屈服

earnings yield
收益率

effective yield
实际收入

electron affinity yield
电子亲合率

equity yield
净值殖利

expected yields
[俗]估产(量)

extraction yield
萃取率, 提取率

final yield
主伐[伐期]收获; 最后产率

fission yield
裂变产额

fluorescence yield
荧光效应

fractional yield
相对产量

functional yield
功能负荷量

gross yield of the property
财产(例如土地)总收入

heat yield
放热, 散热

intermediate yield
隔年生产量, 中间收获

intermittent yield
隔年收获

lactational yield
一个泌乳期的奶产量

light yield
光输出

loan equivalent yield (LEY)
相当于贷款的收益率

marginal profit yield
边际利润收益

maturity yield
全期收益

maximum sustainable yield
最高持续产量

metal yield
金属成品率

normal annual yield
法正[标准]年伐量

nuclear yield
核(武器)威力

percolation yield
渗滤产率

permissible yield
容许渔获量; 持久渔获量

photochemical yield
光化产量

photoelectric yield
光电子产额, 光电灵敏度

photonuclear yield
光核反应产额

plastic yield
塑变值, 可塑流动性

product yield
成品收率; 产物

progressive plastic yield
渐进塑性屈服

prospective yield
预期生息

quantum yield
【核】【物化】量子产额

redemption yield
偿债收益

rerun yield
再蒸馏产率

rock yield
岩石屈服

rolling mill yield
轧机产量[生产能力, 生产率]

secondary yield
次级产额

sediment yield
沉积量

sharp yield
明显屈服

single pass yield
单程产量

specific yield
【水】单位产水量; 个别产量

stress yield
屈服应力

sustained yield
持续产量; 保存得率

sustained periodic yield
定期持续收获

tax yield
捐税收入

tensile yield
扯断伸长率; 张力屈服值[点]

thermal-fission yield
热中子裂变产额

time yield
短期蠕变试验

tinctorial yield
给[得, 着]色量

torque yield
屈服点转矩

total bright leaf equivalent yield
(烤烟的对比)总产量

ultimate yield
最终收率(加工后产物收率)

unscreened yield
粗浆得率

volumetric yield
容积得率

well yield
单井产量

yield of radiation
辐射强度, 辐射量

yield of steel
钢的屈服点

yieldof thinning
疏伐收获

yield of timbers removed before final cutting
主伐前收获

yield to maturity
到期收益, 有效利率; 全期收益率

yield to subscribers
认购人收益

参考词汇
yield     submit    
都含有“让步”、“屈服”的意思。

(1)

yield 指“在压力、武力或恳求下让步”, 如:
yield to demands
对要求让步。

(2)

submit 强调“放弃抗拒、屈服于某一势力、权力或意志”, 如:
He was losing the fight but he would not submit.
他战败了, 但不屈服。
resist    

英文相关词典

yield
bear    forego    furnish    give    give up    grant    part with    produce    provide    relinquish    sacrifice    supply    surrender    waive    

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

yield
成品率

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

yield
产量

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

yield
产额;产量

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

yield
收得率

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

yield
收获率, 产量;屈服

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

yield
屈服

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

yield
屈服, 沉陷

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

yield
产量;回收率;下沉;屈服

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

yield
产量

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

yield
收获率

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

yield
产量, 产值

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

yield
成品率, 合格率

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

yield
屈服

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

yield
屈服;当量

美国传统词典

yield
yield
AHD:[y?ld]
D.J.[ji8ld]
K.K.[jild]
v.
yield.ed, yield.ing, yields
v.tr.

(1)

To give forth by or as if by a natural process, especially by cultivation:
a field that yields many bushels of corn.

(2)

To furnish as return for effort or investment; be productive of:
an investment that yields high percentages.

(3)

To give over possession of, as in deference or defeat; surrender.

(4)

To give up (an advantage, for example) to another; concede.
v.intr.

(1)

To give forth a natural product; be productive.

(2)

To produce a return for effort or investment:
bonds that yield well.

(3)

To give up, as in defeat; surrender or submit.

(4)

To give way to pressure or force:
The door yielded to a gentle push.

(5)

To give way to argument, persuasion, influence, or entreaty:
The child pleaded, but the parents wouldn't yield.

(6)

To give place, as to one that is superior:
She yields to no one in her condemnation of violence.
n.

(1)

An amount yielded or produced; a product.

(2)

A profit obtained from an investment; a return.

(3)

The energy released by an explosion, especially by a nuclear explosion, expressed in units of weight of TNT required to produce an equivalent release:
The atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima had a yield of 20 kilotons.

语源

(1)

Middle English yielden

(2)

from Old English geldan [to pay]

继承用法

yielder
n.

参考词汇

(1)

yield, relent, bow, defer, submit, capitulate, succumb

(2)

These verbs all mean to give in to what one can no longer oppose or resist.

(3)

Yield has the widest application:
yield to an enemy;
wouldn't yield to reason;
yielded to desire.
“The child . . . soon yielded to the drowsiness” (Charles Dickens). To relent is to moderate the harshness or severity of an attitude or decision with respect to another over whom one has authority or influence:
“The captain at last relented, and told him that he might make himself at home” (Herman Melville).

(4)

Bow suggests giving way in defeat or through courtesy:
“Bow and accept the end/Of a love” (Robert Frost). To defer is to yield out of respect or in recognition of another's authority, knowledge, or judgment:
“Philip . . . had the good sense to defer to the long experience and the wisdom of his father” (William Hickling Prescott).

(5)

Submit implies giving way out of necessity, as after futile or unsuccessful resistance.
“What must the King do now? Must he submit?” (Shakespeare).

(6)

Capitulate implies surrender to pressure, force, compulsion, or inevitability:
“I will be conquered; I will not capitulate [to illness] ” (Samuel Johnson).

(7)

Succumb strongly suggests submission to something overpowering or overwhelming:
“I didn't succumb without a struggle to my uncle's allurements” (H.G. Wells).See also Synonyms at produce, relinquish

[名词委审定]英汉电子学名词(1993)

yield
成品率

[名词委审定]英汉化学工程名词(1995)

yield
收率

[名词委审定]英汉化学名词(1991)

yield
收率

[名词委审定]英汉力学名词(1993)

yield
屈服

[名词委审定]英汉煤炭科技名词(定义版, 1996)

yield

(1)

产率

(2)

曾称“回收率”、“出率”、“出量”。(1)产品量占原料量的百分率;(2)某一成分的量占总量的百分率。代表符号γ。

[名词委审定]英汉水利科技名词(定义版, 1997)

yield

(1)

屈服

(2)

岩体、土体中在某应力状态下由弹性状态转变到塑性状态的现象。

[名词委审定]英汉物理学名词(1996)

yield
屈服

[名词委审定]英汉药学名词(1999)

yield
收率

[名词委审定]英汉冶金学名词(1999)

yield
产率

英汉船舶大词典

yield
n.产出,产额,产量

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

yield
成品;成品率,合格率;输出,产生,得到;屈服

英汉电信大词典

yield
n.屈服,产量

英汉地质大词典

yield
n.产生,产量,流出量

英汉法学大词典

yield
v.让步产 ,出产 ;n.收益

英汉纺织大词典

yield
n.得量,收获率,一磅染整品的码数

英汉航海大词典

yield
n.让出,产出

英汉环境大词典

yield
n.产量,收获率,产生

英汉航空大词典

yield
n.屈服,收益

英汉化学大词典

yield
vt.产出,让步,屈服于,击穿;n.产量,流动,输出,回收,屈服,弯曲,产生

英汉海运大词典

yield
产额,产生,输出量屈服,让予,委弃,击穿

基本词义

yield
产量让予委弃

基本词义

yield
产量,输出量,产额屈服,击穿效率委弃,让予,vi.产生,得出输出屈服,击穿

基本词义

yield
产量,输出量屈服,击穿效率次级放射系数vi.产生,得出输出屈服,击穿

英汉经贸大词典

yield
n.让出

英汉计算机大词典

yield
vt.产出(让步,屈服于;n.产量(流动,输出

英汉机械大词典

yield
n.产量,流量

英汉建筑大词典

yield
n.产生,产量,流出量

英汉农牧林大词典

yield
n.收获量

英汉能源大词典

yield
n.产率,产额,屈服

英汉汽车大词典

yield
n.产量,流量,发电量

英汉水利大词典

yield
n.产量,回收量,开采量

英汉消防大词典

yield
供水量, 流量

英汉冶金大词典

yield
n.生产能力,生产率

英汉医学大词典

yield
n.产量

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004