简明英汉词典

work off
v.
渐渐地清除, 排除, 清理, 售出, 冒充

美国传统词典[双解]

work
work
AHD:[w?rk]
D.J.[w*8k]
K.K.[w)k]
n.Abbr. wk.(名词)缩写 wk.

(1)

Physical or mental effort or activity directed toward the production or accomplishment of something.
工作:生产或完成某物的体力的或脑力的努力或活动

(2)

A job; employment:
工作;职业:
looking for work.
找工作

(3)

A trade, profession, or other means of livelihood.
行业:行业、职业或其它谋生的方式

(4)

Something that one is doing, making, or performing, especially as an occupation or undertaking; a duty or task:
职务,任务:某人正在干、做或实行的某事,尤指作为职业或事业;义务或任务:
begin the day's work.
开始一天的工作

(5)

An amount of such activity either done or required:
工作量:做或要求的这种活动的数量:
a week's work.
一星期的工作量

(6)

The part of a day devoted to an occupation or undertaking:
工作时间:一天中留给某一职业或事业的那部分时间:
met her after work.
下班后同她见面

(7)

One's place of employment:
工作场所,办公室:某人从事职业的地方:
Should I call you at home or at work?
我该打电话到你家还是办公室?

(8)

Something that has been produced or accomplished through the effort, activity, or agency of a person or thing:
成果:某物通过人或事的努力、活动或作用而完成或达到:
This story is the work of an active imagination. Erosion is the work of wind, water, and time.
这个故事是积极想像的成果。侵蚀是风、水和时间的结果

(9)

Full action or effect of an agency:
效果:一种作用的完全的活动或效果:
The sleeping pills did their work.
安眠药产生效果

(10)

An act; a deed:
行为;事迹:
“I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity”(Ecclesiastes 1:14)
“我已经看透了在世上的所有行为;看啊,一切都是虚伪的”(传道书1:14)

(11)

An artistic creation, such as a painting, sculpture, or literary or musical composition; a work of art.
艺术品:一件艺术的创造,如绘画、雕刻或文学或音乐作品;艺术作品

(12)

works The output of a writer, an artist, or a musician considered or collected as a whole:
works 作品:作家、画家或音乐家被收集为或看作一个整体的作品:
the works of Shakespeare.
莎士比亚的作品

(13)

works Engineering structures, such as bridges or dams.
works 工程筑构:工程结构,如桥或坝

(14)

A fortified structure, such as a trench or fortress.
防御工事:防御结构,如壕沟或堡垒

(15)

Needlework, weaving, lacemaking, or a similar textile art.
针线活:针线活,编织、饰带制作或相似的纺织艺术

(16)

A piece of such textile art.
刺绣品,针织品:一件这样的纺织艺术品

(17)

A material or piece of material being processed in a machine during manufacture:
材料:制作过程中被机器加工处理的一个或一件材料:
work to be turned in the lathe.
在车床上塑造的零件

(18)

works (used with a sing. or pl. verb)A factory, plant, or similar building or complex of buildings where a specific type of business or industry is carried on. Often used in combination:
works (与单数或复数动词连用)工厂,厂房:工厂、建筑物、类似的建筑或综合楼,在此进行特殊类型的商业或工业活动。经常用于合成词:
a steelworks.
钢厂

(19)

works Internal mechanism:
works 内部机件:
the works of a watch.
手表中的内部机件

(20)

The manner, style, or quality of working or treatment; workmanship.
工作态度,工做品质,技艺:工作或处理的方式、风格或质量;手艺

(21)

Abbr. wPhysics The transfer of energy from one physical system to another, especially the transfer of energy to a body by the application of a force that moves the body in the direction of the force. It is calculated as the product of the force and the distance through which the body moves and is expressed in joules, ergs, and foot-pounds.
缩写 w【物理学】 功:能量从一种物质系统向另一种物质系统的转变,尤指通过使物体朝着力的方向移动的力的应用使能量转移到物体里。它是通过力和物体移动的距离的乘积来计算的,并用焦耳、尔格和尺磅来表示

(22)

works Theology Moral or righteous acts or deeds:
works 【神学】 善行,德行:道德的或公正的行为或事迹:
salvation by faith rather than works.
与其靠善行,不如靠信仰来拯救

(23)

works
works

(24)

Informal The full range of possibilities; everything. Used with the :
【非正式用语】 一切:可能性的全部范围;任何事。经常与the 连用:
ordered a pizza with the works.
点了全套的比萨饼

(25)

Slang A thorough beating or other severe treatment. Used with the :
【俚语】 痛打:彻底的拷打或其它残酷的虐待,经常与the 联用:
took him outside and gave him the works.
把他带出去痛打一顿
adj.(形容词)
Of, relating to, designed for, or engaged in work.
工作的:工作的,跟工作有关的,为工作设计的,或忙于工作的
v.(动词)
worked也作 wrought [r?t] work.ingworks
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To exert oneself physically or mentally in order to do, make, or accomplish something.
创造,实现:尽力使用自己的体力或脑力以便做、干或完成某事

(2)

To be employed; have a job.
被雇用;有工作

(3)

To function; operate:
起作用;操作:
How does this latch work?
这门闩怎么用?

(4)

To function or operate in the desired or required way:
如常运转:按要求的或想要的方式起作用或运转:
The telephone hasn't worked since the thunderstorm.
雷打后电话就不好用了

(5)

To have a given effect or outcome:
有效:有指定的效果或结果:
Our friendship works best when we speak our minds.
当我们直言无讳时我们的友谊达到了最深

(6)

To have the desired effect or outcome; prove successful:
成功:有想要的效果或结果;证明成功的:
This recipe seems to work.
这个食谱似乎很成功

(7)

To exert an influence. Used with on or upon :
产生影响,起作用。与on 或 upon 联用:
worked on her to join the group.
对她施加影响,以让她参加这组

(8)

To arrive at a specified condition through gradual or repeated movement:
逐渐进行:通过渐近的或重复的动作达到某种特定的状态:
The stitches worked loose.
缝线逐渐松了

(9)

To proceed or progress slowly and laboriously:
缓慢地行进,费力地行进:
worked through the underbrush.
在矮树林中艰难前行

(10)

To move in an agitated manner, as with emotion:
(因激动)抽动,牵动:因为带着感情,以一种激动的方式移动,:
Her mouth worked with fear.
她的嘴因害怕而颤抖

(11)

To behave in a specified way when handled or processed:
处理,加工:在处理或加工时以一种特殊的方式表现:
Not all metals work easily.
不是所有的金属都容易加工

(12)

To ferment.
发酵

(13)

Nautical
【航海】

(14)

To strain in heavy seas so that the joints give slightly and the fastenings become slack. Used of a boat or ship.
松脱:船在浪大的海上承受巨大压力以至于连接处稍微断裂,系挂物也变松,用于小船或大船

(15)

To sail against the wind.
逆风航行

(16)

To undergo small motions that result in friction and wear:
逐渐磨损:经历小的运动造成磨擦和磨损的:
The gears work against each other.
齿轮互相磨损
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause or effect; bring about:
造成:造成或影响;产生:
working miracles.
造成奇迹

(2)

To cause to operate or function; actuate, use, or manage:
使运行或起作用;运转、使用或运行:
worked the controls; can work a lathe.
开动操纵装置;会操纵车床

(3)

To shape or forge:
塑成或锻造:
worked the metal into a sculpture.
把金属锻成一个雕像

(4)

To make or decorate by needlework:
用针线活来做或装饰:
work a sampler.
刺绣

(5)

To solve (a problem) by calculation and reasoning.
通过计算和推理来解决(问题)

(6)

To knead, stir, or otherwise manipulate in preparation:
揉,搅:揉、搅或准备时的其他操作:
Work the dough before shaping it.
在使其成形之前揉面团

(7)

To bring to a specified condition by gradual or repeated effort or work:
奋力达到:通过渐近的或重复的努力或工作达到一个特定的状态:
finally worked the window open; worked the slaves to death.
最终把窗打开;把奴隶们累死

(8)

To make, achieve, or pay for by work or effort:
努力造成:凭工作或努力做、达到或支付:
worked her way to the top; worked his passage on the ship.
走她通向权高位显的路;他在船上弄出一条通道来

(9)

Informal To arrange or contrive. Often used with it :
【非正式用语】 安排或设计。经常和it 一起用:
worked it so that her weekends are free.
这样安排让她的周末空闲下来

(10)

To make productive; cultivate:
使有生产能力;培植:
work a farm.
经营农场

(11)

To cause to work:
使工作:
works his laborers hard.
让他的工人努力工作

(12)

To excite or provoke:
激起,煽动:
worked the mob into a frenzy.
使这些民众疯狂

(13)

Informal
【非正式用语】

(14)

To gratify, cajole, or enchant artfully, especially for the purpose of influencing:
哄,使着迷:使高兴,以甜言密语诱惑或欺骗,或巧妙地使迷醉,尤指为了影响的目的:
The politician worked the crowd. The comedian worked the room with flawless rhythm.
政客游说观众。戏剧演员用完美无缺的节拍影响了全屋的人

(15)

To use or manipulate to one's own advantage; exploit:
利用:利用或操纵某人的优势;利用:
learned how to work the system; worked his relatives for sympathy.
学会怎样操纵这个系统;利用他的亲戚们的同情心

(16)

To carry on an operation or a function in or through:
负责:执行运作或使发生效果:
the agent who works that area; working the phones for donations.
负责该区的代理商;负责接听捐款电话

(17)

To ferment (liquor, for example).
发酵(如酒)

常用词组

work in

(1)

To insert or introduce:
插进或引进:
worked in a request for money.
话锋一转要起钱来

(2)

To make an opening for, as in a schedule:
安插:为…制造机会,如在日程表中:
said the doctor would try to work her in.
大夫说将尽力为她抽出时间看病

(3)

To cause to be inserted by repeated or continuous effort.
努力插入:经过反复的或不断的努力使被插进去

work into

(1)

To insert or introduce into.
插进或引进

(2)

To make an opening for (someone or something) in:
为某人或某物制造机会:
worked a few field trips into the semester's calendar.
在本学期的日程表里插进几次实地考察旅行

(3)

To cause to be inserted in by repeated or continuous effort:
努力插入:经过重复的或不断的努力使被插到里面去:
worked the pick into the lock.
把撬锁的尖头工具插到锁里去

work off
To get rid of by work or effort:
通过工作或努力除掉:
work off extra pounds; work off a debt.
除掉多余的重量;用工作清偿债务

work out

(1)

To accomplish by work or effort.
通过工作或努力完成

(2)

To find a solution for; solve:
找到解答;解决:
worked out the equations; worked out their personal differences.
解出方程式;找到他们个人的区别

(3)

To formulate or develop:
作出,制定出:
work out a plan.
制定计划

(4)

To discharge (an obligation or a debt) with labor in place of money.
偿还:用劳力替代金钱,以免除(义务或债务)

(5)

To prove successful, effective, or satisfactory:
成功,令人满意:证明成功的、有效的或令人满意的:
The new strategy may not work out.
新战略也许不会有令人满意的效果

(6)

To have a specified result:
有特定的结果:
The ratio works out to an odd number. It worked out that everyone left on the same train.
比例结果是奇数。结果每个人都乘同一列火车离开

(7)

To engage in strenuous exercise for physical conditioning.
锻炼身体:为身体状态致力于艰苦的锻炼

(8)

To exhaust (a mine, for example).
耗尽(如矿)

work over

(1)

To do for a second time; rework.
翻新:重新加工翻新;重做

(2)

Slang To inflict severe physical damage on; beat up.
【俚语】 痛打:给予严重身体伤害;痛打

work up

(1)

To arouse the emotions of; excite.
激起情感;使兴奋

(2)

To increase one's skill, responsibility, efficiency, or status through work:
逐步发展,逐步进步:通过工作提高某人的技巧、责任、效率或地位:
worked up to 30 sit-ups a day; worked up to store manager.
逐渐进步到每天做到30个仰卧起坐;逐渐做到商店经理的职位

(3)

To intensify gradually:
渐渐加强:
The film works up to a thrilling climax.
这电影逐渐发展到令人惊悚的高潮

(4)

To develop or produce by mental or physical effort:
努力促成:经过脑力的或体力的努力发展或产生:
worked up a patient profile; worked up an appetite.
精心整理出病人的记录;努力培养胃口

习惯用语

at work

(1)

Engaged in labor; working:
忙于劳动;在工作:
I'm at work on a new project now.
我现在正忙于一个新工程

(2)

In operation:
在实行中:
inflationary forces at work in the economy.
在经济领域中通货膨胀的作用

in the works
In preparation; under development:
准备中;发展中:
has a novel in the works.
有一部正在酝酿的小说

out of work
Without a job; unemployed.
没有工作的;未被雇用的

put in work
To perform labor or duties, as on a specified project:
从事工作:就一个特定的项目进行劳动或履行义务:
put in work on the plastering.
进行涂灰泥的工作

work both sides of the street
To engage in double-dealing; be duplicitous.
口是心非的;心口不一的

work like a charm
To function very well or have a very good effect or outcome.
运行得特别好或有很好的效果或结果

work (one's) fingers to the bone
To labor extremely hard; toil or travail.
极端努力地工作;辛劳或劳苦

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English weorc * see werg-
源自 古英语 weorc *参见 werg-

参考词汇

(1)

worklabortoildrudgerytravail

(2)

These nouns refer to physical or mental effort expended to produce or accomplish something.
这些名词用来指花费体力或脑力的努力来产生或完成某事。

(3)

Work is the most widely applicable; it can refer both to the activity and the output of persons, machines, and the forces of nature:
Work 是用途最广的;它可以指人、机器和自然力量的活动和结果:
“Which of us . . . is to do the hard and dirty work for the rest—and for what pay?” (John Ruskin).
“我们中的哪 一个…会为其他人干又脏又累的活——或以什么为报酬呢?” (约翰·罗斯金)。
“A work that aspires . . . to the condition of art should carry its justification in every line” (Joseph Conrad).
“一种升高到艺术层次的工作,应该在各个方面体现其道义” (约瑟夫·康拉德)。

(4)

Labor usually implies human work, especially of a hard physical or intellectual nature:
Labor 通常指人类的工作,尤指有艰难的体力和脑力性质的。
“a youth of labor with an age of ease” (Oliver Goldsmith);
“不费力的青年劳动者” (奥利弗·戈德史密斯);
“where men must beg with bated breath for leave to . . . garner the fruits of their own labors” (Roger Casement).
“在那里男人们必须屏住呼吸请求离开…以取得他自己的劳动果实” (罗杰·凯斯门特)。

(5)

Toil applies principally to strenuous, fatiguing labor:
Toil 指原则上需勤奋的、令人疲倦的工作:
“I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat” (Winston S. Churchill).
“我一无长物,除了鲜血、辛劳、泪水和汗水” (温斯顿S.丘吉尔)。

(6)

Drudgery suggests dull, wearisome, or monotonous work:
Drudgery 表明枯燥的、使人疲倦的或单调无味的工作:
“the drudgery of penning definitions and marking quotations for transcription” (Macaulay).
“写定义和标明翻译用引言的枯燥工作” (麦考利)。

(7)

Travail connotes arduous work involving pain or suffering:
Travail 包含涉及痛苦或磨难的费力工作:
“I have had my labor for my travail” (Shakespeare).
“我已把自己劳动奉献给艰苦的工作” (莎士比亚)

现代英汉词典

work
[w\:k]
n.

(1)

劳动;操作;作业;功课
Work on it had begun before my sister left.
这幢房子是在我姐姐离开前动工的。
It takes a lot of work to build a house.
建一座房子得花许多劳动。

(2)

工作;职业
My work is as a doctor.
我当医生。

(3)

活计;制作品
This mat is my own work.
这个垫子是我亲自做的。
He sells his work in the market.
他在市场上销售他的产品。

(4)

(电力和蒸汽等所做的)功

(5)

著作,作品
Shakespeare's works
莎士比亚著作

(6)

(pl) (机器的)活动部件

(7)

(pl) 工厂
a gas works
煤气厂

词性变化

work
vi., vt.

(1)

工作;劳动;办公
working in a factory
在一家工厂工作
Even today, farms which have been worked on for 200 years keep producing more stones.
即使在今天,已经耕种过二百年的农田,还在不断地产生出更多的石块。
It is not advisable just to work away without making a timely summing-up of experience.
一味埋头干下去不做及时的经验总结是不可取的。
The two typist have already worked away all day.
这两位打字员已经工作一整天了。

(2)

(与in连用)(计划、机器等)行得通,能运转
The plan won't work? How so?
这个计划行不通吗?怎么会的?
The machine won't work because of a faulty connection.
机器电源线接错了,所以开不动。
Your idea won't work in practice.
你的想法在实践中行不通。
The machine is worked by electricity.
这机器是电动的。

(3)

使(某人)工作;使用 (某人)
They work us too hard.
他们要我们死命地干活。
He worked himself up into a frenzy before his graduation exams.
毕业考试前夕他紧张得几乎疯了。

(4)

操作;使运转
to work a machine
开一部机器

(5)

经过努力才达到
She worked her way to the front.
她好不容易才挤到前面。

(6)

发生,产生(结果)
to work a change
发生变化

(7)

捏;揉
to work clay
捏黏土

(8)

缝,缝制
a baby's dress worked by hand
手工缝制的婴儿衣服

(9)

发酵

习惯用语

work to rule
照章行事

常用词组

work off
除去;解除
to work off one's debt
靠工作还清债务

work out

(1)

算出(总数)
to work out a sum
算出总数

(2)

带来好结果;有预期的结果
Things will work themselves out.
事情会有好结果的。

(3)

运动;锻炼
to work out daily with sparring partner
每天和拳击陪练员练习

(4)

(矿山)开采完,采尽

work over
痛打,殴打

work up

(1)

逐渐发展成

(2)

(与连用)逐渐达到顶点

(3)

兴奋,激动

(4)

学会,掌握

现代英汉综合大辞典

work
[wE:k]
n.

(1)

工作, 劳动, 作业

(2)

职业, 业务

(3)

行为; 作用, 成效, 【物】功

(4)

[常用复, 有时作a work]著作, (艺术)作品

(5)

成果, 产品, 制作品, 针线活, 刺绣品

(6)

[pl. ](建筑等)工程;【军】(防御)工事

(7)

工件; 工作物; [pl.][用作单或复]工厂

(8)

[pl. ]活动的机件

(9)

工作质量; (发酵产生的)泡沫; [pl.]【宗】德行, 功德
look for work
找职业, 找工作
The medicine has begun to do its work.
药已开始起作用了。
The villagers sell their work to tourists.
村民们把他们的手工艺品卖给旅游者。

词性变化

work
vi.
(worked wrought [rC:t])

(1)

工作, 干活; 做(at)

(2)

运转

(3)

起作用, 有成效

(4)

缓慢而费力地进行

(5)

(脸等)抽搐, 跳动

(6)

激动, 翻腾; 不平静

(7)

被加工, 揉捏

(8)

发酵
work at a new invention
从事一项新的发明
The plan worked well.
这项计划很成功。
The root worked down between the stones.
树根在石缝间扎下去。
His face worked with emotion.
他激动得面部抽搐。
The sea works high.
海浪汹涌起伏。
Yeast makes beer work.
酵母使啤酒发酵。

work
vt.

(1)

使工作, 使干活

(2)

计算, 解决

(3)

使转动, 开动, 操作; 经营, 管理, 主管

(4)

[过去式和过去分词常用wrought]造成, 引起, 促使

(5)

[过去式和过去分词常用wrought]影响; 说服; 劝诱

(6)

费力地通过; 通过努力取得

(7)

形成, 做成

(8)

缝上, 绣, 织, 精工细做

(9)

炼(铁); 揉(面等); 搅(黄油)

(10)

[口]利用; 哄骗

(11)

使(啤酒等)发酵

(12)

耕作; 使芽接, 嫁接(on)

(13)

使缓漫变化
work an abacus
打算盘
work a farm
经营农场
work wonders
创造奇迹
work sb.to one's way of thinking
说服某人使其与自己的想法一致
work one's way through college
靠做工读完大学
work a sweater
织毛衣
work a friend for a loan
骗借朋友的钱

work
adj.
劳动的
work camp
(犯人)劳动营
work clothes
工作服
work force
(一个国家、地区或工厂等的)劳动力, 劳动大军

继承用法

workbag
n.
针线袋

workbasket
[5w\:kbB:skIt]
n.
针线筐

workbench
[5w\:kbentF]
n.
工作台

workbook
[5w\:kbJk]
n.
学生用的辅助练习册; 工作规程书; 工作手册

workbox
[5w\:kbRks]
n.
针线箱; 工具盒

workday
n.
工作日

workfare
[`w\:kfeE(r)]
n.
劳动福利计划

work-folk(s)
n.
劳动者, 尤指农业劳动者

workhand
[`w\:khAnd]
n.
人手, 劳动力

work-horse
n.

(1)

耕马, 驮马

(2)

做重活的人

(3)

结实有用的车辆或机器

workhouse
[5w\:khaJs]
n.
[英]济贫院; [美]感化院

work-in
n.
到职罢工, 到校罢课(照常上班或上课, 但不按规章工作或学习)

workmate
n.
工作伙伴

work-out
adj.
(市场)疲软的

workpeople
n.
[英]工人

workplace
n.
工作场所, 车间

work-shy
adj.
怕工作的; 懒惰的

词性变化

work
n.
懒汉

worksite
[`w\:ksaIt]
n.
工地

work-soiled
adj.
由于工作而弄脏的

workstock
n.
农畜

workstone
n.
(炼铅膛式炉)工作板

workstudy
n.
工作效率的研究

workticket
n.
工票

work-to-rule
n.
[英]按章怠工(上班按章工作但消极怠慢的一种怠工方式)

work-up
[`w\:kQp]
n.
病情的检查; 印刷物表面的污迹

workweek
[`w\:kwi:k]
n.
工作周, 一周的总工时

workwoman
[`w\:k9wJmEn]
n.
女工, 女工作者

workless
[`w\:klIs]
adj.

习惯用语

a good day's work
一整天才干得完的活

A woman's work is never done.
[谚]妇女的家务永远干不完。

a work of longue haleine
需长期付出极大努力的工作

a work of time
费时的工作

all in the [a] day's work
很平常的事

All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.
[谚]只工作, 不玩耍, 聪明的孩子也变傻。

at work

(1)

在工作

(2)

活动着; 运转着; 在起作用

(3)

从事于(某项工作)

dirty work at the crossed roads

(1)

不可告人的勾当

(2)

严重的困难

(3)

尽兴玩乐

do its work
发生效力, 起作用

get the works
受残酷的虐待, 被痛打; 被欺骗

give sb. the works

(1)

严重地虐待某人, 臭骂某人

(2)

谋杀某人

(3)

全部告诉某人

go about one's work
着手工作

seet about one's work
着手工作

go to work
开始行动, 着手工作

set to work
开始行动, 着手工作

gum up the works
[口]把事情搞糟

have (all) one's work cut out (for one)

(1)

工作排得满满的, 忙得不可开交

(2)

面临艰巨的工作

He who will not work shall not eat.
不劳动者不得食。

in and out works
不固定的工作

in the works
[口]在准备中, 在计划中, 在完成中

in work

(1)

有工作

(2)

在完成中

(3)

(马)正在训练

lt won't work.
[口]那不行, 那不起作用。

make good work of sth
迅速完成某事

make good work with sth
迅速完成某事

make sad work of it
把事情搞糟

make light work of sth.
毫不吃力地做某事

make short work of
很快完成; 除掉

make quick work of
很快完成; 除掉

make sure work with sth.
有把握地处理某事

make (a) work
吵闹; 找麻烦

off work
没有上班[工]

oil the work
给机器加油; 运用圆滑手段使事情顺利进行; 疏通

out of work

(1)

失业

(2)

出故障

shoot the works

(1)

不遗余力

(2)

孤注一掷

work at
从事, 致力于, 钻研

work away

(1)

继续干

(2)

(脸上某部)抖动

work in

(1)

插进, 穿入

(2)

搀, 加入

(3)

为...安排适当的时间

(4)

揉擦

work into

(1)

插进, 穿入

(2)

搀, 加入

(3)

为...安排适当的时间

(4)

揉擦

work in with
[口]与...合拍, 与...配合[协调]

work it

(1)

[俚]完成, 做好

(2)

(Work it! )滚蛋! 去你的吧!

work off

(1)

(使)逐渐消除; 处理(积压的工作等); 卖掉

(2)

发泄

(3)

做工偿清

work on

(1)

对...起作用, 对...有影响

(2)

使人信服, 说服

(3)

从事于, 致力于

(4)

拧进[上]

work out

(1)

作出, 设计出, 制作出

(2)

算出, 得出...答案, 解决

(3)

算下来是(at)

(4)

摸透某人的脾气

(5)

产生某种结果

(6)

掘进, 采完; 使精疲力竭

(7)

训练, 锻炼

(8)

做工赔偿(债务)

work over

(1)

彻底检查; 钻研

(2)

重做, 改做

(3)

殴打, 折磨

work up

(1)

逐步建立[树立]

(2)

逐渐达到(to)

(3)

鼓动, 唤起

(4)

综合, 整理, 组织, 精心作成

work with
与...共事, 与...合作; 对...起作用

特殊用法

academic work
学术工作

adhesional work
【热】附着功

aerated work

(1)

充气糖果

(2)

充气工作

agency work
广告商托印件

air defence work
防空工程

alkali works
制碱厂

all-glass work
全玻璃制品

antenna works
天线工程

antic work
怪诞作品; 以出于想象的怪诞人物、动植物形象构成的绘画

antisubmarine work
反潜工事

apply work
做功

arched false work
拱珙脚手架

area frame work
面积平分法

art work
书刊上的图片

assembly work
装配工作

assigned work
指定的作业

astra work
星花刺绣

authentic work (of painting)
(画的)真迹

available work
【物】可用功

bank-protection work
护岸工事

belt-system work
流水作业

bench work
钳工工作

blown work
吹气工作

board-and-brace work
(木工)镶接木板

boasted work
【建】刻石(槽)工

boring work
镗孔工作

boring-mill work
镗铣加工

brain work
动脑子

bright work
精加工

cabinet work

(1)

细木工

(2)

家具作业

cable works
电缆厂; 电缆工程

camera work
摄影工作, 摄影技术

capital works
基本建设工程

cargo(es) work
装卸工作

carriage and wagon works
客货车工厂

catch work
【水】集水沟

chair work
手工玻璃成形, 自由吹制成形

charity organization work
慈善组织事业

checker work
格式装置

chucking work
卡盘工作

civil work
土建工程

classical work
古典著作

classroom work
课堂作业

clerical work
文书工作

cohesive work
内聚功

cohesional work
内聚功

cold work
冷作

collar work
繁重的工作, 艰苦的工作

uphill work
繁重的工作, 艰苦的工作

collected works
文集, 文选

collective work
集体创作

color work
[美]插图画家的工作

complete work
全集

comprehensive work
综合著作, 大部巨著, 大全

compulsory work
必修作业

conceptual work
思维活动

condensing works
冷凝装置

conduit work
电线管道工程

construction work
施工工程

consumed work
消耗功

contract work
包工

controlled work
测验作业, 平时测验

course work

(1)

课程论文, 学年作业

(2)

[英]课堂小测验

currying work

(1)

修整间

(2)

修整

(3)

加脂操作[皮革]

cut-and-try work
试凑工作

dial clock work
计数器的钟表结构

daily work
每日作业

day's work
【航海】周日航行定位工作

day-wage work
计日工作

defective works
不合格品

deformation work
变形功

delivery work
输出功

desilting works
沉沙工程

desk work
科室工作

development work
试制工作, 研究工作

die work

(1)

模压工作

(2)

模锻

(3)

冲压(工序)

diploma work
毕业论文

dirty work
脏活, 苦活; 卑鄙的勾当; 欺骗行为

display work
【刷】标题字排版

dock work
码头工作

donkey work
单调乏味的工作; 重活

drainage works
排水工程

draw works
绞车

drawing work
拉延工艺

dress work
整修工作

dressing works
选矿厂

drove work
【建】宽凿工

duplicate work

(1)

大量生产, 互换零件

(2)

复制

dust alleviation work
减尘工作

earth work
土工作业, 土方工程

earth and stone work
土石方工程

edge work
磨边(平板玻璃边的加工)

educational work
教育著作; 教育工作

effective work
有效劳动, 有效工作

electric work
电气工程

electric metallurgical works
电气冶炼厂

emergency work
急救工作, 应急工程

engine works
发动机厂

engineering works
机器制造厂

engineering repair works
维修工厂

enquiry based work
调查研究工作

erecting work
安装工作

erection work
安装工作

expansion work
膨胀功

experimental design work
实验设计

exploratory work
探索性研究

external work
外功

extra hour work
加班

extracurricular work

(1)

课外活动

(2)

课外作业

eyelet work
打孔眼, 冲孔

face work

(1)

车端面

(2)

涂面工作

false work
工作架, 脚手架

fancy work
装饰性的编织品[刺绣]

fascine work
束柴作业

failure-free work
无故障工作

fiber conduit work
硬纸导管布线工程

fiduciary work
信托业务

field work
田野工作, 调查工作

filigree work
金(银、铜)丝装饰工艺

financial work
财政金融

fine work
精细工作

fine-limit work
精密工作

finished work
已加工工件

finishing work
修整厂

fitter's work
装配工作, 钳工工作

flow work
流动功

follow-up work
监视工作

forge work
锻工, 锻造

formal group work
分组作业

foundry work
铸造工作, 翻砂工作

frame work
构架, 框架

fret work
浮雕细工

friction work
摩擦功

full size copying work
按原尺寸复制

gained work
盈功

gas works
煤气厂

gas detection work
毒气侦查勤务

glass works
玻璃工厂

glue works
制胶厂(车间)

grading work
平土工作, 级配工作; 定纵断面工作, 拉坡工作

graduation field work
毕业实习

ga(u)ge work
样板工作

glass work
玻璃制造(业)

good works
【宗】善行

graphic work
图表作业

grinding work
磨工工作

ground work

(1)

基础, 地基

(2)

根据

(3)

原理

group work
小组作业

group project work
小组设计工作

hack work
苦力, 苦工

half-sheet work
【刷】双联本印刷

hammered work
锻造工作

hand work
手工

harness work
支架传动装置的木结构

head work
拱顶石饰, 头形装饰

handling work
运搬工作

health work
医疗保健工作

high-volume work
大部头著作, 巨著

horse work
吃力又枯燥的工作

hot work
高温作业hot-cold 中温加工(临界温度下的加工)

hot-line work
带电操作, 带电作业

ice work
冰上作业

idle work
无功, 虚功

independent work

(1)

独立作业

(2)

自动作业

indicated work
指示功

individual work
个别作业

industrial water works
工业用水水厂[工程]

injection work
喷射功

inlaid work
镶嵌细工

inlayed work
镶嵌木工

insulation work
保温, 绝热

insulator work
绝缘子安装工程

installation work
安装工作; 布线工作; 布置工作

integrated works
联合企业

intellectual work
智力(脑力)劳动, 脑力工作

internal work
内功

iron work
铁工厂; 炼铁厂

isentropic work
等熵功

isothemal works
等温机件

japanning works
油漆工厂

jelly work
胶冻软糖, 水晶软糖

jobbing work
单件小批生产, 合同生产

job work
包工; 散工; 杂项的印刷工作

joggle work
啮合扣接榫作业

journey work
雇佣性工作, 散工, 短工

laboratory work
实验室作业

lacquer work
漆细工

lap work
搭接

lathe work
车工工作

layout work

(1)

设计

(2)

设计图案

(3)

划线工

lead covered wiring work
铅包线配线工程

lexicographic work
词汇作业

line work
线性操作

Liturgical works
宗教祈祷书

live line work
带电工作

locomotive works
机车厂

long-and-short work
长短砌合

loss work
亏功

lost work
无效功, 虚功

lumped work
滑轮工作组

lump work
总包工

laying work
敷设工程

machine work

(1)

机械加工, 切削加工

(2)

机械制品

machine works
机械厂

maintenance work
维修工作

main work
主业(编订经营方案的业务分为前业与主业)

making cost control work
计算成本控制工作

management accounting office work
会计事务管理

mandrel work

(1)

最后加工工作

(2)

整理工作

maiden work
处女作

manufacturing works
制造工厂

maximum work

(1)

最大功

(2)

最多工作

mechanical work
机械功

mesh work
网状物

metal lattice work
金属格构

metal structure works
金属结构厂

metal work work
金工

metallurgical works
金属冶炼厂

methodological work
教学方法研究工作

mighty work
奇迹

mill work (=fixtures)

(1)

构件加工

(2)

建筑细木工产品

(3)

装配件

mill works
磨坊

milling work
铣工工作

minimum work
最小功

mirror-deposit work
镜面镀银加工

miscellaneous work
杂文集, 综合性著作

moon work
月相机构

motion work

(1)

走针机构, 走针轮系

(2)

日历机构, 辅助齿轮组(保证时针分针正确的相对动作)

(3)

传动机构, 传动系

multicolor work
多色印刷

multioutlet metal tube work
多引线金属管敷设工程

muscular work
肌肉活动

negative work
负功

net work
纯功

no-load work
空载运行, 无载功

odd-shaped work
畸形工件

office work
室内工作, 内业

operational work
操作

oral work
口头创作

ordnance works
兵工厂

ore smelting works
矿石冶炼厂

osmotic work
渗透功

outdoor work
户外工作, 露天作业

overtime work
超时工作, 加班工作

paddle work
划水板练习

palette knife work
(油画)厚涂法

pan work
糖球, 糖果制品, 包糖衣的糖果

paper work
日常文书工作

patrol work
巡道工作

petrochemical works
石油化工厂

physical work
体力劳动

piece work
计件工作

pipe work
管道工程

plain-frame work
平面构架

plane frame work
平桁架

planer work
刨工工作

planing work
刨工工作

planning work
计划工作

plate work
板金工加工

plate for fixing work
固定工件夹板

plated work
添纱针织物, 添纱组

poker work
烙画; 焦笔画

political work
政治课

popular "mass" work
群众活动

practical work
实习作业

practical work in agriculture
农场实习

precision work
精加工

preliminary works
准备工程

preparation work
准备工作

pressed work
压力加工

priced work
按件计价的工作

principal work
主业

print works
印花工厂

production work
生产工作

programmed temperature works
程序升温机件

programming repair work
计划修理工程

project work
设计工作, 设计作业

public works
建筑工程, 公共工程

publishing work
出版工作

pump work
泵站

public pollution control work
公害防治工作

public works
市政工程

punchwork
冲孔工作

quantitativework
定量操作

rackwork
[5rAk7wE:k]
齿条机构, 齿条加工

rag work
砌石板

rail-laying work
铺轨工作

railway tunnel work
铁路隧道工程

raised work
浮雕细工

reconditioning work
修理作业, 修复业务

recoverable strain work
可恢复变形功, 弹性变形功

regauging work
调整轨距工作

regulatory work
调节功

relief work
救济工作

remedial work
补课

repair work
修理工作

repeating work
(钟)打簧机件

repetition work
大量生产, 成批生产, 重复工作

rescuing work
救生工作

research work
调查研究工作

resilience work of deformation
弹性变形功

reversible work
可逆功

rivet work
铆工工作

rope works
制绳厂

rose work
滚花

routine work
日常工作, 例行工作, 常规作业

rubble work
毛石工(程)

rush work
紧张的工作

safety work
技术保安, 安全技术

salt works
盐厂

schedule work
预定计划工作

school work
学校作业; 家庭作业

scientific work
科技著作

seasonal work
季节性工作

semi-automatic work
半自动工作

servile works
【宗】(主要教会节日)禁作的体力活

separation work
分离功

sewage (disposal) works
污水处理厂

shaft work
轴功

sharp work
快速作业

shearing work
剪切工作

sheet-metal work

(1)

板金工工作

(2)

金属板工件

(3)

金属板制品

shift work
换班(工作)

short-haul work
短程牵引作业

single-piece work
单件加工

site work
现场工作

skintled brick work
线脚

sliding form work
滑动模板

smelting works
冶炼厂

smith work
锻造工作

soap work
肥皂(制造)厂

social work
社会福利[服务]工作

socially useful work
公益工作

socio-political work
社会政治活动

spade work
铲土活; 艰苦的准备工作

spelter works
炼锌厂

spot-facing work
锪孔加工

spun work
压制工件

staking-out work
(现场)标定工作

stamp work

(1)

模锻件

(2)

压印工作

starting work
起动工作

statistical work
统计工作

steel work
钢铁工程, 钢制品, 钢结构; [pl.](铸)钢厂

stop work
(钟)制挡机件

straddle mill work
跨铣加工

strain work
应变功

stress work
应力

strike work
罢工

striking work
打时装置, 打点机件, 报时装置

student's daily work
学生平时作业

surface work
表面功

surveying work
测量工作

tank work
油罐装置

team work
协同工作, 工作小组

temporary frame work
临时框架

terrace work
阶梯工事, 阶段法

test work
试验工作

timber work
木工

time work
计时付工资的工作

tool work
工具学

topiary work
经过艺术修剪的灌木篱笆等

track maintenance work
线路维修工作

training works
导流工程; 治导工程

trestle work
栈桥工程

trial work
掘探; 试验工作

tunnel reconstruction work
隧道改建工程

tut work
计件工作

two-coat work
【建】两层抹灰

underhand work
向下采掘工作

useful work
有用功

useless work
虚功

virgin work
最初工作

virtual work
虚功

wagton works
车辆厂

warm work
使人体发热的工作; 吃力或危险的工作; 激烈的争吵

waste work
消耗功

water works
自来水厂; 给水装置

water conservancy works
蓄水工程

water supply and sewerage work
给水排水工程, 上下水道工程

wax work
蜡制品

welfare work
福利工作

wiring work
配线工工作

wood work

(1)

木工

(2)

木制品

wooden receway work
木制线槽敷设工程

written work
书面作业

work of art
艺术品

works of mercy
慈善事业

参考词汇
work     labo(u)r     toil    
都含"工作"、"劳动"的意思。

(1)

work 系常用词, 指"任何有目的的工作与劳动, 可以是体力劳动、脑力劳动、容易的活或艰难的活", 如:
lt's not easy work to keep house.
管家是件不易的事。

(2)

labo(u)r 侧重"相当费力的体力劳动", 指"脑力劳动"时, 含有"非常困难"之意, 如:
They earn their living by manual labo(u)r.
他们靠劳动谋生。

(3)

toil 语气比labour 强, 指"长期繁重而艰苦的劳动", 如:
They spent months of toil on the water conservancy project.
他们为这项水利工程辛辛苦苦地干了几个月。
rest     play    

美国传统词典

work
work
AHD:[w?rk]
D.J.[w*8k]
K.K.[w)k]
n.Abbr. wk.

(1)

Physical or mental effort or activity directed toward the production or accomplishment of something.

(2)

A job; employment:
looking for work.

(3)

A trade, profession, or other means of livelihood.

(4)

Something that one is doing, making, or performing, especially as an occupation or undertaking; a duty or task:
begin the day's work.

(5)

An amount of such activity either done or required:
a week's work.

(6)

The part of a day devoted to an occupation or undertaking:
met her after work.

(7)

One's place of employment:
Should I call you at home or at work?

(8)

Something that has been produced or accomplished through the effort, activity, or agency of a person or thing:
This story is the work of an active imagination. Erosion is the work of wind, water, and time.

(9)

Full action or effect of an agency:
The sleeping pills did their work.

(10)

An act; a deed:
“I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity”(Ecclesiastes 1:14)

(11)

An artistic creation, such as a painting, sculpture, or literary or musical composition; a work of art.

(12)

works The output of a writer, an artist, or a musician considered or collected as a whole:
the works of Shakespeare.

(13)

works Engineering structures, such as bridges or dams.

(14)

A fortified structure, such as a trench or fortress.

(15)

Needlework, weaving, lacemaking, or a similar textile art.

(16)

A piece of such textile art.

(17)

A material or piece of material being processed in a machine during manufacture:
work to be turned in the lathe.

(18)

works (used with a sing. or pl. verb)A factory, plant, or similar building or complex of buildings where a specific type of business or industry is carried on. Often used in combination:
a steelworks.

(19)

works Internal mechanism:
the works of a watch.

(20)

The manner, style, or quality of working or treatment; workmanship.

(21)

Abbr. wPhysics The transfer of energy from one physical system to another, especially the transfer of energy to a body by the application of a force that moves the body in the direction of the force. It is calculated as the product of the force and the distance through which the body moves and is expressed in joules, ergs, and foot-pounds.

(22)

works Theology Moral or righteous acts or deeds:
salvation by faith rather than works.

(23)

works

(24)

Informal The full range of possibilities; everything. Used with the :
ordered a pizza with the works.

(25)

Slang A thorough beating or other severe treatment. Used with the :
took him outside and gave him the works.
adj.
Of, relating to, designed for, or engaged in work.
v.
workedalso wrought [r?t] work.ing, works
v.intr.

(1)

To exert oneself physically or mentally in order to do, make, or accomplish something.

(2)

To be employed; have a job.

(3)

To function; operate:
How does this latch work?

(4)

To function or operate in the desired or required way:
The telephone hasn't worked since the thunderstorm.

(5)

To have a given effect or outcome:
Our friendship works best when we speak our minds.

(6)

To have the desired effect or outcome; prove successful:
This recipe seems to work.

(7)

To exert an influence. Used with on or upon :
worked on her to join the group.

(8)

To arrive at a specified condition through gradual or repeated movement:
The stitches worked loose.

(9)

To proceed or progress slowly and laboriously:
worked through the underbrush.

(10)

To move in an agitated manner, as with emotion:
Her mouth worked with fear.

(11)

To behave in a specified way when handled or processed:
Not all metals work easily.

(12)

To ferment.

(13)

Nautical

(14)

To strain in heavy seas so that the joints give slightly and the fastenings become slack. Used of a boat or ship.

(15)

To sail against the wind.

(16)

To undergo small motions that result in friction and wear:
The gears work against each other.
v.tr.

(1)

To cause or effect; bring about:
working miracles.

(2)

To cause to operate or function; actuate, use, or manage:
worked the controls; can work a lathe.

(3)

To shape or forge:
worked the metal into a sculpture.

(4)

To make or decorate by needlework:
work a sampler.

(5)

To solve (a problem) by calculation and reasoning.

(6)

To knead, stir, or otherwise manipulate in preparation:
Work the dough before shaping it.

(7)

To bring to a specified condition by gradual or repeated effort or work:
finally worked the window open; worked the slaves to death.

(8)

To make, achieve, or pay for by work or effort:
worked her way to the top; worked his passage on the ship.

(9)

Informal To arrange or contrive. Often used with it :
worked it so that her weekends are free.

(10)

To make productive; cultivate:
work a farm.

(11)

To cause to work:
works his laborers hard.

(12)

To excite or provoke:
worked the mob into a frenzy.

(13)

Informal

(14)

To gratify, cajole, or enchant artfully, especially for the purpose of influencing:
The politician worked the crowd. The comedian worked the room with flawless rhythm.

(15)

To use or manipulate to one's own advantage; exploit:
learned how to work the system; worked his relatives for sympathy.

(16)

To carry on an operation or a function in or through:
the agent who works that area; working the phones for donations.

(17)

To ferment (liquor, for example).

常用词组

work in

(1)

To insert or introduce:
worked in a request for money.

(2)

To make an opening for, as in a schedule:
said the doctor would try to work her in.

(3)

To cause to be inserted by repeated or continuous effort.

work into

(1)

To insert or introduce into.

(2)

To make an opening for (someone or something) in:
worked a few field trips into the semester's calendar.

(3)

To cause to be inserted in by repeated or continuous effort:
worked the pick into the lock.

work off
To get rid of by work or effort:
work off extra pounds; work off a debt.

work out

(1)

To accomplish by work or effort.

(2)

To find a solution for; solve:
worked out the equations; worked out their personal differences.

(3)

To formulate or develop:
work out a plan.

(4)

To discharge (an obligation or a debt) with labor in place of money.

(5)

To prove successful, effective, or satisfactory:
The new strategy may not work out.

(6)

To have a specified result:
The ratio works out to an odd number. It worked out that everyone left on the same train.

(7)

To engage in strenuous exercise for physical conditioning.

(8)

To exhaust (a mine, for example).

work over

(1)

To do for a second time; rework.

(2)

Slang To inflict severe physical damage on; beat up.

work up

(1)

To arouse the emotions of; excite.

(2)

To increase one's skill, responsibility, efficiency, or status through work:
worked up to 30 sit-ups a day; worked up to store manager.

(3)

To intensify gradually:
The film works up to a thrilling climax.

(4)

To develop or produce by mental or physical effort:
worked up a patient profile; worked up an appetite.

习惯用语

at work

(1)

Engaged in labor; working:
I'm at work on a new project now.

(2)

In operation:
inflationary forces at work in the economy.

in the works
In preparation; under development:
has a novel in the works.

out of work
Without a job; unemployed.

put in work
To perform labor or duties, as on a specified project:
put in work on the plastering.

work both sides of the street
To engage in double-dealing; be duplicitous.

work like a charm
To function very well or have a very good effect or outcome.

work (one's) fingers to the bone
To labor extremely hard; toil or travail.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English weorc * see werg-

参考词汇

(1)

work, labor, toil, drudgery, travail

(2)

These nouns refer to physical or mental effort expended to produce or accomplish something.

(3)

Work is the most widely applicable; it can refer both to the activity and the output of persons, machines, and the forces of nature:
“Which of us . . . is to do the hard and dirty work for the rest—and for what pay?” (John Ruskin).
“A work that aspires . . . to the condition of art should carry its justification in every line” (Joseph Conrad).

(4)

Labor usually implies human work, especially of a hard physical or intellectual nature:
“a youth of labor with an age of ease” (Oliver Goldsmith);
“where men must beg with bated breath for leave to . . . garner the fruits of their own labors” (Roger Casement).

(5)

Toil applies principally to strenuous, fatiguing labor:
“I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat” (Winston S. Churchill).

(6)

Drudgery suggests dull, wearisome, or monotonous work:
“the drudgery of penning definitions and marking quotations for transcription” (Macaulay).

(7)

Travail connotes arduous work involving pain or suffering:
“I have had my labor for my travail” (Shakespeare).

英汉航海大词典

work off
vt.渐渐消除,处理

英汉航空大词典

work off
n.除去,制造

英汉经贸大词典

work off
n.售出

英汉计算机大词典

work off
vt.渐渐消除(处理,销掉

英汉机械大词典

work off
n.除去,制造

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