简明英汉词典

wish
[wiF]
n.
愿望, 心愿, 请求, 所愿望的事物, 祝愿
v.
希望, 想要, 但愿, 祝贺

美国传统词典[双解]

wish
wish
AHD:[w1sh]
D.J.[wi.]
K.K.[w!.]
n.(名词)

(1)

A desire, longing, or strong inclination for a specific thing.
希望,愿望:对某一特定物的欲望、向往或强烈倾向

(2)

An expression of a desire, longing, or strong inclination; a petition.
请愿,请求:表达欲望、向往或强烈倾向;请愿

(3)

Something desired or longed for.
想要或渴望得到的东西
v.(动词)
wishedwish.ingwish.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To long for; want.See Synonyms at desire
渴望:希望,想要参见 desire

(2)

To entertain or express wishes for; bid:
祝愿:抱有或表达祝愿;祝:
He wished her good night.
他向她道晚安

(3)

To call or invoke upon:
愿,祈求:
I wish them luck.
我向他们祝愿幸运

(4)

To order or entreat:
要求;请求:
I wish you to go.
我要你离开

(5)

To impose or force; foist:
强加:强迫,强加;把…强加于:
They wished a hard job on her.
他们给她很艰难的任务
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To have or feel a desire:
盼望,企求:
wish for the moon.
向月亮许愿

(2)

To express a wish.
表达愿望,祝愿

语源

(1)

Middle English wissh
中古英语 wissh

(2)

from wisshen [to wish]
源自 wisshen [盼望]

(3)

from Old English wtn * see wen- 1
源自 古英语 wtn *参见 wen- 1

继承用法

wisher
n.(名词)

用法

(1)

Wish is widely used as a polite substitute for want with infinitives:
Wish 已广泛地成为与不定式连用表示 want 的礼貌的代替语。
Do you wish to sit at a table on the terrace?
你想坐在阳台上的桌旁吗?
Anyone who wishes to may leave now.
想走的现在可以走了。

(2)

This usage is consonant with formal style, where it is natural to treat the desires of others with exaggerated deference. The corresponding use of wish with a noun-phrase object is less frequent, though it cannot be regarded as incorrect:
这种用法符合正式文体,因正式文体中对别人的愿望表示出夸大的尊重很自然。尽管不会认为是错误的,但wish 加上名词短语作宾语不太常见:
Anyone who wishes an aisle seat should see an attendant.
任何想要走廊座位的人都要同服务员商量。

(3)

Both usages are likely to sound stilted in informal style, however. ? When wish precedes a subordinate clause containing a contrary-to-fact statement, strict grammatical correctness requires that one use were rather than was : I wish I were (not was ) lighter on my feet. Many writers continue to insist on this rule, but precedent for using the indicative was in such clauses can be found in the works of many writers, including King Alfred and Jonathan Swift. See Usage Note at if, want
但这两种用法在非正式文体中会显得不自然。当wish 后面接一个与事实相反的陈述句作从属分句时, 按严格的语法来说,应在从句中用were 代替 was : I wish I were (不是 was ) lighter on my feet(多希望我能步履轻盈。) 许多作家仍坚持这条规则,但在从句中用表陈述的was 可在许多作家包括金·阿尔弗雷德和约纳森·斯威夫特的作品中找到先例 参见 ifwant

现代英汉词典

wish
[wIF]
vt., vi.

(1)

但愿;要是…多好
I wish we had a car.
要是我们有一辆车多好啊。
I wish you a very happy future.
祝你一生幸福。
I wish I were 30 years younger.
我但愿自己能年轻三十岁。
I wish I know.
但愿我知道。
I wish I were a cat.
如果我是只猫多好。

(2)

(常与for连用)想要
You have everything you could wish for.
你想要的已经全有了。

(3)

希望
When do you wish to leave?
你希望什么时候离开?

(4)

Do you wish to eat alone?
您要一个人用餐吗?

(5)

(常与on, upon连用)把…强加于

词性变化

wish
n.

(1)

(现在不可能实现的)愿望
a wish to see the world
想到世界各地看看的愿望

(2)

所愿望的事物
The girl got her wish.
那女孩如愿以偿。

(3)

祝愿

现代英汉综合大辞典

wish
[wiF]
vt.

(1)

想要;需要;希望;渴望

(2)

但愿(后接名词性从句,从句中的动词用虚拟语气形式)

(3)

祝;祝愿(后接复合宾语)

(4)

向...致(问候语)(后接双宾语)
Do you wish my help ?
你希望我帮忙吗?
Do you wish me to leave now?
你要我现在就走吗?
I wish I were [was] a bird.
但愿我能变成一只鸟。
I wish I could see him now.
我希望现在能看到他。
He wished he hadn't done it.
他想要是他没这样做该多好。
I wish (that) you would get a good job.
我希望你能找到一个好职业。
Iwish you well and happy.
我祝愿你健康愉快。
He did not wish it mentioned.
他不希望提到这事。
W-you success.
祝你们成功。
He wished me good morning [good-bye].
他向我道早安[告别]。

词性变化

wish
vi.
希望,想要
We wish for peace.
我们期望和平。
We have everything we can wish for.
我们希望得到的东西全有了。

wish
n.

(1)

愿望;希望

(2)

命令,请求

(3)

[pl. ]祝愿
grant [go against] sb.'s wish
满足[违背]某人的愿望
with best wishes for a happy new year
祝新年快乐
He has no wish to be an artist.
他不想做艺术家。
It is her wish that you enter.
她要你进去。
She got her wish.
她如愿以偿了wisher

wish
n.

习惯用语

Don't you wish you may get it? (=I wish you may get it.)
[讽]不见得吧! 那未免太好了!

get one's wish
达到愿望,如愿以偿

If wishes were horses,beggars might ride.
[谚]如果愿望都能实现,乞丐早就发财了;愿望不能代替实际。

The wish is father to the thought.
[谚]愿望为信念之父;希望什么就信什么。

to one's wish
按照自己的愿望;如愿以偿地

wish for
希望得到,渴望

wish on [upon]
把...强加给;向...祈求

wish sb. further
[口]希望某人走开,希望某人别再麻烦

wish sb. ill [evil]
希望某人倒霉,对某人存心不良

wish sb. well (=wish well to sb.)
希望某人幸运,希望某人成功,对某人表示同情

wish well to
希望...成功;对...表同情

参考词汇
desire    

用法词典

wish
中古英语wisshen<古英语wyscan希望

英文相关词典

wish
desire    fancy    like    long for    request    want    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

wish
愿望;想要;需要;希望;期望

美国传统词典

wish
wish
AHD:[w1sh]
D.J.[wi.]
K.K.[w!.]
n.

(1)

A desire, longing, or strong inclination for a specific thing.

(2)

An expression of a desire, longing, or strong inclination; a petition.

(3)

Something desired or longed for.
v.
wished, wish.ing, wish.es
v.tr.

(1)

To long for; want.See Synonyms at desire

(2)

To entertain or express wishes for; bid:
He wished her good night.

(3)

To call or invoke upon:
I wish them luck.

(4)

To order or entreat:
I wish you to go.

(5)

To impose or force; foist:
They wished a hard job on her.
v.intr.

(1)

To have or feel a desire:
wish for the moon.

(2)

To express a wish.

语源

(1)

Middle English wissh

(2)

from wisshen [to wish]

(3)

from Old English wtn * see wen- 1

继承用法

wisher
n.

用法

(1)

Wish is widely used as a polite substitute for want with infinitives:
Do you wish to sit at a table on the terrace?
Anyone who wishes to may leave now.

(2)

This usage is consonant with formal style, where it is natural to treat the desires of others with exaggerated deference. The corresponding use of wish with a noun-phrase object is less frequent, though it cannot be regarded as incorrect:
Anyone who wishes an aisle seat should see an attendant.

(3)

Both usages are likely to sound stilted in informal style, however. ? When wish precedes a subordinate clause containing a contrary-to-fact statement, strict grammatical correctness requires that one use were rather than was : I wish I were (not was ) lighter on my feet. Many writers continue to insist on this rule, but precedent for using the indicative was in such clauses can be found in the works of many writers, including King Alfred and Jonathan Swift. See Usage Note at if, want

英汉法学大词典

wish
意思 ,愿,愿望

英汉航空大词典

wish
n.愿望,但愿

英汉化学大词典

wish
vt.希望,想要,命令;n.希望,想要,命令

英汉经贸大词典

wish
vt.希望,想要,命令;n.希望,想要,命令

英汉计算机大词典

wish
vt.希望(想要,命令);n.希望(想要,命令)

英汉心理学大词典

wish
愿望

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