简明英汉词典

winter
[5wintE]
n.
冬, 冬季, 萧条期, 衰退期
adj.
冬天的
vt.
对...进行冬天保护
vi.
过冬

美国传统词典[双解]

winter
win.ter
AHD:[w1n“t…r]
D.J.[6wint*]
K.K.[6w!nt+]
n.(名词)

(1)

The usually coldest season of the year, occurring between autumn and spring, extending in the Northern Hemisphere from the winter solstice to the vernal equinox, and popularly considered to be constituted by December, January, and February.
冬,冬季:通常是一年中最冷的季节,介于秋天和春天之间,在北半球从冬至到春分,通常来讲包括十二月、一月和二月

(2)

A year as expressed through the recurrence of the winter season.
年,岁:根据冬季的轮回而说的一年

(3)

A period of time characterized by coldness, misery, barrenness, or death.
萧条期:以寒冷、穷困、荒芜或死亡为特点的一段时期
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Of, relating to, occurring in, or appropriate to the season of winter:
冬天的:冬季的,冬季发生的,适于冬天的:
winter blizzards; winter attire.
冬天的大风雪;冬装

(2)

Grown during the season of winter:
冬季里生长的:
winter herbs.
越冬草类
v.(动词)
win.teredwin.ter.ingwin.ters
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To spend the winter:
过冬:渡过冬天:
wintered in Arizona.
在亚利桑那州过冬

(2)

To feed in winter. Used with on :
靠吃…过冬。和on 连用:
deer wintering on cedar bark.
靠雪松树皮过冬的鹿
v.tr.(及物动词)
To lodge, keep, or care for during the winter:
照料,看顾:在冬季提供住宿、收留或照顾:
wintering the sheep in the stable.
让绵羊在羊圈里过冬

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English * see wed- 1
源自 古英语 *参见 wed- 1

继承用法

winterish
adj.(形容词)

注释
Winter, spring, summer, fall. It is not too difficult to see how the season names spring and fall came into being, but without some background information it is impossible to tell what the origins of the words winter and summer are. Summer goes back to the Indo-European root .sem-, meaning “summer.” From a suffixed form of this root came the prehistoric Common Germanic word .sumaraz, the ancestor of Old English sumor and its descendant, Modern English summer. This is the only Indo-European root referring to a season that has survived in an English name for a season. Of the other three, .wesr-, “spring,” has produced words such as vernal; ghyem-, “winter,” has given us words such as hibernate; and esen-, “harvest, fall,” has yielded earn ( from the prehistoric Common Germanic word .azn?, “to do harvest work, serve”). Winter does, however, go back to the Indo-European root wed-, “water, wet.” From the form we-n-d- of this root with the nasal infix -n- was derived the Germanic word .wintruz, with the underlying meaning “wet season” and the literal meaning “winter.” The Germanic word is the source of Old English winter, the ancestor of Modern English winter.
冬,春,夏,秋。说出季节名spring 和 fall 的来历不是很难, 但如果没有一些背景知识,不可能知道winter 和 summer 的词源。 Summer 可追溯到印欧语中的词根 sem- ,意思是“夏天”。 给这个词根加后缀后又转化为史前的普通日尔曼词sumaraz, 这是古英语中sumor 的前身,由此又发展来现代英语中的 summer。 这是印欧语中表季节的词根在英语中作为季节名保留下来的唯一一个。另外三个wesr- “春”产生了象 vernal这类的词; ghyem-“冬”又给了我们单词 hibernate; esen- “收获,秋天”衍生出 earn ( 从史前的普通日尔曼词aznon “做收获的工作,服务”而来)。 然而winter 得追溯到印欧词根 wed- “水,湿的”。 由这个词根的we-n-d 形式和鼻音中缀 -n- 衍生出日尔曼语词 wintruz, 其隐含的意思是“湿润的季节”和字面意义“冬天”。 这个日尔曼词是古英语中winter 的前身,也是现代英语 winter 的前身

现代英汉词典

winter
[5wIntE(r)]
n.
冬季

词性变化

winter
vi., vt.
(常与at, in连用)过冬
to winter in the south
在南方过冬

现代英汉综合大辞典

winter
[5wintE]
n.

(1)

冬,冬季

(2)

萧条[衰落]期,不顺利的时期

(3)

年, 岁
a hard winter
严冬
forty winters ago
四十年前
a man of 70 winters
古稀老人

词性变化

winter
adj.

(1)

冬天(用)的

(2)

可贮藏过冬的

(3)

冬天播种的
winter clothing
冬衣
winter vegetables
可贮藏过冬的蔬菜
winter wheat
冬小麦

winter
vt.
对(动,植物)进行冬天保护[饲养,管理, 贮藏]
We wintered our cattle in the warm valley.
冬天我们在温暖的山谷中饲养家畜。

winter
vi.
过冬,避寒
winter in the south
在南方过冬

继承用法

winterbeaten
adj.
冻伤了的;冻得难过的; 忧郁的

winterclad
[`wIntEklAd]
adj.
穿得可以御冬的;穿冬服的

wintercough
n.
慢性气管炎

winterfeed
vt.
冬季饲养

词性变化

winter
n.
冬季饲料

winter-hardy
adj.
耐寒的

wintertide
[`wIntEtaId]
n.
(=winter time) 冬天

winterweight
adj.
(衣服)厚得足以过冬的

winterless
[`wIntElIs]
adj.

习惯用语

They must hunger in winter that will not work in summer.
[谚]夏不劳动冬挨饿。

特殊用法

green winter
暖冬,温和无雪的冬天

open winter
暖和的冬天

severe winter
严冬

soft red winter
软粒红(冬)小麦

英文相关词典

winter
summer    

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

winter
冬季

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

winter

美国传统词典

winter
win.ter
AHD:[w1n“t…r]
D.J.[6wint*]
K.K.[6w!nt+]
n.

(1)

The usually coldest season of the year, occurring between autumn and spring, extending in the Northern Hemisphere from the winter solstice to the vernal equinox, and popularly considered to be constituted by December, January, and February.

(2)

A year as expressed through the recurrence of the winter season.

(3)

A period of time characterized by coldness, misery, barrenness, or death.
adj.

(1)

Of, relating to, occurring in, or appropriate to the season of winter:
winter blizzards; winter attire.

(2)

Grown during the season of winter:
winter herbs.
v.
win.tered, win.ter.ing, win.ters
v.intr.

(1)

To spend the winter:
wintered in Arizona.

(2)

To feed in winter. Used with on :
deer wintering on cedar bark.
v.tr.
To lodge, keep, or care for during the winter:
wintering the sheep in the stable.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English * see wed- 1

继承用法

winterish
adj.

注释
Winter, spring, summer, fall. It is not too difficult to see how the season names spring and fall came into being, but without some background information it is impossible to tell what the origins of the words winter and summer are. Summer goes back to the Indo-European root .sem-, meaning “summer.” From a suffixed form of this root came the prehistoric Common Germanic word .sumaraz, the ancestor of Old English sumor and its descendant, Modern English summer. This is the only Indo-European root referring to a season that has survived in an English name for a season. Of the other three, .wesr-, “spring,” has produced words such as vernal; ghyem-, “winter,” has given us words such as hibernate; and esen-, “harvest, fall,” has yielded earn ( from the prehistoric Common Germanic word .azn?, “to do harvest work, serve”). Winter does, however, go back to the Indo-European root wed-, “water, wet.” From the form we-n-d- of this root with the nasal infix -n- was derived the Germanic word .wintruz, with the underlying meaning “wet season” and the literal meaning “winter.” The Germanic word is the source of Old English winter, the ancestor of Modern English winter.

英汉船舶大词典

winter
n.冬季

英汉地质大词典

winter
n.冬季,越冬

英汉环境大词典

winter
n.冬

英汉航空大词典

winter
n.冬,冬季

英汉化学大词典

winter
n.冬天;vt.过冬

英汉海运大词典

winter
冬季

基本词义

winter
冬,冬季冬天的

基本词义

winter
冬季,冬天

基本词义

winter
冬天,冬季

英汉计算机大词典

winter
n.冬天;vt.过冬

英汉农牧林大词典

winter
n.冬季,越冬

英汉水利大词典

winter
n.冬,冬季,冬天的

英汉中医大词典

winter
n.冬,冬季,衰落期

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