简明英汉词典

wilderness
[5wildEnis]
n.
荒野, 茫茫一片, 大量, 荒地

美国传统词典[双解]

wilderness
wil.der.ness
AHD:[w1l“d…r-n1s]
D.J.[6wild*nis]
K.K.[6w!ld+n!s]
n.(名词)

(1)

An unsettled, uncultivated region left in its natural condition, especially:
荒野,荒地:保留天然条件的无人定居的未开垦地区,尤指:

(2)

A large wild tract of land covered with dense vegetation or forests.
草木丛生处:植被或森林覆盖的大片野生土地

(3)

An extensive area, such as a desert or an ocean, that is barren or empty; a waste.
荒野:大片土地, 例如沙漠、海洋,这些地区贫脊或空旷;荒野

(4)

A piece of land set aside to grow wild.
划出的一块不耕种的地

(5)

Something characterized by bewildering vastness, perilousness, or unchecked profusion:
令人困惑的东西:以令人迷惑的广大、危险四伏或没有扼制的浪费为特点的东西:
the wilderness of the city; the wilderness of counterespionage; a wilderness of voices.
城市令人困惑不解的地方;反间谍的复杂状况;声音噪乱

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English *wildd?s
源自 古英语 *wildd?s

(3)

probably from wildd?r [wild beast]
可能源自 wildd?r [野兽]

(4)

wilde [wild]
wilde [野生的]

(5)

d?r [wild animal]
d?r [野生动物]

注释
Deer comes from the Old English word d?, meaning “beast.” Clearly the word has narrowed in meaning and lost its general sense. But another word in English, wilderness, may point to this general sense of Old English d?. The etymology of wilderness is variously given, but one etymology traces the -der- of wilderness back to d?r and wild- back to Old English wilde, “wild.” Der- may thus carry on d?r in its general sense, reminding us that wild beasts might be the only inhabitants of a wilderness. Wilderness, though it may have existed in Old English, is first found in 13th-century Middle English.
Deer 来自于古英语中意为“野兽”的一词 deor 。 很明显这个词的词义缩小了,失去了它较笼统的意义。但英语中的另一个词wilderness, 大概会指出古英语中 deor 的笼统意义。 wilderness 的词源很多, 但一种说法顺着wilderness 中的 -der- 找到 deor ,顺着 wild- 中找到古英语中的 wilde “野蛮的”。 Der- 大概因此具有笼统意义上的 deor 的意义, 提醒我们野兽大概是荒野处的唯一居民。Wilderness 尽管在古英语中已存在, 但是在13世纪中世纪英语中首次出现的

现代英汉词典

wilderness
[5wIldEnIs]
n.
荒野;荒凉的地方

现代英汉综合大辞典

wilderness
[5wildEnis]
n.

(1)

荒地, 荒野, 旷野; 荒芜[荒凉]的地方

(2)

混乱的一群, 杂乱的一团

(3)

茫茫一片, 大量, 无数(of)
a wilderness of waters(=a wilderness of sea=a watery wilderness)
茫茫大海
a wilderness of streets
杂乱无序的街道

习惯用语

howling wilderness
荒僻的旷野

in the wilderness
(政党)在野的, 离开政界的

voice [crying] in the wilderness
荒野里的呼声; [喻]无人理睬的主张或警告

用法词典

wilderness
wilder+ness

英文相关词典

wilderness
wasteland    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

wilderness
荒野

美国传统词典

wilderness
wil.der.ness
AHD:[w1l“d…r-n1s]
D.J.[6wild*nis]
K.K.[6w!ld+n!s]
n.

(1)

An unsettled, uncultivated region left in its natural condition, especially:

(2)

A large wild tract of land covered with dense vegetation or forests.

(3)

An extensive area, such as a desert or an ocean, that is barren or empty; a waste.

(4)

A piece of land set aside to grow wild.

(5)

Something characterized by bewildering vastness, perilousness, or unchecked profusion:
the wilderness of the city; the wilderness of counterespionage; a wilderness of voices.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English *wildd?s

(3)

probably from wildd?r [wild beast]

(4)

wilde [wild]

(5)

d?r [wild animal]

注释
Deer comes from the Old English word d?, meaning “beast.” Clearly the word has narrowed in meaning and lost its general sense. But another word in English, wilderness, may point to this general sense of Old English d?. The etymology of wilderness is variously given, but one etymology traces the -der- of wilderness back to d?r and wild- back to Old English wilde, “wild.” Der- may thus carry on d?r in its general sense, reminding us that wild beasts might be the only inhabitants of a wilderness. Wilderness, though it may have existed in Old English, is first found in 13th-century Middle English.

[名词委审定]英汉林学名词(1989)

wilderness
原野保留区

英汉地质大词典

wilderness
n.荒地,荒野,未开垦区

英汉化学大词典

wilderness
n.荒野,无数

英汉计算机大词典

wilderness
n.荒野(无数)

英汉农牧林大词典

wilderness
n.荒芜地

英汉能源大词典

wilderness
n.荒野,无数

英汉水利大词典

wilderness
n.荒芜地,原野,茫茫一片

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