简明英汉词典

who
[hu:]
pron.
谁, 那...的(人)

基本词义

WHO
abbr.
世界卫生组织

美国传统词典[双解]

who
who
AHD:[h?]
D.J.[hu8]
K.K.[hu]
pron.(代词)

(1)

What or which person or persons:
谁:什么人、哪个人或哪些人:
Who left?
谁离开了?

(2)

Used as a relative pronoun to introduce a clause when the antecedent is a person or persons or one to whom personality is attributed:
谁:当先行词是一个或多个人或是被赋与身份的一个人时,用作关系代词来引导从句:
the visitor who came yesterday; our child, who is gifted; informed sources who denied the story.
昨天来拜访的那个人;我们天赋异禀的孩子;告诉那些不相信的人这个故事的来源

(3)

The person or persons that; whoever:
谁:人或人们;不管什么人:
Who believes that will believe anything.
相信那个的人会相信任何事

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English hw3} * see k wo-
源自 古英语 hw3} *参见 k wo-

用法
The traditional rules that determine the use of who and whom are relatively simple: who is used for a grammatical subject, where a nominative pronoun such as I or he would be appropriate, and whom is used elsewhere. Thus, we write The actor who played Hamlet was there, since who stands for the subject of played Hamlet; and Who do you think is the best candidate? where who stands for the subject of is the best candidate. But we write To whom did you give the letter? since whom is the object of the preposition to; and The man whom the papers criticized did not show up, since whom is the object of the verb criticized. ? Considerable effort and attention are required to apply the rules correctly in complicated sentences. To produce correctly a sentence such as I met the man whom the government had tried to get France to extradite, we must anticipate when we write whom that it will function as the object of the verb extradite, several clauses distant from it. It is thus not surprising that writers from Shakespeare onward should often have interchanged who and whom. And though the distinction shows no signs of disappearing in formal style, strict adherence to the rules in informal discourse might be taken as evidence that the speaker or writer is paying undue attention to the form of what is said, possibly at the expense of its substance. In speech and informal writing who tends to predominate over whom; a sentence such as Who did John say he was going to support? will be regarded as quite natural, if strictly incorrect. By contrast, the use of whom where who would be required, as in Whom shall I say is calling? may be thought to betray a certain linguistic insecurity. ? When the relative pronoun stands for the object of a preposition that ends a sentence, whom is technically the correct form: the strict grammarian will insist on Whom (not who ) did you give it to? But grammarians since Noah Webster have argued that the excessive formality of whom in these cases is at odds with the relative informality associated with the practice of placing the preposition in final position and that the use of who in these cases should be regarded as entirely acceptable. ? The relative pronoun who may be used in restrictive relative clauses, in which case it is not preceded by a comma, or in nonrestrictive clauses, in which case a comma is required. Thus, we may say either The scientist who discovers a cure for cancer will be immortalized, where the clause who discovers a cure for cancer indicates which scientist will be immortalized, or The mathematician over there, who solved the four-color theorem, is widely known, where the clause who solved the four-color theorem adds information about a person already identified by the phrase the mathematician over there. ? Some grammarians have argued that only who and not that should be used to introduce a restrictive relative clause that identifies a person. This restriction has no basis either in logic or in the usage of the best writers; it is entirely acceptable to write either the man that wanted to talk to you or the man who wanted to talk to you. ? The grammatical rules governing the use of who and whom apply equally to whoever and whomever. See Usage Note at else, that, whose
确定用法的传统规则who 和 whom 相对简单: who 语法上用作主语,同 I 或 he 等主格代词的位置相同, 而whom 用于别处。 这样,我们写The actor who played Hamlet was there (演哈姆雷特的演员在那边), 因此who 代表的是 played Hamlet 的主语。 在句子Who do you think is the best candidate? (你认为谁是最好的候选人?)中 who 代表 is the best candidate 的主语。 但是我们说To whom did you give the letter? (你把信给谁了?), 因为whom 是介词 to 的宾语; 在句子The man whom the papers criticized did not show up, (报纸上批评的那个人没有来), 因为whom 是动词 criticized 的宾语 。在复杂的句子里,正确应用这些规则需要相当的努力和注意。正确地造出如I met the man whom the government had tried to get France to extradite (我遇到了政府曾努力让法国引渡的那个人)这样的句子, 在写whom 之前我们必须预知它将作动词 extradite 的宾语, 尽管两个词离得很远。这也就难怪自莎士比亚以来的作家经常把who 和 whom 交换使用了。 尽管在正式文体中两者区别仍然存在,但如果在非正式的交谈中严格地遵守这些规则会被认为说话者或作者可能不顾内容而过分注视说话的形式。在口语和非正式书面语中,who 趋向于代替 whom; 人们会认为象Who did John say he was going to support? (约翰说他将支持谁?)这样句子很自然,尽管严格来说它是不正确的。 相反,在应该用who 的地方用 whom 则显出一种语言上的不稳定, 如Whom shall I say is calling? (我说是谁在打电话?)。 当关系代词替代句尾的介词宾语时,whom 在理论上是正确的形势: 严格的语法坚持Whom (而不是 who ) did you give it to?(你把它给谁了?) 但从诺·韦伯斯特以来的语法学家认为whom 在这种情况下过分正式,而把介词放在句尾相对来说又不正式,这就有了矛盾,所以在这种情况下用 who 完全可以接受。 关系代词who 可以用在限定关系从句中,前面不要加逗号, 也可用在非限定关系从句中,则需要加逗号。所以我们既可以说The scientist who discovers a cure for cancer will be immortalized (发现治愈癌症的方法的科学家将会因此而不朽), 在此处从句who discovers a cure for cancer 指这样的科学家将会不朽, 也可以说The mathematician over there, who solved the four-color theorem, is widely known (在那边的数学家非常出名,他解决了四色定理), 从句who solved the four-color theorem 给已经由短语 the mathematician over there 确定了的人增加了一些有关他的信息。 有些语法学家认为只有who 而不是 that 可以连接表示人的限定性关系从句。 这种限制在逻辑上没有根据,在最优秀作家的用法中也未有根据;无论说the man that wanted to talk to you (想要跟你说话的那个人)或 the man who wanted to talk to you 都是完全可以接受的。 有关who 和 whom 的语法规则同样适用于 whoever 和 whomever 参见 elsethatwhose

基本词义

WHO
WHO
abbr.(略语)
World Health Organization.
世界卫生组织

现代英汉词典

WHO
[dQblju: eItF 5EJ]
abbr.
世界卫生组织 (the World Health Organization)
Who knows but (that) it may be so?
谁能说不会这样呢。
Who was he? He was Dr. Martin Luther King.
他是谁?他就是马丁.路德.金。
Who else's raincoat can this be?
这还可能是其他什么人的雨衣呢?

who
[hu:]
pron.

(1)

Who is that man?
那人是谁?
Who gave you that book?
谁给你的那本书?

(2)

…的人
a man who wants to see you
那个要见你的人
The man who lives in that house is my uncle.
住在那座房子里的人是我叔叔。

(3)

(在书面语中,说明逗号前的词)他,她,他们
George, who lives in Scotland, came late.
乔治,他住在苏格兰,来晚了。

基本词义

WHO
[dQblju: eItF 5EJ]
abbr.
世界卫生组织 (the World Health Organization)
Who knows but (that) it may be so?
谁能说不会这样呢。
Who was he? He was Dr. Martin Luther King.
他是谁?他就是马丁.路德.金。
Who else's raincoat can this be?
这还可能是其他什么人的雨衣呢?

who
[hu:]
pron.

(1)

Who is that man?
那人是谁?
Who gave you that book?
谁给你的那本书?

(2)

…的人
a man who wants to see you
那个要见你的人
The man who lives in that house is my uncle.
住在那座房子里的人是我叔叔。

(3)

(在书面语中,说明逗号前的词)他,她,他们
George, who lives in Scotland, came late.
乔治,他住在苏格兰,来晚了。

现代英汉综合大辞典

who
[hu:]
pron.
(宾格whom; 所有格whose)

(1)

[疑问代词]谁; 哪位

(2)

[连接代词]谁

(3)

[限制性的关系代词]...的人

(4)

[非限制性的关系代词]他[她]; 他[她]们

(5)

[古][省略先行词的关系代词]...的人
W-is that?
那是谁?
He is a man who is of value to the people.
他是一个有益于人民的人。
Whom did you see?
你看见谁了?
That's the man who came to our house yesterday.
那就是昨天到过我们家来的人。
My cousin, who is a painter, is in Japan at present.
我的表哥是画家, 他现在在日本。
Who breaks pays.
损坏者要赔。

词性变化

who
n.
有关人物 the who and the why of it 与该事有关的人物及其发生的原因

习惯用语

who iswho(=who's who)

(1)

知道某一范围内所有的人是谁(It took the new teacher a few days to remember who was who in the class. 这位新教师花了几天时间记住班上学生的名字)

(2)

名[要]人, 有影响人士

Who's Who
名人录, 名人词典

基本词义

WHO

(1)

=White House Office 白宫办公厅[美];

(2)

World Health Organization 世界卫生组织

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

who

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

who
世界卫生与健康组织

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

who
世界卫生组织

美国传统词典

who
who
AHD:[h?]
D.J.[hu8]
K.K.[hu]
pron.

(1)

What or which person or persons:
Who left?

(2)

Used as a relative pronoun to introduce a clause when the antecedent is a person or persons or one to whom personality is attributed:
the visitor who came yesterday; our child, who is gifted; informed sources who denied the story.

(3)

The person or persons that; whoever:
Who believes that will believe anything.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English hw3} * see k wo-

用法
The traditional rules that determine the use of who and whom are relatively simple: who is used for a grammatical subject, where a nominative pronoun such as I or he would be appropriate, and whom is used elsewhere. Thus, we write The actor who played Hamlet was there, since who stands for the subject of played Hamlet; and Who do you think is the best candidate? where who stands for the subject of is the best candidate. But we write To whom did you give the letter? since whom is the object of the preposition to; and The man whom the papers criticized did not show up, since whom is the object of the verb criticized. ? Considerable effort and attention are required to apply the rules correctly in complicated sentences. To produce correctly a sentence such as I met the man whom the government had tried to get France to extradite, we must anticipate when we write whom that it will function as the object of the verb extradite, several clauses distant from it. It is thus not surprising that writers from Shakespeare onward should often have interchanged who and whom. And though the distinction shows no signs of disappearing in formal style, strict adherence to the rules in informal discourse might be taken as evidence that the speaker or writer is paying undue attention to the form of what is said, possibly at the expense of its substance. In speech and informal writing who tends to predominate over whom; a sentence such as Who did John say he was going to support? will be regarded as quite natural, if strictly incorrect. By contrast, the use of whom where who would be required, as in Whom shall I say is calling? may be thought to betray a certain linguistic insecurity. ? When the relative pronoun stands for the object of a preposition that ends a sentence, whom is technically the correct form: the strict grammarian will insist on Whom (not who ) did you give it to? But grammarians since Noah Webster have argued that the excessive formality of whom in these cases is at odds with the relative informality associated with the practice of placing the preposition in final position and that the use of who in these cases should be regarded as entirely acceptable. ? The relative pronoun who may be used in restrictive relative clauses, in which case it is not preceded by a comma, or in nonrestrictive clauses, in which case a comma is required. Thus, we may say either The scientist who discovers a cure for cancer will be immortalized, where the clause who discovers a cure for cancer indicates which scientist will be immortalized, or The mathematician over there, who solved the four-color theorem, is widely known, where the clause who solved the four-color theorem adds information about a person already identified by the phrase the mathematician over there. ? Some grammarians have argued that only who and not that should be used to introduce a restrictive relative clause that identifies a person. This restriction has no basis either in logic or in the usage of the best writers; it is entirely acceptable to write either the man that wanted to talk to you or the man who wanted to talk to you. ? The grammatical rules governing the use of who and whom apply equally to whoever and whomever. See Usage Note at else, that, whose

基本词义

WHO
WHO
abbr.
World Health Organization.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

WHO
= World Health Organization,世界卫生组织

英汉地质大词典

who
n.世界卫生组织

英汉法学大词典

WHO
卫生组织

英汉环境大词典

who
n.世界卫生组织

英汉化学大词典

who

英汉计算机大词典

who

英汉农牧林大词典

who
n.世界卫生组织

航空英语缩写词典

WHO
World Health Organization 世界卫生组织

基本词义

WHO
World Health Organization 世界卫生组织

英汉水利大词典

WHO
n.联合国世界卫生组织

英汉医学大词典

who
n.世界卫生组织;n.世界保健机构

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