简明英汉词典

which
[(h)witF]
pron.
哪个, 哪几个, ...的, ...那个
adj.
哪个

美国传统词典[双解]

which
which
AHD:[hw1ch, w1ch]
D.J.[hwit., wit.]
K.K.[hw!t., w!t.]
pron.(代词)

(1)

What particular one or ones:
哪一个,哪一些:特定的一个或那些:
Which of these is yours?
这些里面哪个是你的?

(2)

The one or ones previously mentioned or implied, specifically:
那一个,那一些:先前提到的或暗指的那个或那些,尤其是:

(3)

Used as a relative pronoun in a clause that provides additional information about the antecedent:
在从句中用作关系代词为其先行词提供额外附加信息:
my house, which is small and old.
我的房子,又小又旧

(4)

Used as a relative pronoun preceded by that or a preposition in a clause that defines or restricts the antecedent:
用在前面带有that 或一介词的从句中作关系代词,定语从句用以给先行词下定义或做限制:
that which he needed; the subject on which she spoke.
那他所需要的;她谈到的话题

(5)

Used instead of that as a relative pronoun in a clause that defines or restricts the antecedent:
用以取代that 在从句中作关系代词,该从句限制或给其先行词下定义:
The movie which was shown later was better.
后来上映的电影较好看

(6)

Any of the things, events, or people designated or implied; whichever:
任一:任一个规定或暗示的事、事情、人;任一:
Choose which you like best.
选你最喜欢的

(7)

A thing or circumstance that:
那事情,那情况:
He left early, which was wise.
他早早地离开,那是很明智的
adj.(形容词)

(1)

What particular one or ones of a number of things or people:
…那个:一定数目的人或物中特定的一个或一些:
Which part of town do you mean?
你是说城镇的哪个地区?

(2)

Any one or any number of; whichever:
任一个,任一些;无论哪个:
Use which door you please.
随便你用哪个门

(3)

Being the one or ones previously mentioned or implied:
…的那个:先前提及或暗指的那个:
It started to rain, at which point we ran.
天开始下雨时,我们跑了起来

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English hwilc * see k wo-
源自 古英语 hwilc *参见 k wo-

用法
The antecedent of which can sometimes be a sentence or clause, as opposed to a noun phrase, as in She ignored him, which proved to be unwise. They swept the council elections, which could never have happened under the old rules. Such examples are unexceptionable, but care should be taken that this usage does not cause ambiguities. The sentence It emerged that Edna made the complaint, which surprised everybody may mean either that the complaint was surprising or that it was surprising that Edna made it. The ambiguity can be avoided with paraphrases such as It emerged that Edna made the complaint, a revelation that surprised everybody. ? In its use to refer to the contents of sentences and clauses, which should be used only when it is preceded by its antecedent. When the antecedent follows, what should be used, particularly in formal style: Still, he has not said he will withdraw, which is more surprising but Still, what (not which ) is more surprising, he has not said he will withdraw. See Usage Note at that, what, whose
which 的先行词有时可为一个句子或一个从句, 与名词短语相对立,如在句子她忽视了他,结果证明这是不明智的。 他们在委员会选举中一举获胜,这在旧体制下是永远不会发生的。 这样的例子是无懈可击的,但应该小心谨慎以使这种用法不致于引起模棱两可。句子It emerged that Edna made the complaint, which surprised everybody(埃德娜发出了使每个人都很吃惊的怨言) 既可以指怨气让人吃惊也可以指抱怨的是埃德娜而让人吃惊。 用例如It emerged that Edna made the complaint, a revelation that surprised everybody.(埃德娜大加抱怨,这发现让大家都很吃惊) 这样的句子就可以避免模棱两可。 在它被用来指句子或从句内容时,which 只用在先行词在其前面时。 当先行词跟在后面时,就应该用what ,特别是在正式文体中: Still, he has not said he will withdraw, which is more surprising(他依然还是没说他将退出,这更让人吃惊) 但另外一种形式 Still, what (不用 which ) is more surprising, he has not said he will withdraw.(然而,更让人吃惊的是他还是没说他将退出) 参见 thatwhatwhose

现代英汉词典

which
[wItF; (?@) hwItF]
adj., pron.

(1)

哪个
Which do you want?
你要哪个?
Which child knows the answer?
哪个孩子知道答案?

(2)

…的那个
the book which I like best
我最喜欢的那本书

(3)

(在‘,’号之后,用以说明‘,’号前的词)这个,那个
The river, which flows through London, is called the Thames.
这条流经伦敦的河叫泰晤士河。

(4)

(表示关系)这个
He changed his mind, which made me very angry.
他改变了主意,这使我很生气。

习惯用语

Which is which?
(指两者的区别)哪一个是哪一个?

现代英汉综合大辞典

which
[(h)witF]
pron.

(1)

[疑问代词]哪一个; 哪些

(2)

[关系代词]那一个; 那一些

(3)

[连接代词]这(个), 那(个)
Which is the largest?
哪一个最大?
Which of you will go with me?
你们哪一个跟我一起去?
That is the parcel which came this morning.
那就是早上送来的包裹。
I said nothing, which made him still more angry.
我一声不响, 这就使他更加生气。
Choose which you like best.
选你最喜欢的吧。

词性变化

which
[(h)witF]
adj.

(1)

[疑问形容词]哪一个, 哪一些

(2)

[关系形容词]这个; 这些

(3)

[连接形容词]无论哪个; 无论哪些(常用whichever)
Which girl won the prize?
哪一个女孩子得了奖?
He is studying economics, which subject is very important.
他正在学习经济学, 该学科是很重要的。
Take which book you like best.
你最喜欢哪一本书就拿哪一本。

习惯用语

which is which
哪一个是哪一个

用法词典

which
中古英语 whiche>古英语 hwylc, hwelc

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

which
哪个

美国传统词典

which
which
AHD:[hw1ch, w1ch]
D.J.[hwit., wit.]
K.K.[hw!t., w!t.]
pron.

(1)

What particular one or ones:
Which of these is yours?

(2)

The one or ones previously mentioned or implied, specifically:

(3)

Used as a relative pronoun in a clause that provides additional information about the antecedent:
my house, which is small and old.

(4)

Used as a relative pronoun preceded by that or a preposition in a clause that defines or restricts the antecedent:
that which he needed; the subject on which she spoke.

(5)

Used instead of that as a relative pronoun in a clause that defines or restricts the antecedent:
The movie which was shown later was better.

(6)

Any of the things, events, or people designated or implied; whichever:
Choose which you like best.

(7)

A thing or circumstance that:
He left early, which was wise.
adj.

(1)

What particular one or ones of a number of things or people:
Which part of town do you mean?

(2)

Any one or any number of; whichever:
Use which door you please.

(3)

Being the one or ones previously mentioned or implied:
It started to rain, at which point we ran.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English hwilc * see k wo-

用法
The antecedent of which can sometimes be a sentence or clause, as opposed to a noun phrase, as in She ignored him, which proved to be unwise. They swept the council elections, which could never have happened under the old rules. Such examples are unexceptionable, but care should be taken that this usage does not cause ambiguities. The sentence It emerged that Edna made the complaint, which surprised everybody may mean either that the complaint was surprising or that it was surprising that Edna made it. The ambiguity can be avoided with paraphrases such as It emerged that Edna made the complaint, a revelation that surprised everybody. ? In its use to refer to the contents of sentences and clauses, which should be used only when it is preceded by its antecedent. When the antecedent follows, what should be used, particularly in formal style: Still, he has not said he will withdraw, which is more surprising but Still, what (not which ) is more surprising, he has not said he will withdraw. See Usage Note at that, what, whose

英汉化学大词典

which
哪个,哪些,无论哪

英汉海运大词典

which
哪一个哪些

英汉计算机大词典

which
哪个(哪些,无论哪)

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