简明英汉词典

what
[(h)wCt]
pron.
什么
int.
怎么, 多么
adj.
什么
adv.
到什么程度, 在哪一方面
n.
本质, 实质, 要素

美国传统词典[双解]

what
what
AHD:[hw?t, hw?t, w?t, w?t] [hw…t, w…t ] 非重读时
D.J.[hw%t, hw(t, w%8t, w(t][hw*t, w*t ]非重读时
K.K.[hw$t, hw(t, w%t, w(t][hw*t, w*t ]非重读时
pron.(代词)

(1)

Which thing or which particular one of many:
什么:哪个东西或许多中的特定一个:
What are you having for dinner? What did she say?
你晚饭吃什么?也说什么了?

(2)

Which kind, character, or designation:
什么:什么种类特性或名称:
What are these objects?
这些东西是什么?

(3)

One of how much value or significance:
什么用:价值多少或重要性多大:
What are possessions to a dying man?
对临终的人来说财产有什么意义?

(4)

That which; the thing that:
…那样的事,…那样的一个:
Listen to what I tell you.
听我跟你说

(5)

Whatever thing that:
无论什么:
come what may.
该怎样就怎样罢(该来什么就来什么罢)

(6)

Informal Something:
【非正式用语】 某事:
I'll tell you what.
我将告诉你些什么

(7)

Non-Standard Which, who, or that:
【非标准用语】 …的事物或人物:
It's the poor what gets the blame.
是穷人们受到了责难
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Which one or ones of several or many:
哪个、哪些:
What college are you attending? You should know what musical that song is from.
你在念什么大学?你应该知道哪首歌出自哪部音乐片

(2)

Whatever:
不管什么:
They soon repaired what damage had been done.
他们很快修复了所受到的一切损坏

(3)

How great; how astonishing:
多么的,何等的:
What a fool!
多蠢啊!
adv.(副词)
How much; in what respect; how:
多少;在哪个方面;怎样:
What does it matter?
这有什么关系?
conj.(连接词)
That:
与that作连词时意思一样:
I don't know but what I'll go.
我只知道我要走去
interj.(感叹词)

(1)

Used to express surprise, incredulity, or other strong and sudden excitement.
什么!:用于表示惊讶,不相信或其它强烈且突然的缴动情绪

(2)

Chiefly British Used as a tag question, often to solicit agreement.
【多用于英国】 是不是,不是吗?:用作附加疑问句,常用以征求对方同意

习惯用语

what for【非正式用语】
A scolding or strong reprimand:
责备或严厉的训斥:
The teacher gave the tardy student what for.
老师痛斥了迟到的学生

what have you
What remains and need not be mentioned:
等等:剩下的不需要提及的:
a room full of chairs, lamps, radios, and what have you.
一间屋子,放满了椅子、灯、收音机等等的

what if

(1)

What would occur if; suppose that.
假设;如果…将会怎么样

(2)

What does it matter if.
即使…又有什么关系

what it takes
The necessary expertise or qualities needed for success:
成功的必要条件:得以成功所需的必要的专门知识或品性:
She has what it takes to be a doctor.
她具有获取成功的必要条件

what's what【非正式用语】
The fundamentals and details of a situation or process; the true state or condition.
局势或过程的原理或细节;真实的状态

what with
Taking into consideration; because of:
因为,由于考虑到:考虑到,由于:
“I've often wondered why some good crime writer . . . hasn't taken up with New Orleans, what with its special raffishness, its peculiar flavor of bonhomie and a slightly suspect charm”(Walker Percy)
“考虑到它那特殊的大胆不羁,它特有的欢乐气氛的风味以及它略为人所怀疑的魅力,我时常纳闷为什么一些很好的犯罪小说作家还没有对新奥尔产生兴趣”(沃克·珀西)

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English hw?t * see k wo-
源自 古英语 hw?t *参见 k wo-

用法
When what is the subject of a clause, it may be construed as singular or plural, depending on the sense. It is singular when taken as the equivalent of that which or the thing which, as in I see what seems to be a dead tree; and it is plural when it is taken as the equivalent of those which or the things which, as in He sometimes makes what seem to be gestures of aloofness. ? When a what clause is itself the subject of a sentence, it may be construed as singular or plural, but the conditions governing this choice are somewhat more complicated. In general, a what clause will be taken as a plural when the clause contains an explicit indication of its own plurality. There are two principal cases. First, the clause is plural if what is the subject of the clause and the verb of the clause is itself plural: What seem to be two dead trees are blocking the road. What most surprise me are the inflammatory remarks at the end of his article. If the verb in the what clause does not anticipate the plural sense of the predicate in this way, a singular verb is generally used in the main clause as well, though the plural is sometimes found: What truly commands respect is (sometimes are ) a large navy and a resolute foreign policy. Second, the what clause is treated as plural when its predicate contains a plural noun phrase that unambiguously establishes the plurality of the clause as a whole, as in What traditional grammarians called “predicates” are called “verb phrases” by modern linguists. What the Romans established as military outposts were later to become important trading centers. In the absence of explicit plural marking of either of these types in a subject what clause, the clause is usually treated as singular for the purposes of agreement, regardless of the sense: What she held in her lap was four kittens. What the apparent diamonds turned out to be was paste. In some cases, however, a clause with what as the subject may be treated as singular or plural, depending on a subtle distinction of sense. In What excite him most are money and power, the implication is that money and power are distinct elements; in What excites him most is money and power, the implication is that money and power are taken as constituting a single entity.See Usage Note at which
当what 作为从句中的主语时, 它既可被当作单数也可以为复数,这取决于词义。当被看作是that which 或 the thing which 时它就是单数, 如在I see what seems to be a dead tree(我看到个象棵死树的物体)” 这句话中; 当它被用作those which 或 the things which 的对应词时它是复数, 如在He sometimes makes what seem to be gestures of aloofness(他有时做一些似乎很超然的手势) 中。 当what 从句本身是句子的主语时, 它可被当作单数或复数,但决定这种选择的条件略为复杂些。总体上说,what 从句的含有对其数性明确指示时,它就可以将当作复数。 这有两种最主要的情况:首先,如果what 是从句的主语而该从句的谓语动词本身是复数,从句就是复数: What seem to be two dead trees are blocking the road.(象两棵死树的物体挡着路); What mostsurprise me are the inflammatory remarks at the end of his article.(最令我吃惊的是他文章结尾处的煽动性言词) 。 如果what 从句的谓语动词并不预示谓语是复数, 主句中通常也用单数动词,尽管有时也可以发现有复数:What truly commands respect is(有时 are ) a large navy and a resolute foreign policy(真正博得尊敬的是强大的海军和坚定的外交政策) ; 其次what 从句在其谓语含有复数名词短语,并且其明显可建立整个从句的复数性时是被当作复数的, 如在What traditional grammarians called "predicates" are called "verb phrases" by modern linguists.(那些传统语法家所称为“谓语”的则被现代语言学家称作“动词短语”) What the Romans established as military outpostswere later to become important trading centers.(那些罗马人设为军事前哨基地的地方后来成为了重要的贸易中心)。 当what 从句主语缺乏这两类明确表示复数性的标记时, 从句通常为了一致性而不顾及词义地被当作单数:What she held in her lap was four kittens.(她抱在膝盖上的是四只小猫)。 What the apparent diamonds turned out to bewas paste.(那些看上去象真的钻石结果却是人造宝石) 。 然而,在一些情况下,以what 作主语的从句可被当单数或复数,取决于语义上微妙的差异。 在What excite him most are money and power(最让他兴奋的是金钱和权力), 这句话中暗含着金钱和权力是不同的成分; 在What excites him most is money and power(最让他兴奋的是金钱和权力), 这句话中暗含着金钱和权力是作为构成一个单一整体的成分参见 which

现代英汉词典

what
[wRt; (?@) hwBt]
adj., pron.

(1)

什么;多少;什么人
What time will you come?
你什么时候来?
Do you know what he called me?
你知道他把我叫做什么吗?
When I asked him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily and then put the parcel on the desk.
我问他正在做什么,他内疚地笑笑,然后把那个包放到书桌上。
'What has happened?' she asked.
`出什么事了?'她问道。
What are you doing?
你在做什么?
Most people know what a great scientist Edison became.
大多数人都知道爱迪生后来成了一个多么伟大的科学家。
We all know what the poor man should have said.
我们都知道那位可怜的人儿本来应该怎样说。
What the hell do you want?
你到底要什么?
I asked him what it was and he told me that it was Medusa, the Gorgon.
我问他那是什么,他告诉我那是蛇发女怪美杜莎。
They always tell you what a picture is 'about'.
他们总是跟你讲某张画的`意思'是什么。
What's the good of having a computer / What good is having a computer if you can't use it!
要是你不会使用计算机,有一台又有什么用?
What else did they say?
他们还说了些什么?
‘I got up at half past 6. ’ ‘What?’
“我六点半起床。”“什么?”

(2)

(表示关系)(所)…的
Everyone should do what he thinks right.
每个人都应该做自己认为是正确的事。
I believed what she told me.
我相信她和我说的话。

习惯用语

and what not
…什么的;等等

give sb. what for
处罚;责备

what have you
…一类的东西;等等
In his pocket I found a handkerchief, string, and what have you.
我在他的兜儿里找到手绢、线一类的东西。

what's what
事情的真相
to know what's what
明白事理

what it takes
成功的必要条件

what though
即使
What though the battle be lost? We can fight again!
即使打了败仗又怎么样,我们还可以再打。

词性变化

what
adv.
怎么
What cheer?
你感到怎样?
What do you care about it?
你怎么关心这个?

习惯用语

what with
(表示起因)因…和…
What with all this work and so little sleep at nights, I don't think I can go on much longer.
这些工作都要做,晚上睡得又少,我要顶不住了。

词性变化

what
adj.
(表示感叹)多么!真!
What a big house!
多么大的房子!
What pretty flowers!
多漂亮的花儿!
What awe weather!
天气糟透了!
What divine weather!
真是好天气!
What an exhausting day!
真是筋疲力尽的一天!
What a mess!
真是糟糕透了!

现代英汉综合大辞典

what
[(h)wCt]
pron.

(1)

[疑问代词]什么(事, 东西, 人)

(2)

[关系代词](=that [those] which) 所...的事物[人]

(3)

[疑问代词]多少

(4)

[用于插入句]=the thing [fact] that

(5)

[用于感叹句中]多少; 多么

(6)

[关系代词](=whatever)凡是...的事物
What 's that all about?
那究竟是怎么回事?
What happened?
出了什么事?
What is he?
他是做什么的?
What is he like?
他是怎样的人?
What if we should fail?
倘若我们失败了怎么办?
He will take what you offer him.
你给他什么, 他接受什么。
What happened after that was interesting.
在那以后所发生的事情很有趣。
What is the fare?
车(船)费多少?
What does it cost?
那要多少钱?
He has, what is rare, true tolerance.
他具有一般人没有的宽容精神。
What those ruins could tell us!
这些废墟能告诉我们多少事情啊!

词性变化

what
adj.

(1)

[表示疑问]什么, 哪一个或哪些个

(2)

[表示感叹]多么, 何等

(3)

[关系形容词]所...的, 尽可能多的
What book is that?
那是什么书?
What lovely flowers those are!
那些花多么好看啊!
She will give you what money she has.
她将把所有的钱给你.
adv.

(1)

在哪一方面; 到什么程度

(2)

多么, 何等
What does it matter!
那有什么关系!
What bright colours!
多么鲜艳的颜色!
int.

(1)

[表示惊讶, 气愤等]怎么; 什么

(2)

[英口][常用于句尾]是不是, 不是吗?
What ! Are you late again?
怎么! 你又迟到了?
It's a good book, what?
这是一本好书, 是不是?
n.
某某(忘记姓名、名称时用语)

习惯用语

and what have you (and what not)
诸如此类, 等等

but what (=but that)

(1)

要不是, 若是

(2)

(用于否定词之后, 相当于"that not")而不, 而没有

for what I can tell
据我所知

for what I know
据我所知

for what they are
本来面目

give sb. what for
[口]严厉惩罚某人; 申斥某人; 痛揍某人一顿

I know what.
我有好主意。

I'll tell you what.
我要告诉你(做什么)。

no matter what
不管怎样, 无论如何

or what ?
还是别的什么?

So what?
[口]那又怎么样呢? 那有什么了不起?

What about...?

(1)

(征求意见, 询问消息等)好不好?

(2)

...怎么样?

What are you about?
[口]你在干什么?

What can l do for you?
[口]你需要什么? 有什么事要我帮忙吗?

what for ?
为什么?

What ho!
(打招呼用语)喂!

what if ...
如果...将会怎样; 假使...该怎么办?

what is called
所谓

what is more
[插入语]加之, 而且

What is sb. like?
某人[某事物]是个什么样?

What is sth. like?
某人[某事物]是个什么样?

What was sb. like?
某人[某事物]是个什么样?

What was sth. like?
某人[某事物]是个什么样?

what it takes
[美俚]成功的必要条件

What next?
还有呢? 还有什么?

What of it ?
[口]那又怎么样?那又有什么关系?

What's done cannot be undone.
[谚]木已成舟, 无法挽回。 what's what事情的究竟

what though
尽管...有什么关系

what with...and
[what with]一方面因为..., 一方面又因为...

what way
如何

用法词典

what
中古英语 hwat <古英语 hw?t

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

what
什么

美国传统词典

what
what
AHD:[hw?t, hw?t, w?t, w?t] [hw…t, w…t ] when unstressed
D.J.[hw%t, hw(t, w%8t, w(t][hw*t, w*t ]when unstressed
K.K.[hw$t, hw(t, w%t, w(t][hw*t, w*t ]when unstressed
pron.

(1)

Which thing or which particular one of many:
What are you having for dinner? What did she say?

(2)

Which kind, character, or designation:
What are these objects?

(3)

One of how much value or significance:
What are possessions to a dying man?

(4)

That which; the thing that:
Listen to what I tell you.

(5)

Whatever thing that:
come what may.

(6)

Informal Something:
I'll tell you what.

(7)

Non-Standard Which, who, or that:
It's the poor what gets the blame.
adj.

(1)

Which one or ones of several or many:
What college are you attending? You should know what musical that song is from.

(2)

Whatever:
They soon repaired what damage had been done.

(3)

How great; how astonishing:
What a fool!
adv.
How much; in what respect; how:
What does it matter?
conj.
That:
I don't know but what I'll go.
interj.

(1)

Used to express surprise, incredulity, or other strong and sudden excitement.

(2)

Chiefly British Used as a tag question, often to solicit agreement.

习惯用语

what forInformal
A scolding or strong reprimand:
The teacher gave the tardy student what for.

what have you
What remains and need not be mentioned:
a room full of chairs, lamps, radios, and what have you.

what if

(1)

What would occur if; suppose that.

(2)

What does it matter if.

what it takes
The necessary expertise or qualities needed for success:
She has what it takes to be a doctor.

what's whatInformal
The fundamentals and details of a situation or process; the true state or condition.

what with
Taking into consideration; because of:
“I've often wondered why some good crime writer . . . hasn't taken up with New Orleans, what with its special raffishness, its peculiar flavor of bonhomie and a slightly suspect charm”(Walker Percy)

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English hw?t * see k wo-

用法
When what is the subject of a clause, it may be construed as singular or plural, depending on the sense. It is singular when taken as the equivalent of that which or the thing which, as in I see what seems to be a dead tree; and it is plural when it is taken as the equivalent of those which or the things which, as in He sometimes makes what seem to be gestures of aloofness. ? When a what clause is itself the subject of a sentence, it may be construed as singular or plural, but the conditions governing this choice are somewhat more complicated. In general, a what clause will be taken as a plural when the clause contains an explicit indication of its own plurality. There are two principal cases. First, the clause is plural if what is the subject of the clause and the verb of the clause is itself plural: What seem to be two dead trees are blocking the road. What most surprise me are the inflammatory remarks at the end of his article. If the verb in the what clause does not anticipate the plural sense of the predicate in this way, a singular verb is generally used in the main clause as well, though the plural is sometimes found: What truly commands respect is (sometimes are ) a large navy and a resolute foreign policy. Second, the what clause is treated as plural when its predicate contains a plural noun phrase that unambiguously establishes the plurality of the clause as a whole, as in What traditional grammarians called “predicates” are called “verb phrases” by modern linguists. What the Romans established as military outposts were later to become important trading centers. In the absence of explicit plural marking of either of these types in a subject what clause, the clause is usually treated as singular for the purposes of agreement, regardless of the sense: What she held in her lap was four kittens. What the apparent diamonds turned out to be was paste. In some cases, however, a clause with what as the subject may be treated as singular or plural, depending on a subtle distinction of sense. In What excite him most are money and power, the implication is that money and power are distinct elements; in What excites him most is money and power, the implication is that money and power are taken as constituting a single entity.See Usage Note at which

英汉化学大词典

what
什么

英汉计算机大词典

what
什么

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