简明英汉词典

war
[wC:]
n.
战争
vi.
作战, 打仗

美国传统词典[双解]

war
war
AHD:[w?r]
D.J.[w%8r]
K.K.[w%r]
n.(名词)

(1)

A state of open, armed, often prolonged conflict carried on between nations, states, or parties.
战争:在国家、民族或派别之间进行的公开的使用武力的常持续一段时间的冲突的状态

(2)

The period of such conflict.
战争期间

(3)

The techniques and procedures of war; military science.
军事学:战争的技巧或程序;军事科学

(4)

A condition of active antagonism or contention:
论战:积极地对立或争吵的状态:
a war of words; a price war.
口舌之战;价格之战

(5)

A concerted effort or campaign to combat or put an end to something considered injurious:
斗争:为与某些被认为是有害之物作战或使其结束而作的齐心协调的努力或斗争:
the war against acid rain.
预防酸雨的斗争
v.intr.(不及物动词)
warredwar.ringwars

(1)

To wage or carry on warfare.
从事或进行战斗

(2)

To be in a state of hostility or rivalry; contend.
同…处于交战状态:处于敌对或竞争的状态;争辩

习惯用语

at war
In an active state of conflict or contention.
处于交战状态:处于一种冲突或争论的活跃状态

语源

(1)

Middle English warre
中古英语 warre

(2)

from Old North French werre
源自 古法国北方方言 werre

(3)

[of Germanic origin] * see wers-
[源于德语] *参见 wers-

注释
A piece of liverwurst may perhaps help us gain some insight into the nature of war, at least into the semantic history of the word war. War and the -wurst part of liverwurst can be traced back to the same Indo-European root, wers-, “to confuse, mix up.” In the Germanic family of the Indo-European languages, this root gave rise to several words having to do with confusion or mixture of various kinds. In the case of the ancestry of war, the hypothetical Germanic stem .werza-, “confusion,” became .werra-, which passed into Old French, a language descended from spoken Latin but supplemented by more than 200 words borrowed from the Frankish invaders of the 5th century. From the Germanic stem came both the form werre in Old North French, the form borrowed into English in the 12th century, and guerre (the source of guerilla ) in the rest of the Old French-speaking area. Both forms meant “war,” a very confused condition indeed. Meanwhile another Indo-European form derived from the same Indo-European root had developed into Old High German wurst, meaning “sausage,” from an underlying sense of “mixture,” which is, of course, related to the sense of the root “to confuse, mix up.” Modern German wurst was borrowed into English in the 19th century, first by itself (recorded in 1855) and then as part of the word liverwurst (1869), the liver being a translation of German leber in leberwurst.
一块肝肠也许会帮助我们对战争的性质增加些认识,至少可了解war这一词的语义史。 War和 liverwurst 的一部分 -wurst 可以追溯到同一印欧语系词根 wers- “使迷惑,混杂”。 在印欧语系中的日耳曼语系中,该词根造出了好几个与迷惑或各种东西的混合物有关的词语。在war 的词源一例中,假定的日耳曼语词干 werza- “迷惑”变成了 werra- , 又传入了来自拉丁语口语的古法语中,但是又附加了由5世纪法兰克侵略者带来的200多个单词。从日耳曼语词干中,既产生了古老的北部法语中的werre (12世纪该词传入英语),又产生了其它讲古法语地区的人用的 guerre ( guerilla 的词源)。 两个形式都表示“战争”,一个的确很糟糕的局面。同时,另一个从相同的印欧语系词根派生来的印欧语形式发展成了旧高地德语wurst “香肠”, 这是从其潜含义“混合物”而来的,“混合物”显然与“使困惑,混杂”的词根的含义有关。现代德语中的wurst 于19世纪传入英语中, 首先是它的独立形式(记载于1855年),然后是liverwurst 的一部分(1869年), “肝”这层含义是由德语leberwurst 中的 leber 翻译而来

现代英汉词典

war
[wC:(r)]
n.

(1)

战争
war of nerves
神经战
One country declared war on another.
一个国家对另一个国家宣战。

(2)

战争期间

(3)

(常与on连用)战斗;斗争
a war against disease
和疾病作的斗争
(having) been in the wars
打过仗;受过伤

词性变化

war
vi.
-rr-

(1)

打仗,作战
The two countries were at war for two years.
这两个国家打了二年仗了。

(2)

斗争
warring beliefs
敌对的看法

习惯用语

at war
(常与with连用)与…处于战争状态

go to war
宣战,进入战争状态

现代英汉综合大辞典

war
[wC:]
adj., adv.
[苏]=worse

用法词典

war
中古英语 werre<法兰克语 werra 争夺,冲突

英文相关词典

war
battle    campaign    clash    combat    conflict    encounter    engagement    fight    strife    struggle    peace    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

war
战争

美国传统词典

war
war
AHD:[w?r]
D.J.[w%8r]
K.K.[w%r]
n.

(1)

A state of open, armed, often prolonged conflict carried on between nations, states, or parties.

(2)

The period of such conflict.

(3)

The techniques and procedures of war; military science.

(4)

A condition of active antagonism or contention:
a war of words; a price war.

(5)

A concerted effort or campaign to combat or put an end to something considered injurious:
the war against acid rain.
v.intr.
warred, war.ring, wars

(1)

To wage or carry on warfare.

(2)

To be in a state of hostility or rivalry; contend.

习惯用语

at war
In an active state of conflict or contention.

语源

(1)

Middle English warre

(2)

from Old North French werre

(3)

[of Germanic origin] * see wers-

注释
A piece of liverwurst may perhaps help us gain some insight into the nature of war, at least into the semantic history of the word war. War and the -wurst part of liverwurst can be traced back to the same Indo-European root, wers-, “to confuse, mix up.” In the Germanic family of the Indo-European languages, this root gave rise to several words having to do with confusion or mixture of various kinds. In the case of the ancestry of war, the hypothetical Germanic stem .werza-, “confusion,” became .werra-, which passed into Old French, a language descended from spoken Latin but supplemented by more than 200 words borrowed from the Frankish invaders of the 5th century. From the Germanic stem came both the form werre in Old North French, the form borrowed into English in the 12th century, and guerre (the source of guerilla ) in the rest of the Old French-speaking area. Both forms meant “war,” a very confused condition indeed. Meanwhile another Indo-European form derived from the same Indo-European root had developed into Old High German wurst, meaning “sausage,” from an underlying sense of “mixture,” which is, of course, related to the sense of the root “to confuse, mix up.” Modern German wurst was borrowed into English in the 19th century, first by itself (recorded in 1855) and then as part of the word liverwurst (1869), the liver being a translation of German leber in leberwurst.

英汉船舶大词典

war
n.战争

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

WAR
= Word Address Register,字地址寄存器

英汉法学大词典

war
n.战 ,战争

英汉航海大词典

war
n.战争

英汉化学大词典

war
n.战争,斗争;vt.作战,打仗,战争

英汉海运大词典

war
战争

英汉经贸大词典

war
n.战争

英汉计算机大词典

war
n.战争(斗争);vt.作战(打仗)

英汉心理学大词典

war
战争

英汉医学大词典

war
n.乏色曼氏反应,瓦氏反应

英汉中医大词典

war
n.乏色曼氏反应,褪戏从?

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