简明英汉词典

wake
[weik]
vt.
叫醒, 激发
vi.
醒来, 醒着, 警觉, 振奋
n.
醒, 守夜, 尾迹, (人, 车等经过的)痕迹, 守丧

基本词义

Wake
[weik]
(=Wake Island)威克岛[北太平洋]

美国传统词典[双解]

wake
wake 1
AHD:[w3k]
D.J.[weik]
K.K.[wek]
v.(动词)
woke[w?k] 或 waked [w3kt] waked或 wok.en [w?“k…n] wak.ingwakes
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To cease to sleep; become awake:
醒:停止睡觉;醒过来:
overslept and woke late.
睡太多而且又醒得晚

(2)

To stay awake:
苏醒:保持清醒:
Bears wake for spring, summer, and fall and hibernate for the winter.
熊在春天、夏天和秋天保持清醒,在冬季冬眠

(3)

To be brought into a state of awareness or alertness:
清醒:进入一种知觉或警觉的状态:
suddenly woke to the danger we were in.
突然地认识到我们所处的危险

(4)

To keep watch or guard, especially over a corpse.
看守,守灵:保持警觉或警惕,尤指对一个尸体
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To rouse from sleep; awaken.
使醒过来:使从睡眠中醒过来;弄醒

(2)

To stir, as from a dormant or inactive condition; rouse:
激发,唤醒:如从休眠或不活跃的状态之中激醒;唤醒:
wake old animosities.
唤起旧恨

(3)

To make aware of; alert:
使意识到:使认识到;使警觉:
The shocking revelations finally woke me to the facts of the matter.
令人震惊的揭露最终使我意识到事情的本质

(4)

To keep a vigil over.
保持警惕

(5)

To hold a wake over.
为…守夜
n.(名词)

(1)

A watch; a vigil.
守灵;守夜

(2)

A watch over the body of a deceased person before burial, sometimes accompanied by festivity.Also called Regional viewing
守灵:在葬礼前守着死人的尸体,有时伴有仪式也作 【区域的】 viewing

(3)

wakes (used with a sing. or pl. verb)Chiefly British
wakes (与单数或复数动词连用)【多用于英国】

(4)

A parish festival held annually, often in honor of a patron saint.
守护神节日:教区一年一度的节日,常为纪念一个守护神

(5)

An annual vacation.
年度假期

语源

(1)

Middle English wakien, waken
中古英语 wakien, waken

(2)

from Old English wacan [to wake up]
源自 古英语 wacan [醒来]

(3)

wacian [to be awake, keep watch] * see weg-
wacian [保持清醒] *参见 weg-

继承用法

waker
n.(名词)

用法
The pairs wake, waken and awake, awaken have formed a bewildering array since the Middle English period. All four words have similar meanings, though there are some differences in use. Only wake is used in the sense “to be awake,” as in expressions like waking (not wakening ) and sleeping, every waking hour. Wake is also more common than waken when used together with up; and awake and awaken never occur in this context: She woke up (rarely wakened up; never awakened up or awoke up ). Some writers have suggested that waken should be used only transitively and awaken only intransitively, but there is ample literary precedent for usages such as He wakened early and They did not awaken her. In figurative senses awake and awaken are more prevalent:
wake,waken 和 awake,awaken 这两对词自中古英语以来就形成令人不解的一组词。 四个词有相似的意思,尽管在用法上有差异。只有wake 用于“保持清醒”的意义, 如在waking (而非 wakening ) and sleeping, every waking hour(清醒和睡眠,每一个醒着的时刻)。 Wake在与 up 一同用时也比 waken 更常用; 并且awake 和 awaken 从不出现在这种语言环境中: She woke up (很少用 wakened up ;从不用 awakened up 或 awoke up )。 有些作家指出waken 应只用作及物的而 awaken 只用作不及物的, 但有很多文学上的用法先例,如He wakened early(他醒得早) 和 They did not awaken her(他们没惊醒她)。 在比喻意义上awake 和 awaken 更普遍:
With the governor's defeat the party awoke to the strength of the opposition to its position on abortion.
随着州长的失败那个党派清醒地认识到在堕胎问题上反对意见的力量。
The scent of the azaleas awakened my memory of his unexpected appearance that afternoon years ago.
杜鹃花的味道唤醒了我对许多年前那个下午他突然出现的记忆。

注释
Regional American dialects vary in the way that certain verbs form their principal parts. Northern dialects seem to favor forms that change the internal vowel in the verb—hence dove for the past tense of dive, and woke for wake : They woke up with a start. Southern dialects, on the other hand, tend to prefer forms that add an -ed to form the past tense and the past participle of these same verbs: The children dived into the swimming hole. The baby waked up early.
在以某些动词构成方言的主要部分上美国地方方言因地而异。北部方言看起来偏好动词中间元音的变化——如dove 成为 dive 的过去式, 并且woke 成为 wake 的过去式: They woke up with a start(他们一下子醒过来)。 相反,南部方言倾向偏爱加一个-ed 形式来形成同一动词的过去式和过去分词: 孩子跳入游泳池。孩子醒得很早。

基本词义

wake
wake 2
AHD:[w3k]
D.J.[weik]
K.K.[wek]
n.(名词)

(1)

The visible track of turbulence left by something moving through water:
尾流:物体在水中移动留下的杂乱可见的痕迹:
the wake of a ship.
船的尾迹

(2)

A track, course, or condition left behind something that has passed:
行踪:某物经过后遗留下的痕迹、踪迹或状态:
The war left destruction and famine in its wake.
战争留下的毁灭和饥荒的后果

习惯用语

in the wake of

(1)

Following directly on.
直接跟随

(2)

In the aftermath of; as a consequence of.
作为…的余波

语源

(1)

Possibly from Middle Low German [hole in the ice]
可能源自 中古低地德语 [冰窟窿]

(2)

[of Scandinavian origin] ; akin to Old Norse v?k
[源于斯堪的纳维亚语] ;类似于 古斯堪的纳维亚语 v?k

现代英汉词典

wake 1
[weIk]
vi., vt.
woke 或 waked, woken, waking

(1)

(常与up连用)醒
He usually wakes early.
他平常醒得很早。
Do you wake up feeling tired?
你早晨醒来时感到疲倦吗?
Be quiet, or you will wake the baby.
安静点,否则你会吵醒这个孩子的。
I tried to wake up my wife by ringing the door-bell, but she was fast asleep.
我按了门铃想唤醒我的妻子,但是她睡得很死。
Please wake me up at 8 o'clock.
请在八点钟叫醒我。

(2)

(常与up连用)激发;使活跃

(3)

使动起来
A light wind woke among the trees.
微风从林间掠过。

词性变化

wake
n.
守候

基本词义

wake 2
[weIk]
n.

(1)

(船后的)航迹,尾波

(2)

(飞机后面的)尾流,尾波

习惯用语

in the wake
接踵而至;在…之后
The truck left clouds of dust in its wake.
车后扬起了一阵尘土。

现代英汉综合大辞典

wake
[weik]
n.
(船的)尾波, 航迹; (飞机的)尾流; (人、车等的)踪迹; (气流中的)涡区

习惯用语

in the wake of

(1)

追随着前船的航迹, 跟在前船后面

(2)

紧跟在...的后面, 随着...而来, 仿效

wake of another ship
在他船航迹中

特殊用法

wake surfing
滑水(以机动船拖动的乘浪滑行运动)

stagnant wake
静区, 滞流区

turbulent wake
湍流尾流(迹)

基本词义

Wake
[weik]
n.
(=Wake Island)威克岛[北太平洋]

基本词义

woke
[wEuk]

继承用法

wake
的过去式及过去分词

用法词典

wake
中古英语 wakien<古英语 wacian 醒

英文相关词典

wake
arise    arouse    awake    get up    rouse    stir    sleep    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

wake
醒;醒觉

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

wake
尾流

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

wake
伴流

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

wake
尾流伴流

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

wake
尾流尾迹

英汉双解计算机词典

wake

【动】激活,唤醒
To change or to cause a change of a process from an inactive state to a running state.
将一进程从不活动状态变为(或导致变为)运行状态。

美国传统词典

wake
wake 1
AHD:[w3k]
D.J.[weik]
K.K.[wek]
v.
woke[w?k] or waked [w3kt] wakedor wok.en [w?“k…n] wak.ing, wakes
v.intr.

(1)

To cease to sleep; become awake:
overslept and woke late.

(2)

To stay awake:
Bears wake for spring, summer, and fall and hibernate for the winter.

(3)

To be brought into a state of awareness or alertness:
suddenly woke to the danger we were in.

(4)

To keep watch or guard, especially over a corpse.
v.tr.

(1)

To rouse from sleep; awaken.

(2)

To stir, as from a dormant or inactive condition; rouse:
wake old animosities.

(3)

To make aware of; alert:
The shocking revelations finally woke me to the facts of the matter.

(4)

To keep a vigil over.

(5)

To hold a wake over.
n.

(1)

A watch; a vigil.

(2)

A watch over the body of a deceased person before burial, sometimes accompanied by festivity.Also called Regional viewing

(3)

wakes (used with a sing. or pl. verb)Chiefly British

(4)

A parish festival held annually, often in honor of a patron saint.

(5)

An annual vacation.

语源

(1)

Middle English wakien, waken

(2)

from Old English wacan [to wake up]

(3)

wacian [to be awake, keep watch] * see weg-

继承用法

waker
n.

用法
The pairs wake, waken and awake, awaken have formed a bewildering array since the Middle English period. All four words have similar meanings, though there are some differences in use. Only wake is used in the sense “to be awake,” as in expressions like waking (not wakening ) and sleeping, every waking hour. Wake is also more common than waken when used together with up; and awake and awaken never occur in this context: She woke up (rarely wakened up; never awakened up or awoke up ). Some writers have suggested that waken should be used only transitively and awaken only intransitively, but there is ample literary precedent for usages such as He wakened early and They did not awaken her. In figurative senses awake and awaken are more prevalent:
With the governor's defeat the party awoke to the strength of the opposition to its position on abortion.
The scent of the azaleas awakened my memory of his unexpected appearance that afternoon years ago.

注释
Regional American dialects vary in the way that certain verbs form their principal parts. Northern dialects seem to favor forms that change the internal vowel in the verb—hence dove for the past tense of dive, and woke for wake : They woke up with a start. Southern dialects, on the other hand, tend to prefer forms that add an -ed to form the past tense and the past participle of these same verbs: The children dived into the swimming hole. The baby waked up early.

基本词义

wake
wake 2
AHD:[w3k]
D.J.[weik]
K.K.[wek]
n.

(1)

The visible track of turbulence left by something moving through water:
the wake of a ship.

(2)

A track, course, or condition left behind something that has passed:
The war left destruction and famine in its wake.

习惯用语

in the wake of

(1)

Following directly on.

(2)

In the aftermath of; as a consequence of.

语源

(1)

Possibly from Middle Low German [hole in the ice]

(2)

[of Scandinavian origin] ; akin to Old Norse v?k

[名词委审定]英汉船舶工程名词(定义版, 1998)

wake
伴流

[名词委审定]英汉化学工程名词(1995)

wake

(1)

尾流

(2)

又称“尾涡”。

[名词委审定]英汉航海科技名词(1996)

wake
伴流

[名词委审定]英汉水利科技名词(定义版, 1997)

wake

(1)

尾迹

(2)

又称“尾流”。绕物体流动在边界层分离点下游所形成的旋涡区。

英汉船舶大词典

wake
n.伴流,航迹;n.尾流

英汉电力大词典

wake
n.尾流,尾迹

英汉纺织大词典

wake
n.尾流,尾迹

英汉航海大词典

wake
n.尾流,尾迹

英汉环境大词典

wake
n.飞机的尾流,尾波,航迹

英汉航空大词典

wake
n.,威克岛;n.尾流,伴流

英汉化学大词典

wake
n.迹;vt.醒来

英汉海运大词典

wake
醒,唤醒伴流,船迹,尾流,航迹

基本词义

wake
醒唤醒伴流,船迹,尾流

基本词义

wake
伴流尾流,航迹

英汉计算机大词典

wake
n.迹;vt.醒来

英汉机械大词典

wake
n.威克岛,航迹

英汉农牧林大词典

wake
n.尾流,痕迹,尾波

英汉能源大词典

wake
n.威克岛;n.尾流,涡区

英汉水利大词典

wake
n.尾迹,尾波,航迹

英汉心理学大词典

wake
觉醒

英汉中医大词典

wake
n.醒,醒来,唤醒

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