简明英汉词典

voluntary
[5vRlEntErI; (?@) -terI]
adj.
自动的, 自愿的, 主动的, 故意的, 非官办的, 志愿的, 自发的

美国传统词典[双解]

voluntary
vol.un.tar.y
AHD:[v?l“…n-tμr”?]
D.J.[6v%l*n7teri8]
K.K.[6v$l*n7tWri]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Arising from or acting on one's own free will.
自愿的:由某人的自由意愿决定或依某人自由意愿行事的

(2)

Acting, serving, or done willingly and without constraint or expectation of reward:
志愿的,义务的:自愿地而无强迫或期望回报而行动、服务或做的:
a voluntary hostage; voluntary community work.
志愿人质;义务社区工作

(3)

Normally controlled by or subject to individual volition:
自主的:正常决定于或控制于个人意志的:
Respiration is voluntary.
呼吸是自主的

(4)

Capable of making choices; having the faculty of will.
自决的:能做出选择的;具有选择能力的

(5)

Supported by contributions or charitable donations rather than by government appropriations:
自愿捐助的:由捐献或慈善捐助而非政府拨款支持的:
voluntary hospitals.
自愿捐助医院

(6)

Law
【法律】

(7)

Without legal obligation or consideration:
自愿的:没有法律义务或顾虑的:
a voluntary conveyance of property.
自愿的财产让与

(8)

Done deliberately; intentional:
故意做的;蓄意的:
voluntary manslaughter.
故意杀人犯
n.(名词)
【复数】 vol.un.tar.ies

(1)

Music
【音乐】

(2)

A short piece of music, often improvised on a solo instrument, played as an introduction to a larger work.
即兴曲:一段短音乐,常为乐器即兴独奏,作为大型作品的序曲

(3)

A piece for solo organ, often improvised, played before, during, or after a religious service.
即兴演奏:在宗教仪式之前、之间或之后演奏的常常为即兴的乐器独奏乐

(4)

A volunteer.
志愿者

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Latin volunt3s
源自 拉丁语 volunt3s

(3)

from volunt3s [choice]
源自 volunt3s [选择]

(4)

from velle vol- [to wish] * see wel- 1
源自 velle vol- [希望] *参见 wel- 1

继承用法

voluntarily
AHD:[-tar“…-l?] (副词)

voluntariness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

voluntaryintentionaldeliberatewillfulwilling

(2)

These adjectives mean being or resulting from one's own free will.
这些形容词的意思是作为或由某人自愿导致的。

(3)

Voluntary implies the operation of unforced choice:
Voluntary 指没有强迫选择的活动:
“Ignorance, when it is voluntary, is criminal” (Samuel Johnson).
“当自愿的时候愚昧就是犯罪” (塞缪尔·约翰逊)。

(4)

Intentional applies to something undertaken to further a plan or realize an aim:
Intentional 用于为了推行一个计划或实现一个目的而做的事情:
“In whatsoever houses I enter, I will enter to help the sick, and I will abstain from all intentional wrongdoing and harm” (Hippocratic Oath).
“在我进入的每一所房子,我将帮助病人,并将戒绝所有人为的错误和伤害” (希波克拉底誓约)。

(5)

Deliberate stresses premeditation and full awareness of the character and consequences of one's acts:
Deliberate 强调预先考虑或对于某人行动特征和后果的完全了解:
“In life courtesy and self-possession, and in the arts style, are the sensible impressions of the free mind, for both arise out of a deliberate shaping of all things” (William Butler Yeats).
“在生活中礼貌和镇定,在艺术风格上是自由思想的明智反映,因为二者均出于对所有事物的有意的塑造” (威廉·巴特勒·叶芝)。

(6)

Willful implies deliberate, headstrong persistence in a self-determined course of action:
Willful 指在自己决定的行动过程中的故意的、顽固的坚持:
a willful waste of time.
对时间任意的浪费。

(7)

Willing suggests ready or cheerful acquiescence in the proposals or requirements of another:
Willing 指对于别人的建议或要求迅速并高兴的同意:
“The first requisite of a good citizen . . . is that he shall be able and willing to pull his weight” (Theodore Roosevelt).
“成为一个好公民的第一个要求…是他能够并且乐意努力做好其份内工作” (西奥多·罗斯福)

现代英汉词典

voluntary
[5vRlEntErI; (?@) -terI]
adj.

(1)

自愿的;自发的;志愿的
She is a voluntary worker at the hospital.
她是在这家医院义务服务的。

(2)

靠自愿捐助的

(3)

随意的
the voluntary movements
随意动作

词性变化

voluntary
n.
〈解〉随意器官

英文相关词典

voluntary
accidental    compulsory    involuntary    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

voluntary
随便的;随意的

美国传统词典

voluntary
vol.un.tar.y
AHD:[v?l“…n-tμr”?]
D.J.[6v%l*n7teri8]
K.K.[6v$l*n7tWri]
adj.

(1)

Arising from or acting on one's own free will.

(2)

Acting, serving, or done willingly and without constraint or expectation of reward:
a voluntary hostage; voluntary community work.

(3)

Normally controlled by or subject to individual volition:
Respiration is voluntary.

(4)

Capable of making choices; having the faculty of will.

(5)

Supported by contributions or charitable donations rather than by government appropriations:
voluntary hospitals.

(6)

Law

(7)

Without legal obligation or consideration:
a voluntary conveyance of property.

(8)

Done deliberately; intentional:
voluntary manslaughter.
n.
pl. vol.un.tar.ies

(1)

Music

(2)

A short piece of music, often improvised on a solo instrument, played as an introduction to a larger work.

(3)

A piece for solo organ, often improvised, played before, during, or after a religious service.

(4)

A volunteer.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Latin volunt3s

(3)

from volunt3s [choice]

(4)

from velle vol- [to wish] * see wel- 1

继承用法

voluntarily
AHD:[-tar“…-l?] adv.

voluntariness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

voluntary, intentional, deliberate, willful, willing

(2)

These adjectives mean being or resulting from one's own free will.

(3)

Voluntary implies the operation of unforced choice:
“Ignorance, when it is voluntary, is criminal” (Samuel Johnson).

(4)

Intentional applies to something undertaken to further a plan or realize an aim:
“In whatsoever houses I enter, I will enter to help the sick, and I will abstain from all intentional wrongdoing and harm” (Hippocratic Oath).

(5)

Deliberate stresses premeditation and full awareness of the character and consequences of one's acts:
“In life courtesy and self-possession, and in the arts style, are the sensible impressions of the free mind, for both arise out of a deliberate shaping of all things” (William Butler Yeats).

(6)

Willful implies deliberate, headstrong persistence in a self-determined course of action:
a willful waste of time.

(7)

Willing suggests ready or cheerful acquiescence in the proposals or requirements of another:
“The first requisite of a good citizen . . . is that he shall be able and willing to pull his weight” (Theodore Roosevelt).

英汉法学大词典

voluntary
自愿

英汉航海大词典

voluntary
n.自愿的

英汉化学大词典

voluntary
adj.自愿的,有意的,任意的,民办的;n.自愿的行动,志愿者

英汉海运大词典

voluntary
自愿的,有意的

英汉经贸大词典

voluntary
n.自愿的

英汉计算机大词典

voluntary
adj.自愿的(有意的,任意的;n.自愿的行动(志愿者)

英汉农牧林大词典

voluntary
n.随意的

英汉心理学大词典

voluntary
随意的

基本词义

voluntary
自愿的

英汉医学大词典

voluntary
n.随意的,志愿的

英汉中医大词典

voluntary
n.随意的,自动的,自发的,随意的,志愿的

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