简明英汉词典

vegetable
[5vedVitEbl]
n.
蔬菜, 植物, 生活呆板单调的人
adj.
蔬菜的, 植物的

美国传统词典[双解]

vegetable
veg.e.ta.ble
AHD:[vμj“t…-b…l, vμj“1-t…-]
D.J.[6ved9t*b*l, 6ved9it*-]
K.K.[6vWd9t*b*l, 6vWd9!t*-]
n.Abbr. veg.(名词)缩写 veg.

(1)

A plant cultivated for an edible part, such as the root of the beet, the leaf of spinach, or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower.
蔬菜:因其可食部分而种植的植物,如甜菜根、菠菜叶或者椰菜、花椰菜的花蕾等

(2)

The edible part of such a plant.
这种蔬菜的可食部分

(3)

A member of the vegetable kingdom; a plant.
一种蔬菜:蔬菜王国的一员;植物

(4)

A person who is regarded as dull, passive, or unresponsive.
生活呆板、懒散的人:一个愚笨的、木纳的和无反应的人
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Of, relating to, or derived from plants or a plant.
植物的:属于、关于或源于植物的

(2)

Suggestive of or resembling a plant.
似植物的:使人联想或象植物的

(3)

Growing or multiplying like plants.
繁衍的,广泛生长的:象植物那样生长或繁殖的

语源

(1)

From Middle English [living and growing as plants do]
源自 中古英语 [象植物那样生活和生长的]

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Medieval Latin veget3s
源自 中世纪拉丁语 veget3s

(4)

from Late Latin [enlivening]
源自 后期拉丁语 [有生气的]

(5)

from Latin veget3e [to enliven]
源自 拉丁语 veget3e [使有生气]

(6)

from vegetus [lively]
源自 vegetus [生动活泼的]

(7)

from veg?e [to enliven] * see weg-
源自 veg?e [使有生气] *参见 weg-

注释
When the speaker in Andrew Marvell's “To his Coy Mistress” tells his mistress that “Had we but world enough, and time . . . /My vegetable love should grow/Vaster than empires and more slow,”he “makes one think of pumpkins and eternity in one breath,” as one critic has playfully suggested. However, vegetable in this case is used figuratively in the sense, “having the property of life and growth, as does a plant.” This use is based on the ancient religious and philosophical notion of the tripartite soul as interpreted by the Scholastics: the vegetative soul common to plants, animals, and humans; the sensitive soul common to animals and humans; and the rational soul, found only in humans. “ Vegetable love” in Marvell's poem is thus a love that grows, takes nourishment, and reproduces, although it grows slowly. Marvell's use illustrates the original sense of vegetable, first recorded in the 15th century. In a work published in 1582 we find recorded for the first time the adjective use of vegetable familiar to us, “having to do with plants.” In a work of the same date appears the first instance of vegetable as a noun, meaning “a plant.” It is not until the 18th century that we find the noun and adjective used in the more restricted way associated with the injunction “Eat your vegetables.”
当安德鲁·马韦尔的“致他的羞涩情人”一诗中的说话者告诉他的情人“如果我们有足够的世界和时间…/我的植物一样的爱会生长得/比帝国更广大、更慢”时,他“使人想起了南瓜以及一息之间的永恒,”某个批评家开玩笑似地说。然而,在这个情况下vegetable 是被用于比喻意义上的, 意思是“象植物一样具有生命和生长的性质”。 这一用法是基于由经院哲学家所释的三重灵魂的古代宗教和哲学观念之上的:vegetative 的灵魂为植物、动物和人类共有; sensitive 的灵魂为动物和人类共有; 而rational 的灵魂却只存在于人类中。 因此马韦尔诗中的“植物的爱”是一种生长的、吸取营养并繁殖的爱,但是它长得很慢。马韦尔的这一用法指示了vegetable 的原先的含义, 最早记录于15世纪。在一部出版于1582年的作品中,我们第一次找到了已为我们熟悉的vegetable 一词的形容词用法的记录,意思是“与植物有关的”。 在同一时期的另一部作品中,出现了vegetable 作为名词用的第一个例子,意思是“植物”。 直到18世纪,我们才发现该名词和形容词被用于与“吃你的蔬菜”这一命令相关的更受限制的方式中

现代英汉词典

vegetable
[5vedVItEb(E)l]
n.

(1)

蔬菜

(2)

植物

(3)

〈医〉植物人

词性变化

vegetable
adj.
植物的
We use vegetable oil for cooking.
我们用植物油烧菜。

现代英汉综合大辞典

vegetable
[5vedVitEbl]
n.

(1)

植物

(2)

蔬菜

(3)

[喻]生活呆板单调

词性变化

vegetable
[5vedVitEbl]
adj.

(1)

植物性的; 来自[关于]植物的

(2)

蔬菜的

(3)

[喻]生活呆板单调的
vegetable oil
植物油
a vegetable diet
素食
vegetable kingdom
植物界

继承用法

vegetable-adhesive
n.
(=vegetable glue)植物胶粘剂 -bly

词性变化

vegetable
[5vedVitEbl]
adv.
呆板单调地

习惯用语

become a (mere) vegetable
饱食终日无所用心; 变成无精打采的人

特殊用法

assorted vegetable
什锦蔬菜

brined vegetable
盐腌蔬菜, 咸菜

bulk vegetables
堆藏蔬菜, 粗菜, 普通蔬菜

canned vegetable
蔬菜罐头, 罐头蔬菜

canned mixed vegetables
什锦蔬菜罐头, 罐装什锦蔬菜

chilled vegetables
冷藏蔬菜

condiment vegetable
香辛蔬菜

diced vegetables
切块蔬菜, 菜丁

dried vegetables
干菜

earth vegetable
根菜类(蔬菜)

fresh vegetables
新鲜蔬菜

frozen vegetables
速冻蔬菜

fruit vegetable
果菜类

garnish vegetable
饰菜用蔬菜

green vegetables
青菜, 蔬菜

hardy vegetable
耐寒蔬菜

leaf(y) vegetables
叶用蔬菜, 叶菜

mashed vegetables
菜泥

mixed vegetables
什锦蔬菜

perennial vegetable
多年生蔬菜

pickled vegetable
酸渍菜, 醋渍蔬菜

red vegetables
红色根菜(如甜菜)

root vegetables
根菜类; 块根类蔬菜

soup vegetables
汤菜

starchy vegetables
淀粉质蔬菜

Szechuan preserved vegetable
四川榨菜

white vegetables
白(色)根菜(香芹菜等)

yellow vegetable
黄(色)根菜(如胡萝卜等)

用法词典

vegetable
来自拉丁语 vegetabilis

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

vegetable
蔬菜

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

vegetable
蔬菜

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

vegetable
蔬菜

美国传统词典

vegetable
veg.e.ta.ble
AHD:[vμj“t…-b…l, vμj“1-t…-]
D.J.[6ved/t*b*l, 6ved/it*-]
K.K.[6vWd/t*b*l, 6vWd/!t*-]
n.Abbr. veg.

(1)

A plant cultivated for an edible part, such as the root of the beet, the leaf of spinach, or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower.

(2)

The edible part of such a plant.

(3)

A member of the vegetable kingdom; a plant.

(4)

A person who is regarded as dull, passive, or unresponsive.
adj.

(1)

Of, relating to, or derived from plants or a plant.

(2)

Suggestive of or resembling a plant.

(3)

Growing or multiplying like plants.

语源

(1)

From Middle English [living and growing as plants do]

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Medieval Latin veget3s

(4)

from Late Latin [enlivening]

(5)

from Latin veget3e [to enliven]

(6)

from vegetus [lively]

(7)

from veg?e [to enliven] * see weg-

注释
When the speaker in Andrew Marvell's “To his Coy Mistress” tells his mistress that “Had we but world enough, and time . . . /My vegetable love should grow/Vaster than empires and more slow,”he “makes one think of pumpkins and eternity in one breath,” as one critic has playfully suggested. However, vegetable in this case is used figuratively in the sense, “having the property of life and growth, as does a plant.” This use is based on the ancient religious and philosophical notion of the tripartite soul as interpreted by the Scholastics: the vegetative soul common to plants, animals, and humans; the sensitive soul common to animals and humans; and the rational soul, found only in humans. “ Vegetable love” in Marvell's poem is thus a love that grows, takes nourishment, and reproduces, although it grows slowly. Marvell's use illustrates the original sense of vegetable, first recorded in the 15th century. In a work published in 1582 we find recorded for the first time the adjective use of vegetable familiar to us, “having to do with plants.” In a work of the same date appears the first instance of vegetable as a noun, meaning “a plant.” It is not until the 18th century that we find the noun and adjective used in the more restricted way associated with the injunction “Eat your vegetables.”

英汉地质大词典

vegetable
n.蔬菜,植物,蔬菜的

英汉环境大词典

vegetable
n.植物,蔬菜,植物的

英汉海运大词典

vegetable
蔬菜(储藏室)蔬菜,植物

基本词义

vegetable
蔬菜植物

基本词义

vegetable
(a.)植物(的)蔬菜(的)

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

vegetable
蔬菜

英汉计算机大词典

vegetable
n.蔬菜(植物);adj.植物的

英汉建筑大词典

vegetable
n.植物

英汉农牧林大词典

vegetable
n.植物,蔬菜,植物的

英汉医学大词典

vegetable
n.植物,植物的

英汉中医大词典

vegetable
n.植物的,什?植物

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