简明英汉词典

university
[7ju:ni5vE:siti]
n.
(综合)大学

美国传统词典[双解]

university
u.ni.ver.si.ty
AHD:[y?”n…-v?r“s1-t?]
D.J.[7ju8n*6v*8siti8]
K.K.[7jun*6v)s!ti]
n.(名词)
【复数】 u.ni.ver.si.ties缩写 univ.Univ.U.U

(1)

An institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
(综合性)大学:高等教育机构,其教学和研究的人员和设施构成能授予硕士和博士学位的一个研究生院和数个专业学院,以及能授予学士学位的一个本科生院

(2)

The buildings and grounds of such an institution.
大学校园:这样一个机构的建筑和操场

(3)

The body of students and faculty of such an institution.
大学师生:这样一个机构的学生和教员的总称

语源

(1)

Middle English universite
中古英语 universite

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Medieval Latin ?3s}
源自 中世纪拉丁语 ?3s}

(4)

from Latin [the whole, a corporate body]
源自 拉丁语 [全体,一个联合的整体]

(5)

from ?s [whole] * see universe
源自 ?s [完整的,全部的] *参见 universe

注释
The universe in the word university is not the universe as we know it, though university is derived from the ancestor of our word universe. This ancestor, Latin ?, was made up of ?, “one,” and versus, “in a specified direction.” Us thus literally meant “in one specified direction” but actually meant “the whole of, entire,” and “regarded as a whole, regarded as a group.” U, the neuter singular of ?, used as a noun, meant “the universe,” as did the derivative ?3s,} which also meant “a corporate body of persons, community.” During the Middle Ages, when Latin continued to be used in areas such as government, religion, and education, the word ?3s} was applied to the new corporate bodies of teachers and students, as at Salerno, Paris, and Oxford, that were the ancestors of our universities of today. Our word university, going back to the Latin word, is first recorded around 1300, with reference to this corporate body.
University 一词中的“universe”并不是我们所知道的宇宙这个词, 虽然university 是由我们的 universe 这个词的前身派生而来的。 这一前身,即拉丁文中的universus 是由表示“一”的 unus 和表示“沿着某一特定的方向”的 versus 构成的。 Universus 字面上的意思因此就是“沿着一个特定的方向”, 但它实际的意思却是“整个、全部”和“被视为一个整体的,被视为一个群体的”。 Universum ,是 universus 的中性单数形式, 用作名词时指“宇宙”, 同样派生词universitas 也指“一群个人的联合体,社团”。 在中世纪,拉丁文继续在诸如政府、宗教和教育等领域得到使用,universitas 这个词被用来指由教师和学生所构成的新联合体,比如在萨勒诺、巴黎和牛津出现的这种联合体, 而这类联合体即是我们今天的大学的最初形式。我们今天的university 这个词可以上溯到拉丁词, 它首次被记录下来是在大约1300年,当时就是用来指这种联合体

现代英汉词典

university
[ju:nI5v\:sItI]
n.
-ties
(综合)大学
Oxford University
牛津大学
A student at a state university does not have to pay very much if his parents live in that state.
进入州立大学学习的学生的父母居住在这个州里,那么他就不需要支付很多学费。

现代英汉综合大辞典

university
[7ju:ni5vE:siti]
n.

(1)

(综合)大学; 大学的校舍

(2)

大学当局

(3)

[集合词]大学人员

(4)

[口]【体】大学选手, 大学队
university extention
大学的附设部分(如成人业余教育, 夜大学等)
a university professor
大学教授
a university course
大学课程

特殊用法

accredited university
认可大学

air university
空军大学

Cambridge U-
剑桥大学

civic university
[英]市立大学

collegiate university
联合大学

comprehensive university
综合大学

dispersed university
[美]分散大学(一种成人业余教育形式)

distance university
广播大学; 远距离大学

doctoral-granting university
授于博士学位的大学

federated university
联合大学

folk university
民众大学

foundation -ties
[美]靠基金维持的大学

free university
自由大学(六十年代末, 美国学生为反抗大学脱离生活实际而另成立的一种高等学校)

independent university
[英]私立大学

liberal arts university

(1)

文科大学

(2)

文理科大学

medical university
医科大学

municipal university
市立大学

national university
国立大学

non-denominational university
非教派大学

open university
(采用电视、广播、函授进行教学的)开放大学

postgraduate university
有研究生部的大学

private university
[美]私立大学

provincial university

(1)

[英]地方大学

(2)

[加]省立大学

public university
公立大学

redbrick university
[英]红砖大学(地方设的, 声望不及牛津、剑桥的大学)

state university

(1)

[美]州立大学

(2)

公立大学

state-supported university
州立大学

teachers' university
师范大学

technological university
工科大学

transparent university
(通过计算机系统利用图书资料进行教学科研的)新型大学

urban university
市区大学

video university
电视大学

university of liberal arts
文科大学

university of science
理科大学

university of science and technology
科技大学, 理工科大学

university of the second chance
二次机会大学(开放大学)

用法词典

university
uni + versity=将很多学院、学系组成一所综合大学

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

university
大学

美国传统词典

university
u.ni.ver.si.ty
AHD:[y?”n…-v?r“s1-t?]
D.J.[7ju8n*6v*8siti8]
K.K.[7jun*6v)s!ti]
n.
pl. u.ni.ver.si.tiesAbbr. univ., Univ., U., U

(1)

An institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.

(2)

The buildings and grounds of such an institution.

(3)

The body of students and faculty of such an institution.

语源

(1)

Middle English universite

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Medieval Latin ?3s}

(4)

from Latin [the whole, a corporate body]

(5)

from ?s [whole] * see universe

注释
The universe in the word university is not the universe as we know it, though university is derived from the ancestor of our word universe. This ancestor, Latin ?, was made up of ?, “one,” and versus, “in a specified direction.” Us thus literally meant “in one specified direction” but actually meant “the whole of, entire,” and “regarded as a whole, regarded as a group.” U, the neuter singular of ?, used as a noun, meant “the universe,” as did the derivative ?3s,} which also meant “a corporate body of persons, community.” During the Middle Ages, when Latin continued to be used in areas such as government, religion, and education, the word ?3s} was applied to the new corporate bodies of teachers and students, as at Salerno, Paris, and Oxford, that were the ancestors of our universities of today. Our word university, going back to the Latin word, is first recorded around 1300, with reference to this corporate body.

英汉船舶大词典

university
n.综合大学

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

university
(综合性)大学

英汉航海大词典

university
n.综合大学

英汉航空大词典

university
n.大学

英汉化学大词典

university
n.大学

英汉经贸大词典

university
n.综合大学

英汉计算机大词典

university
n.大学

英汉机械大词典

university
n.大学

英汉能源大词典

university
n.大学

英汉医学大词典

university
n.大学

英汉造纸大词典

university
n.大学

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