简明英汉词典

understand
[7QndE5stAnd]
v.
懂, 了解, 听说, 推定, 以为, 省略

美国传统词典[双解]

understand
un.der.stand
AHD:[?n”d…r-st2nd“]
D.J.[7(nd*6st#nd]
K.K.[7(nd+6st#nd]
v.(动词)
un.der.stood[-st?d“] un.der.stand.ingun.der.stands
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To perceive and comprehend the nature and significance of; grasp.See Synonyms at apprehend
理解;懂得:知道和了解…的性质和重要性;理解参见 apprehend

(2)

To know thoroughly by close contact or long experience with:
熟知,通晓:通过密切接触或长期体验完全知道:
That teacher understands children.
那位教师了解孩子

(3)

To grasp or comprehend the meaning intended or expressed by (another):
获知,理解:理解或懂得由(另一人)想的或表达的意思:
They have trouble with English, but I can understand them.
他们对学英语有困难,但我能理解他们

(4)

To comprehend the language, sounds, form, or symbols of.
理解:理解语言、声音、形式和符号

(5)

To know and be tolerant or sympathetic toward:
谅解:知道和对…能忍耐或同情:
I can understand your point of view even though I disagree with it.
即使我不同意你的观点但我能谅解

(6)

To learn indirectly, as by hearsay:
得知,听说:间接获悉,如通过道听途说:
I understand his departure was unexpected.
我听说他的离开是出人意料的

(7)

To infer:
推断,猜想:
Am I to understand you are staying the night?
我猜你晚上留下,对吗?

(8)

To accept (something) as an agreed fact:
认为理所当然,不言而喻:作为同意的事实接受(某事):
It is understood that the fee will be 50 dollars.
赏金50元理所当然的

(9)

To supply or add (words or a meaning, for example) mentally.
把…理解为:人为地提供或加入(例如一些单词或意义)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To have understanding, knowledge, or comprehension.
理解,懂得:具有理解力、知识或了解

(2)

To have sympathy or tolerance.
表示同情或谅解

(3)

To learn something indirectly or secondhand; gather.
据说:间接地或第二手地获悉某事;搜集

语源

(1)

Middle English understanden
中古英语 understanden

(2)

from Old English understandan
源自 古英语 understandan

(3)

under- [under-]
under- [前缀under-]

(4)

standan [to stand] * see st3-
standan [站立] *参见 st3-

继承用法

understandability
n.(名词)

understandable
adj.(形容词)

understandably
adv.(副词)

现代英汉词典

understand
[QndE5stAnd]
vt., vi.
-stood, -standing

(1)

懂得;熟悉
I can't understand classical literature.
我不懂古典文学。
Do you understand Spain?
你懂西班牙语吗?
The porter, however, could not understand me.
可是,那个搬运工人听不懂我的话。
Then he spoke slowly, but I could not understand him.
接着他说得慢了,但是我听不懂他的话。
The English understand each other, but I don't understand them!
英国人彼此间听得懂,可我就是听不懂他们的话!

(2)

了解
A good teacher must understand children.
一个好的老师应该了解孩子们。

(3)

知道;获悉;听说
I understand you're coming to work for us.
我听说你要到我们这儿来工作。

(4)

意味着;被理解为

(5)

不言而喻

现代英汉综合大辞典

understand
[7QndE5stAnd]
vt.
(-stood [-5stud]; -stood, [古] understanded)

(1)

懂得, 明白; 了解; 理解; 领会

(2)

熟悉; 通晓

(3)

获悉, 听说

(4)

推测[定]; 认为

(5)

[常用被动态](因含义自明而)省略, 隐含
I don't understand you.
我不懂你的话。
A good teacher must understand children.
一个好的教师必须了解孩子。
It is understood that you will come.
相信你会来的。
What did you understand him to say?
你认为他说的是什么意思呢?
In this case the verb may be understood.
在这种情况下这动词可以省略。

词性变化

understand
[7QndE5stAnd]
vi.

(1)

懂, 明白; 理解; 听说

(2)

[用作插入语]认为; 据说

(3)

谅解
She is ill, I understand.
我听说她病了。

继承用法

understandability
n.

understandable
[QndE5stAndEb(E)l]
adj.
可懂的, 可理解的

understandableness
n.

understandably
adv.

习惯用语

give sb. to understand
使某人领会; 通知某人

It is understood that...
当然..., 不用说...

make oneself understood
说明自已的意思, 使别人理解自己的意思

Now, understand me!
喂, 听着! (表示警告或恐吓)

understand one another
互相了解[谅解]; 达成协议

参考词汇
understand     comprehend     know    
都含“知道”、“明白”、“理解”的意思。

(1)

understand 系常用词, 指“思考的结果, 如建立正确的概念, 或得到充分的了解”, 强调“完全了解”, 如:
People who speak the same language can easily understand one another.
说同一语言的人能够很容易彼此了解。

(2)

comprehend指“彻底地了解某事物的意义”, 侧重“了解的过程”, 如:
He comprehends atomic energy.
他非常懂得原子能。

(3)

know 指“通过个人体验、学习或他人的传授、告知等方式而了解、从粗浅的一知半解到系统的知识”, 强调“了解其中一部分的含义”, 如:
He knows more about America than anyone else I know.
他对美国了解得比我认识的任何人都多。

用法词典

understand
under在…下+stand站

英文相关词典

understand
appreciate    comprehend    conceive    follow    grasp    know    realize    misunderstand    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

understand
理解;了解;领悟

美国传统词典

understand
un.der.stand
AHD:[?n”d…r-st2nd“]
D.J.[7(nd*6st#nd]
K.K.[7(nd+6st#nd]
v.
un.der.stood[-st?d“] un.der.stand.ing, un.der.stands
v.tr.

(1)

To perceive and comprehend the nature and significance of; grasp.See Synonyms at apprehend

(2)

To know thoroughly by close contact or long experience with:
That teacher understands children.

(3)

To grasp or comprehend the meaning intended or expressed by (another):
They have trouble with English, but I can understand them.

(4)

To comprehend the language, sounds, form, or symbols of.

(5)

To know and be tolerant or sympathetic toward:
I can understand your point of view even though I disagree with it.

(6)

To learn indirectly, as by hearsay:
I understand his departure was unexpected.

(7)

To infer:
Am I to understand you are staying the night?

(8)

To accept (something) as an agreed fact:
It is understood that the fee will be 50 dollars.

(9)

To supply or add (words or a meaning, for example) mentally.
v.intr.

(1)

To have understanding, knowledge, or comprehension.

(2)

To have sympathy or tolerance.

(3)

To learn something indirectly or secondhand; gather.

语源

(1)

Middle English understanden

(2)

from Old English understandan

(3)

under- [under-]

(4)

standan [to stand] * see st3-

继承用法

understandability
n.

understandable
adj.

understandably
adv.

英汉船舶大词典

understand
n.谅解

英汉法学大词典

understand
v.理解 ,认识

英汉航海大词典

understand
n.懂,了解

英汉化学大词典

understand
vt.懂得,推测,相信

英汉海运大词典

understand
了解,理解

英汉经贸大词典

understand
n.懂,了解,通晓

英汉计算机大词典

understand
vt.懂得(推测,相信

英汉心理学大词典

understand
理解

英汉中医大词典

understand
n.懂,理解

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