简明英汉词典

under
[5QndE]
prep.
在...之下, 在...之内, 在...领导下, 低于, 假借
adv.
在下

美国传统词典[双解]

under
un.der
AHD:[?n“d…r]
D.J.[6(nd*]
K.K.[6(nd+]
prep.(介词)

(1)

In a lower position or place than:
在…下面:在比…低的位置或地方上:
a rug under a chair.
椅子下面的小地毯

(2)

To or into a lower position or place than:
到或进入比…低的位置或地方:
rolled the ball under the couch.
把球滚到躺椅下

(3)

Beneath the surface of:
在…表面下:
under the ground; swam under water.
在地下;游到水下

(4)

Beneath the assumed surface or guise of:
在…的假定表面或掩饰下:
traveled under a false name.
用假名旅游

(5)

Less than; smaller than:
少于,小于:
The jar's capacity is under three quarts.
这个坛子的容量小于三夸特

(6)

Less than the required amount or degree of:
未达,未满:少于规定数量或程度:
under voting age.
不到投票年龄

(7)

Inferior to in status or rank:
地位或等级低于…:
nine officers under me at headquarters.
在总部职位低于我的九个军官

(8)

Subject to the authority, rule, or control of:
受制于:在…的权威、统治或控制之下:
under a dictatorship.
在独裁统治之下

(9)

Subject to the supervision, instruction, or influence of:
在…指导下:受…的监督、指导或影响:
under parental guidance.
在父母指导之下

(10)

Undergoing or receiving the effects of:
经受或接受…的影响:
under constant care.
接受长期护理

(11)

Subject to the restraint or obligation of:
受到…的约束或承受…的义务:
under contract.
受合同的约束

(12)

Within the group or classification of:
在…的群体或类别中:
listed under biology.
被列在生物学中

(13)

In the process of:
在…过程中:
under discussion.
在讨论中

(14)

In view of; because of:
考虑到…;因为…:
under these conditions.
由于这些情况

(15)

With the authorization of:
经…的授权:
under the monarch's seal.
经君王的保证

(16)

Sowed or planted with:
播种或栽种着…:
an acre under oats.
栽种燕麦的一英亩地

(17)

Nautical Powered or propelled by:
【航海】 以…为动力或用…推动:
under sail; under steam.
扬帆行驶;以蒸汽为动力

(18)

During the time conventionally assigned to (a sign of the zodiac):
在…中,在…期间:处于传统上属于(黄道中一宫)的那段时间:
born under Aries.
生于白羊星座
adv.(副词)

(1)

In or into a place below or beneath:
在或进入低于…位置:
struggled in the water but then slipped under.
在水中挣扎但接着滑了下去

(2)

In or into a subordinate or inferior condition or position.
附属地,下等地:在或进入附属或较差的状况或位置

(3)

So as to be covered or enveloped.
为了被盖住或包住

(4)

So as to be less than the required amount or degree.
为了低于要求的数量或程度
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Located or situated on a lower level or beneath something else:
下面的:处于或置于一较低平面或…以下的:
the under parts of a machine.
机器的下部

(2)

Lower in rank, power, or authority; subordinate.
从属的,下级的:等级、权力或威望低的;附属的

(3)

Less than is required or customary:
过少的:少于要求的或通常的:
an under dose of medication.
过少的药量

习惯用语

out from under【非正式用语】
Having gotten free of worries or difficulties:
免于忧虑或困难:
Credit counseling helped us get out from under.
信用咨询使我们免除了忧虑

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English * see ?dher-
源自 古英语 *参见 ?dher-

现代英汉词典

under
[5QndE(r)]
prep.

(1)

在…下面
under the table
在桌子下面
She sat in the shade under a tree.
她坐在树荫下。
The dog crept under the bed.
狗爬到了床底下。
During the war you could only get meat food and milk products under the counterat high prices. (美)
在战时,你要买到肉制品和奶制品只能在黑市出高价。
The prisoner travelled to the capital for trial under police escort.
犯人由警察押送着赶往首都受审。
The storehouse is under the care of a retired worker.
仓库由一个退休的老工人管理。

(2)

不满;少于
under $5
五美元以下
My shirt cost under two pounds.
我的衬衫价钱不到两英镑。
All the children are under twelve.
所有的孩子都不满12岁。
People who are either under age or over age may not join the army.
年龄不到或者超龄的人都不得参军。

(3)

从属,附属
They work under a kind leader.
他们在一个和蔼的领导手下工作。
The city singing group is under the direction of Pro. Brown.
市合唱团是由布朗教授指挥的。
The army is under the King's direct command.
军队由国王直接指挥。

(4)

以…名义
under the name of Smith
以史密斯的名义
The thieves got into the house under false pretences, by saying they had come to repair the water taps.
小偷们捏造口实,说是来修理水龙头的,藉以闯入住宅。
This concert has been arranged under the auspices of the Knight Group.
这次音乐会是由奈特集团赞助举办的。

(5)

在…之中;在…期间
under discussion
在讨论中
There is a new music hall near here under construction.
附近正在建造一座新的音乐大厅。
Your proposal is under consideration.
你的提议正在考虑中。

(6)

在…(情况)下;由于
under the circumstances
在这种情况下
I planned to leave the next day but under the circumstances I decided to stay another night.
我原计划第二天离开的,但在这样的情况下,我决定又住了一夜。
Food and clothing will not get cheaper under existing conditions.
在目前条件下,食品和衣服不会变得便宜些。
Even under the best conditions, we can't fulfil such a difficult task in less than two days.
即使在最好的情况下,我们也不能在不到两天的时间内完成这样一项困难任务。
I will pay nothing under compulsion.
在强迫之下我分文也不愿付。
The novel fan is always daydreaming and sometimes under the delusion that he becomes Napoleon.
这个小说迷总是白日作梦,有时会产生错觉,自以为变成了拿破仑。

(7)

出产
Many parts of China are kept under rice.
中国许多地方出产稻米。

习惯用语

under age
未成年

词性变化

under
adv.

(1)

在水下
The ship went under.
船下沉了。

(2)

无意识地;无知觉地

under
adj.

(1)

下面的

(2)

下级的,从属的

现代英汉综合大辞典

under
[5QndE]
prep.

(1)

[表示位置]在...下面; 在...底下, 在...之内; 在...的脚下

(2)

[表示从属关系]在(统治、监督、保护等)之下; 附属...之下, 归属于(...范围, 类别)

(3)

[表示处在某种作用、条件、状态下]受着...; 在...中; 在...期间

(4)

[表示程度、量值、等级、地位、年令、时间、价格等]低于..., 比...低级的; 在...以下, 未满...(的), 不足...(的)

(5)

以...为代表; 在...名义下

(6)

根据, 按照
under a tree
在树下
stand under a high wall
站在高墙下面
under the ground
在地下
under water
在水中
under night
在夜幕下
under one's eye
在眼[面]前
under a hill
在山脚下
under the line
【航海】在赤道下
with a good meal under one's belt
饱餐一顿
under the British government
隶属在英国政府之下
study under Dr Eliot
在埃利奥特博士指导下研究
come under this head
包括在本项目中
under medical treatment
在治疗中
under the influence of drink
酒醉
under arms
武装着, 手执武器
under favour
如果允许(这样说)的话(常用作插入语)
under fire
冒着炮火
under no account
决不
under one's hat
在秘密中
under way
在进行中; 在航行中
under one's breath
小声, 低声
children under seven years of age
不满七岁的儿童
under age
未成年
under cooling
过冷
under the hour
在该时间内
under a new name
换个新名字
under sb.'s signature [band]
经某人签字
under a false name
用假名
under a pretense
借口
under the law
根据法律
under orders
奉命
I am under engagement to go.
我有约会要去。

词性变化

under
adv.

(1)

在下, 从属着, 服从着

(2)

在下文中

(3)

低下, 少于, 不足
ten yuan or under
十元或十元以下
See under for further information.
详情见下文。

under
adj.

(1)

下面的, 下部的; 从属的

(2)

较次的; 低劣的

(3)

过小[少]的, 不足的
the under layer
下层
the under lip
下唇

继承用法

under-active
adj.
激活不足的

under-annealing
n.
不完全退火

under-assigned
adj.
派工不足的

用法词典

under

参考词汇
under,beneath,below这组介词同义词的一般含义是“在……下”。

英文相关词典

under
below    beneath    lower    over    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

under
在下

美国传统词典

under
un.der
AHD:[?n“d…r]
D.J.[6(nd*]
K.K.[6(nd+]
prep.

(1)

In a lower position or place than:
a rug under a chair.

(2)

To or into a lower position or place than:
rolled the ball under the couch.

(3)

Beneath the surface of:
under the ground; swam under water.

(4)

Beneath the assumed surface or guise of:
traveled under a false name.

(5)

Less than; smaller than:
The jar's capacity is under three quarts.

(6)

Less than the required amount or degree of:
under voting age.

(7)

Inferior to in status or rank:
nine officers under me at headquarters.

(8)

Subject to the authority, rule, or control of:
under a dictatorship.

(9)

Subject to the supervision, instruction, or influence of:
under parental guidance.

(10)

Undergoing or receiving the effects of:
under constant care.

(11)

Subject to the restraint or obligation of:
under contract.

(12)

Within the group or classification of:
listed under biology.

(13)

In the process of:
under discussion.

(14)

In view of; because of:
under these conditions.

(15)

With the authorization of:
under the monarch's seal.

(16)

Sowed or planted with:
an acre under oats.

(17)

Nautical Powered or propelled by:
under sail; under steam.

(18)

During the time conventionally assigned to (a sign of the zodiac):
born under Aries.
adv.

(1)

In or into a place below or beneath:
struggled in the water but then slipped under.

(2)

In or into a subordinate or inferior condition or position.

(3)

So as to be covered or enveloped.

(4)

So as to be less than the required amount or degree.
adj.

(1)

Located or situated on a lower level or beneath something else:
the under parts of a machine.

(2)

Lower in rank, power, or authority; subordinate.

(3)

Less than is required or customary:
an under dose of medication.

习惯用语

out from underInformal
Having gotten free of worries or difficulties:
Credit counseling helped us get out from under.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English * see ?dher-

英汉法学大词典

under
以下 ;adv.依据

英汉航空大词典

under
n.在...底下,少于

英汉化学大词典

under
prep.在...下面,底于,借助

英汉海运大词典

under
(前缀)在…下,在下低于,次于…不足(表示位置)在…下面(表示数量等)低于,少于,在…以下(表示从属关系)在…指导下(表示负荷)在…之下(表示过程)在…期间

基本词义

under
在……下面低于,少于,在……之下在……之中

基本词义

under
( : 前缀)表示在…下,在下低于,次于,…不足之意(表示位置)在…下面(表示数量等)低于,少于,在…以下(表示从属关系)在…指导下(表示负荷)在…之下(表示过程)在…期间

英汉计算机大词典

under
prep.在...下面(底于,借助

英汉农牧林大词典

under
n.欠,不足,在下

基本词义

under
n.欠,不足,在下

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