简明英汉词典

umpire
[5QmpaiE]
n.
仲裁人, 裁判员
v.
仲裁, 任裁判, 作裁判

美国传统词典[双解]

umpire
um.pire
AHD:[?m“por”]
D.J.[6(m7pair]
K.K.[6(m7pa!r]
n.(名词)

(1)

Sports A person appointed to rule on plays, especially in baseball.
【体育运动】 裁判:尤指在棒球中被指定裁定比赛的人

(2)

A person appointed to settle a dispute that mediators have been unable to resolve; an arbitrator.See Synonyms at judge
仲裁人:当调解人无法解决时被指定解决争议的人;仲裁人参见 judge
v.(动词)
um.piredum.pir.ingum.pires
v.tr.(及物动词)
To act as referee for; rule or judge.
为…做裁判;裁决或判决
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To be or act as a referee or an arbitrator.
成为或做为一裁判或仲裁人

语源

(1)

Middle English (an) oumpere [(an) umpire]
中古英语 (an) oumpere [(一位)裁判]

(2)

alteration of (a) noumpere [a mediator]
(a) noumpere的变化 [一位中间人]

(3)

from Old French nonper
源自 古法语 nonper

(4)

non- [non-]
non- [不]

(5)

per [equal, even, paired] from Latin p3r * see pair
per [相等的;公平的;成对的] 源自 拉丁语 p3r *参见 pair

注释
The anguished, hostile cry “Kill the ump” could have been “kill the nump” had it not been for the linguistic process known as false splitting or juncture loss. In the case of umpire we can almost see the process in action if we study the Middle English Dictionary entry for noumpere, the Middle English ancestor of our word. Noumpere comes from the Old French nonper, made up of non, “not,” and per, “equal,” as is someone who is requested to act as arbiter of a dispute between two people; that is, the arbiter is not paired with one of them. In Middle English the earliest recorded form is noumper (about 1350). The earliest dated form without an n in the entry is owmpere ( a Middle English variant spelling), in a text composed in 1440. How the n was lost can be seen if we compare the sequence a noounpier in a text written in 1426-1427 with the sequence an Oumper from a text written probably around 1475. The n of noumpere became attached to the indefinite article, giving us an instead of a and, eventually, umpire instead of .numpire.
要不是因为被称为假分裂或失去连音的语言学过程,“Kill the ump”(杀掉裁判)这样痛苦,仇恨的呐喊可能会成为“kill the nmup”。 在umpire 这一例子中,如果我们研究一下 中古英语词典 中 noumpere 这一词条,即该词在中古英语中的原型,便会了解这一语言学现象的过程。 Noumpere 来自于古法语 nonper, 由non, “不”,和 per, “平等的”组成,表示一个应要求就两人之间的争议做出仲裁的人; 也就是说,不与任何一人合作的公断人。中古英语的最先记录形式是noumper (约1350年)。 词条中没有n 的最早形式是 owmpere ( 中古英语的变体拼写),出现于1440年所做的一篇文章。通过比较两个顺序可以看出n 是我们被省略的:一个是 a noounpier ,出现于写于1426年至1427年间的一篇文章;另一个是 an Oumper 摘自可能写于1475年的文章。 noumpere 中的 n 变得和不定冠词连在一起, 成为an 而非 n , 最后就出现了umpire 而不是 ·numpire

现代英汉词典

umpire
[5QmpaIE(r)]
n.

(1)

裁判员

(2)

公断人;仲裁人

词性变化

umpire
vt., vi.
umpired, umpiring
(常与for, in连用)当裁判;当仲裁人
to umpire a tennis match
给网球比赛当裁判

现代英汉综合大辞典

umpire
[5QmpaiE]
n.

(1)

【体】裁判员

(2)

【律】公断人, 公证人; 仲裁人

(3)

【军】演习评教官

(4)

决定性的事物

词性变化

umpire
[5QmpaiE]
vi.
当裁判员; 任仲裁者
He umpired in the tennis match.
他在网球比赛中担任裁判。

umpire
[5QmpaiE]
vt.
裁判; 仲裁; 公断
umpire a dispute
公断一项争论

继承用法

umpire-in-chief
n.
(棒球)主裁判

umpireship
n.
(=umpirage)裁判员的职权

特殊用法

plate umpire
司球裁判员

take-over umpire
接棒裁判

英文相关词典

umpire
arbitrator    judge    mediator    moderator    referee    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

umpire
裁判员

美国传统词典

umpire
um.pire
AHD:[?m“por”]
D.J.[6(m7pair]
K.K.[6(m7pa!r]
n.

(1)

Sports A person appointed to rule on plays, especially in baseball.

(2)

A person appointed to settle a dispute that mediators have been unable to resolve; an arbitrator.See Synonyms at judge
v.
um.pired, um.pir.ing, um.pires
v.tr.
To act as referee for; rule or judge.
v.intr.
To be or act as a referee or an arbitrator.

语源

(1)

Middle English (an) oumpere [(an) umpire]

(2)

alteration of (a) noumpere [a mediator]

(3)

from Old French nonper

(4)

non- [non-]

(5)

per [equal, even, paired] from Latin p3r * see pair

注释
The anguished, hostile cry “Kill the ump” could have been “kill the nump” had it not been for the linguistic process known as false splitting or juncture loss. In the case of umpire we can almost see the process in action if we study the Middle English Dictionary entry for noumpere, the Middle English ancestor of our word. Noumpere comes from the Old French nonper, made up of non, “not,” and per, “equal,” as is someone who is requested to act as arbiter of a dispute between two people; that is, the arbiter is not paired with one of them. In Middle English the earliest recorded form is noumper (about 1350). The earliest dated form without an n in the entry is owmpere ( a Middle English variant spelling), in a text composed in 1440. How the n was lost can be seen if we compare the sequence a noounpier in a text written in 1426-1427 with the sequence an Oumper from a text written probably around 1475. The n of noumpere became attached to the indefinite article, giving us an instead of a and, eventually, umpire instead of .numpire.

英汉船舶大词典

umpire
n.公断人,仲裁人

英汉法学大词典

umpire
n.裁定 ,裁决,裁决人,裁判,裁判员,公断人,首席仲裁人,仲裁长

英汉航海大词典

umpire
n.公断人

英汉化学大词典

umpire
n.公断人;vt.公断,裁判

英汉海运大词典

umpire
仲裁长,裁决者,公断人仲裁公断人仲裁人,公证人

基本词义

umpire
仲裁人,公断人

基本词义

umpire
公断人,仲裁人,仲裁长,裁决者仲裁,裁判

英汉经贸大词典

umpire
n.公断人

英汉计算机大词典

umpire
n.公断人;vt.公断(裁判)

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004