简明英汉词典

typhoon
[tai5fu:n]
n.
[气] 台风

美国传统词典[双解]

typhoon
ty.phoon
AHD:[to-f?n“]
D.J.[tai6fu8n]
K.K.[ta!6fun]
n.(名词)
A tropical cyclone occurring in the western Pacific or Indian oceans.
台风:发生在西太平洋或印度洋的热带暴风

语源

(1)

Probably alteration of Chinese (Cantonese) toi fung
可能为 汉语(广东话) toi fung的变化

(2)

Mandarin tái [great]
普通话 tái [巨大的]

(3)

Mandarin f?g [wind]
普通话 f?g [风]

注释
Perhaps few words better illustrate the polyglot background of English than typhoon, with its Chinese, Arabic, East Indian, and Greek background. The Greek word typhon, both the name of the father of the winds and a common noun meaning “whirlwind, typhoon,” was borrowed into Arabic (as was many a Greek word during the Middle Ages, when Arabic learning both preserved the classical heritage and expanded upon it, passing it on to Europe). ù?f3n,} the Arabic version of the Greek word, passed into languages spoken in India, where Arabic-speaking Moslem invaders had settled in the 11th century. Thus the descendant of the Arabic word, passing into English (first recorded in 1588) through an Indian language and appearing in English in forms such as touffon and tufan, originally referred specifically to a severe storm in India. China, another great empire, gave us yet another word for a storm, in this case the hurricane that occurred in the waters around China. This Chinese word in its Cantonese form, toi fung, was similar to our Arabic borrowing and is first recorded in English guise as tuffoon in 1699. The various forms coalesced and finally became typhoon.
也许很少有单词能像typhoon 一样表明汉语、阿拉伯语、东印度语和希腊语的多国语言背景。 希腊单词typhon 既是风神的姓名又是意为“旋风,台风”的普通名词, 被借入到阿拉伯语(就象在中世纪时许多希腊语单词进入阿拉伯语一样,那时,阿拉伯人的学问保存了古典的风格,同时在把它传向欧洲时又有所扩充)。Tufan ,希腊语的阿拉伯语形式, 传入到了印度人使用的语言,11世纪时讲阿拉伯语的穆斯林入侵者在印度定居下来。这样,阿拉伯语单词的衍生,从印度语言进入英语(最早记载于1588年),并以如touffon 和 tufan 的形式出现于英语中, 最先特指印度的猛烈风暴。中国,另一个大帝国,给了我们风暴的另一个单词,这里指的是在中国附近洋面发生的飓风。汉语单词的广东语形式toi fung 同我们的阿拉伯语借用词相近, 最早以tuffoon 的形式于1699年载入英语。 各种形式合并在一起最后变成了typhoon

现代英汉词典

typhoon
[taI5fu:n]
n.
〈气〉台风

现代英汉综合大辞典

typhoon
[tai5fu:n]
n.
台风(西太平洋热带低气旋)
violent typhoon
强台风

英文相关词典

typhoon
cyclone    hurricane    storm    tornado    twister    whirlwind    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

typhoon
台风

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

typhoon
台风

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

typhoon
台风

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

typhoon
台风

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

typhoon
台风

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

typhoon
台风

美国传统词典

typhoon
ty.phoon
AHD:[to-f?n“]
D.J.[tai6fu8n]
K.K.[ta!6fun]
n.
A tropical cyclone occurring in the western Pacific or Indian oceans.

语源

(1)

Probably alteration of Chinese (Cantonese) toi fung

(2)

Mandarin tái [great]

(3)

Mandarin f?g [wind]

注释
Perhaps few words better illustrate the polyglot background of English than typhoon, with its Chinese, Arabic, East Indian, and Greek background. The Greek word typhon, both the name of the father of the winds and a common noun meaning “whirlwind, typhoon,” was borrowed into Arabic (as was many a Greek word during the Middle Ages, when Arabic learning both preserved the classical heritage and expanded upon it, passing it on to Europe). ù?f3n,} the Arabic version of the Greek word, passed into languages spoken in India, where Arabic-speaking Moslem invaders had settled in the 11th century. Thus the descendant of the Arabic word, passing into English (first recorded in 1588) through an Indian language and appearing in English in forms such as touffon and tufan, originally referred specifically to a severe storm in India. China, another great empire, gave us yet another word for a storm, in this case the hurricane that occurred in the waters around China. This Chinese word in its Cantonese form, toi fung, was similar to our Arabic borrowing and is first recorded in English guise as tuffoon in 1699. The various forms coalesced and finally became typhoon.

[名词委审定]英汉地理学名词(1988)

typhoon
台风

[名词委审定]英汉大气科学名词(1996)

typhoon

(1)

台风

(2)

发生在西太平洋和南海, 中心附近最大风力达12级或以上(1988年底以前,我国曾规定中心附近最大风力达8级或以上)的热带气旋。

[名词委审定]英汉航海科技名词(1996)

typhoon
台风

[名词委审定]英汉农学名词(1993)

typhoon
台风

英汉船舶大词典

typhoon
n.台风

英汉地质大词典

typhoon
n.台风

英汉航海大词典

typhoon
n.台风;n.台风级

英汉环境大词典

typhoon
n.台风

英汉航空大词典

typhoon
n.台风

英汉化学大词典

typhoon
n.台风

英汉海运大词典

typhoon
台风(英版无线电信号表指风力12级以上的热带气旋)

基本词义

typhoon
台风

基本词义

typhoon
台风台风(气导)

英汉经贸大词典

typhoon
n.台风

英汉计算机大词典

typhoon
n.台风

英汉机械大词典

Typhoon
n.台风级

英汉建筑大词典

typhoon
n.台风

英汉农牧林大词典

typhoon
n.台风,西太平洋热带低气旋,台风

英汉能源大词典

typhoon
n.台风

英汉水利大词典

typhoon
n.台风,飓风,热带高压气旋

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