简明英汉词典

turf
[tE:f]
n.
草根土, 草皮, 泥炭, 跑马场, 赛马
vt.
覆草皮于

美国传统词典[双解]

turf
turf
AHD:[t?rf]
D.J.[t*8f]
K.K.[t)f]
n.(名词)
【复数】 turfs也作 turves [t?rvz]

(1)

A surface layer of earth containing a dense growth of grass and its matted roots; sod.
草皮,草根土:地面最上层的土层,包括厚密的草和垫子一样的根;草地

(2)

An artificial substitute for such a grassy layer, as on a playing field.
人工草皮:人工种植的这种草皮的替代品,如在运动场地上

(3)

A piece cut from a layer of earth or sod.
草皮块:从一层土或草皮上切下的一块

(4)

A piece of peat that is burned for use as fuel.
泥炭:作为燃料燃烧的一块泥炭

(5)

Slang
【俚语】

(6)

The range of the authority or influence of a person, group, or thing; a bailiwick:
活动范围,势力范围:某人,某一集团或某物的权威或影响力所及的范围;范围:
“a bureaucracy like any other, chiefly concerned with turf, promotions, the budget, and protecting the retirement system”(Harper's)
“一个和其他人一样的官僚,只关心势力大小、升迁、预算及保护退休制度”(哈珀)

(7)

A geographical area; a territory.
地区,地域:地理上的区域;地区

(8)

The area claimed by a gang, as of youths, as its personal territory.
地盘:帮会,如青年帮会声称为自己所有的地区

(9)

Sports
【体育运动】

(10)

A racetrack.
赛马场

(11)

The sport or business of racing horses.
赛马:赛马运动或赛马行业
v.tr.(及物动词)
turfedturf.ingturfs

(1)

To spread with turf:
用草皮覆盖:
turfed the front yard.
在前院铺草皮

(2)

Chiefly British To discard or eject.
【多用于英国】 赶走,驱逐

(3)

Slang To kill:
【俚语】 杀死:
“These guys can't . . . make sure nobody gets turfed”(Scott Turow)
“这些人不能保证没人被杀”(斯科特·图罗)

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English
源自 古英语

继承用法

turfy
adj.(形容词)

现代英汉词典

turf
[t\:f]
n.
-s 或 turves

(1)

草皮

(2)

一块泥煤;一块泥炭

(3)

(前面与the连用)赛马(场);跑马(场)

词性变化

turf
vt.

(1)

铺草皮

(2)

(与out连用)赶出,撵出;甩掉

现代英汉综合大辞典

turf
[tE:f]
n.
(pl. turfs, [古] turves [tE:vz])

(1)

草根土; 草皮; 草地

(2)

灰炭, 泥炭

(3)

[the turf]赛马场; 赛马

(4)

[美俚](流氓等黑势力的)地盘; 势力范围

词性变化

turf
[tE:f]
vt.

(1)

把...铺上草皮

(2)

赶出, 驱逐(out)

(3)

抛出

继承用法

turfbound
adj.
长满草皮的

turfcourt
n.
草地球场

turfman
[`t\:fmEn]
n.
赛马迷

turfdom
n.
赛马场

turfless
adj.

turflike
adj.

习惯用语

on the turf

(1)

以赛马为生

(2)

穷得身无分文

(3)

[美俚]卖淫

turf it
[美]徒步旅行

turf out
[俚]抛出(东西); 赶走(某人)

英文相关词典

turf
grass    sod    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

turf
泥炭, 草根土

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

turf
泥炭, 草皮

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

turf
草皮

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

turf
泥煤

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

turf
泥炭

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

turf
草坪, 草坛

美国传统词典

turf
turf
AHD:[t?rf]
D.J.[t*8f]
K.K.[t)f]
n.
pl. turfsalso turves [t?rvz]

(1)

A surface layer of earth containing a dense growth of grass and its matted roots; sod.

(2)

An artificial substitute for such a grassy layer, as on a playing field.

(3)

A piece cut from a layer of earth or sod.

(4)

A piece of peat that is burned for use as fuel.

(5)

Slang

(6)

The range of the authority or influence of a person, group, or thing; a bailiwick:
“a bureaucracy like any other, chiefly concerned with turf, promotions, the budget, and protecting the retirement system”(Harper's)

(7)

A geographical area; a territory.

(8)

The area claimed by a gang, as of youths, as its personal territory.

(9)

Sports

(10)

A racetrack.

(11)

The sport or business of racing horses.
v.tr.
turfed, turf.ing, turfs

(1)

To spread with turf:
turfed the front yard.

(2)

Chiefly British To discard or eject.

(3)

Slang To kill:
“These guys can't . . . make sure nobody gets turfed”(Scott Turow)

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English

继承用法

turfy
adj.

[名词委审定]英汉林学名词(1989)

turf
草地

英汉地质大词典

turf
n.泥煤,泥炭,草煤

英汉环境大词典

turf
n.草皮,草地,草炭

英汉化学大词典

turf
n.泥煤,草地,马场,泥炭,草皮,草根土;vt.铺草皮

英汉计算机大词典

turf
n.泥煤(草地,马场);vt.铺草皮

英汉机械大词典

turf
n.泥炭

英汉建筑大词典

turf
n.草皮,草坪,跑马场

英汉农牧林大词典

turf
n.草炭,泥煤,泥炭,草煤

英汉水利大词典

turf
n.泥煤,泥炭土,草皮

英汉中医大词典

turf
n.草皮,草根皮.草地

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