简明英汉词典

trial
[5traiEl]
n.
试验, 考验, 审讯, 审判

美国传统词典[双解]

trial
tri.al
AHD:[tro“…l, trol]
D.J.[6trai*l, trail]
K.K.[6tra!*l, tra!l]
n.(名词)

(1)

Law Examination of evidence and applicable law by a competent tribunal to determine the issue of specified charges or claims.
【法律】 审判:由一个有管辖权的仲裁机关对证据和可适用的法律进行的检查,用以确定特定的指控或请求

(2)

The act or process of testing, trying, or putting to the proof:
试验:检验、试用或验证的行为或过程:
a trial of one's faith.
验证某人的信念

(3)

An instance of such testing, especially as part of a series of tests or experiments.
检验,验证:如此检验的一个事例,尤指一系列试验或测试的一个环节或部分

(4)

An effort or attempt:
尝试,努力:
succeeded on the third trial.
第三次的尝试取得了成功

(5)

A state of pain or anguish that tests patience, endurance, or belief:
磨难,磨炼,艰苦:考验耐心、承受力或信念的痛苦或苦闷的状态:
“the fiery trial through which we pass”(Abraham Lincoln)
“我们通过了这场艰难的审判”(亚伯拉罕·林肯)

(6)

A trying, troublesome, or annoying person or thing:
麻烦:惹麻烦的人(或东西),令人讨厌的人(或东西):
The child was a trial to his parents.
那孩子真让他父母烦得够呛

(7)

A preliminary competition or test to determine qualifications, as in a sport.
预赛,选拔赛:确定比赛资格的预备竞赛或测试,如在体育运动中
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Of, relating to, or used in a trial.
审讯的,审判的:属于或关于审讯的;用于审讯的

(2)

Attempted or advanced on a provisional or experimental basis:
试验的,临时的:临时性或试验性地进行的或尝试的:
a trial separation.
临时分居

(3)

Made or done in the course of a trial or test.
试用的,试验的:在试验或测试过程中完成或形成的

习惯用语

on trial
In the process of being tried, as in a court of law.
在试用中、试验性地、在受审中,如在法庭上进行的

trial by fire
A test of one's abilities, especially the ability to perform well under pressure.
考验:测试某人的能力,尤指在压力下正常行动的能力

语源

(1)

Middle English triall [a testing]
中古英语 triall [一次测试]

(2)

from Anglo-Norman trial
源自 英法语 trial

(3)

from trier [to sort, try]
源自 trier [分类,试验]

参考词汇

(1)

trialafflictioncrucibleordealtribulationvisitation

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “distress or suffering that severely tests resiliency and character”:
这些名词的共有的中心意思是“严格考验适应力和勇气的痛苦或苦恼”:
no consolation in their hour of trial;
在他们处于艰难困苦中时没有任何安慰;
the affliction of a bereaved family;
一个失去了亲人的家庭的痛苦;
the crucible of revolution;
革命严酷的考验;
the ordeal of being an innocent murder suspect;
作为一个无辜的谋杀嫌疑犯的痛苦经历;
domestic tribulations;
家庭的困苦;
an epidemic considered to be a visitation. See also Synonyms at burden 1
被看作是天罚的流行病 参见同义词 burden1

现代英汉词典

trial
[5traIEl]
n.

(1)

审讯,审判
The man was on trial for killing sb.
此人因杀人而受审。
The trial ended with a hung jury.
审判因陪审团不能作出一致的决定而悬而不决。

(2)

考验;试验;试用
The trial flight has made the grade.
试飞成功。

(3)

尝试;试图
The trial pilot is heading triumphantly for home.
那个试飞飞行员正向基地胜利返航。

(4)

令人讨厌的人或事;麻烦事
That child of his is a great trial.
他那个孩子真叫人受不了。

习惯用语

on trial

(1)

为了试验或试用
Please take it on trial.
请拿去试用。

(2)

受审讯中

现代英汉综合大辞典

trial
[5traiEl]
n.

(1)

试验, 试用, 试车

(2)

选拔赛, 预赛

(3)

考验; 磨难[炼], 困难, 患难

(4)

讨厌的人[事物]

(5)

【律】审问, 审判

(6)

(火箭)起动试验, 发射试验

(7)

尝试, 试图, 努力
make a trial of his strength
试试他的力量
give the machine another trial
再试一次车
stand the trial
经得起考验
conduct a public trial
进行公审
a trial match
预赛
Life is full of trials.
人生充满着磨难。
That boy is a real trial to me.
那个男孩简直是让我烦透了。

词性变化

trial
[5traiEl]
adj.
尝试性的; 试验性的
a trial balance
(簿记)试算表
a trial flight
试飞

继承用法

trial-manufacture
vt., n.
试制

trial-produce
vt.
试制

习惯用语

bring to trial

(1)

审判某人

(2)

审理(案件等)

give a fair trial
给予公正的、合法的审判

give a trial

(1)

试用(某人)

(2)

试一试

make trial of
试验, 较量

on trial

(1)

(指人)在试用期间

(2)

(指物)在试验中

put on trial

(1)

使经受严重考验

(2)

审讯; 审理(案件)

stand [undergo] (one's) trial (for)
(因...)受审讯[审判]

trial and error
反复试验, 不断摸索

trial at Bar
公开的审讯; 全体法官列席的审讯

trial at nisi prius
【律】有陪审员参加的民事案件的审讯

trial by battle [combat]
【史】决斗裁判法

trial by ordeal
【史】神断法(中世纪的一种裁判法)

trial of the pyx
对造币厂铸造的硬币的年度检查(鉴定其重量、质地等是否标准)

特殊用法

acceleration -deceleration trial
加速减速试航

all-out time trial
全力计时游

anchor trial
锚设备试验

assessment trial
估价试验

astern trial
倒车试验

backing and stopping trial
倒退及停航试验

basin trial
系泊试车

binomial trials
二项试验

blind trial
单盲法; 无偏试验法; 盲目试验

boiler trial
锅炉试车

bollard trial
系柱试验

brake trial
制动试验; 试闸

bulk trial
批量生产试验

capsizing and self-righting trial
倾复和自扶正试验

comparative trial
对比试验

competitive trial
比较性实验

consumption trial
燃料消耗量试验

contractor's trial
承造厂试验[航]

deck-landing trial
飞机着舰试验

delivery trial
交船试验, 交货试验

development trial
开拓试验, 试制舰船, 试航

digestion trial
消化试验

dock (side) trial
系泊试车, 码头试车

economy trial
经济航速试航

endurance trial [test]
耐久试验, 续航力试验

evaluation trial
鉴定性试验

field trial [test]

(1)

野外试验

(2)

现场试验

final acceptance trial
最后交接试航, 最后交货试验

fire trial
火箭发射试验

free trial
免费试用

full speed trial
全速试航

full-scale trial
全尺度试验, 实物试验

full-scale seakeeping trial
实船适航性试验

gunnery trial
枪炮试放

independent trial
独立试验

interim trial
临时试验

interrupt a trial
中断试掷或试跳

invalid trial
试举无效

maiden trial
初次试验[航]

maneuverability [maneuvering] trial
操纵性试验, 机动性试验

manufacturer's trial
工厂试验

manure trial
肥效试验

measured mile trial
测速试验

model trial
模型试验; 船模试验

mooring trial
系泊试车

official trial
正式试航, 正式试验

overload trial
过载试验, 过负荷试验

owner's trial
使用部门试航, 船东试航

partial trial of brake
制动机的部分试验

performance trial
性能试验

plant trial
工厂条件下试用; 生产上试用

precommissioning sea trial
服役前试航

preliminary trial
初试(航); 初步试验

preliminary acceptance trial
预备性交接试航

pre-production trial
试生产

propulsion trial
推进(性能)试验

random trial
随机试验

repeated trial
重复试验

research trial
研究试验

rough weather trial
风浪试航, 汹涛试航

rudder trial
舵设备试验

running trial
航行试验

sea trial
试航, 海上试验

seakeeping [seaworthiness] trial
适航性试验

second trial
二次接续(自动电话)

selective trials
选拨赛

sequential trials
【统】序贯试验

service trial
运转试验

smelting trial
熔炼试验

smooth water trial
静水试验

spaced trials
间隔的试验

stability trial
稳性试验, 倾斜试验

stabilization trial
减摇试验

standardization trial
(航速)标定试航, 逐级加速试航

standing pull trial
系泊拉力测试

state trial

(1)

由国家起诉的案件的审讯

(2)

有关宪法或国际法案件的审讯

static trial
静态试验, 静力试验

steam trial
蒸汽动力装置试验

strength trial
强度试验

structural trial
结构试验

submergence trial
潜水试验, 潜航试验

successive trials
逐次试探

tactical diameter trial
旋回直径测定试验

technical trial
工厂航行试验

test trial
检查试验, 复核试验

testbed trial
试验台试车

time trial
计时游, 计时测验

timekeeper trials
钟表性能检验

towing trial
拖曳试验

turning trial
旋回试验, 回转试验

turning circle trial
旋回圆试验

underway trial
航行试验, 试航

user trial
用户试验

valid trial
有效试跳或试掷

variety trials
品种试验

wind tunnel trial
风洞试验

参考词汇
trial     experiment     test    
都含“证明、发现某事物的过程或方式”的意思。

(1)

trial指“对人或物进行试验以确定其效果或价值等”, 如:
He gave a new worker a trial.
他试用新工人。

(2)

experiment指“为研究某事物的发生或为获得新知识而进行仔细试验的过程”, 如:
Experiments indicate the new drug will cure infections.
实验证明这新药可以治传染病。

(3)

test 指“通过试验、检查、使用、比较等就其是否正确、合格等方面作出评定”, 如:
The new grinding machine passed all tests.
这台新磨床通过了所有的试验。

用法词典

trial
tri-试验+ -al名词后缀

英文相关词典

trial
experiment    hardship    ordeal    test    tribulation    trouble    tryout    

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

trial
试验

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

trial
试验

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

trial
试验, 试

英汉双解计算机词典

trial

试验
同experiment。

美国传统词典

trial
tri.al
AHD:[tro“…l, trol]
D.J.[6trai*l, trail]
K.K.[6tra!*l, tra!l]
n.

(1)

Law Examination of evidence and applicable law by a competent tribunal to determine the issue of specified charges or claims.

(2)

The act or process of testing, trying, or putting to the proof:
a trial of one's faith.

(3)

An instance of such testing, especially as part of a series of tests or experiments.

(4)

An effort or attempt:
succeeded on the third trial.

(5)

A state of pain or anguish that tests patience, endurance, or belief:
“the fiery trial through which we pass”(Abraham Lincoln)

(6)

A trying, troublesome, or annoying person or thing:
The child was a trial to his parents.

(7)

A preliminary competition or test to determine qualifications, as in a sport.
adj.

(1)

Of, relating to, or used in a trial.

(2)

Attempted or advanced on a provisional or experimental basis:
a trial separation.

(3)

Made or done in the course of a trial or test.

习惯用语

on trial
In the process of being tried, as in a court of law.

trial by fire
A test of one's abilities, especially the ability to perform well under pressure.

语源

(1)

Middle English triall [a testing]

(2)

from Anglo-Norman trial

(3)

from trier [to sort, try]

参考词汇

(1)

trial, affliction, crucible, ordeal, tribulation, visitation

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “distress or suffering that severely tests resiliency and character”:
no consolation in their hour of trial;
the affliction of a bereaved family;
the crucible of revolution;
the ordeal of being an innocent murder suspect;
domestic tribulations;
an epidemic considered to be a visitation. See also Synonyms at burden 1

英汉船舶大词典

trial
n.审判,审讯;n.试验

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

trial
试验,试探

英汉电信大词典

trial
n.试验,近似解

英汉地质大词典

trial
n.试验,尝试,试用

英汉法学大词典

trial
考验 ;n.企图 ,审,审理和判决案件,审判,试,试验,试用

英汉广播大词典

trial
n.试验,近似解

英汉航空大词典

trial
n.试验,试用

英汉化学大词典

trial
n.试验,检查,近似解,审讯,考验,试运转,尝试;adj.尝试性的,试验性的

英汉海运大词典

trial
试验,试用,试车,试航试验性的试制的

基本词义

trial
试验,试用,试车,试航审判,审理试验性的试制的

基本词义

trial
试验,试用,试车审判,审理

英汉计算机大词典

trial
n.试验(检查,近似解;adj.尝试性的

英汉机械大词典

trial
n.试验,试用

英汉建筑大词典

trial
n.试验,检查,近似解

英汉农牧林大词典

trial
n.试验,试验性的

英汉心理学大词典

trial
尝试

英汉冶金大词典

trial
n.试验,试用

英汉医学大词典

trial
n.试验,锻炼

英汉中医大词典

trial
n.锻炼,试验

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004