简明英汉词典

trail
[treil]
n.
踪迹, 痕迹, 形迹
vt.
跟踪, 追踪, 拉, 拖, 拖拉, (指植物)蔓生, 蔓延, (指人)没精打采地走

美国传统词典[双解]

trail
trail
AHD:[tr3l]
D.J.[treil]
K.K.[trel]
v.(动词)
trailedtrail.ingtrails
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To allow to drag or stream behind, as along the ground:
拖曳:让…拖或飘扬在后面,如沿着地面:
The dog ran off, trailing its leash.
狗拖着狗链跑开了

(2)

To drag (the body, for example) wearily or heavily.
拖沓而行:疲惫地或沉重地拖动(如身体)

(3)

To follow the traces or scent of, as in hunting; track.
跟踪:追随…的足迹或气味,如在狩猎中;追踪

(4)

To follow the course taken by; pursue:
追随:跟着…走的路,跟踪:
trail a fugitive.
追踪一在逃犯

(5)

To follow behind:
跟在…后面:
several cruisers trailed by an escorting destroyer.
由一艘驱逐舰在后护航的几艘巡洋舰

(6)

To lag behind (an opponent):
落后:落在(对手的)后面:
trailed the league leader by four games.
落后于联赛领先的队四局
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To drag or be dragged along, brushing the ground:
拖曳:擦着地面拖或被带着拖:
The queen's long robe trailed behind.
女王的长袍拖在后面

(2)

To extend, grow, or droop loosely over a surface:
蔓延:在一平面上无约束地伸展、生长或低垂:
vines trailing through the garden.
蔓生在整个花园之中的葡萄藤

(3)

To drift in a thin stream:
飘出,流出:以一细小的流飘动:
smoke trailing from a dying fire.
从熄灭的火堆上飘出的烟

(4)

To become gradually fainter; dwindle:
减弱:逐渐变微弱;减小:
His voice trailed off in confusion.
困惑中他的声音逐渐变小

(5)

To walk or proceed with dragging steps; trudge.
拖杳行走:用拖曳的步子走或前进;步覆艰难地走

(6)

To be behind in competition; lag:
落后:在比赛中落后;落后:
trailing by two goals in the second period.
下半场落后两球
n.(名词)

(1)

Something that hangs loose and long:
拖拽之物:长而松松挂着的某物:
Trails of ticker tape floated down from office windows.
悬挂飘扬在办公室窗口的彩色纸带

(2)

Something that is drawn along or follows behind; a train:
一连串:沿着…拉或跟在后面的某物;一列:
the senator, followed by a trail of reporters.
被一长串记者尾随的参议员

(3)

A succession of things that come afterward or are left behind:
尾随之物:随后而来或被留在后面的连续的事物:
left a trail of broken promises.
留下一串无用的诺言

(4)

A mark or trace left by something that has moved or been dragged by.See Synonyms at trace 1
痕迹:移动或被拖曳通过的某事物留下的一记号或痕迹参见 trace1

(5)

A succession of such marks indicating a course taken; a track:
行踪,形迹:表明道路的一系列这样的记号;足迹:
the trail of a hunted animal.
被追捕猎物的足迹

(6)

A marked or beaten path, as through woods or wilderness.
小径:标有记号或踩出的一条道路,如穿越森林或荒野的

(7)

An overland route:
一横越陆地的路线:
the pioneers' trail across the prairies.
拓荒者们穿越草原的路线

(8)

The part of a gun carriage that rests or slides on the ground.
底板:靠在地面或沿地面滑动的大炮轮架部分

(9)

The act of trailing.
拖拽:拖拽的行为

语源

(1)

Middle English trailen
中古英语 trailen

(2)

probably from Old French trailler [to hunt without a foreknown course]
可能源自 古法语 trailler [事先不知道道路去捕猎]

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *tr33re} [to make a deer double back and forth]
源自 俗拉丁语 *tr33re} [使鹿前后来回跑]

(4)

perhaps alteration influenced by Latin tr3a [dragnet]
可能为 受 拉丁语 tr3响 [拖网]

(5)

of Latin trahere [to pull, draw]
拉丁语 trahere的变化 [拉,拽]

现代英汉词典

trail
[treIl]
n.

(1)

足迹;踪迹;脚印
The wounded animal left a trail of blood behind it.
受伤的动物在身后留下一道血迹。

(2)

小径,小路

(3)

余波;余缕

习惯用语

blaze a trail
开路先锋;带头 (= blaze the trail)

词性变化

trail
vt., vi.

(1)

拖,拉,曳

(2)

拖在后面

(3)

跟踪;尾随;追踪

(4)

(常与behind连用)无精打采地走;拖沓行走

(5)

(常与away, off连用)(声音)逐渐减弱,逐渐消失

(6)

蔓生;爬满地上

现代英汉综合大辞典

trail
[treil]
n.

(1)

痕迹, 足迹; 踏成的路, 小径

(2)

流星的尾; (飞机在空中的)雾化尾迹; 余波, 余线

(3)

一串, 一系列

(4)

拖曳物; 尾部; 裙裾; 拖裾; 蔓; (炮架的)架尾; 车尾

(5)

线索, 形迹; 猎狗的嗅迹

(6)

[美俚]邋遢人(尤指邋遢的女人)

(7)

【军】持枪姿势
blazed trail
走惯了的道路
The carriage left a trail of dust.
马车后扬起了一缕烟尘。

词性变化

trail
[treil]
vt.

(1)

拖, 曳; 拖带

(2)

跟踪; 追猎

(3)

[美俚]落后于

(4)

拉长音讲话

(5)

踏出路来, 开辟道路, 标出(路)

(6)

【军】持(枪)
trail one's classmates
落后于班上同学
The dog trailed him constantly.
这条狗总跟在他的后面。

trail
[treil]
vi.

(1)

追随, 尾随

(2)

拖曳[着]; 垂下

(3)

拖着脚走(along), 慢行; (比赛等)落后

(4)

(队伍) 四散; (道路)伸展; 飘出; 流出

(5)

(议论)离题

(6)

【植】蔓延; 爬在树上; (蛇)慢慢爬行

(7)

(猎犬等)追踪猎物

(8)

减弱, 变小(off, away)
Her skirt trails on the floor.
她的裙子拖在地(板)上。
The distant cry trailed off.
远处传来的喊声逐渐地消失了。

继承用法

trail-behind
adj.
牵引式的

trailbuilder
n.
拖挂式筑路机械

trail-car
n.
拖车, 挂车

trailgate
n.
拖在船模后的尾流栅

trail-net
n.
拖网

trailsman
n.
跟踪者

习惯用语

at the trail
【军】提枪; 取提枪姿势

be hot on sb.'s trail
紧追某人

blaze a [the] trail
(在森林中)在树上刻出指路的标志; 开辟道路

follow the trail
跟着嗅迹, 追踪

foul the trail
搅乱踪迹, 使迷惑

hit the trail
出发, 立即走开

in trail
成一列纵队地

off the trail
失去嗅迹[线索]; 迷失; [喻]出轨; 离题

on the trail
寻找, 找到嗅迹[线索]

on the trail of
跟踪追赶

throw sb. off the trail
甩掉尾巴

trail after
追随

trail off
变弱; 逐渐消失

特殊用法

aerodynamic trail
气动力尾迹

audit trail
查帐索引

condensation trail
凝结尾迹

dissipation trail
耗散尾迹

exhaust trail
排气尾迹

fire trail
救火道

meteor trail
流星尾迹

rural trail
野外实习; 野外采集标本

sand trail
落砂试验

skid trail
集材道

skidding trail
集材道路

vapo(u)r trail
水气尾迹; 雾化尾迹

vortex trail
涡迹; 旋涡尾迹

worm trail
虫迹

trail of the fault
断层迹

用法词典

trail
中古英语trailen<中古法语trailler<拉丁语tragula
英文相关词典

trail
follow    go after    heel    hunt    line    path    pursue    road    run down    shadow    tag along    tail    trace    track    

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

trail
痕迹

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

trail
电路, 信道

美国传统词典

trail
trail
AHD:[tr3l]
D.J.[treil]
K.K.[trel]
v.
trailed, trail.ing, trails
v.tr.

(1)

To allow to drag or stream behind, as along the ground:
The dog ran off, trailing its leash.

(2)

To drag (the body, for example) wearily or heavily.

(3)

To follow the traces or scent of, as in hunting; track.

(4)

To follow the course taken by; pursue:
trail a fugitive.

(5)

To follow behind:
several cruisers trailed by an escorting destroyer.

(6)

To lag behind (an opponent):
trailed the league leader by four games.
v.intr.

(1)

To drag or be dragged along, brushing the ground:
The queen's long robe trailed behind.

(2)

To extend, grow, or droop loosely over a surface:
vines trailing through the garden.

(3)

To drift in a thin stream:
smoke trailing from a dying fire.

(4)

To become gradually fainter; dwindle:
His voice trailed off in confusion.

(5)

To walk or proceed with dragging steps; trudge.

(6)

To be behind in competition; lag:
trailing by two goals in the second period.
n.

(1)

Something that hangs loose and long:
Trails of ticker tape floated down from office windows.

(2)

Something that is drawn along or follows behind; a train:
the senator, followed by a trail of reporters.

(3)

A succession of things that come afterward or are left behind:
left a trail of broken promises.

(4)

A mark or trace left by something that has moved or been dragged by.See Synonyms at trace 1

(5)

A succession of such marks indicating a course taken; a track:
the trail of a hunted animal.

(6)

A marked or beaten path, as through woods or wilderness.

(7)

An overland route:
the pioneers' trail across the prairies.

(8)

The part of a gun carriage that rests or slides on the ground.

(9)

The act of trailing.

语源

(1)

Middle English trailen

(2)

probably from Old French trailler [to hunt without a foreknown course]

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *tr33re} [to make a deer double back and forth]

(4)

perhaps alteration influenced by Latin tr3a [dragnet]

(5)

of Latin trahere [to pull, draw]

[名词委审定]英汉古生物学名词(1990)

trail
拖曳部

基本词义

trail
移迹

[名词委审定]英汉数学名词(1993)

trail
[轨]迹

英汉船舶大词典

trail
n.拖桨,尾部,尾迹

英汉电力大词典

trail
n.痕迹,尾迹,尾部

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

trail
(轨)迹;跟踪;【WIN】指针

英汉电信大词典

trail
n.跟踪,牵引杆

英汉地质大词典

trail
n.行迹,爬迹,匍匐痕迹

英汉法学大词典

trail
v.跟踪

英汉纺织大词典

trail
n.尾部,拖曳部分

英汉广播大词典

trail
n.拖尾,跟踪,牵引杆,拖曳

英汉航空大词典

trail
n.痕迹,尾迹;n.痕迹,轨迹;n.拖曳,拖着走

英汉化学大词典

trail
n.踪迹,线索,拖尾;vt.跟踪

英汉海运大词典

trail
痕迹,轨迹跟踪拖曳

基本词义

trail
跟踪,拖曳,痕迹,轨迹,小径,尾部,后缘,追踪,拉,曳,拖着走,(舢板)拖桨

基本词义

trail
痕迹,轨迹小径尾部,后缘追踪拉,曳,拖着走(舢板)拖桨

英汉计算机大词典

trail
n.踪迹(线索);vt.跟踪

英汉机械大词典

trail
n.痕迹,轨迹

英汉建筑大词典

Trail
n.T形钢轨;n.小路,临时道路,尾部

英汉农牧林大词典

trail
n.拖

英汉水利大词典

trail
n.拖曳,跟踪,蔓延

英汉医学大词典

trail
n.痕迹,跟踪

英汉造纸大词典

trail
n.痕迹,轨迹,小径

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