简明英汉词典

tooth
[tu:W]
n.
牙齿

美国传统词典[双解]

tooth
tooth
AHD:[t?th]
D.J.[tu8G]
K.K.[tuG]
n.(名词)
【复数】 teeth[t?th]

(1)

One of a set of hard, bonelike structures rooted in sockets in the jaws of vertebrates, typically composed of a core of soft pulp surrounded by a layer of hard dentin that is coated with cement or enamel at the crown and used for biting or chewing food or as a means of attack or defense.
牙,齿:脊椎动物上下颚的槽臼中扎根的一排坚硬,骨状物体,典型的结构是中间为一软体,后面包围着一层坚硬的牙本质,牙本质外为一由钙质或采釉质组成的牙冠,牙齿可用来撕咬或咀嚼食物,还可用作进攻或防御的工具

(2)

A similar structure in invertebrates, such as one of the pointed denticles or ridges on the exoskeleton of an arthropod or the shell of a mollusk.
(其他动物的)齿:非脊椎动物的类似器官,例如节肢动物的外骨骼或软体动物的外壳上的尖锐小齿或小突起

(3)

A projecting part resembling a tooth in shape or function, as on a comb, gear, or saw.
类齿物:在形状或功能上与牙齿相近的突出部分,例如梳子、齿轮或锯子上的

(4)

A small, notched projection along a margin, especially of a leaf.Also called dent 2
齿状突出:物体边缘呈V形的狭小突出,尤指树叶的也作 dent2

(5)

A rough surface, as of paper or metal.
粗糙表面:粗糙表面,如纸张或金属的

(6)

Something that injures or destroys with force. Often used in the plural:
毁灭力量:用武力进行伤害或毁灭的东西。常常用作复数:
the teeth of the blizzard.
暴风雪的毁灭力量

(7)

teeth Effective means of enforcement; muscle:
teeth 决定手段,力量:实现目的的有效手段;肌肉:
“This . . . puts real teeth into something where there has been only lip service”(Ellen Convisser)
“过去这件事不过口头说说而已,现在这样做就有解决的力量了”(埃伦·康维瑟)

(8)

Taste or appetite:
口味,食欲:
She always had a sweet tooth.
她总有很好的口味
v.(动词)
toothedtooth.ingtooths[t?th, t?Y]
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To furnish (a tool, for example) with teeth.
给(例如工具)安装齿状物

(2)

To make a jagged edge on.
使成齿状
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To become interlocked; mesh.
啮合:咬合在一起;融合

习惯用语

get (one's) teeth into或

sink (one's) teeth into 【俚语】
To be actively involved in; get a firm grasp of.
积极地参与其中;牢牢地抓住

show (one's) teeth或

bare (one's) teeth
To express a readiness to fight; threaten defiantly.
示威:表现准备战斗;凶狠地进行威胁

to the teeth
Lacking nothing; completely:
全副地:不缺少任何东西的;全部地:
armed to the teeth; dressed to the teeth.
武装到牙齿;全副打扮

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English t?h * see dent-
源自 古英语 t?h *参见 dent-

注释
Eating, biting, teeth, and dentists are all related, as is well known, but the relationship goes further than one might think, that is, into the roots of the words eat, tooth, and dentist. The Proto-Indo-European root .ed-, meaning “to eat” and the source of our word eat, originally meant “to bite.” A participial form of .ed- in this sense was .dent-, “biting,” which came to mean “tooth.” Our word tooth comes from .dont-, a form of .dent-, with sound changes that resulted in the Germanic word .tanthuz. This word became Old English t?h and Modern English tooth. Meanwhile the Proto-Indo-European form .dent- itself became in Latin d?s (stem dent- ), “tooth,” from which is derived our word dentist. We find a descendant of another Proto-Indo-European form ·(o)dont- in the word orthodontist.
我们都知道吃、咬、牙齿、牙医都是紧密相联的,但它们之间的关系比我们所想象的还有紧密,甚至eat,tooth 和 dentist 的词根也互相联系。 在原始的印欧语系中,词根ed- 的意思是“吃”, 我们的eat 这个词的原意是“咬,啃”。 作为这个意思的-ed 的分词形式是 dent- ,意为“咬”, 后来转变成“牙齿”的意思。现在tooth 这个词来源于 dont- , dent- 的一个变形, 随着声音的变化,这个词在日耳曼语言中成了tanthuz 。 然后,由这个词产生了古英语的toth 和现化英语的 tooth 。 同时dent- 这一原始印欧词语在拉丁语中变成了 dens (词根 dent- ), 意为“牙齿”,由此衍生出dentist 这个词。 在orthodortist 这个词中,我们可以发现,这个原始印欧语言的另一形式 (O)dont- 的踪影

现代英汉词典

tooth
[tu:W]
n.
teeth

(1)

牙齿
The children brush their teeth after every meal.
孩子们每顿饭后都刷牙。

(2)

锯齿;梳子齿;齿轮的齿
The sharp parts of a comb or a saw are called teeth.
梳子和锯子的尖锐部分叫作齿。

(3)

(pl) 有效的权力
When will the police be given the necessary teeth to deal with young criminals?
警察什么时候才能获得对付青少年罪犯的权力?

习惯用语

armed to the teeth
全副武装,武装到牙齿

escape by the skin of one's teeth
死里逃生;劫后余生

get one's teeth into
埋头做;认真做

in the teeth of
不顾一切;冒着;面对着

long in the tooth
年纪大

set sb.'s teeth on edge
(酸味、噪音等)使人有不快之感,感到刺耳

show one's teeth
威胁;恫吓;张牙舞爪

tooth and nail
猛烈;激烈;凶狠
They fought tooth and nail.
他们激烈地打了起来。

现代英汉综合大辞典

tooth
[tu:W]
n.
(pl.teeth [ti:W])

(1)

牙齿

(2)

齿状物; (齿轮, 锯等的)齿

(3)

嗜好; 胃口

(4)

[常用复]起损害作用的东西; 强制的有效手段; 威力, 猛力, 破坏性

(5)

[pl. ][口]船上的大炮

(6)

出头砖[石]

(7)

【电】尖头信号

(8)

材料表面的粗糙面

词性变化

tooth
[tu:W]
vt.
使具齿状, 给...装牙齿, 刻齿; 锉齿(在锯条上); 咬住
vi.
(齿轮等的)咬合

继承用法

toothache
[5tu:WeIk]
n.
牙痛

toothbrush
[5tu:WbrQF]
n.
牙刷

toothcomb
n.
细齿梳

toothpaste
[5tu:WpeIst]
n.
牙膏

toothpick
[5tu:WpIk]
n.
牙签

toothpowder
n.
牙粉

tooth-wash
n.
刷牙水

toothwort
n.
【植】石芥花(属)

toothful
[`tU:WfJl]
n.
(酒等)少量, 一小口

toothless
[5tu:WlIs]
adj.
无齿的

toothlet
[`tU:WlIt]
n.
小齿(状突起)

toothlike
adj.
如牙齿的; 牙齿的

toothsome
[5tu:WsEm]
adj.
美味可口的; 合意的; 悦人的; 性感的; 美丽的

toothy
[5tu:WI]
adj.
露出牙齿的; 味道好的; 表面粗糙的

习惯用语

a sweet tooth
吃甜食的嗜好(通常与have连用)

armed to the teeth
武装到牙齿, 全副武装

as scarce as hen's teeth
[美]象母鸡的牙齿那样稀少; 非常罕见

between the [one's] teeth
低声地

calf's teeth
乳齿

cast one's colt's teeth
脱去稚气, 变得老成稳重

cast [fling] sth. in sb.'s teeth
以某事责备或非难某人

clench one's teeth(=set one's teeth)
咬紧牙关, 下定决心

cut one's teeth
(=cut a tooth, cut teeth) 出牙, 长牙

(=cut one's eye-teeth [wisdom teeth])开始通晓事故, 到达懂事年龄

cut one's teeth [eyeteeth] on
(从小就)开始学习, (很早就)开始从事

draw [pull] sb.'s teeth
消除(某人)不安[烦恼]的根由; 拔除某人的爪牙(使 无能为力)

escape by [with] the skin of one's teeth
[口]幸免于难

fed (up)to the (back) teeth
[俚]厌倦到极点; 倒胃口极了

fight tooth and nail
拼命厮打, 你死我活地搏斗

fly in the teeth of
悍然不顾, 公开反对; 蔑视; 不理睬

from the teeth forwards [outwards]
[口]口头说说而已; 非出自内心地

get one's teeth into

(1)

死死咬住; 紧紧抓住; 认真对待; 全神贯注于...

(2)

吃...

give teeth to
[口]使...真正有效; 使坚强有力

grit one's [the] teeth

(1)

(=grind one's teeth) 磨牙, 咬牙

(2)

咬牙切齿; 生闷气

have a great tooth for
很爱吃

hide one's teeth
包藏祸心; 假装亲善

If you can't bite, never show your teeth.
[谚]不能咬人就别龇牙。

in spite of sb.'s teeth
不顾某人的威胁或反对

in the teeth of

(1)

不顾; 蔑视

(2)

冒着, 有...的危险

in the teeth of the wind
【航海】逆风

kick in the teeth
[口]粗暴对待; 侮辱; 草率从事

lie in one's teeth [throat]
弥天大谎; 恶意撒谎

long in the tooth
年纪大; 马齿日增

lose a handful of tooth
[美]【拳击】下巴受猛击

make sb.'s tooth chatter
(冷、吓得)使某人牙齿打战

pick one's teeth
(用牙签)剔牙齿

put teeth in [into]
给予强制性威力; 使生效

set sb.'s teeth on edge
使牙齿发酥, 使腻烦

show one's teeth
张牙露齿, 怒视, 威协; 现出敌意

sink one's teeth into
[口]认真对待, 全神贯注于, 集中精力搞

sink tooth (into)
[美口]吃

sow dragon's teeth
散布纠纷; 引起战争

store tooth
[美]假牙

take the teeth out of
使...无能为害[力]

throw in sb.'s teeth

(1)

用...责备[非难]某人

(2)

向某人挑战

to one's teeth
当面, 大胆地

to the teeth
全身, 完全, 彻底

with set teeth
以不可动摇的决心

with teeth and all
全力以赴

tooth and nail
全力以赴地, 不惜一切手段, 拚命地

特殊用法

apical tooth
顶齿

armature tooth
(电)枢齿

asymmmetrical tooth
不对称齿

auditory tooth
听齿

bicuspid tooth
二尖牙, 二尖齿

briar tooth
偏锋齿, (锯的)钩齿

canine tooth
犬齿, 切齿

cardinal tooth
主牙

carious tooth
龋齿

carnassial tooth
裂牙, 裂齿

chaser tooth
追逐齿

cheek tooth
颊牙, 后牙, 臼齿

chipped gear tooth
剥蚀的轮齿, 齿面剥落的轮齿

ciliform tooth
纤毛牙, 纤毛齿

club tooth
擒纵轮齿

combination tooth
混合齿

commutating tooth
换向齿, 正齿

conical tooth
圆锥齿

conjugate tooth
共轭轮齿

criticalnumber tooth for no undercutting
无根切临界齿数

cycloid(al) gear tooth
摆线轮齿

cylindrical tooth
圆柱形齿

deciduous tooth
乳牙

dermal tooth
真牙, 真齿

dipper tooth
铲斗齿, 铲斗刀(挖土机等)

dog tooth

(1)

四叶花饰

(2)

犬齿(式)

dog's tooth
犬牙式砌合法; (男子衣料的)格子花纹

double helical tooth
人字齿

end tooth
端齿

engaging tooth
啮合齿

epicycloidal tooth
外摆线齿

epicycloidal and hypocycloidal gear tooth
内外摆线轮齿

epicycloidal wheel tooth
外摆线轮齿

epidermal tooth
表皮牙, 表皮齿

equal-addendum tooth
等(齿顶)高齿

escape wheel tooth
擒纵轮齿

external tooth
外齿

face tooth
端面铣刀齿, 端面齿

finishing tooth
精密切齿

finishing tooth of broacher
拉床精削齿

form relieved tooth
铲齿

full-depth tooth
全齿高齿

gear tooth
齿轮齿

generated tooth
滚铣轮齿(滚齿法所得到的)

Gleason tooth
格里森齿(按格氏制齿法制出的伞齿轮轮齿), 圆弧齿

gullet tooth
偏锋齿, (锯的)钩齿

helical tooth
螺旋齿

helical gear tooth
斜齿轮螺旋齿

herbivorous tooth
食草牙

herringbone tooth
人字齿

hinge tooth
铰合齿; 蝶铰齿

hook tooth
棘轮齿, 向一面偏斜的齿; 钩齿

hunting tooth
追逐齿

hyoid tooth
【动】舌齿

hypercycloidal tooth
内摆齿线

hypocycloidal tooth
内摆线齿

inserted tooth
镶齿

interlocking tooth
交齿, 错齿

involute (gear, wheel) tooth
渐开线轮齿

labial tooth
唇齿

labyrinth tooth
迷宫齿

lance tooth
三角形齿

lateral tooth
侧牙

locked tooth
被锁齿

locking tooth
锁闭齿

locking bar tooth
锁闭杆齿; 锁尺齿

lophodont tooth
脊型齿

lower cheek tooth
下颌颊牙, 下颌颊齿

maxillary tooth
上颌齿

maxillary cheek tooth
上颌颊牙, 上颌颊齿

milled without play tooth
无隙铣成齿

milling gear tooth
铣齿轮齿

mortice wheel tooth
木轮齿

opisthoglyphic tooth
后沟牙

peg tooth
三角齿

perforated tooth
有孔锯齿

peripheraltooth
周边铣齿

permanent tooth
恒牙, 恒齿

pharyngeal tooth
咽头齿

pin tooth

(1)

滚销齿, 圆柱齿

(2)

嵌(齿轮的)齿

planed tooth
刨成齿

pleodont tooth
实齿

poison tooth
毒牙

premaxillary tooth
前(颌)齿

profile ground tooth
齿形磨光的齿

profile relieved tooth
成形铲齿, 定形铲齿

proteroglyphic tooth
前沟牙

quadrant tooth
扇形齿轮

rack tooth
齿条(齿)

raker set tooth
交错偏挠锯齿

ratchet tooth
棘轮齿

rectilineal face tooth
直面轮齿

repaceable cutter tooth
可更换刀齿; 可换式(取土)钻头切刀

replacement tooth
补换牙, 补换齿

roller tooth
滚销齿

rooted tooth
根牙, 根齿

rotary tooth
回转齿, 旋转齿

rotor tooth
转子齿

rough tooth
粗制齿

roughing tooth
粗切齿

saw tooth
锯齿, 锯齿形

semi-finishing tooth (of broacher)
(拉刀的)半精切齿

set tooth
钳齿

side-cutting tooth
侧切齿

single curve tooth
单曲线渐开齿

skewed tooth
斜齿

soldered tooth
接合齿

solenoglyphic tooth
管牙

solid tooth
实齿

spiral(-curved) tooth
螺旋齿

spiral gear tooth
螺旋齿轮齿

sprocket tooth
链轮齿

stage tooth
(汽封)高低齿

staggered tooth
交错齿

standard tooth
标准轮齿

standard involute gear tooth
标准渐开线齿轮齿

stator tooth
定子齿

stopping tooth
限动齿

straight spur gear
直线正齿

stub tooth
短齿

supraoral tooth
上口齿

uneaually spaced tooth
不等距轮齿

upper cheek tooth
上颌颊牙, 上颌颊齿

verticaltooth
立齿

villiform tooth
绒毛牙, 绒毛齿

vomerine tooth
犁齿

wing tooth
翅状齿(弹尾目昆虫)

wisdom tooth
智齿, 智牙

用法词典

tooth
来自古英语toth齿

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

tooth
牙, 齿

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

tooth
齿

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

tooth
齿

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

tooth
齿

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

tooth
齿, 牙

美国传统词典

tooth
tooth
AHD:[t?th]
D.J.[tu8G]
K.K.[tuG]
n.
pl. teeth[t?th]

(1)

One of a set of hard, bonelike structures rooted in sockets in the jaws of vertebrates, typically composed of a core of soft pulp surrounded by a layer of hard dentin that is coated with cement or enamel at the crown and used for biting or chewing food or as a means of attack or defense.

(2)

A similar structure in invertebrates, such as one of the pointed denticles or ridges on the exoskeleton of an arthropod or the shell of a mollusk.

(3)

A projecting part resembling a tooth in shape or function, as on a comb, gear, or saw.

(4)

A small, notched projection along a margin, especially of a leaf.Also called dent 2

(5)

A rough surface, as of paper or metal.

(6)

Something that injures or destroys with force. Often used in the plural:
the teeth of the blizzard.

(7)

teeth Effective means of enforcement; muscle:
“This . . . puts real teeth into something where there has been only lip service”(Ellen Convisser)

(8)

Taste or appetite:
She always had a sweet tooth.
v.
toothed, tooth.ing, tooths[t?th, t?Y]
v.tr.

(1)

To furnish (a tool, for example) with teeth.

(2)

To make a jagged edge on.
v.intr.
To become interlocked; mesh.

习惯用语

get (one's) teeth intoor

sink (one's) teeth into Slang
To be actively involved in; get a firm grasp of.

show (one's) teethor

bare (one's) teeth
To express a readiness to fight; threaten defiantly.

to the teeth
Lacking nothing; completely:
armed to the teeth; dressed to the teeth.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English t?h * see dent-

注释
Eating, biting, teeth, and dentists are all related, as is well known, but the relationship goes further than one might think, that is, into the roots of the words eat, tooth, and dentist. The Proto-Indo-European root .ed-, meaning “to eat” and the source of our word eat, originally meant “to bite.” A participial form of .ed- in this sense was .dent-, “biting,” which came to mean “tooth.” Our word tooth comes from .dont-, a form of .dent-, with sound changes that resulted in the Germanic word .tanthuz. This word became Old English t?h and Modern English tooth. Meanwhile the Proto-Indo-European form .dent- itself became in Latin d?s (stem dent- ), “tooth,” from which is derived our word dentist. We find a descendant of another Proto-Indo-European form ·(o)dont- in the word orthodontist.

[名词委审定]英汉电工名词(1998)

tooth
齿

[名词委审定]英汉动物学名词(1996)

tooth
[牙]齿

[名词委审定]英汉组织学名词(1993)

tooth

英汉电力大词典

tooth
n.齿,齿状物

英汉电信大词典

tooth
n.牙齿,齿状物

英汉地质大词典

tooth
n.牙,齿,铰齿

英汉广播大词典

tooth
n.牙齿,齿状物,凸轮

英汉航空大词典

tooth
n.齿,刀齿

英汉化学大词典

tooth
n.牙齿,齿状物,凸轮,粗糙面,齿形插口;vt.使...啮合,给...加齿

英汉海运大词典

tooth
齿使…成锯齿状

基本词义

tooth
齿,牙切齿啮合,咬合

基本词义

tooth
齿使…成锯齿状vi.啮合

基本词义

tooth
使…成锯齿状齿,牙切齿啮合,咬合

英汉计算机大词典

tooth
n.牙齿(齿状物,凸轮;vt.使...啮合(给...加齿)

英汉机械大词典

tooth
n.齿,齿状物齿轮

英汉建筑大词典

tooth
n.使成锯齿状,牙,齿,铰齿

英汉农牧林大词典

tooth
n.齿,钉齿,耙齿

英汉汽车大词典

tooth
n.齿,凸轮

英汉水利大词典

tooth
n.齿状物,使成锯齿状

英汉冶金大词典

tooth
n.牙,齿

英汉医学大词典

tooth
n.牙,牙齿

英汉中医大词典

tooth
n.牙齿,给装牙,相咬

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