简明英汉词典

toady
[5tEudi]
n.
谄媚者, 拍马屁的人
v.
谄媚, 拍马屁

美国传统词典[双解]

toady
toad.y
AHD:[t?“d?]
D.J.[6toudi8]
K.K.[6todi]
n.(名词)
【复数】 toad.ies
A person who flatters or defers to others for self-serving reasons; a sycophant.
谄媚者:出于私利而吹捧或尊敬他人的人;拍马者
v.tr.intr.(及物动词和不及物动词)
toad.ied[t?“d?d] toad.y.ingtoad.ies[t?“d?z]
To be a toady to or behave like a toady.See Synonyms at fawn 1
拍…的马屁:向…拍马或表现得象个拍马者参见 fawn1

语源
From toad
源自 toad

注释
A toady is not a pleasant individual, and the origin of the word makes being a toady even less pleasant. Toady is obviously derived from the word toad. The -y suffix can have diminutive force, and the earliest recorded sense (around 1690) of toady (now obsolete), “a little or young toad,” illustrates this force. The sense we know has nothing to do with baby toads but rather with the practice of certain quacks or charlatans who claimed that they could cast out poison. Toads were thought to be poisonous, so these charlatans would have an attendant eat a toad or pretend to eat one and then remove the poison from the attendant. Such an attendant is obviously a type of person who would do anything, and thus toadeater (first recorded 1629) was the perfect name for a flattering, fawning parasite. Toadeater and the verb derived from it, toadeat, influenced the sense of the noun and verb toad and the noun toady, so that both nouns could mean “sycophant” and the verb toady could mean “to act like a toady to someone.”
拍马者并不是一个讨人喜欢的人,这个词的来源使做拍马者这种作法更加不令人喜欢。Toady 很显然是从 toad 这个词衍生而来。 后辍-y 可以有一种指小的效力, Toady 这个词最早有记载(1690年左右)的含义“一只小或幼年蟾蜍”(现已废弃)正说明了这种效力。 我们现在知道的含义与年幼的蟾蜍没有什么关系,而与某些宣称能够驱毒的冒牌医生或江湖郎中的某些做法有关。当时人们认为蟾蜍有毒,所以这些江湖朗中会叫一个手下人吃下一只蟾蜍或假装吃下一只蟾蜍,然后把毒物从他的手下人身体中驱除出去。很明显,这样一个帮手是一种什么事都会做的人,这样,用toadeater (最早记载于1629年)这个词来称呼奉承拍马的寄生者是再合适不过了。 Toadeater 和从它衍生而来的动词 toadeat 影响了作为名词或动词的 toad 和作为名词 toady 的含义, 于是二个名词都可以理解为“拍马者”的意思,而动词toady 有“在某人面前象一个拍马者一样行动”的意思

现代英汉词典

toady
[5tEJdI]
vt., vi.
-ied, -ying
奉承;巴结;谄媚

现代英汉综合大辞典

toady
[5tEudi]
n.
拍马屁的人

词性变化

toady
[5tEudi]
vt., vi.
谄媚, 奉承

继承用法

toadyish
adj.

toadyishly
adv.

toadyism
n.

美国传统词典

toady
toad.y
AHD:[t?“d?]
D.J.[6toudi8]
K.K.[6todi]
n.
pl. toad.ies
A person who flatters or defers to others for self-serving reasons; a sycophant.
v.tr.intr.
toad.ied[t?“d?d] toad.y.ing, toad.ies[t?“d?z]
To be a toady to or behave like a toady.See Synonyms at fawn 1

语源
From toad

注释
A toady is not a pleasant individual, and the origin of the word makes being a toady even less pleasant. Toady is obviously derived from the word toad. The -y suffix can have diminutive force, and the earliest recorded sense (around 1690) of toady (now obsolete), “a little or young toad,” illustrates this force. The sense we know has nothing to do with baby toads but rather with the practice of certain quacks or charlatans who claimed that they could cast out poison. Toads were thought to be poisonous, so these charlatans would have an attendant eat a toad or pretend to eat one and then remove the poison from the attendant. Such an attendant is obviously a type of person who would do anything, and thus toadeater (first recorded 1629) was the perfect name for a flattering, fawning parasite. Toadeater and the verb derived from it, toadeat, influenced the sense of the noun and verb toad and the noun toady, so that both nouns could mean “sycophant” and the verb toady could mean “to act like a toady to someone.”

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