简明英汉词典

throw
[WrEu]
n.
投, 掷
v.
扔, 抛, (指马)把骑者摔在地上, 使苦恼, 惊忧, 投掷

美国传统词典[双解]

throw
throw
AHD:[thr?]
D.J.[Grou]
K.K.[Gro]
v.(动词)
threw[thr?] thrown[thr?n] throw.ingthrows
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To propel through the air with a motion of the hand or arm.
以手掷物:用手部或臂部的移动(将某物)在空中推进

(2)

To discharge into the air by any means:
以任何方式(将某物)掷到空中:
a machine that throws tennis balls; ash that was thrown by an erupting volcano.
一部发网球的机器;火山爆发喷到空中的灰

(3)

To hurl or fling with great force or speed:
猛力投扑:用很大的力量或以很快的速度猛投或猛掷:
threw themselves on the food; jetsam that had been thrown up onto the shore.
他们扑到了食物上;丢弃物被冲到岸上

(4)

To hurl to the ground or floor, as in a wrestling contest.
摔到地上:如在摔跤比赛中(把对方)扔到地面上或地板上

(5)

To cause to fall off:
使跌倒:
The horse threw its rider.
那匹马把骑者摔了出去

(6)

Informal To cause confusion or perplexity in; disconcert or nonplus:
【非正式用语】 造成混淆,困扰:在…中造成混乱或困惑;使仓皇失措或迷惑:
We didn't let our worries throw us.
我们没被自己的担忧弄得不知所措

(7)

To put on or off hastily or carelessly:
随便穿上:仓促或不认真地穿上或脱下:
throw on a jacket.
随便披上一件夹克

(8)

To put (suddenly or forcefully) into a given condition, position, or activity:
达到某种状况、位置、活动:将…(突然地或强迫地)置于某种特定的条件、位置或活动中:
threw him into a fit of laughter; threw some supper together; threw her leg over the arm of the chair.
使他发出一阵大笑;把一些晚餐放到一起;她把一条腿搭在椅子的扶手上

(9)

To devote, apply, or direct:
奉献、运用或导向:
threw all their resources into the new endeavor; threw the blame onto the others.
他们集中全部力量进行新的尝试;怪罪别人

(10)

To form on a potter's wheel:
在陶轮上形成:
throw a vase.
制成一个花瓶

(11)

To twist (fibers) into thread.
搓丝成线:把(纤维)捻成线束

(12)

Games
【游戏】

(13)

To roll (dice).
掷(骰子)

(14)

To roll (a particular combination) with dice.
用骰子掷(某种特定组合)

(15)

To discard or play (a card).
出牌或打(牌)

(16)

To send forth; project:
发出;投射:
She threw me a look of encouragement.
她向我投来鼓励的目光

(17)

To cause to fall on or over something; cast:
使落到某物上面;投:
The rising sun threw shadows across the lawn. We threw sheets over the furniture before we painted the ceiling.
初升的太阳在草坪上投下了阴影。我们在油漆天花板之前先用纸把家俱盖上

(18)

To bear (young). Used of cows or horses, for example.
怀有(幼兽)。如母牛或母马

(19)

To arrange or give (a party, for example).
安排,举办(例如,聚会)

(20)

To move (a lever or switch) in order to activate, deactivate, or control a device.
启动:移动一个(杠杆或开关)以开动、关闭或控制一个装置

(21)

Informal To lose or give up (a contest, for example) purposely.
【非正式用语】 丢弃,放弃:故意地失败或放弃(例如,比赛)

(22)

To abandon oneself to; have:
自暴自弃;具有:
heard the news and threw a fit.
听到了消息引起一阵痉挛

(23)

To commit (oneself), especially for leniency or support:
博取同情:尤指为了取得宽大或支持而将(自己)置于:
threw himself on the mercy of the court.
将自己置于法庭的怜惘之下

(24)

To deliver (a punch), as in boxing:
击出:如在拳击中打出(一拳):
threw a left hook.
击出左勾拳
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To cast, fling, or hurl something.
投、扔或掷某物
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or an instance of throwing.
丢:扔的动作或事例

(2)

The distance to which something is or can be thrown:
可投掷的距离:某物被扔到或能被扔到的距离:
a stone's throw away.
一箭之地

(3)

Games
【游戏】

(4)

A roll or cast of dice.
掷骰子

(5)

The combination of numbers so obtained.
(骰子所掷出的)数字:这样得到的数目的组合

(6)

Informal A single chance, venture, or instance:
【非正式用语】 唯有的机会、冒险或事例:
“could afford up to forty-five bucks a throw to wax sentimental over their heritage”(John Simon)
“花四十五元获得享受传统文化熏陶的机会”(约翰·西蒙)

(7)

Sports The act of throwing or a technique used to throw an opponent in wrestling.
【体育运动】 摔交的动作,摔交的技巧:在摔跤中将对手摔倒的动作或技术

(8)

A light coverlet, such as an afghan.
如阿富汗产的针织床罩

(9)

A scarf or shawl.
头巾,围巾

(10)

The radius of a circle described by a crank, cam, or similar machine part.
(曲轴的)半径:曲柄、凸轮或类似机器部件形成的圆的半径

(11)

The maximum displacement of a machine part moved by another part, such as a crank or cam.
行程,摆度:被如曲柄或凸轮等另一机器部件移动的机器部件移位的最大程度

(12)

Geology The amount of vertical displacement of a fault.
【地质学】 落差:断层垂直位移的量

常用词组

throw away

(1)

To get rid of as useless:
抛弃,扔掉:作为无用而除去:
threw away yesterday's newspaper.
扔掉昨天的报纸

(2)

Games To discard:
【游戏】 出牌:
threw away two aces.
出两张A

(3)

To fail to take advantage of:
丧失,错过:未能利用:
threw away a chance to make a fortune.
丧失赚大钱的机会

(4)

To waste or use in a foolish way:
浪费,白费:愚蠢地浪费掉或用掉:
threw away her inheritance.
浪费掉了她那笔遗产

(5)

To utter or perform in an offhand, seemingly careless way:
轻轻带过:以一种漠不关心或看似不在意的态度说或表现:
The play's villain throws away the news that the house has burned down.
剧中的恶棍把房子被烧掉了的消息抛到了脑后

throw back

(1)

To hinder the progress of; check:
阻止…的前进;扼制:
The troops were thrown back.
部队的前进被阻住了

(2)

To revert to an earlier type or stage in one's past.
恢复:恢复到某人过去的类型或阶段

(3)

To cause to depend; make reliant.
使依靠;使依赖

throw in

(1)

To insert or introduce into the course of something:
插入:插入或引入某事的进展:
threw in a few snide comments while they conversed.
他们在交谈时插入了一些不诚实的叙述

(2)

To add (an extra thing or amount) with no additional charge.
外加,额外奉送:无偿地加入(额外的东西或数量)

(3)

To engage (a clutch, for example).
进行(例如,孵化)

throw off

(1)

To cast out; rid oneself of:
扔出;摆脱:
threw off all unpleasant memories.
摆脱所有令人不快的回忆

(2)

To give off; emit:
发出;射出:
exhaust pipes throwing off fumes.
排气管排出烟雾

(3)

To distract, divert, or mislead:
使犯错误,产生错觉:使分心、转移或误导:
Crossing the stream, he threw the tracking dogs off. A wrong measurement threw her estimate off.
他淌过小溪把跟踪的狗甩掉了。错误的测量使他的判断出了错

(4)

To do, finish, or accomplish in a casual or offhand way; toss off:
轻易地作出:以散漫或不关心的态度去做、完成或实现;轻而易举地完成:
threw off a quick response to the letter.
一挥而就地写了封回信

throw open
To make more accessible, especially suddenly or dramatically:
解禁,突然开放:尤指突然或显著地使更易接近:
threw open the nomination.
突然公布提名

throw out

(1)

To give off; emit:
发出;射出:
searchlights throwing out powerful beams.
探照灯发出强烈的光线

(2)

To reject or discard:
丢弃,抛弃:
The committee threw out her proposal.
委员会把她的建议丢到了一边

(3)

To get rid of as useless:
丢弃,扔掉:扔掉无用之物:
threw out the garbage.
把垃圾扔掉

(4)

Informal To offer, as a suggestion or plan:
【非正式用语】 说出:作为建议或计划提出:
They sat around throwing out names of people they might want to invite to the party.
他们坐成一圈,提出想邀请参加聚会者的名字

(5)

To force to leave a place or position, especially in an abrupt or unexpected manner:
撵走,解雇:尤指以一种突然或未预料到的方式迫使(某人)离开一个地方或位置:
The convicted judge was thrown out of office. The headwaiter threw the disorderly guest out.
被认定有罪的那位法官被逐出了办公室。服务生领班把乱嘈嘈的客人赶了出去

(6)

To disengage (a clutch, for example).
使(例如,离合器)分离

(7)

To put out of alignment:
使扭伤:使离开准线:
threw my back out.
使我的背扭伤了

(8)

Baseball To put out (a base runner) by throwing the ball to the player guarding the base to which the base runner is moving.
【棒球】 使出局:把球投给正跑向垒的守垒员从而将(跑垒员)杀出局

throw over

(1)

To overturn:
翻过来:
threw the cart over.
把马车翻了过去

(2)

To abandon:
放弃:
threw over her boyfriend of four years; threw over the company they themselves had founded.
抛弃了她结识了四年的男友;抛弃了他们自己创办的公司

(3)

To reject.
丢弃

throw up

(1)

To vomit.
呕吐

(2)

To abandon; relinquish.
放弃;停止:
She threw up her campaign for mayor.
她退出了市长竞选

(3)

To construct hurriedly:
仓促地建造:
shoddy houses that were thrown up in a few months.
在短短几个月内建起的劣质房屋

(4)

To refer to something repeatedly:
屡次提起:
She threw up his past to him whenever they argued.
一发生争执她就向他提起他的过去

(5)

To project, play, or otherwise display (a slide, videotape, or other recorded image):
放映,展示:放映、上演或以其它方式展示(幻灯片、录像或其它录下的图象):
threw the tape of vacation highlights up on the screen.
把假期生活的精彩片断投放到屏幕上

习惯用语

throw (one's) weight around【俚语】
To use power or authority, especially in an excessive or heavy-handed way.
滥用权势,耀武扬威:尤指以一种过分或严厉的方式使用权力或地位

throw the baby out with the bath water【俚语】
To discard something valuable along with something not desired, usually unintentionally.
把有价值的东西和不需要的东西一起扔掉,通常指无意地

throw up (one's) hands
To indicate or express utter hopelessness:
暗示或表示绝望:
He threw up his hands and abandoned the argument.
他举手放弃了争论

语源

(1)

Middle English throwen [to turn, twist, hurl]
中古英语 throwen [扭转,捻搓,投掷]

(2)

from Old English thr3n * see ter- 1
源自 古英语 thr3n *参见 ter- 1

继承用法

thrower
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

throwcasthurlflingpitchtosssling

(2)

These verbs mean to propel something through the air with a motion of the hand or arm.
这些动词的意思是用手部或臂部的移动(将某物)在空中推进。

(3)

Throw is the least specific:
Throw 最具概括性:
throw a ball;
扔球;
threw the life preserver to the struggling swimmer;
把救生圈抛给正在挣扎的游泳者;
threw the book on the table.
把那本书扔到了桌子上。

(4)

Cast usually refers to throwing something light:
Cast 常指扔某种很轻的物体:
The angler cast her line into the stream.
女钓手把鱼线甩进了小溪里。

(5)

Hurl and fling mean to throw with great force:
Hurl 和fling 的意思是用很大的力量扔:
“Him the Almighty Power/Hurl'd headlong flaming from th' Ethereal Sky” (John Milton).
“万能的主/从天庭用力掷下” (约翰·弥尔顿)。
The wedding guests were given confetti to fling at the bride and groom.
参加婚礼的客人们拿到了向新郎和新娘抛撒的五彩纸屑。

(6)

Pitch often means to throw with careful aim:
Pitch 一般指仔细地瞄准并投掷:
“a special basket in my study . . . into which I pitch letters, circulars, pamphlets and so forth” (H.G. Wells).
“我书房中一个特殊的纸篓…我向里面扔信、通知或小册子等” (H·G·威尔斯)。

(7)

Toss, in contrast, usually means to throw lightly or casually:
Toss ,相反地,通常指轻率地或漫不经心地扔:
“Campton tossed the card away” (Edith Wharton).
“康普顿把牌甩掉了” (伊迪丝·沃顿)。

(8)

Sling stresses force of propulsion:
Sling 强调推动力:
The cook's helper slung the peeled potatoes into a huge enamel pot. See also Synonyms at confuse
厨师的帮手把削了皮的土豆扔进了一口巨大的搪瓷锅里 参见同义词 confuse

现代英汉词典

throw
[WrEJ]
vt., vi.
threw, thrown, throwing

(1)

扔,投,掷,抛
He threw the ball to me, and I caught it.
他把球扔给我,我接住了。
Don't throw away your old shoes, give them to me.
不要扔掉你的旧鞋子,给我吧。

(2)

(用身体)猛撞

(3)

使到达;使进入;使处于

(4)

(与on, off连用)匆忙地穿衣或脱衣

(5)

(动物)生崽

(6)

(把开关、把手等)打开,关上

(7)

用制陶器轮盘制作

(8)

使掉在地上

(9)

掷骰子,掷色子;用掷骰子投某一数字,掷得(几点)

(10)

请客,请吃饭,作东

习惯用语

throw a fit
发脾气

throw oneself into
起劲工作

词性变化

throw
n.

(1)

投,扔,掷,抛

(2)

投掷距离
a throw of 70 meters
投掷70米远

常用词组

throw away
因愚蠢而失去,白白放过;放弃;丢掉

throw out
否决;不接受

throw over
放弃;跟(某人)吹了;把(某人)甩了 (= throw overboard)

throw together

(1)

匆匆做成;胡乱凑成

(2)

偶遇
Chance threw us together.
我们偶然碰了面。

throw up

(1)

造就(人才);出(名人)

(2)

呕吐

现代英汉综合大辞典

throw
[WrEu]
vt.
(threw [Wru:]; thrown[WrEun])

(1)

投, 扔, 抛, 掷, 摔

(2)

发射, 喷射, 投射

(3)

使翻倒, 使跌落

(4)

匆匆穿上(衣服)(on)或脱下(衣服)(off); (蛇)蜕皮

(5)

伸(四肢), 挺(胸); 挥(拳); 仰(首)

(6)

放弃, 摆脱

(7)

施加(影响); 使陷入某状态

(8)

出(纸牌等)

(9)

(家畜)产仔

(10)

捻(生丝)成线; 旋制陶坯

(11)

突然变动; 移动, 推动

(12)

开关 (离合器件等)

(13)

[美]故意输掉(比赛)

(14)

[俚]开办, 举行(舞会等)
throw a satellite into space
把卫星射入空间
throw one's influence on sb.'s side
利用自己的影响帮助别人
T-me the book.
把书扔给我。
The horse threw its rider.
马把骑者掀落在地上。
She threw a scarf over her shoulders.
她匆忙地把围巾披在肩上。

词性变化

throw
vi.
扔, 摔, 投, 掷(at)
Can you throw well?
你能掷得很好吗?

throw
n.

(1)

投, 抛, 掷

(2)

冒险; 孤注一掷

(3)

床罩, 沙发罩

(4)

女用围巾, 披巾

(5)

【体】(摔跤中)将对方摔倒的方法

(6)

掷骰子; 掷出的点数

(7)

投球

(8)

行[冲, 射, 投]程; 偏心距离, 偏移度, 落差, 摆幅, 断层垂直位移

(9)

[pl. ]曲轴曲柄, 曲拐
a good throw
好球
a spot light with a throw of 500 feet
能照射500英尺的聚光灯
It was his last throw.
那是他最后一次机会。

继承用法

throw-in
n.
接通[入]; 包含

throw-off
[`WrEJCf, -R:f]
n.
(打猎, 赛跑等)开始, 出发; 切断, 断路[开], 关闭

throw-over
n.
转换, 转接, 换速, 换 向

throwster
[`WrEJstE(r)]
n.
搓丝人; 掷骰子人

throw-switch
n.
投掷开关

throw-weight
n.
投掷重量

习惯用语

a stone's throw
投石可及的距离, 附近; 一箭之地

a stone's cast
投石可及的距离, 附近; 一箭之地

free throw
【体】(篮球)罚球

throw about

(1)

(=throwaround)乱丢, 乱扔

(2)

(around)[俗]乱花钱

(3)

挥动(手臂等)

(4)

【航海】转变航向

throw away

(1)

扔掉, 抛弃

(2)

浪费(金钱、时间等)

(3)

错过(机会等)

(4)

有意轻轻带过(台词等)

(5)

(牌戏中)垫(牌)

throw back

(1)

丢回; 掷回; 回溯

(2)

拒绝, 反驳, 反讥

(3)

妨碍; 耽误; 阻止; 击退

(4)

回复到祖先的原型或性质, 呈返祖现象(指动植物)

(5)

反射(光线等)

throw by
把...扔在一边; 扔掉, 抛弃

throw down

(1)

扔下; 推倒; 倾复; 摧毁

(2)

(=throw oneself down)突然卧倒; 躺下

(3)

[俚]拒绝

throw in

(1)

额外奉送, 外加

(2)

偶然插入(话语), 穿插

(3)

[口]入伙, 参加合伙经营

(4)

(在足球等比赛中)掷(界外球)

(5)

把(排好的铅字等)拆开归还原处

throw off

(1)

脱去; 摆脱; 抛弃, 扔掉

(2)

[口]即席作成(诗、画等)

(3)

使困窘; 使慌乱

(4)

散发出, 放射出

(5)

说...坏话, 诽谤(on)

(6)

开始出猎

throw oneself at

(1)

猛然扑向

(2)

拼命讨好...; 勾引..., 向...献媚, 向...表示有意

throw oneself into
开始热心做(某事), 积极投身于(某事业)

throw oneself on

(1)

依靠, 依赖; 听命于

(2)

攻击, 突袭

throw oneself upon

(1)

依靠, 依赖; 听命于

(2)

攻击, 突袭

throw out

(1)

抛出, 扔掉

(2)

解雇; 开除

(3)

增建(侧房); 建造(伸展或突出的建筑物)

(4)

提出(意见, 暗示); 轻描淡写地说出

(5)

否决(议案); 拒绝(提议等)

(6)

使分心, 打扰; 使不知所措

(7)

散发出

(8)

(棒球运动用语)封杀出局

throw over
放弃, 抛弃; 背弃

throw overboard

(1)

丢在船外, 扔到水中

(2)

抛弃, 遗弃; 背弃

throw together

(1)

匆匆拼凑成; 匆匆建成

(2)

使偶然相遇; 使偶然聚合在一起

throw up

(1)

呕吐

(2)

辞(职); 放弃; 洗手不干

(3)

(责备地)反复地说; 反复提起(不愉快之事)

(4)

产生; 出(人才)

(5)

把...衬托出来, 使...显眼

(6)

匆匆建成

特殊用法

apparent throw
视落差

arm throw
抓手过背摔

arm throw by elbow hold
握臂过背摔

ballistic throw
冲击摆幅

baseball throw
棒球式掷球, 正手掷球

borehole throw
【采矿】钻孔偏差

crank throw
曲柄行程

crankshaft throw
曲轴弯程, 曲轴行程(曲轴半径)

crankshaft oil throw
曲轴抛油圈

corner throw
掷角球

dip throw
【地物】倾向落差

distance throw
投掷项目(包括推铅球、掷铁饼、掷标枪、掷链球)

double arm hip throw
抱腿摔

discus throw
掷铁饼

fault throw
【地质】断层落差

faulty throw
不符合规定的抛靶

forehand throw
正手掷球

full knuckle throw
车钩全开位置

goal throw
球门球

grenade throw
投手榴弹

hammer throw
掷链球

horizontal throw
水平行程

hook throw
钩手掷球

javelin throw
掷标枪

knuckle throw
关节拆开器

"level"trajectory throw
投出的平直球

neutral throw
裁判球

normal throw
正落差

oil throw
抛油环

over throw
后撑后翻

overhand throw
肩上传球

paper throw
超行距走纸, 纸带空甩; 页跳移

parallel throw
平行落差

penalty throw
直接任意球, 4米罚球

perpendicular throw
垂直落差

referee throw
裁判掷球

safe throw
有效试掷

shoulder throw
肩摔

side throw
横向摆动

sidearm throw
体侧传球

starting throw
比赛开始时裁判员掷球

stratigraphic throw
地层落差

trial throw
试掷

total throw
总落差

wild throw
野传

throw at end of points
尖轨动程

throw for a goal
投篮

throw of eccentric
偏心轮行程, 偏心轮偏心度

throw of governor
调节器摆度

throw of pointer
指针偏转

throw of pump
泵的冲程

throw of switch
尖轨动距

throw of the (switch) point
道岔尖轨动程

throw of traverse
排线器排幅

英文相关词典

throw
cast    chuck    fling    flip    heave    hurl    pitch    sling    toss    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

throw
纵距, 落差

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

throw
纵距, 落差

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

throw
抛射

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

throw
断层

美国传统词典

throw
throw
AHD:[thr?]
D.J.[Grou]
K.K.[Gro]
v.
threw[thr?] thrown[thr?n] throw.ing, throws
v.tr.

(1)

To propel through the air with a motion of the hand or arm.

(2)

To discharge into the air by any means:
a machine that throws tennis balls; ash that was thrown by an erupting volcano.

(3)

To hurl or fling with great force or speed:
threw themselves on the food; jetsam that had been thrown up onto the shore.

(4)

To hurl to the ground or floor, as in a wrestling contest.

(5)

To cause to fall off:
The horse threw its rider.

(6)

Informal To cause confusion or perplexity in; disconcert or nonplus:
We didn't let our worries throw us.

(7)

To put on or off hastily or carelessly:
throw on a jacket.

(8)

To put (suddenly or forcefully) into a given condition, position, or activity:
threw him into a fit of laughter; threw some supper together; threw her leg over the arm of the chair.

(9)

To devote, apply, or direct:
threw all their resources into the new endeavor; threw the blame onto the others.

(10)

To form on a potter's wheel:
throw a vase.

(11)

To twist (fibers) into thread.

(12)

Games

(13)

To roll (dice).

(14)

To roll (a particular combination) with dice.

(15)

To discard or play (a card).

(16)

To send forth; project:
She threw me a look of encouragement.

(17)

To cause to fall on or over something; cast:
The rising sun threw shadows across the lawn. We threw sheets over the furniture before we painted the ceiling.

(18)

To bear (young). Used of cows or horses, for example.

(19)

To arrange or give (a party, for example).

(20)

To move (a lever or switch) in order to activate, deactivate, or control a device.

(21)

Informal To lose or give up (a contest, for example) purposely.

(22)

To abandon oneself to; have:
heard the news and threw a fit.

(23)

To commit (oneself), especially for leniency or support:
threw himself on the mercy of the court.

(24)

To deliver (a punch), as in boxing:
threw a left hook.
v.intr.
To cast, fling, or hurl something.
n.

(1)

The act or an instance of throwing.

(2)

The distance to which something is or can be thrown:
a stone's throw away.

(3)

Games

(4)

A roll or cast of dice.

(5)

The combination of numbers so obtained.

(6)

Informal A single chance, venture, or instance:
“could afford up to forty-five bucks a throw to wax sentimental over their heritage”(John Simon)

(7)

Sports The act of throwing or a technique used to throw an opponent in wrestling.

(8)

A light coverlet, such as an afghan.

(9)

A scarf or shawl.

(10)

The radius of a circle described by a crank, cam, or similar machine part.

(11)

The maximum displacement of a machine part moved by another part, such as a crank or cam.

(12)

Geology The amount of vertical displacement of a fault.

常用词组

throw away

(1)

To get rid of as useless:
threw away yesterday's newspaper.

(2)

Games To discard:
threw away two aces.

(3)

To fail to take advantage of:
threw away a chance to make a fortune.

(4)

To waste or use in a foolish way:
threw away her inheritance.

(5)

To utter or perform in an offhand, seemingly careless way:
The play's villain throws away the news that the house has burned down.

throw back

(1)

To hinder the progress of; check:
The troops were thrown back.

(2)

To revert to an earlier type or stage in one's past.

(3)

To cause to depend; make reliant.

throw in

(1)

To insert or introduce into the course of something:
threw in a few snide comments while they conversed.

(2)

To add (an extra thing or amount) with no additional charge.

(3)

To engage (a clutch, for example).

throw off

(1)

To cast out; rid oneself of:
threw off all unpleasant memories.

(2)

To give off; emit:
exhaust pipes throwing off fumes.

(3)

To distract, divert, or mislead:
Crossing the stream, he threw the tracking dogs off. A wrong measurement threw her estimate off.

(4)

To do, finish, or accomplish in a casual or offhand way; toss off:
threw off a quick response to the letter.

throw open
To make more accessible, especially suddenly or dramatically:
threw open the nomination.

throw out

(1)

To give off; emit:
searchlights throwing out powerful beams.

(2)

To reject or discard:
The committee threw out her proposal.

(3)

To get rid of as useless:
threw out the garbage.

(4)

Informal To offer, as a suggestion or plan:
They sat around throwing out names of people they might want to invite to the party.

(5)

To force to leave a place or position, especially in an abrupt or unexpected manner:
The convicted judge was thrown out of office. The headwaiter threw the disorderly guest out.

(6)

To disengage (a clutch, for example).

(7)

To put out of alignment:
threw my back out.

(8)

Baseball To put out (a base runner) by throwing the ball to the player guarding the base to which the base runner is moving.

throw over

(1)

To overturn:
threw the cart over.

(2)

To abandon:
threw over her boyfriend of four years; threw over the company they themselves had founded.

(3)

To reject.

throw up

(1)

To vomit.

(2)

To abandon; relinquish.
She threw up her campaign for mayor.

(3)

To construct hurriedly:
shoddy houses that were thrown up in a few months.

(4)

To refer to something repeatedly:
She threw up his past to him whenever they argued.

(5)

To project, play, or otherwise display (a slide, videotape, or other recorded image):
threw the tape of vacation highlights up on the screen.

习惯用语

throw (one's) weight aroundSlang
To use power or authority, especially in an excessive or heavy-handed way.

throw the baby out with the bath waterSlang
To discard something valuable along with something not desired, usually unintentionally.

throw up (one's) hands
To indicate or express utter hopelessness:
He threw up his hands and abandoned the argument.

语源

(1)

Middle English throwen [to turn, twist, hurl]

(2)

from Old English thr3n * see ter- 1

继承用法

thrower
n.

参考词汇

(1)

throw, cast, hurl, fling, pitch, toss, sling

(2)

These verbs mean to propel something through the air with a motion of the hand or arm.

(3)

Throw is the least specific:
throw a ball;
threw the life preserver to the struggling swimmer;
threw the book on the table.

(4)

Cast usually refers to throwing something light:
The angler cast her line into the stream.

(5)

Hurl and fling mean to throw with great force:
“Him the Almighty Power/Hurl'd headlong flaming from th' Ethereal Sky” (John Milton).
The wedding guests were given confetti to fling at the bride and groom.

(6)

Pitch often means to throw with careful aim:
“a special basket in my study . . . into which I pitch letters, circulars, pamphlets and so forth” (H.G. Wells).

(7)

Toss, in contrast, usually means to throw lightly or casually:
“Campton tossed the card away” (Edith Wharton).

(8)

Sling stresses force of propulsion:
The cook's helper slung the peeled potatoes into a huge enamel pot. See also Synonyms at confuse

[名词委审定]英汉电子学名词(1993)

throw

[名词委审定]英汉地质学名词(1993)

throw
落错

英汉船舶大词典

throw
n.摆幅,断层断距,射程;n.投掷

英汉电力大词典

throw
n.摆度,偏心距,投掷

英汉电信大词典

throw
n.抛掷,发射

英汉地质大词典

throw
n.落差,断层引起的位移;n.抛,投掷,落差断距

英汉纺织大词典

throw
n.捻丝,打线,丝织准备

英汉广播大词典

throw
n.放映机与银幕间距离

英汉环境大词典

throw
n.小断距,落差

英汉航空大词典

throw
n.行程

英汉化学大词典

throw
n.偏心度,摆度,投掷,曲轴轴柄,射程,投程;vt.扔,抛,转动,拉坯,施加,发射,举行

英汉海运大词典

throw
行程(仪表指针的)摆度,摆幅(电机的)槽距曲柄投掷

基本词义

throw
行程(仪表指针的)摆度摆幅(电机的)槽距曲柄投掷

基本词义

throw
投掷行程(仪表指针的)摆度,摆幅(电机的)槽距

基本词义

throw
投掷行程(仪表指针的)摆度,摆幅(电机的)槽距曲柄vi.投掷

英汉计算机大词典

throw
vt.扔(发射,抛;n.射程(投程,行程

英汉机械大词典

throw
n.扔;n.扔,转动

英汉建筑大词典

throw
n.投掷,行程,投距

英汉农牧林大词典

throw
n.投掷,撒散,行程

英汉能源大词典

throw
n.投,抛,投距,落差,断层引起的位移

英汉汽车大词典

throw
n.投,掷,扔

英汉水利大词典

throw
n.投,掷,抛

英汉消防大词典

throw
【消】①快速竖梯 ②射水 ③(消防射流的)射程, 喷射率 ④(用抢救盖布)扑盖

英汉冶金大词典

throw
n.扔,转动

英汉中医大词典

throw
n.伸,挺,仰

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