简明英汉词典

this
[Tis]
adj.
这, 这个, 今, 本
pron.
这, 这个

美国传统词典[双解]

this
this
AHD:[Y1s]
D.J.[His]
K.K.[H!s]
pron.(代词)
【复数】 these[Y?z]

(1)

Used to refer to the person or thing present, nearby, or just mentioned:
这个:用于指当前、邻近或刚提及的人或物:
This is my cat. These are my tools.
这是我的猫。这些是我的工具

(2)

Used to refer to what is about to be said:
这个:用于指即将谈到的事:
Now don't laugh when you hear this.
听了这个你不要笑

(3)

Used to refer to the present event, action, or time:
这:用于指当前的事情、行动或时间:
said he'd be back before this.
说他会在这之前回来

(4)

Used to indicate the nearer or the more immediate one:
这个:用于指较近的或更近的:
This is mine and that is yours.
这个是我的,那个是你的
adj.(形容词)
【复数】 these

(1)

Being just mentioned or present in space, time, or thought:
这个:刚提及的或在空间、时间或观念上是当前的:
She left early this morning.
她今天一大早就起来了

(2)

Being nearer or more immediate:
这:更近或紧邻的:
this side and that side.
这边和那边

(3)

Being about to be stated or described:
这个:即将谈论或描述的:
Just wait till you hear this story.
等着听这个故事

(4)

Informal Used as an emphatic substitute for the indefinite article:
【非正式用语】 这个:不定冠词的特定替代词:
looking for this book of recipes.
找找这本食谱
adv.(副词)
To this extent; so:
这么:到这个程度;这么:
never stayed out this late.
别再在外面呆这么晚

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English * see to-
源自 古英语 *参见 to-

用法

(1)

This and that are both used as demonstrative pronouns to refer to a thought expressed earlier:
This 和 that 均用作指示代词, 指前面表达过的想法:
The letter was unopened;
这封信未开封;
that (or this ) in itself casts doubt on the inspector's theory. That
那(或 这 ) 件事本身引起了观众的怀疑。 That

(2)

is sometimes prescribed as the better choice in referring to what has gone before (as in the preceding example). When the referent is yet to be mentioned, only this is used:
在指刚发生过的事时通常被认为是更合适的选择(如前面的例句)。当指代未提及的事时,只用this :
This (not that ) is what bothers me.
这些(不是 that ) 烦扰我。
We have no time to consider late applications. ·
我们没时间考虑后来的申请了。

(3)

This is often used in speech and informal writing as an emphatic substitute for the use of the indefinite article to refer to a specific thing or person:
this 常用在对话及非正式写作中, 作为强调词代替不定冠词指代某特定的物或人:
You should talk to this friend of mine at the Department of Motor Vehicles.
你应该找找我在机动车部门的朋友谈谈。
I have this terrible feeling that I forgot to turn off the gas.
我有一种忘关煤气的恐惧感。

(4)

This informal usage is best avoided in formal writing except where conversational tone is deliberately being sought.See Usage Note at that
除非有意使用对话语气,这种非正式用法最好避免用于正式文体中参见 that

现代英汉词典

this
[TIs]
adj., pron.
these

(1)

这个,这
Who is this?
这人是谁?
I saw her this morning.
我今天上午看到她了。
This time it was the postman and he wanted me to sign for a registered letter!
这次是邮递员,他要我签字领一封挂号信!
What's this?
这是什么?

(2)

(时空上、观念上靠近的)这边,这个
You look in this box and I look in that box.
你看这边的盒子,我看那边的盒子。

词性变化

this
adv.
这么;这样
I've never been out this late before.
我从来没在外面待到这么晚。

现代英汉综合大辞典

this
[Tis]
pron.
(pl. these[Ti:z])

(1)

这, 这个

(2)

这事, 这人

(3)

下述(或上述的事情)

(4)

这里, 这时

(5)

后者(前者用that)(常有承上启下的作用, 而that一般只能承上)
This is yours.
这是你的。
What is all this about?
这是怎么回事?
The reason is this.
理由如下。
He ought to be here by this.
他这时该到这儿了。
Of the two possibilities, this is more likely than that.
两个可能中, 后者比前者更可能。

词性变化

this
[Tis]
adj.
[后接复数名词时用these]

(1)

这, 这个, 此

(2)

今..., 本...

(3)

(方向等)某, 一定的

(4)

[与表示时间的词组连用]刚过去的; 即将来到的
this morning
今晨
this week
本周
run this way and that
东跑西奔
What does this word mean?
这个词是什么意思?

this
[Tis]
adv.
如此, 这样, 这么, 达到这样的程度
You can have this much.
你能得到的就这么多。

继承用法

this-worldly
adj.
现世的; 今生的; 此生的

习惯用语

at this
这里

by this
这时

for all this
尽管如此

for this once
只这一次

like this
这样地; 如此

with this
一面这样说(一面就...); 说完这个(就....)

this and that

(1)

各种各样的

(2)

各种各样的事[物]

this, that, and [or] the other
各种各样的事或物

英文相关词典

this
that    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

this
这个

美国传统词典

this
this
AHD:[Y1s]
D.J.[His]
K.K.[H!s]
pron.
pl. these[Y?z]

(1)

Used to refer to the person or thing present, nearby, or just mentioned:
This is my cat. These are my tools.

(2)

Used to refer to what is about to be said:
Now don't laugh when you hear this.

(3)

Used to refer to the present event, action, or time:
said he'd be back before this.

(4)

Used to indicate the nearer or the more immediate one:
This is mine and that is yours.
adj.
pl. these

(1)

Being just mentioned or present in space, time, or thought:
She left early this morning.

(2)

Being nearer or more immediate:
this side and that side.

(3)

Being about to be stated or described:
Just wait till you hear this story.

(4)

Informal Used as an emphatic substitute for the indefinite article:
looking for this book of recipes.
adv.
To this extent; so:
never stayed out this late.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English * see to-

用法

(1)

This and that are both used as demonstrative pronouns to refer to a thought expressed earlier:
The letter was unopened;
that (or this ) in itself casts doubt on the inspector's theory. That

(2)

is sometimes prescribed as the better choice in referring to what has gone before (as in the preceding example). When the referent is yet to be mentioned, only this is used:
This (not that ) is what bothers me.
We have no time to consider late applications. ·

(3)

This is often used in speech and informal writing as an emphatic substitute for the use of the indefinite article to refer to a specific thing or person:
You should talk to this friend of mine at the Department of Motor Vehicles.
I have this terrible feeling that I forgot to turn off the gas.

(4)

This informal usage is best avoided in formal writing except where conversational tone is deliberately being sought.See Usage Note at that

英汉法学大词典

this

英汉化学大词典

this
adj.这个,某;pron.这个

英汉计算机大词典

this
adj.这个(某);pron.这个

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