简明英汉词典

than
[TAn; TEn, Tn]
conj.
prep.
与...相比较

美国传统词典[双解]

than
than
AHD:[Y2n, Y…n]
D.J.[H#n, H*n]
K.K.[H#n, H*n]
conj.(连接词)
Used to introduce the second element or clause of an unequal comparison:
比:用于引入不相等比较的第二成份或句子:
She is a better athlete than I.
与我相比她是个更好的运动员
prep.Usage Problem (介词)【用法疑难】
In comparison with:
与…比较:
disliked no one more than her.
没人比她更惹人厌

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English thanne, than * see to-
源自 古英语 thanne, than *参见 to-

用法
Since the 18th century grammarians have insisted that than should be regarded as a conjunction in all its uses, so that a sentence such as Bill is taller than Tom should be construed as an elliptical version of the sentence Bill is taller than Tom is. According to this view, the case of a pronoun following than is determined by whether the pronoun serves as the subject or object of the verb that is “understood.” Thus, the standard rule requires Pat is taller than I (not me ) on the assumption that this sentence is elliptical for Pat is taller than I am but allows The news surprised Pat more than me, since this sentence is taken as elliptical for The news surprised Pat more than it surprised me. However, than is quite commonly treated as a preposition when followed by an isolated noun phrase, and as such occurs with a pronoun in the objective case: John is taller than me. Though this usage is still widely regarded as incorrect, it is predominant in speech and has reputable literary precedent. It is also consistent with the fact that than is clearly treated as a preposition in the than whom construction, as in a poet than whom (not than who ) no one has a dearer place in the hearts of his countrymen. Still, the writer who risks a sentence such as Mary is taller than him in formal writing must be prepared to defend the usage against objections of critics who are unlikely to be dissuaded from their conviction that the usage is incorrect. · Comparatives using as . . . as can be analyzed in a parallel way to those using than. Traditional grammarians insist that I am not as tall as he is the only correct form, and though both literary precedent and syntactic arguments can be marshaled in support of the analysis of the second as as a preposition (which would license I am not as tall as him ), one should treat this use of as as a conjunction in formal writing. See Usage Note at as 1
自18世纪以来,语法学家坚持以为than 在其所有用法中均应被看作连词, 因此,在诸如Bill is taller than Tom 的句子中应解释为句子 Bill is taller than Tom is 的省略说法。 根据这一观点,than 后跟随代词的情况取决于该代词作为所“理解”的动词的主语还是谓语。 这样,标准规则要求Pat is taller than I (而不是 me ), 考虑到这个句子是Pat is taller than I am 的省略, 但允许The news surprised Pat more than me , 因为这个句子被认当是The news surprised Pat more than it surprised me 的省略。 然而,当than 跟随一个独立名词短语时常被看作是介词, 如代词用于宾语的情况:John is taller than me 。 尽管这种用法仍然被广泛认为是错误的,但它仍在口语中占主要地位,并且有著名的文学先例。它也符合than 在 than whom 结构中显然被认为是介词的事实, 就象在a poet than whom (而不是 than who ) no one has a dearer place in the hearts of his countrymen 。 然而,冒险在正式写作中应用诸如Mary is taller than him 的作者必须准备针对那些不可能被劝服放弃坚信这种用法是错误的批评家们的反对意见而对此种用法进行辩护。 用比较级as…as 可以用与 than 相同的方式进行分析。 传统的语法学家坚持认为I am not as tall as he 是唯一正确的形式, 尽管文学先例和语法规则都能支持第二个as 作为介词(即允许 I am not as tall as him )的分析, 我们仍应该把这个as 作为正式写作中的连词 参见 as1

现代英汉词典

than
[Ten, TAn]
conj, prep.
比较
He is taller than his brother.
他比他兄弟高。
Mary sings better than anyone else in the class.
玛丽比班上任何人唱得都好。
Bill Frith's garden is larger than Joe's.
彼尔.弗里思的花园比乔的大。

现代英汉综合大辞典

than
[TAn; TEn, Tn]
conj.

(1)

[用于形容词、副词比较级之后]比较; 比
He is taller than his brother.
他比他的兄弟长得高。
I know you better than he (does).
我比他更了解你。
I know you better than him.
我对你比对他更了解。
Easier said than done.
[谚]说来容易做来难。

(2)

[用于rather, sooner, 之后]与其...(宁愿...)
I'd rather you came tomorrow than today.
我宁愿你于明天来而不是今天来。
I would rather die than disgrace myself.
我宁死不受辱。

(3)

[用于 other, else, anywhere 等之后]除...以外
They were given nothing other than dry bread and water for their evening meal.
他们晚餐仅仅分到干面包和水。
He did nothing else than laugh.
他除了笑以外没做别的事。(他只是笑。)

(4)

[用于scarcely, hardly之后表示时间](刚刚...)就
Hardly had I finished telling the news than she began to cry.
我还没有把消息讲完她就哭了起来。

词性变化

than
[TAn; TEn, Tn]
prep.
[用于than whom, than which 两个词组及某些用不及物动词的句中]
a man than whom no one is more fit for this job.
最适宜做这事的人

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

than

美国传统词典

than
than
AHD:[Y2n, Y…n]
D.J.[H#n, H*n]
K.K.[H#n, H*n]
conj.
Used to introduce the second element or clause of an unequal comparison:
She is a better athlete than I.
prep.Usage Problem
In comparison with:
disliked no one more than her.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English thanne, than * see to-

用法
Since the 18th century grammarians have insisted that than should be regarded as a conjunction in all its uses, so that a sentence such as Bill is taller than Tom should be construed as an elliptical version of the sentence Bill is taller than Tom is. According to this view, the case of a pronoun following than is determined by whether the pronoun serves as the subject or object of the verb that is “understood.” Thus, the standard rule requires Pat is taller than I (not me ) on the assumption that this sentence is elliptical for Pat is taller than I am but allows The news surprised Pat more than me, since this sentence is taken as elliptical for The news surprised Pat more than it surprised me. However, than is quite commonly treated as a preposition when followed by an isolated noun phrase, and as such occurs with a pronoun in the objective case: John is taller than me. Though this usage is still widely regarded as incorrect, it is predominant in speech and has reputable literary precedent. It is also consistent with the fact that than is clearly treated as a preposition in the than whom construction, as in a poet than whom (not than who ) no one has a dearer place in the hearts of his countrymen. Still, the writer who risks a sentence such as Mary is taller than him in formal writing must be prepared to defend the usage against objections of critics who are unlikely to be dissuaded from their conviction that the usage is incorrect. · Comparatives using as . . . as can be analyzed in a parallel way to those using than. Traditional grammarians insist that I am not as tall as he is the only correct form, and though both literary precedent and syntactic arguments can be marshaled in support of the analysis of the second as as a preposition (which would license I am not as tall as him ), one should treat this use of as as a conjunction in formal writing. See Usage Note at as 1

英汉化学大词典

than
prep.比

英汉计算机大词典

than
prep.比

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