简明英汉词典

temper
[5tempE]
n.
(钢等)韧度, 回火, 性情, 脾气, 情绪, 心情, 调剂, 趋向
v.
(冶金)回火、锻炼, 调和, 调节

美国传统词典[双解]

temper
tem.per
AHD:[tμm“p…r]
D.J.[6temp*]
K.K.[6tWmp+]
v.(动词)
tem.peredtem.per.ingtem.pers
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To modify by the addition of a moderating element; moderate:
调和:通过增加一种能变温和的成分而改变;使温和:
“temper its doctrinaire logic with a little practical wisdom”(Robert H. Jackson)See Synonyms at moderate
“用一点实践智慧调和其纯理论的逻辑”(罗伯特H.杰克逊)参见 moderate

(2)

To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by or as if by blending, admixing, or kneading:
调:通过或如通过混和、融和或揉捏来使其达到所需的坚固性、质地、硬度或其它物理状态:
temper clay; paints that had been tempered with oil.
捏和粘土;已用油调和过的漆

(3)

To harden or strengthen (metal or glass) by application of heat or by heating and cooling.
回火:通过加热或热冷交替来增加(金属或玻璃)的强度和硬度

(4)

To strengthen through experience or hardship; toughen:
锻炼:通过经历和磨难使其坚强;锻炼:
soldiers who had been tempered by combat.
经过战斗锻炼的士兵们

(5)

To adjust finely; attune:
缓合:很好地调整;使协调:
a portfolio that is tempered to the investor's needs.
调整得适合投资者需求的有价证券

(6)

Music To adjust (the pitch of an instrument) to a temperament.
【音乐】 调音:调整(一个乐器的音调)使之温和
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To be or become tempered.
使调和,变调和
n.(名词)

(1)

A state of mind or emotions; disposition:
性情:情绪或情感的一种状态;性情:
an even temper.See Synonyms at mood 1
平和的性情参见 mood1

(2)

Calmness of mind or emotions; composure:
情绪,脾气:情绪或情感的镇静;沉着:
lose one's temper.
发脾气

(3)

A tendency to become easily angry or irritable:
易发怒的:容易发怒或急躁的倾向的:
a quick temper.
急脾气

(4)

An outburst of rage:
怒气:
a fit of temper.
一阵怒气

(5)

A characteristic general quality; tone:
特征:有代表性的普遍特征;特征:
heroes who exemplified the medieval temper; the politicized temper of the 1930's.
例证了中世纪的特点的英雄们;20世纪30年代的政治特点

(6)

The condition of being tempered.
回火:回过火的状态

(7)

The degree of hardness and elasticity of a metal, chiefly steel, achieved by tempering.
韧度:通过回火后的金属(主要指铁)的硬度和韧度

(8)

A modifying substance or agent added to something else.
调和物:加于其他物质上起缓和作用的物质或药剂

(9)

Archaic A middle course between extremes; a mean.
【古语】 中庸:极端之间的中间路线;中庸

语源

(1)

Middle English temperen
中古英语 temperen

(2)

from Old English temprian
源自 古英语 temprian

(3)

from Latin temper3e
源自 拉丁语 temper3e

(4)

probably from temper-
可能源自 temper-

(5)

variant of tempor- [stem of] tempus [time, season]
tempor-的变体 [] tempus的词干 [时间,季节]

继承用法

temperability
n.(名词)

temperable
adj.(形容词)

temperer
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

temper
[5tempE(r)]
n.

(1)

脾气;性情;心情
in a good temper
心情好

(2)

闹情绪;发脾气
He's in a temper today.
他今天在闹情绪。
He lost his temper.
他发脾气了。

习惯用语

fly into a temper
勃然大怒 (= get into a temper)

keep one's temper
忍住气;不发火

lose one's temper
发火;生气

out of temper
发火;动怒

词性变化

temper
vt., vi.

(1)

(把金属、黏土)炼硬

(2)

(与with连用)冲淡;缓和;调剂
to temper strong drink with water
用水将烈酒冲淡

现代英汉综合大辞典

temper
[5tempE]
n.

(1)

气质; 性情; 脾气

(2)

心情, 情绪; 坏脾气

(3)

[古]适中, 中庸

(4)

(钢铁等的)硬度, 韧度

(5)

回火色

(6)

特征, 趋势, 趋向

(7)

含碳量

(8)

皮革的质量[地]

(9)

(灰泥的)稠度

(10)

(制合金、调灰泥等用的)调合物, 混合物; 中和剂, 增效剂
an even [an equal, a calm] temper
性情平和
ill temper
坏脾气
temper of the clay
粘土的硬度
draw the temper off
(炼钢)回火
the temper of the times
时势
the temper of Chinese Literature
中国文学的趋向

词性变化

temper
[5tempE]
vt.

(1)

缓和, 调节, 调剂

(2)

揉和

(3)

【冶】使回火, 煅炼

(4)

调(色)

(5)

【音】调(乐器的)音
temper strong drinks with water
用水将烈酒冲淡
The sea tempers the climates.
海洋调节气候。

temper
[5tempE]
vi.

(1)

变柔软; 被缓和; 被调剂

(2)

(金属)经回火后具有适当韧度

继承用法

temperer
n.

(1)

回火工人, 鞣革工人

(2)

搅拌石灰、水泥的人[机器]

(3)

抚慰者, 缓和者

temperish
adj.
易发脾气的

tempersome
[`tempEsEm]
adj.
暴燥的, 易发脾气的

习惯用语

be in a good [bad] temper
心情好[坏]

control [keep] one's temper
捺住性子, 忍着气

draw the temper
(钢)回火

get [go, fly] into a temper
发脾气,动火气

in a fit of temper
在发怒中

in atemper
闹情绪,生气

loseone's temper
动怒, 发脾气

lost temper
退火[减低硬度]

out of temper
生气, 发脾气

put sb. out of temper
惹某人发怒

quick [short, hot] temper
急躁的脾气

recover [regain] one's temper
平静下来, 息怒, 恢复自制力

show temper
发脾气, 急燥

特殊用法

dead soft temper
软钢板回火

drawing temper
回火处理

oil temper
油回火

soft temper
软化回火

spring temper
弹簧回火, 弹簧韧度

参考词汇
disposition; mood1]    

英文相关词典

temper
character    condition    constitution    disposition    mood    nature    tendency    intensify    

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

temper
淬火

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

temper
回火

美国传统词典

temper
tem.per
AHD:[tμm“p…r]
D.J.[6temp*]
K.K.[6tWmp+]
v.
tem.pered, tem.per.ing, tem.pers
v.tr.

(1)

To modify by the addition of a moderating element; moderate:
“temper its doctrinaire logic with a little practical wisdom”(Robert H. Jackson)See Synonyms at moderate

(2)

To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by or as if by blending, admixing, or kneading:
temper clay; paints that had been tempered with oil.

(3)

To harden or strengthen (metal or glass) by application of heat or by heating and cooling.

(4)

To strengthen through experience or hardship; toughen:
soldiers who had been tempered by combat.

(5)

To adjust finely; attune:
a portfolio that is tempered to the investor's needs.

(6)

Music To adjust (the pitch of an instrument) to a temperament.
v.intr.
To be or become tempered.
n.

(1)

A state of mind or emotions; disposition:
an even temper.See Synonyms at mood 1

(2)

Calmness of mind or emotions; composure:
lose one's temper.

(3)

A tendency to become easily angry or irritable:
a quick temper.

(4)

An outburst of rage:
a fit of temper.

(5)

A characteristic general quality; tone:
heroes who exemplified the medieval temper; the politicized temper of the 1930's.

(6)

The condition of being tempered.

(7)

The degree of hardness and elasticity of a metal, chiefly steel, achieved by tempering.

(8)

A modifying substance or agent added to something else.

(9)

Archaic A middle course between extremes; a mean.

语源

(1)

Middle English temperen

(2)

from Old English temprian

(3)

from Latin temper3e

(4)

probably from temper-

(5)

variant of tempor- [stem of] tempus [time, season]

继承用法

temperability
n.

temperable
adj.

temperer
n.

英汉船舶大词典

temper
n.回火度

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

temper
回火

英汉地质大词典

temper
n.回火,韧度,捏

英汉法学大词典

temper
v.缓和

英汉航空大词典

temper
n.回火

英汉化学大词典

temper
n.性惰,韧度,回火,硬度,调合,煅炼,情绪,适中;vt.回火,回火度

英汉海运大词典

temper
回火韧度使回火vi.(金属)经回火后具有适当的韧度

基本词义

temper
性情锻炼调合

基本词义

temper
调合回火韧度锻炼性情

英汉计算机大词典

temper
vt.回火(回火度);n.情绪(适中,调合物)

英汉机械大词典

temper
n.回火

英汉建筑大词典

temper
n.回火,使软化,调合

英汉农牧林大词典

temper
n.调和,调节,调整

英汉汽车大词典

temper
n.回火

英汉水利大词典

temper
n.退火,回火,硬度

英汉心理学大词典

temper
调和

英汉冶金大词典

temper
n.混捏,回火

英汉医学大词典

temper
n.锻炼,心情

英汉中医大词典

temper
n.心情,性情,脾气

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