简明英汉词典

tear
[tiE]
n.
破处, 破缝, 泪滴, 眼泪, 扯, 飞奔, 激怒
vi.
流泪, 撕破, 猛冲, 飞奔, 被撕破
vt.
扯, 撕, 撕破, 戳破, 拉掉, 折磨, 使分裂, 撕掉

美国传统词典[双解]

tear
tear 1
AHD:[tar]
D.J.[tW*r]
K.K.[tWr]
v.(动词)
tore[t?r, t?r] torn[t?rn, t?rn] tear.ingtears
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To pull apart or into pieces by force; rend.
撕裂:用力扯开或扯成碎片;撕裂

(2)

To make (an opening) by ripping:
撕破:通过撕造成(一个缺口):
tore a hole in my stocking.
在我的长袜上撕破一个洞

(3)

To lacerate (the skin, for example).
划伤:划破(例如皮肤)

(4)

To separate forcefully; wrench:
夺走:用力地分开;夺取:
tore the wrappings off the present.
把包装纸从礼物上撕下来

(5)

To divide or disrupt:
使分裂:使分裂或瓦解:
was torn between opposing choices; a country that was torn by strife.
在相反的选择之间,不知如何是好;因为冲突而分裂的国家
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To become torn.
被撕裂

(2)

To move with heedless speed; rush headlong.
狂奔:以不留心的速度移动;猛地往前冲
n.(名词)

(1)

The act of tearing.
撕:撕的动作

(2)

The result of tearing; a rip or rent.
裂缝:撕的结果;裂口或裂缝

(3)

A great rush; a hurry.
狂奔;疾驰

(4)

Slang A carousal; a spree.
【俚语】 狂欢宴会;宴会

常用词组

tear around 【非正式用语】

(1)

To move about in excited, often angry haste.
四处狂跑:兴奋地,经常是愤怒地匆忙地走来走去

(2)

To lead a wild life.
生活放荡

tear at

(1)

To pull at or attack violently:
撕扯:猛裂地撕扯或进攻:
The dog tore at the meat.
狗撕扯肉

(2)

To distress greatly:
严重伤害:
Their plight tore at his heart.
他们的困境让他感到很难过

tear away
To remove (oneself, for example) unwillingly or reluctantly.
使…勉强地离开:使(例如某人自己)不情愿地或勉强地离开

tear down

(1)

To demolish:
拆毁:
tear down old tenements.
拆毁旧住房

(2)

To take apart; disassemble:
拆开;拆散:
tear down an engine.
拆开发动机

(3)

To vilify or denigrate.
贬低,诋毁

tear into
To attack with great vigor or violence:
猛攻:以巨大的勇气或暴力进攻:
tore into the food; tore into his opponent.
抢夺食物;猛攻他的对手

tear off 【非正式用语】
To produce hurriedly and casually:
匆匆地或随便地做成:
tearing off article after news article.
以新闻报道为题材,匆匆写出文章

tear up

(1)

To tear to pieces.
撕成碎片

(2)

To make an opening in:
挖开:
tore up the sidewalk to add a drain.
挖开人行道以加入排水管

习惯用语

tear (one's) hair
To be greatly upset or distressed.
极度烦躁或悲伤

语源

(1)

Middle English teren
中古英语 teren

(2)

from Old English teran * see der-
源自 古英语 teran *参见 der-

继承用法

tearer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

tearriprendsplitcleave

(2)

These verbs mean to separate or pull apart by force.
这些动词意为用力分开或拉开。

(3)

Tear involves pulling something apart or into pieces:
Tear 含有把某物扯开或扯成碎片的意思:
“She tore the letter in shreds” (Edith Wharton).
“她把信撕成碎片” (伊迪丝·沃顿)。

(4)

Rip implies rough or forcible tearing apart or away, often along a dividing line such as a seam or joint:
Rip 暗指经常沿分割线,例如裂缝或接合线,粗暴的或用力的撕开或撕掉:
Carpenters ripped up the old floorboards.
木匠们拆开旧的地板。

(5)

Rend usually refers to violent tearing or wrenching apart:
Rend 通常指猛烈的撕扯或猛力扭开:
“Come as the winds come, when/Forests are rended” (Sir Walter Scott). To split is to cut or break something into parts or layers, especially along its entire length or along a natural line of division:
“像风一样到来,当时/森林撕裂” (沃尔特·司各特爵士)。Split 意为把某物切割或打断成几部分或几层, 尤指沿它的整个长度或沿自然的分割线:
“They [wood stumps] warmed me twice— once while I was splitting them, and again when they were on the fire” (Henry David Thoreau).
“它们[木桩] 使我温暖了两次—— 一次是当我劈开它们时,另一次是当它们正烧着的时候” (亨利·戴维·索罗)。

(6)

Cleave most often refers to splitting with or as if with a sharp instrument:
Cleave 最经常指用或好象用锋利工具劈:
“The apple's cleft right through the core” (J.C.F. von Schiller).
”苹果的裂缝正好通过果实的心” (J.C.F.冯·席勒)

基本词义

tear
tear 2
AHD:[t?r]
D.J.[ti*]
K.K.[t!r]
n.(名词)

(1)

A drop of the clear salty liquid that is secreted by the lachrymal gland of the eye to lubricate the surface between the eyeball and eyelid and to wash away irritants.
眼泪:为润滑眼球和眼睑之间的接触面并洗去刺激物而由眼的泪腺分泌的一滴透明的咸的液体

(2)

tears A profusion of this liquid spilling from the eyes and wetting the cheeks, especially as an expression of emotion.
tears 流泪:从眼中溢出并湿润面颊的大量的眼泪,尤指感情的一种表达方式

(3)

tears The act of weeping:
tears 哭泣:哭泣的动作:
criticism that left me in tears.
使我哭泣的批评

(4)

A drop of a liquid or hardened fluid.
泪滴状物:一滴液体或变硬的液体
v.intr.(不及物动词)
tearedtear.ingtears
To fill with tears.
充满泪水

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English t?r * see dakru-
源自 古英语 t?r *参见 dakru-

现代英汉词典

tear 1
[teE(r)]
vt., vi.
tore, torn, tearing

(1)

(常与up连用)撕扯;撕裂;撕破;撕毁
to tear up the letter
撕毁一封信
He tore his trousers.
他撕破了裤子。

(2)

撕成;扯成
to tear a hole
扯了一个洞

(3)

撕掉
to tear some of the papers out of the book
把书撕掉了好几页

(4)

(常与away, off, at连用)忍痛离开,迅速走掉

(5)

破;裂
This material tears easily.
这种料子很容易撕破。

(6)

使分裂;使受折磨
a country torn apart by war
被战争弄得四分五裂的国家

(7)

飞奔;狂跑
The children were tearing about in the garden.
孩子们在花园里四处奔跑。

常用词组

tear apart

(1)

把…弄得一团糟

(2)

指责(某人或他的工作)很差

tear into

(1)

猛袭;痛击

(2)

严厉斥责

tear off
草率凑成;匆匆做成

习惯用语

tear sb. off a strip
痛骂某人

基本词义

tear 2
[tIE(r)]
n.
眼泪
Tears come to your eyes when you cry.
当你哭的时候,眼里就会充满泪水。

习惯用语

in tears
哭泣;流着泪

现代英汉综合大辞典

tear
[tiE]
n.

(1)

[常用复]眼泪, 泪珠

(2)

滴, 露珠, 水珠, 玻璃珠, 树脂珠; [美俚]珍珠
tears of joy
喜悦的眼泪
The sad story moved us to tears.
这个悲惨的故事使我们感动得流泪 。
Tears rolled down her cheeks.
泪珠从她的面颊流下。

词性变化

tear
vi.
流泪, 含泪

继承用法

tearbomb
n.
催泪弹

teardrop
n.
泪珠, 泪状物, 坠子

tearduct
n.
泪腺[管]

teargas
n.
催泪性毒气

词性变化

tear
vt.
(用)催泪毒气(袭击)

tearjerker
n.
[美俚]使人流泪的歌曲[故事、电影等]

tearpit
n.
泪窝

tearshell
n.
催泪弹

tear-stained
adj.
泪水沾湿的

tearless
[`tIElIs]
adj.
无泪的

tearlessly
adv.

tearlessness
n.

习惯用语

be dissolved in [into] tears
泪流满面[情不自禁]地哭起来

bitter tears
伤心[辛酸]泪

blink away [back] (the) tears
眨着眼睛忍住眼泪

break forth [burst] into tears
突然大哭起来, 放声大哭

crocodile tears
“鳄鱼的眼泪”; 伪善的眼泪, 假哭

dash away a tear [one's tears]
抹去眼泪

draw tears
催人泪下

in tears
含泪; 流着泪, 在哭泣

laugh away one's tears
笑着把眼泪掩饰过去

melt into tears
感动得哭起来

mingle tears
共泣, 对泣

move sb. to tears
使某人感动得流泪

reduce to tears
使伤心得流泪

scalding tears
热泪

shed a tear

(1)

[谑]小便

(2)

[废]喝一杯酒

shed tears
流泪

smile through one's tears
含泪微笑

squeeze out a tear
勉强挤出一滴眼泪

water sth.with one's tears
[废]用眼泪来浇某物

with tears
哭着, 含泪

Tears of Eos
晨露

tears of (strong)wine
酒泪

用法词典

tear
中古英语teren<古英语teran撕裂

英文相关词典

tear
cut    rip    sever    slash    slice    slit    split    unite    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

tear
眼泪;撕碎

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

tear
精梳率

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

tear

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

tear
划伤, 擦伤

美国传统词典

tear
tear 1
AHD:[tar]
D.J.[tW*r]
K.K.[tWr]
v.
tore[t?r, t?r] torn[t?rn, t?rn] tear.ing, tears
v.tr.

(1)

To pull apart or into pieces by force; rend.

(2)

To make (an opening) by ripping:
tore a hole in my stocking.

(3)

To lacerate (the skin, for example).

(4)

To separate forcefully; wrench:
tore the wrappings off the present.

(5)

To divide or disrupt:
was torn between opposing choices; a country that was torn by strife.
v.intr.

(1)

To become torn.

(2)

To move with heedless speed; rush headlong.
n.

(1)

The act of tearing.

(2)

The result of tearing; a rip or rent.

(3)

A great rush; a hurry.

(4)

Slang A carousal; a spree.

常用词组

tear around Informal

(1)

To move about in excited, often angry haste.

(2)

To lead a wild life.

tear at

(1)

To pull at or attack violently:
The dog tore at the meat.

(2)

To distress greatly:
Their plight tore at his heart.

tear away
To remove (oneself, for example) unwillingly or reluctantly.

tear down

(1)

To demolish:
tear down old tenements.

(2)

To take apart; disassemble:
tear down an engine.

(3)

To vilify or denigrate.

tear into
To attack with great vigor or violence:
tore into the food; tore into his opponent.

tear off Informal
To produce hurriedly and casually:
tearing off article after news article.

tear up

(1)

To tear to pieces.

(2)

To make an opening in:
tore up the sidewalk to add a drain.

习惯用语

tear (one's) hair
To be greatly upset or distressed.

语源

(1)

Middle English teren

(2)

from Old English teran * see der-

继承用法

tearer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

tear, rip, rend, split, cleave

(2)

These verbs mean to separate or pull apart by force.

(3)

Tear involves pulling something apart or into pieces:
“She tore the letter in shreds” (Edith Wharton).

(4)

Rip implies rough or forcible tearing apart or away, often along a dividing line such as a seam or joint:
Carpenters ripped up the old floorboards.

(5)

Rend usually refers to violent tearing or wrenching apart:
“Come as the winds come, when/Forests are rended” (Sir Walter Scott). To split is to cut or break something into parts or layers, especially along its entire length or along a natural line of division:
“They [wood stumps] warmed me twice— once while I was splitting them, and again when they were on the fire” (Henry David Thoreau).

(6)

Cleave most often refers to splitting with or as if with a sharp instrument:
“The apple's cleft right through the core” (J.C.F. von Schiller).

基本词义

tear
tear 2
AHD:[t?r]
D.J.[ti*]
K.K.[t!r]
n.

(1)

A drop of the clear salty liquid that is secreted by the lachrymal gland of the eye to lubricate the surface between the eyeball and eyelid and to wash away irritants.

(2)

tears A profusion of this liquid spilling from the eyes and wetting the cheeks, especially as an expression of emotion.

(3)

tears The act of weeping:
criticism that left me in tears.

(4)

A drop of a liquid or hardened fluid.
v.intr.
teared, tear.ing, tears
To fill with tears.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English t?r * see dakru-

[名词委审定]英汉冶金学名词(1999)

tear
撕裂

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(六, 外科, 1997)

tear
撕开

英汉船舶大词典

tear
n.扯裂,撕裂

英汉地质大词典

tear
n.泪,撕裂,裂缝;n.跳变

英汉纺织大词典

tear
n.撕破,精梳率

英汉航海大词典

tear
n.扯裂,撕裂

英汉航空大词典

tear
n.撕裂,扯;n.撕破

英汉化学大词典

tear
n.撕,眼泪,裂开,磨损,撕裂,撕开,泪状物,滴;vt.撕开,磨损,飞跑

英汉海运大词典

tear
撕裂,开裂,磨损,vi.撕破,扯裂

基本词义

tear
撕破,扯裂

基本词义

tear
撕裂,开裂,磨损,撕破,扯裂

英汉经贸大词典

tear
vt.撕开,磨损,飞跑;n.眼泪,撕开,泪状物,滴,露,磨损,飞跑

英汉计算机大词典

tear
vt.撕开(磨损,飞跑);n.眼泪(撕开,泪状物

英汉机械大词典

tear
n.泪,撕

英汉建筑大词典

tear
vt.撕,刺破,磨损

英汉农牧林大词典

tear
n.撕裂,扯裂,撕碎

英汉水利大词典

tear
n.撕,扯裂,猛拉

英汉心理学大词典

tear
折磨

英汉冶金大词典

tear
n.撕裂,断裂

英汉医学大词典

tear
n.泪

英汉中医大词典

tear
n.眼泪,泪珠,泪珠状物

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