简明英汉词典

teach
[ti:tF]
v.
讲授, 教授

美国传统词典[双解]

teach
teach
AHD:[t?ch]
D.J.[ti8t.]
K.K.[tit.]
v.(动词)
taught[t?t] teach.ingteach.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To impart knowledge or skill to:
教:向…传授知识或技术:
teaches children.
教儿童

(2)

To provide knowledge of; instruct in:
教:提供…的知识;教:
teaches French.
教法语

(3)

To condition to a certain action or frame of mind:
训练,教导:使适应特定的行为或精神状态:
teaching youngsters to be self-reliant.
教导年轻人自立

(4)

To cause to learn by example or experience:
教育:使…通过事例或经验学习:
an accident that taught me a valuable lesson.
事故给了我一个有价值的教训

(5)

To advocate or preach:
提倡或宣扬:
teaches racial and religious tolerance.
宣扬种族的和宗教的宽容

(6)

To carry on instruction on a regular basis in:
执教于:在定期的基础上实施教育:
taught high school for many years.
在中学执教多年
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To give instruction, especially as an occupation.
教书:给予教育,尤指作为一种职业

语源

(1)

Middle English techen
中古英语 techen

(2)

from Old English t?n * see deik-
源自 古英语 t?n *参见 deik-

参考词汇

(1)

teachinstructeducatetrainschooldisciplinedrill

(2)

These verbs mean to impart knowledge or skill.
这些动词意为传授知识或技术。

(3)

Teach is the most widely applicable:
Teach 应用最广泛:
teaching a child the alphabet;
教一个儿童字母表;
teaches political science.
教授政治学。
“We shouldn't teach great books; we should teach a love of reading” (B.F. Skinner).
“我们不应该教授太多的书籍;我们应该教导热爱读书” (B.F.斯金纳)。

(4)

Instruct usually suggests methodical teaching:
Instruct 通常暗示有方法的教育:
A graduate student instructed the freshmen in the rudiments of music theory.
一名研究生向新生教授音乐理论的基本原理。

(5)

Educate often implies formal instruction but especially stresses the development of innate capacities that leads to wide cultivation:
Educate 经常暗指正式的教育但特别强调导致一般的教养的天生能力的发展:
“All educated Americans, first or last, go to Europe” (Ralph Waldo Emerson).
“所有受过教育的美国人,第一个或最后一个,前往欧洲” (拉尔夫·沃尔多·爱默生)。

(6)

Train suggests concentration on particular skills intended to fit a person for a desired role:
Train 暗指集中教授专门技能以使人适合所要求的角色:
The young woman attends vocational school, where she is being trained as a computer technician.
这个年轻女子进入职业学校,在那里她被训练成计算机工程师。

(7)

School often implies an arduous learning process:
School 经常暗指艰苦的学习过程:
The violinist had been schooled to practice slowly to assure accurate intonation.
小提琴手慢慢地训练找到准确的音调。

(8)

Discipline usually refers to the teaching of control, especially self-control:
Discipline 通常指教授控制,尤其是自我克制:
The writer has disciplined himself to work between breakfast and lunch every day.
这位作家已能训练自己每天在早饭和午饭之间工作。

(9)

Drill implies rigorous instruction or training, often by repetition of a routine:
Drill 暗指严格的教育或训练,经常通过按惯例的重复:
The French instructor drilled the students in irregular verbs.
法语教师训练学生的不规则动词用法

用法

(1)

Some grammarians have objected to the use of teach as a transitive verb when its object denotes an institution of learning, as in
一些语法学家反对teach 在它的宾语表示学习的机构时它作为及物动词的用法, 如在
Kim teaches grade school.
吉姆执教于小学中。

(2)

This usage has wide currency at all levels, however, and is supported by the analogy to phrases such as grade-school teacher. It should be regarded as entirely correct.
然而,这一用法在不同层次都广泛流行,并且得到形如小学教师 的类似短语的支持。 它应该被认为是完全正确的

基本词义

Teach
Teach
AHD:[t?ch] also Thatch [th2ch] Edward Known as “Blackbeard.”(Died 1718)
D.J.[ti8t.]also Thatch [G#t.]
K.K.[tit.]also Thatch [G#t.]
NONE(无词性)
English pirate who established a base on the North Carolina coast after 1713 and conducted acts of piracy off the coast of the American colonies and in the Caribbean. He was killed by British naval forces.
蒂奇,爱德华:(卒于 1718) 英国海盗,1713年后在北卡罗来纳海岸建立基地,并在北美殖民地沿岸和加勒比海进行海盗活动。被英国海军剿灭

现代英汉词典

teach
[ti:tF]
vt., vi.
taught, teaching

(1)

教,教导,教授
Who taught you to ride a bicycle?
谁教你骑自行车的?

(2)

教会

(3)

惩戒,教训

现代英汉综合大辞典

teach
[ti:tF]
vt.
(taught [tC:t])

(1)

教, 讲授, 训练

(2)

教导, 教育

(3)

教训, 告诫...不要(做某事), [俗]罚

(4)

使...学 习, 做...老师
teach mathematics [history, chemistry]
教(授)数学[历史、化学]
teach the piano
教钢琴
He taught physics to the students at a college ten years ago.
十年前他在大学教物理。
He teaches himself English.
他自学英语。
He has taught his dog to perform some clever tricks.
他已经训练他的狗玩几样灵巧的把戏了。

词性变化

teach
vi.

(1)

教书; 教授; 进行教学

(2)

被讲解, (课程)教起来
a book that teaches easily
一本好教的书
He teaches for a living.
他以教书为生。
He has been teaching four hours already this morning.
今天上午他已经教了四个小时的课。

teach
n.
[俚]=teacher

习惯用语

teach sb. to do sth.
[口]惩治某人使不敢做某事, 教训某人别做某事[常与 will 连用](When I catch that boy, I'll teach him to tell lies to me. 要是我抓到那个小孩, 我要好好治治他, 看他还敢不敢对我撒谎。)

That'll teach you.
[口]这就是给你的教训; 这下你可学乖了。

参考词汇
teach     instruct     educate    
都含“教、教导”的意思。

(1)

teach系常用词, 指“传授知识或技艺”、“在训练,培养或工作等方面给与指导”, 如:
He taught her how to skate.
他教她怎样滑冰。

(2)

instruct含义很接近 teach,但较其正式, 常着重“对某一学科知识进行系统教授”, 如:
She instructs a class in chemistry.
她给某班学生上化学课。

(3)

educate 指“教育”、“训练”, 如:
He was educated in Harvard.
他受教于哈佛大学。

用法词典

teach
过去式taught…(中古英语techen<古英语t?can<词干tacn符号)

英文相关词典

teach
coach    direct    educate    enlighten    guide    instruct    show    tutor    learn    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

teach
教课;教

美国传统词典

teach
teach
AHD:[t?ch]
D.J.[ti8t.]
K.K.[tit.]
v.
taught[t?t] teach.ing, teach.es
v.tr.

(1)

To impart knowledge or skill to:
teaches children.

(2)

To provide knowledge of; instruct in:
teaches French.

(3)

To condition to a certain action or frame of mind:
teaching youngsters to be self-reliant.

(4)

To cause to learn by example or experience:
an accident that taught me a valuable lesson.

(5)

To advocate or preach:
teaches racial and religious tolerance.

(6)

To carry on instruction on a regular basis in:
taught high school for many years.
v.intr.
To give instruction, especially as an occupation.

语源

(1)

Middle English techen

(2)

from Old English t?n * see deik-

参考词汇

(1)

teach, instruct, educate, train, school, discipline, drill

(2)

These verbs mean to impart knowledge or skill.

(3)

Teach is the most widely applicable:
teaching a child the alphabet;
teaches political science.
“We shouldn't teach great books; we should teach a love of reading” (B.F. Skinner).

(4)

Instruct usually suggests methodical teaching:
A graduate student instructed the freshmen in the rudiments of music theory.

(5)

Educate often implies formal instruction but especially stresses the development of innate capacities that leads to wide cultivation:
“All educated Americans, first or last, go to Europe” (Ralph Waldo Emerson).

(6)

Train suggests concentration on particular skills intended to fit a person for a desired role:
The young woman attends vocational school, where she is being trained as a computer technician.

(7)

School often implies an arduous learning process:
The violinist had been schooled to practice slowly to assure accurate intonation.

(8)

Discipline usually refers to the teaching of control, especially self-control:
The writer has disciplined himself to work between breakfast and lunch every day.

(9)

Drill implies rigorous instruction or training, often by repetition of a routine:
The French instructor drilled the students in irregular verbs.

用法

(1)

Some grammarians have objected to the use of teach as a transitive verb when its object denotes an institution of learning, as in
Kim teaches grade school.

(2)

This usage has wide currency at all levels, however, and is supported by the analogy to phrases such as grade-school teacher. It should be regarded as entirely correct.

基本词义

Teach
Teach
AHD:[t?ch] also Thatch [th2ch] Edward Known as “Blackbeard.” (Died 1718)
D.J.[ti8t.]also Thatch [G#t.]
K.K.[tit.]also Thatch [G#t.]
NONE
English pirate who established a base on the North Carolina coast after 1713 and conducted acts of piracy off the coast of the American colonies and in the Caribbean. He was killed by British naval forces.

英汉法学大词典

teach
v.教育

英汉化学大词典

teach
vt.教,讲授,使认识到

英汉计算机大词典

teach
vt.教(讲授,使认识到)

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