简明英汉词典

tarnish
[5tB:niF]
v.
失去光泽

美国传统词典[双解]

tarnish
tar.nish
AHD:[t?r“n1sh]
D.J.[6t$8ni.]
K.K.[6t$n!.]
v.(动词)
tar.nishedtar.nish.ingtar.nish.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To dull the luster of; discolor, especially by exposure to air or dirt.
使晦暗:使…的光泽晦暗;使褪色,尤指通过把…暴露在空气或灰尘中

(2)

To detract from or spoil; taint:
减损,败坏;玷污:
a tragedy that tarnished our hopes.
一场使我们的希望成为泡影的悲剧

(3)

To cast aspersions on; sully:
诽谤;中伤:
slander that tarnished the senator's image.
玷污参议员形象的诽谤之词
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To lose luster; become discolored.
失去光泽;褪色

(2)

To diminish or become tainted.
减小,受到玷污
n.(名词)

(1)

The condition of being tarnished.
暗晦,失去光泽:失去光泽的状况

(2)

Discoloration of a metal surface caused by corrosion or oxidation.
生锈:金属表面由于腐蚀或氧化造成的褪色现象

(3)

The condition of being sullied or tainted.
玷污:被中伤或玷污的状况

语源

(1)

Middle English ternisshen
中古英语 ternisshen

(2)

from Old French ternir terniss- [to dull]
源自 古法语 ternir terniss- [使…变(愚)钝]

(3)

from terne [dull]
源自 terne [(愚)钝的]

(4)

[of Germanic origin]
[源于日耳曼语]

继承用法

tarnishable
adj.(形容词)

现代英汉词典

tarnish
[5tB:nIF]
vi., vt.
失去光泽;变灰暗

现代英汉综合大辞典

tarnish
[5tB:niF]
vt., vi.

(1)

(使)失去光译, (使)变灰暗

(2)

(使)生锈

(3)

玷污, 败坏(名誉等)
His reputation was tarnished.
他的声誉受到玷污。

词性变化

tarnish
[5tB:niF]
n.
晦暗, 无光泽, 表面变色; 污点, 锈蚀, 生锈
tarnish film
锈[氧化]膜

继承用法

tarnish-proof
adj.
不失去光泽的, 不变色的

tarnish-resistant
adj.
不生锈的, 不变色的

tarnishable
adj.

tarnished
adj.

英文相关词典

tarnish
dim    discolor    dull    fade    soil    stain    

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

tarnish
变暗, 失光泽

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

tarnish
变灰暗

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

tarnish
无光泽表面;氧化膜

美国传统词典

tarnish
tar.nish
AHD:[t?r“n1sh]
D.J.[6t$8ni.]
K.K.[6t$n!.]
v.
tar.nished, tar.nish.ing, tar.nish.es
v.tr.

(1)

To dull the luster of; discolor, especially by exposure to air or dirt.

(2)

To detract from or spoil; taint:
a tragedy that tarnished our hopes.

(3)

To cast aspersions on; sully:
slander that tarnished the senator's image.
v.intr.

(1)

To lose luster; become discolored.

(2)

To diminish or become tainted.
n.

(1)

The condition of being tarnished.

(2)

Discoloration of a metal surface caused by corrosion or oxidation.

(3)

The condition of being sullied or tainted.

语源

(1)

Middle English ternisshen

(2)

from Old French ternir terniss- [to dull]

(3)

from terne [dull]

(4)

[of Germanic origin]

继承用法

tarnishable
adj.

[名词委审定]英汉电工名词(1998)

tarnish
失泽物

[名词委审定]英汉地质学名词(1993)

tarnish
锖色

英汉船舶大词典

tarnish
n.变色,失去光泽

英汉电信大词典

tarnish
n.失去光泽,锈蚀

英汉地质大词典

tarnish
n.锖色,失泽,变暗

英汉法学大词典

tarnish
v.污辱

英汉化学大词典

tarnish
n.失泽,锈蚀,失去光泽,污点,晦暗;vt.变暗,失去光泽,生锈,使...失去光泽

英汉计算机大词典

tarnish
vt.变暗(使...失去光泽,使...生锈);n.锈蚀(晦暗,污点)

英汉建筑大词典

tarnish
n.表面双色,生锈,污点

英汉农牧林大词典

tarnish
n.使失去光泽,使变色,使生锈

英汉心理学大词典

tarnish
降低

英汉冶金大词典

tarnish
n.无光泽表面,暗面

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