简明英汉词典

talk back
v.
顶嘴, 反驳, (在电台等的对讲电路上)回话

美国传统词典[双解]

talk
talk
AHD:[t?k]
D.J.[t%8k]
K.K.[t%k]
v.(动词)
talkedtalk.ingtalks
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To articulate (words):
说:发出(词语)的音来:
The baby is talking sentences now.
婴儿正说着句子

(2)

To give expression to in words:
用词语来表达:
talk treason.
陈述叛乱罪

(3)

To speak of or discuss (something):
谈论或讨论(某件事物):
talk music; talk business.
谈论音乐;谈论商业

(4)

To speak or know how to speak in (an idiom or a language):
以某语言表达:用(一个习惯用法或一种语言来)说或知道如何说:
talked French with the flight crew.
用法语和机组人员交谈

(5)

To gain, influence, or bring into a specified state by talking:
说服:通过说话来赢得、影响或使…进入某一特定的状态:
talked me into coming; talked their way out of trouble.
说服我借着聊天消除忧虑

(6)

To spend (a period of time) by or as if by talking:
用谈话打发时间:用说话或仿佛用说话来打发(一段时间):
talked the evening away.
在谈话中度过了傍晚的时光
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To converse by means of spoken language:
交谈:通过口语来交流思想:
We talked for hours.See Synonyms at speak
我们谈了几个钟头参见 speak

(2)

To articulate words:
说话:发出词语的音来:
The baby can talk.
这个婴儿会说话了

(3)

To imitate the sounds of human speech:
模仿人说话的声音:
The parrot talks.
这个鹦鹉会说话

(4)

To express one's thoughts or emotions by means of spoken language:
谈论:通过口语来表达自己的思想或情感:
talked about the pros and cons of the issue.
谈论这一议题中的正反两方

(5)

To convey one's thoughts in a way other than by spoken words:
用说话以外的其它方式来表达自己的思想:
talk with one's hands.
用手势来表达情意

(6)

To express one's thoughts in writing:
以书面的形式来表达自己的观点:
Voltaire talks about London in this book.
伏尔泰在这本书中谈到了他对伦敦的看法

(7)

To parley or negotiate with someone:
商议,协商:和某人商谈或谈判:
Let's talk before continuing to fight.
让我们在继续开战前先坐下来谈一谈

(8)

To spread rumors; gossip:
散布谣言;闲谈:
If you do that, people will talk.
如果你这么做,就会落人口实

(9)

To allude to something:
提及某事物:
Are you talking about last week?
你是在说上个星期的事吗?

(10)

To consult or confer with someone:
交谈:与某人交谈或向某人咨询:
I talked with the doctor.
我和医生谈过了

(11)

To reveal information concerning oneself or others, especially under pressure:
交代:吐露关于自己或别人的信息,尤指在有压力的情形下:
Has the prisoner talked?
那个罪犯交代了吗?

(12)

Informal To be efficacious:
【非正式用语】 有效力:
Money talks.
有钱能使鬼推磨
n.(名词)

(1)

An exchange of ideas or opinions; a conversation.
交谈:观点或意见的交换;对话

(2)

A speech or lecture.
演讲或讲座

(3)

Hearsay, rumor, or speculation:
传闻、谣言或猜测:
There is talk of bankruptcy.
有传闻说要破产

(4)

A subject of conversation:
谈话的题目:
a musical that is the talk of the town.
成为镇上人们的议论话题的一部歌舞片

(5)

Often talks A conference or negotiation:
常作 talks 会议,谈判:
peace talks.
和谈

(6)

Jargon; slang:
黑话;俚语:
prison talk.
监狱里犯人间用的隐语

(7)

Empty speech or unnecessary discussion:
空话,不必要的讨论:
much talk and no action.
光有一大堆空话而无实际行动

(8)

A particular manner of speech:
特殊的谈话方式:
baby talk; honeyed talk.
婴儿式的谈话;甜言蜜语

(9)

Something, such as the sounds of animals, felt to resemble human talk:
动物发出的声音:被认为是类似人类谈话的某事物,比如动物的声音:
whale talk.
鲸语

常用词组

talk around

(1)

To persuade:
劝说:
I talked them around to my point of view.
我说服了他们接受我的观点

(2)

To speak indirectly about something:
间接地谈论某事:
talked around the subject but never got to the point.
只是在那个话题上兜圈子而没有说到点子上

talk at
To address someone orally with no regard for or interest in the person's reaction or response.
直接表达意见而不顾他人的反应:口头上对某人讲话而对其反应或回应并不在意或没有兴趣

talk back

(1)

To make an impertinent reply:
顶嘴:做出无礼的回答:
a saucy child who talked back.
与人顶嘴的调皮小孩

(2)

To make a belligerent response:
作出敌意的反应:
heavy guns talking back.
重炮还在愤怒地还击

talk down

(1)

To depreciate:
贬低:
talked down the importance of the move.
贬低这一行动的重要性

(2)

To address someone with insulting condescension:
以居高临下的口气说话:用带有侮辱性的屈就态度与某人谈话:
talked down to her subordinates.
居高临下地与她的下级说话

(3)

To silence (a person), especially by speaking in a loud and domineering manner.
以滔滔不绝的大声议论压倒:使(某人)安静,尤指通过大声地或不可争辩地说话来达到这一目的

(4)

To direct and control (the flight of an aircraft during an approach for landing) by radioed instructions either from the ground or a nearby aircraft.
用无线电通话引导:通过陆上的或附近一架飞机上的无线电指挥来引导和控制(靠近着陆点的一架飞机的飞行)

talk out

(1)

To discuss (a matter) exhaustively:
详尽地讨论(某事):
I talked out the problem with a therapist.
我和一位药剂师详尽地谈了这一问题

(2)

To resolve or settle by discussion.
通过讨论来解决或决定

(3)

Chiefly British To block (proposed legislation) by filibustering.
【多用于英国】 说服…放弃:以冗长的演说来阻挠(一项议案)

talk over

(1)

To consider thoroughly in conversation; discuss:
透彻的讨论:在对话中透彻地考虑;讨论:
talked the matter over.
详尽地探讨这一问题

(2)

To win (someone) over by persuasion:
说服,劝说:通过劝说赢得(某人):
talked them over to our side.
说服他们支持我们这边

talk up

(1)

To speak in favor of; promote:
讲对…有利的话;促销:
talked the candidate up; talked up the new product.
为候选人说好话捧场;促销新产品

(2)

To speak up in a frank, often insolent manner.
大肆吹捧:以直言不讳的经常是厚颜无耻的方式大声说出

习惯用语

talk big【非正式用语】
To brag.
吹牛

talk sense
To speak rationally and coherently.
理智地和连贯地讲话

语源
Middle English talken * see del- 2
中古英语 talken *参见 del- 2

现代英汉词典

talk
[tC:k]
vi., vt.

(1)

(常与to, with连用)说话
Don't talk drivel!
别说傻话!
That child is too young to talk.
那个孩子太小了,不会说话。

(2)

讲,演讲

(3)

交谈;表达意思
to talk by gestures
用手势交谈
The two men were talking.
这两个人在谈话。

(4)

(常与about连用)谈论;讨论
Today I'd like to talk about the Congress of the United States.
今天,我想谈一谈美国的国会。
We talked about music all night.
我们整夜都在谈论音乐。

(5)

(与at连用)影射

(6)

(常与into, out of连用)说服…做,说服…不做

习惯用语

talk big
吹牛;说大话

词性变化

talk
n.

(1)

说话的方式、态度等
baby talk
儿语

(2)

商量
We had a long talk.
我们谈了很长时间。

(3)

聊天,闲谈

(4)

话题
His strange behavior is the talk of the town.
他的奇特行为成为全城人的话题。

(5)

空谈;废话
His threats were just talk.
他的恫吓只不过是说说罢了。

(6)

(pl) 会谈

常用词组

talk back
回嘴,反唇相讥

talk down
用无线电引导飞机安全着陆

talk down to
用高人一等的态度(对某人)讲话

talk of

(1)

说到,谈及

(2)

谈到想…
He talked of moving to Shanghai.
他说过想搬到上海去。

talk out
用谈判方式解决:
to talk out our differences
用谈判方式解决争端

talk over
商量,彻底地考虑(问题)

talk round

(1)

劝说,说服(某人)

(2)

拐弯抹角地说,旁敲侧击地谈

talk to
申斥,责备

现代英汉综合大辞典

back
[bAk]
n.

(1)

背, 背部; 背脊

(2)

背面, 凸面, 反面

(3)

后面, 后部

(4)

(足球等的)后卫

(5)

(猎犬)后退的动作

(6)

岭, 山脊

(7)

铅字字脊; 锯背

(8)

(矿内巷道的)顶板拱架的表面, 顶头盖; (煤层里的)劈理面, 节理

(9)

基座, 衬垫靠板

(10)

椅子靠背

(11)

(磁带等)倒回播放

(12)

(车刀)后刃面

(13)

(舞台的)背景;【光】象

(14)

[pl.][美俚]假钞票

(15)

(啤酒酿造、染坊、制胶等用的)大浅盒
a pain in one's back
脊背痛
lie [fall]on one's back
朝天躺着[摔倒]
behind one's back
背地里; 暗中
He is a full back of our football team.
他是我们足球队中的后卫。

词性变化

back
[bAk]
adj.
[无比较级; 最高级用backmost]

(1)

[表示位置]后面的; 背后的

(2)

背面的, 偏僻的; 未开发的

(3)

倒的, 反向的; 往回去的

(4)

【语】舌根的; 口腔后部的

(5)

过去的; 过期的

(6)

迟交的; 拖欠的
the back slums
贫民窟
a back current
逆流
a back vowel
(舌)后元音
back pay
欠薪
back files
过期报刊杂志合订本

back
[bAk]
adv.

(1)

在后; 向后; 后仰着; 落后

(2)

回原处; 回原状; 恢复

(3)

忍住; 隐匿

(4)

以前

(5)

报复
Stand back, please.
请往后站。
They fought back.
他们还击了。
I met him three years back.
我三年前见过他。

back
[bAk]
vt.

(1)

使后退; 倒(车)

(2)

[美]位于...的背后; 背靠着

(3)

支持

(4)

给...加衬里; 给(书)加包皮; 裱(画)

(5)

背书(支票等)(指在票据背后签字担保)

(6)

下赌注于...上
Don't worry. I will back you up.
不要发愁, 我支持你。
He backed the car out of the garage.
他把车倒退着开出车库。
You could back the dress with silk.
你可以用丝绸布给这件衣服加衬里。

back
[bAk]
vi.

(1)

倒退; (风向)逆转

(2)

[美]背靠, 坐落
He backed away from the gun.
他往后退躲离枪口。
The power station backs on to a high mountain.
发电站背靠着大山。

继承用法

backache
[5bAkeIk]
n.
背痛

back-alley
n.
街后窄巷

词性变化

back
[bAk]
adj.
陋巷的, 穷困的

backbencher
n.
后座议员(指英国下院的普通议员)

backbite
[5bAkbaIt]
vt.,vi.
背后说(人)坏话
n.
背后中伤

backblocks
n.
[澳]边远地区

backboard
[`bAkbR:d]
n.
后部挡板; (篮球架上的)篮板;【医】(脊椎)矫正板

backbreaker
[`bAk9breIkE(r)]
n.

(1)

极为累人的工作

(2)

工作极度辛苦的工人

backbreaking
[5bAkbreIkIN]
adj.
累断腰的, 繁重的; 极讨厌的

backburner
adj.
不重要的

backchat
[5bAktFAt]
n.
闲聊; 回嘴; 反唇相讥

back-check
n.

(1)

回本方守区内阻截

(2)

(已完成工作的)检查[验]
vt.
检查(工作, 报告)
vi.
(曲棍球)采取守势

backcloth
[5bAkklRW]
n.
背景, 幕, 天幕; 印花衬布

back-coming
n.
后退式回采

backcountry
n.
[美]穷乡僻壤

back-coupling
n.
反馈耦合, 回授

backcourt
[`bAk9kR:t]
n.
篮球场属于守方的一半场地

backcross
[`bAk9krCs]
vt., vi.
【生】(使)回交; (使)逆代杂交
n.
回交; 逆杂交(的产物)

backcycling
n.
反循环

backdate
[bAk5deIt]
vt.

(1)

把发生的日期说成[写成]比实际的更早

(2)

追溯至

back-diffusion
n.

(1)

反行扩散, 反向扩散

(2)

背面扩散

backdoor
[9bAk`dR:(r)]
n.
后门
adj.
后门的; 私下的; 秘密的

backdown
n.
原先态度[主张, 要求]的改变

back-drafting
n.
【铁】倒流通风

backdrift
n.
后退偏航

backdrop
[5bAkdrRp]
n.

(1)

交流声, 干扰

(2)

背景(幕), 彩画幕布

backedge
n.

(1)

后脊

(2)

裂缝

(3)

夹层, 轧疤(缺陷)

(4)

(轧件)舌尖, 压折(轧制中金属反向流动形成的)

backfall
n.

(1)

落下; 掉下

(2)

掉下的东西

(3)

摔跤时背着地的跌倒

back-fence
adj.
邻居间的, 邻居的

back-fielder
n.
(橄榄球的)卫手

backfill
[`bAkfIl]
n.
回填土[料]
vt.
回填(坑洞等)

backfiller
n.
回填机

backfisch
[`bB:kfIF]
n.
[俚]年轻少女; 未成年的女学生

back-flap
n.
百叶窗

backflash
vi.
反闪
n.
回流槽

backflow
n.
回流; 逆流

back-formation
n.
【语】逆构词, 反成法

backgear
n.

(1)

背齿轮, 后齿轮, 慢盘齿轮

(2)

倒档齿轮装置

(3)

倒档

back-geared
adj.
后齿轮的, 减速的

back-haul
n.
(货车的)回程

backjoint
n.

(1)

平行解理走向的节理面

(2)

留槽待填

(3)

石阶踏步背榫

back-kick
n.
逆转, 回转

backland
n.
[pl. ]背地, 腹地; 偏僻地区; 内陆地区

backleg
n.
逆导磁体

backlight
[`bAklaIt]
n.
逆光, 背面光
vt.
由后面照射

backlighting
n.
逆光照明, 来自后方的照明

backlimb
n.
【地质】背翼

backlining
[`bAk9laInIN]
n.
书脊粘衬;【建】背衬

backlist
[5bAklIst]
n.
出版商一直在重版的书目; 旧版书存货目录

backlocking
n.
反闭锁

backlog
[5bAklR^]
n.

(1)

[美](壁炉中垫底的)园柴

(2)

[口]存货备用物; 储备金; 积压的工作; 没交付的订货
vi.,vt.

(1)

积压

(2)

接受订货

backman
n.
杂工, 辅助工

backmixing
n.
逆向混合; 回混; 反混
adj.
反混的; 逆向混合的

backoff
n.

(1)

铲背

(2)

凹进

(3)

补偿

(4)

倒转后解松

back-order
vt.
订(货)

back-out
n., vt., vi.

(1)

扭出; 旋出

(2)

退火

(3)

取消; 放弃

(4)

逆序操作

back-pack
vt.

backpiece
n.
护背

backpitch
n.

(1)

背节距, 反螺旋

(2)

焊接或铆接行距

backplan
n.
底视图

backplane
n.
后连线板, 底板

back-planing
n.
【刷】刨背

backplate
n.
后板; 护板; 信号板

back-porch
n.
后沿

backpressure
n.
反压力; 背压

back-resistance
n.
反向电阻

backrest
[5bAkrest]
n.
靠背, 背架

back-roll
n.
反绕, 倒卷; 重转

backroom
adj.
[俚]不公开的; 秘密的

backrope
n.
斜桁撑杆后支索

backrun
adj.
逆向的, 反转的

backrush
n.
回卷

backsaw
[`bAksR:]
n.
背部加厚的短锯; 镶边短锯

back-sawn
adj.
【林】弦向锯切的

backscratching
[`bAk9skrAtFIN]
n.
[俗]为共同利益而互相利用backscatterer
n.
反向散射体, 向后散射体

backscattering
[`bAk9skAtErIN]
n.
反向散射, 后向散射(的)

backseat
n.

(1)

后座

(2)

次要的位置

backset
[`bAkset]
n.

(1)

倒流, 逆流; 涡流

(2)

倒退; 挫折

(3)

(疾病等的)复发

backshaft
n.
后轴

backshank
n.
针尾

backshift
n.
准备班, 交叉班

backshot
n.

(1)

排气管内爆音

(2)

消声射击

backsight
[`bAksaIt]
n.

(1)

【测】后视读数

(2)

【测】后视

(3)

(枪的)表尺(口), 表尺缺口

backspace
[5bAkspeIs]
vi.
(打字时)退回, 退格

backspin
[5bAkspIn]
vi.
下旋, 反旋转

backsplash
n.
后挡板, 后防溅板

back-spooling
n.
棱车电缆倒卷

back-stab
vt.
以卑鄙的手段陷害

backstage
[bAk5steIdV]
adv.
在[往]后台; 在[往]幕后; 私下; 秘密地
adj.
后台的; 幕后的; 隐藏的
n.
(剧院的)后台区

backstair(s)
adj.
秘密的, 间接的

backstand
n.

(1)

(带式抛光机调整抛光带张力的)后座, 张紧座

(2)

支承, 构架

backstay
[`bAksteI]
n.
(桅杆)后支索; 牵索

backstitch
[5bAkstIF]
n.
倒缝[针]
vt., vi
倒缝

backstop
n.

(1)

靶障壁, 靶堤

(2)

托架

(3)

(阻止球滚得太远的)挡球网

(4)

后档, 后支撑架
vt.
挡住; 支持

backstrapped
adj.
【航海】因涨潮或海流关系而无法航行的

backstretch
[`bAkstretF]
n.
(径赛跑道中)与终点直道平行部分; [美]将橡皮管从救火车拉直至消防栓的动作

backstroke
[5bAkstrEJk]
n.

(1)

反手击球; 反击

(2)

仰泳
vi.
仰泳
vt.
用反手击

backswamp
n.
漫滩沼泽

backswept
[`bAkswept]
adj.
后掠(角)的; 朝后倾斜的

backswing
[`bAkswIN]
n.

(1)

反冲, 回摆[程]

(2)

回复(故态, 立场, 款式等)

backsword
[`bAksR:d]
n.
单刃刀, 大砍刀; 木刀; 使用木刀练习击剑者

backtender
n.

(1)

造纸工段看管工; 后整理工

(2)

小型拉幅机

backtrack
[5bAktrAk]
vi.

(1)

退却, 退回; 撤回

(2)

走回头路; 改变过去的意见[主张]

backwall
n.

(1)

后墙

(2)

后墙水冷壁

backwash
[5bAkwCF]
n.
回流, 倒流; [喻]反响, 余波

backwater
[5bAkwC:tE(r)]
n.

(1)

倒划; 回水

(2)

停滞(状态)
adj.
停滞的, 落后的
vt.
(用逆划或逆转推进器)停船

backwearing
n.
使陡崖[山坡]后退而不改变它的倾斜度的侵蚀

backweld
n.
背焊缝

backwind
vt.

(1)

【航海】使风转向(下风的帆)

(2)

操(帆)使风向下风处
n.
背后风, 逆风; 倒片[卷]

back-work
n.
工作面和井筒之间的工作, 井下工作面以外的工作, 辅助工作

back-yard
n.
后院; 常去之地, 附近地区

backer
[5bAkE(r)]
n.
支持者[物]; 衬垫物; (打字机的)垫纸

backless
[`bAklIs]
adj.
无(靠)背

backmost
[5bAkmEJst]
adj.
最后面的

习惯用语

(as) bare as the back of one's hand
一无所有; 一贫如洗

at the back of one's mind
在记忆的深处, 下意识地

at sb.'s back (=at the back of sb.)
跟随某人; 支持某人

at the back of sth.
作为某事的主使者

be glad to see sb.'s back (= be glad to see the back of sb.)
巴不得某人离开; 希望摆脱某人

be laid on one's back
卧病在床

be on one's back
仰卧; [口]卧病; [口]毫无办法, 一筹莫展

be on sb.'s back
成为某人的负担; 不断地挑剔[嘲笑]某人

be thrown on one's back
(在摔跤比赛中)被摔倒两肩着地; 被打得大败

behind sb.'s back
背着某人, 背地里(常带贬义)

break sb.'s back

(1)

使其负担过重而不能胜任

(2)

使某人失败[破产]

break the back of sth.

(1)

完成某事的最艰难部分

(2)

挫败; 伤其要害

break the camel's back
使顶不住或忍不住

cast sth. behind one's back
把某事置之脑后, 蔑视某事

clap sb. on the back
拍拍某人的肩膀(表示祝贺或鼓励)

get back at sb.
[口]向某人报复

get off sb.'s back
不再成为某人的负担; 不再找某人麻烦

get on sb.'s back
麻烦某人

get one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

put one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

set one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

get sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

put sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

set sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

get to the back of sth.
彻底了解事物底细, 弄清真相

give sb. the back
不再理睬某人, 舍某人而去

go behind sb.'s back
在某人背后搞鬼, 背着某人搞小动作

have...on one's back

(1)

背着, 驮着

(2)

受...攻击; 受...的责难; 被...不断地挑毛病

have one's back to the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

fight with one's back to the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

have one's back at the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

fight with one's back at the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

have one's own back
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

get one's own back
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

have one's own back on sb.
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

get one's own back on sb.
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

have sb. at one's back
有某人在背后支持, 有某人撑腰; 被某人追捕

in the back of
[美口] 在...背后; 支持, 主使

make a back for sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

give a back for sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

make a back to sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

give a back to sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

on the back of
紧跟着; 在...之外(常用以表示接二连三的灾祸)

upon the back of
紧跟着; 在...之外(常用以表示接二连三的灾祸)

one's back is up
发怒, 生气, 失去自制力

pat sb. on the back
拍拍某人肩膀(表示赞许或鼓励)

slap sb. on the back
拍拍某人肩膀(表示赞许或鼓励)

put one's back into sth.
孜孜不倦地做某事

put one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

set one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

put sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

set sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

raise one's back (against)
不接受..., 对...固执; 反抗

ride on sb.'s back
骑在某人头上, 压迫某人, 愚弄或欺骗某人

rip up the back
[美俚]背后说坏话, 背后攻击

Scratch my back and I'll scrach yours. (=Scratch me and I'll scratch you.)
[谚]你捧我, 我捧你; 你帮我, 我帮你; 朋比为奸。

see the back of
看(某人)离开; 赶走[摆脱](某人)

stab sb. in the back
暗箭伤人, 背后说坏话, 诽谤

talk through the back of one's neck (=talk through one's neck)
[口]说糊涂透顶的话,胡说八道;夸大其词,吹牛

speak through the back of one's neck (=talk through one's neck)
[口]说糊涂透顶的话,胡说八道;夸大其词,吹牛

theback of beyond
穷乡僻壤

there andback
来回

turn one's back on
不理睬

What is got over the devil's back is spent under his belly.
[谚](钱财) 来得不正, 去得也不正。

What's at the back of it?
闷葫芦里卖的什么药? 在背后搞什么名堂?

when one's back is turned
当某人不在时或忙做他事时

with one's back to the wall
非苦战不能幸免, 处于绝境

back and belly

(1)

腹背; 前后; 周身

(2)

衣食

back and edge
完全地; 全力地

back and fill
(船顺流而下时)不断地调整船帆使船蜿蜒前进(以避开障碍); 来来回回; 朝三暮四

back and forth
来回; 往复

back and side
完毕; 完全; 排除万难

back away (from)
(从...)躲开, 向后退

back down

(1)

放弃原来的立场[控告, 要求等]

(2)

降下

(3)

承认失言

back end
[英俗]秋天

back into
倒车撞上(某物)

back of

(1)

在...后边

(2)

支持; 帮助

(3)

致使(发生); 起因于

back off

(1)

(车辆等)向后退

(2)

放弃原来立场; 让步; 食言

back on to
背对着

back out(of)

(1)

食言; 打退堂鼓

(2)

因难而退

(3)

取消

(4)

扭松; 旋出

back to back

(1)

背靠背

(2)

一个接一个

back to front
[口]前后倒置

back to square one
(问题等)回到原来的状态(没有解决)

back up
支持; 补充; 倒退; (使)淤塞; (使)积滞

特殊用法

answer back
应答, 回报, 回答信号

arc(ing) back
(整流器的)逆弧, 回弧

balk back
【纺】绒背呢

birdy back
鸟驮式集装箱运输

blade back
(桨)叶背

broken back
(钢丝的)横裂纹带

brush back
后刷边

buy back
产品返销

carbon back
(传声器)碳精座

case back with spanner-hole
有扳手眼的表壳后盖

cat back
【船】锚钩索

channeling back
回流

chartered back
回租

check back
复核

chill back
冷冻稀释

chimney back
烟道调节板

circular back
圆?趁?

clear back
净里脊肉

consequential arc back
持续性逆弧

copy back
磁带复录

couple back
反馈耦合

cry back
返祖现象

cut back
稀释; 稀释产物; 中止; 削减; (踢球时)带球急转; (故事、电影等的)倒叙; 电影镜头拼合摄影法

cutting back
短截, 截顶(指根, 幼枝); 疏伐(指幼树)

die back
顶梢枯死

dolly back
(摄象机或摄影机)后移, 后退追踪摄影

duty draw back
货物再出口时的退税

engine throttled back
发动机节气门关闭

fat back
猪的脊背肥膘; 背肉肥的鱼; 蓝鲑

fiddle back
类似提琴的东西

feed back
回料; 反馈

fight back
顶回; 弹回

fire back
回火

fish back
锯齿板, 梳齿隔板

fishy back
鱼驮式集装箱运输

flare back
火舌回闪

flash back
反闪; 回火

flat back
方脊, 平脊(装帧)

flexible back
软背, 柔软书脊(装帧)

floating strong back
活动强力垫板

fly back
(钟)快速回零;【信】回扫

full back
后卫

green back
美钞; 美国南北战争时发行的不兑现纸币

folding back
捣胶; 翻胶

half back
中卫

header back
(联合收割机的)收割台挡风板

hog back
拱起物, 拱背; 等倾线之顶点

hollow back
腔背, 穹状书脊(书背和书本身不粘在一起的精装, 各国现在一般均通行这种形式, 日本称之为腔背)

inphase feed back
同相反馈, 同相回输

knife back
(切割器动刀上的)刀杆; 刀背

lead back
铅背滨鹬

lease back
回租

left back
左后卫

loading back
负载反馈法

lobster back
曲折管

long fat back
猪的长条脊膘

long rib back
(烟熏肉用长身型猪的)长条肋肉

low(er) back
腰部

medium curing cut back (asphalt)
(沥青)中级处理回收段

melt back
回熔, 反复焙炼, 反复熔炼

negative (reverse) feed back
【信】负反馈

oil back
装油设备(石油加工厂用以往铁路油槽车装油的设备)

phasing back
后相

pig back
用生铁增碳

piston ring back
活塞环内表面

plough (plow) back
利润再投资

polling back
【采矿】支(架)后采掘

pressing back
模印, 模压

pressure back
(航空摄影机的)压板

program roll back
程序卷回, 程序重算, 程序重新运行

racking back
留齿缝待接

recycle back
反向循环

reflex-reflective back
反光的反射背板

remote loop back
远端返回[回送]

rib back
肋条肉

right back
右后卫

roll back
重新运行, 重算

run back
回流, 返回

saddle back
鞍形山脊

safe back
(平锉的)背面, (扁三角锉的)侧面

sale and lease back
出售后回租

sand back
砂层回填

seat back
座椅靠背

serrated case back
锯齿形表壳后盖

share back
梨铧背

short rib back
牛前背部肉

shunt back
调回, 退行

signal unit back
信号机背板

skew back
斜块拱座

skinned fat back
去皮猪的肥里脊肉

skip back
跳越式回绕

slow curing cut back (asphalt)
慢干道路沥青

snap back
快回, 急速返回, 快反向

spring back
反冲, 跳回

sprung back
慢性腰骶部棘间韧带损伤

square back
方脊, 方背(装帧)

flat back
方脊, 方背(装帧)

stamping back
模印

supporting back
支背

talk back
工作联络电话(专线), 对讲

tape back
倒带

throttling back
节流

tie back
(采矿)警告挡梁

tight back
紧背, 硬背(装帧)

fast back
紧背, 硬背(装帧)

title back
字幕背景

track(ing) back
后退摄影, 拉镜头

upper back
上背

water back
贮水器; 加热水池; 加热管道

weather back
【建】涂在墙壁上可耐风雨的材料

wired back
布线背面

yellow back
美国黄背纸币(可在国库兑换现金), 美国黄金债券

参考词汇
support    

基本词义

talk
[tC:k]
vi.

(1)

谈话, 说, 讨论, 商议, 演讲

(2)

传达意思, 通话, 通讯

(3)

(会)说话; 有讲话的能力

(4)

说闲话; 揭人隐私, 传播小道消息
talk over the telephone
在电话里谈话
talk by radio signals
用无线电信号通讯
talk by gestures
用手势交谈
talk behind sb.'s back
背后议论某人
What are you talking about?
你们在谈些什么?
The baby is learning to talk.
婴儿在学说话。
Some parrots can talk.
有些鹦鹉能学人讲话。
People will talk.
人们要说长道短的。

词性变化

talk
vt.

(1)

说, 讲

(2)

谈论, 讨论

(3)

说得使..., 劝说
talk Chinese
讲汉语
talk slang
讲俚语
talk the day's news
谈论当天新闻
talk business
谈生意经
talk oneself hoarse (out of breath)
讲得声音嘶哑(喘不过气来)
talk a child to sleep
(讲故事)讲得孩子入睡
talk sb.'s worries away
通过劝说使 某人消除顾虑
talk United States
[美]说出美国公民的意见

talk
n.

(1)

话, 谈话; 空谈, 空论

(2)

谣言, 话柄

(3)

会议, 谈判

(4)

通话[讯]

(5)

谈论的题材; 讲话方式, 语言; 方言; 隐语

继承用法

talkfest
[`tR:kfest]
n.

(1)

漫谈会, (非正式的)讨论会

(2)

冗长的讨[辩]论

talkable
adj.

习惯用语

all talk and no cider
[美]空口说白话; 干打雷不下雨

back talk
[美、口]顶嘴, 还口

be all talk
光说空话

big talk
[口]大话, 牛皮

cross talk
[5krRstC:k; (?@) 5krC:s-]

(1)

口角

(2)

闲谈

(3)

相声

(4)

(电信)串音

double talk
令人不知所云的话

fall into talk
攀谈, 搭讪

He that talks much lies much.
[谚]饶舌者多扯谎。

heart-to-heart talk
推心置腹地交谈, 诚恳而坦率地交谈

idle talk
闲扯

make a talk
造成口实; 使 人议论

make talk
没话找话说; 闲聊, 空谈

man-to-man talk
开诚布公的谈话

money talks
金钱万能

Now you are talking!
[俚]这才象话!

pep talk
鼓励的话

sales talk
买卖话; 游说

small talk
应酬话

smoking-room talk
男人之间谈的话

sweet talk
拍马屁, 灌米汤

table talk
席间交谈

That's the talk!
[美口]对, 对! 不错! 正是这样!

the talk of the town [town talk]
满城风雨的谈话材料, 街谈巷议的话题

You can't talk.
[口]你没有资格讲(言外之意, 你也一样坏)。

talk about [of]

(1)

谈到,谈及

(2)

议论,当作闲谈的话题

(3)

[口](表示惊奇, 厌恶等情感语气)还说...呢! 简直太...了! 这就是所谓...!

talk at
影射(某人); 指桑骂槐地说(某人); 对...唠叨不休

talk away
喋喋不休; (把时间)消磨在谈话中

talk back
顶嘴; 反驳

talk big [tall]
说大话, 吹牛, 夸夸其谈

talk down

(1)

驳倒, 放大声盖过(别人的话), 使 哑口无言

(2)

用电讯通话引导(驾驶员[飞机])降落

(3)

用高人一等的口气讲话(to)

(4)

贬低, 诋毁

T-much, and err much.
[谚]言多必失。

talk out

(1)

搁置(故意把讨论拖长到会议休会); 使议案、动议搁置起来

(2)

把话讲完

(3)

彻底讨论

(4)

通过讨论澄清或解决问题

(5)

响亮地说

talk out of turn
[美俚]弄错, 干涉, 阻碍

talk over
商量; 讨论; 说服(某人)

talk round [around]

(1)

兜圈子谈(问题); 不着边际地谈, 拐弯抹角地谈

(2)

说服(某人)

talk sb. into

(1)

劝说[说服]某人(做某事)

(2)

多嘴使某人陷入(困境)

talk sb. out of

(1)

劝说[说服]某人放弃...

(2)

凭口才使某人摆脱(困境)

talk to

(1)

跟...谈话; 跟...谈得来

(2)

责备; 训戒

talk up

(1)

响亮地讲; 直接了当地讲

(2)

大胆地讲; 坦率地讲

(3)

热烈讨论

(4)

宣扬, 鼓吹

talk wet
[俚]胡诌, 瞎扯

talk with

(1)

与...交谈; 与...交换意见

(2)

试图说服

(3)

[口]责骂(某人)

talking of
谈到; 谈起

特殊用法

chalk talk
注入式教学法; 技术战术讲解(因讲解者常用粉笔作说明而得名)

machine talk
机器语音

needle talk
(电唱机)唱针的直接声输入

pay talk
要求提高工资的谈判

quadrature cross talk
正交[90°相移]调制串音

trade talk
业务会谈, 贸易商谈

参考词汇
speak    

美国传统词典

talk
talk
AHD:[t?k]
D.J.[t%8k]
K.K.[t%k]
v.
talked, talk.ing, talks
v.tr.

(1)

To articulate (words):
The baby is talking sentences now.

(2)

To give expression to in words:
talk treason.

(3)

To speak of or discuss (something):
talk music; talk business.

(4)

To speak or know how to speak in (an idiom or a language):
talked French with the flight crew.

(5)

To gain, influence, or bring into a specified state by talking:
talked me into coming; talked their way out of trouble.

(6)

To spend (a period of time) by or as if by talking:
talked the evening away.
v.intr.

(1)

To converse by means of spoken language:
We talked for hours.See Synonyms at speak

(2)

To articulate words:
The baby can talk.

(3)

To imitate the sounds of human speech:
The parrot talks.

(4)

To express one's thoughts or emotions by means of spoken language:
talked about the pros and cons of the issue.

(5)

To convey one's thoughts in a way other than by spoken words:
talk with one's hands.

(6)

To express one's thoughts in writing:
Voltaire talks about London in this book.

(7)

To parley or negotiate with someone:
Let's talk before continuing to fight.

(8)

To spread rumors; gossip:
If you do that, people will talk.

(9)

To allude to something:
Are you talking about last week?

(10)

To consult or confer with someone:
I talked with the doctor.

(11)

To reveal information concerning oneself or others, especially under pressure:
Has the prisoner talked?

(12)

Informal To be efficacious:
Money talks.
n.

(1)

An exchange of ideas or opinions; a conversation.

(2)

A speech or lecture.

(3)

Hearsay, rumor, or speculation:
There is talk of bankruptcy.

(4)

A subject of conversation:
a musical that is the talk of the town.

(5)

Often talks A conference or negotiation:
peace talks.

(6)

Jargon; slang:
prison talk.

(7)

Empty speech or unnecessary discussion:
much talk and no action.

(8)

A particular manner of speech:
baby talk; honeyed talk.

(9)

Something, such as the sounds of animals, felt to resemble human talk:
whale talk.

常用词组

talk around

(1)

To persuade:
I talked them around to my point of view.

(2)

To speak indirectly about something:
talked around the subject but never got to the point.

talk at
To address someone orally with no regard for or interest in the person's reaction or response.

talk back

(1)

To make an impertinent reply:
a saucy child who talked back.

(2)

To make a belligerent response:
heavy guns talking back.

talk down

(1)

To depreciate:
talked down the importance of the move.

(2)

To address someone with insulting condescension:
talked down to her subordinates.

(3)

To silence (a person), especially by speaking in a loud and domineering manner.

(4)

To direct and control (the flight of an aircraft during an approach for landing) by radioed instructions either from the ground or a nearby aircraft.

talk out

(1)

To discuss (a matter) exhaustively:
I talked out the problem with a therapist.

(2)

To resolve or settle by discussion.

(3)

Chiefly British To block (proposed legislation) by filibustering.

talk over

(1)

To consider thoroughly in conversation; discuss:
talked the matter over.

(2)

To win (someone) over by persuasion:
talked them over to our side.

talk up

(1)

To speak in favor of; promote:
talked the candidate up; talked up the new product.

(2)

To speak up in a frank, often insolent manner.

习惯用语

talk bigInformal
To brag.

talk sense
To speak rationally and coherently.

语源
Middle English talken * see del- 2

英汉电信大词典

talk back
n.对讲

英汉航海大词典

talk back
vt.顶嘴,回嘴

英汉化学大词典

talk back
vt.顶嘴,反驳

英汉海运大词典

talk back
一种驾驶台与船舶各部联系的传声设备

英汉经贸大词典

talk back
vt.顶嘴,反驳

英汉计算机大词典

talk back
vt.顶嘴(反驳)

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