简明英汉词典

take sides
偏袒

美国传统词典[双解]

take
take
AHD:[t3k]
D.J.[teik]
K.K.[tek]
v.(动词)
took[t?k] tak.en[t3“k…n] tak.ingtakes
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To get into one's possession by force, skill, or artifice, especially:
取得:通过武力、技巧或欺诈占有,尤指:

(2)

To capture physically; seize:
夺取:亲身获得;掌握:
take an enemy fortress.
夺取敌人的一个要塞

(3)

To seize with authority; confiscate.
逮捕,没收:运用权力剥夺;没收

(4)

To kill, snare, or trap (fish or game, for example).
杀,设陷阱捕捉:杀死,设陷井捕获或诱捕(如,鱼或猎物)

(5)

Sports Games To acquire in a game or competition; win:
【体育运动】 【游戏】 获得,赢得:在一场游戏或竞赛中获得;赢得:
took the crown in horseracing.
在赛马中获得冠军

(6)

Sports Games To defeat:
【体育运动】 【游戏】 击败::击败:
Our team took the visitors three to one.
我们队以三比一击败客队

(7)

Sports To catch (a ball in play), especially in baseball:
【体育运动】 接住球:接住(比赛中的一个球) ,尤指在棒球中:
The player took it on the fly.
队员接住高飞的球

(8)

Baseball To refrain from swinging at (a pitched ball).
【棒球】 放过:放过(一个投给击球员的球)不打

(9)

To grasp with the hands; grip:
用手抓住;握住:
Take your partner's hand.
握住你舞伴的手

(10)

To be affected with; come down with; contract:
受…的影响;得于;感染:
The child has taken the flu.
这小孩得了流感

(11)

To encounter or catch in a particular situation; come upon; discover:
邂逅:在某一特殊情况下碰到或遇到(某人);突然遇到;发现:
Your actions took me by surprise.
你的行动着实让我吃了一惊

(12)

To deal a blow to; strike or hit:
给…一记拳击;敲击,击打:
The boxer took his opponent a sharp jab to the ribs.
这个拳击选手对准其对手的肋骨猛砸一拳

(13)

To affect favorably or winsomely; charm or captivate:
受吸引,迷惑:使人产生好感地或使人高兴地影响…;迷住或俘获…的心:
She was taken by the puppy.
她被那只小狗迷往了

(14)

To put (food or drink, for example) into the body; eat or drink:
吃,喝:将(食物或饮料等)置于体内;吃或喝:
took a little soup for dinner.
喝了点汤充作晚餐

(15)

To draw in; inhale:
吸入;吸纳::吸入;吸纳:
took a deep breath.
深吸了一口气

(16)

To expose one's body to (healthful or pleasurable treatment, for example):
置身于:把自己的身体暴露给(如,健康的或愉悦的治疗):
take the sun; take the waters at a spa.
晒太阳;在温泉中沐浴

(17)

To bring or receive into a particular relation, association, or other connection:
结合,联合:把…带入或吸收进某一特定关系、组织或其它联系:
take a new partner into the firm; take a company national.
吸收一名新的合伙人加入公司;扩展公司业务到全国各地

(18)

To engage in sex with.
和…进行性交

(19)

To accept and place under one's care or keeping.
接受,安置:接受对…的看护或保管或把…置于某人的看管或保护之下

(20)

To appropriate for one's own or another's use or benefit; obtain by purchase; secure or buy:
拨款,购得,获得:为了自己或另一个人的使用或利益而挪用;通过购买而获取;得到或购买:
We always take season tickets.
我们通常购买季票

(21)

To assume for oneself:
为自己夺取:
take all the credit.
抢占了全部功劳

(22)

To charge or oblige oneself with the fulfillment of (a task or duty, for example); commit oneself to:
使某人负…义务:使自己负起或承担完成(一项任务或义务)的职责;使自己负有…:
She took the position of chair of the committee.
她担任了该委员会主席一职

(23)

To pledge one's obedience to; impose (a vow or promise) upon oneself.
宣誓服从…;使自己(发誓或许诺)

(24)

To subject oneself to:
使自己经受:
We took extra time to do the job properly.
我们花额外时间来把这顶工作做好

(25)

To accept or adopt for one's own.
纳为己有:接受…使成为自己所有或采纳…使成为自己所有

(26)

To put forth or adopt as a point of argument, defense, or discussion.
提出,采纳:提出或采纳…作为争论、辩解或讨论的一个论点

(27)

To require or have as a fitting or proper accompaniment:
采用:获取或具有…作为一个合适的或恰当的伴随物:
Intransitive verbs take no direct object.
不及物动词不带直接宾语

(28)

To pick out; select or choose:
挑出;挑选,选择:
take any card.
随便拿一张卡

(29)

To choose for one's own use; avail oneself of the use of:
选择:为了自己使用而挑选;让自己能够使用…:
We took a rented car.
我们租了一部车

(30)

To use (something) as when in operation:
使用:在运作中使用(某物):
This camera takes 35mm film.
这架照相机用35毫米的胶卷

(31)

To use (something) as a means of conveyance or transportation:
乘坐:作为一种传送或交通工具来使用(某物):
take a train to Pittsburgh.
乘坐火车去匹兹堡

(32)

To use (something) as a means of safety or refuge:
使用…躲避:作为一种安全或救护的手段来使用(某物):
take shelter from the storm.
找地方躲避风暴

(33)

To choose and then adopt (a particular route or direction) while on foot or while operating a vehicle:
选择特定的路线或方向:走路或驾驶一辆运载工具时先选择然后按照(某一特定的路线或方向)前进:
Take a right at the next corner. The driver downshifted to take the corner.
在下一个拐角向右转。司机调低速档以便转弯

(34)

To assume occupancy of:
占有:获取对…的占有:
take a seat.
占有一个座位

(35)

To require (something) as a basic necessity:
所需,必备:需要(某物)作为一项基本必需品:
It takes money to live in that town.
要住那城市得花费不少

(36)

To obtain from a source; derive or draw:
有…取得,由…获得:从某一来源获取;得到或取得:
The book takes its title from the Bible.
该书书名得自于《圣经》

(37)

To obtain, as through measurement or a specified procedure:
如通过测量或某一特定程序获取:
took the patient's temperature.
给病人量体温

(38)

To put down in shorthand or cursive writing:
速记,草草写下:用速写或草书写下来:
take a letter.
草草地写了一封信

(39)

To put down an image, a likeness, or a representation of by or as by drawing, painting, or photography:
绘画,照相:通过或仿佛通过绘画、油画或摄影记录下…的一个形象、肖像或象征:
took a picture of us.
为我们拍了一张照片

(40)

To accept (something owed, offered, or given) either reluctantly or willingly:
接受:勉强的或情愿地接受(所欠的、提供的或给予的某物):
take criticism.
接受批评

(41)

To submit to (something inflicted); endure:
屈服,忍受:听任(所遭受的某物);忍受:
didn't take his punishment very well.
并未得到对他应有的惩罚

(42)

To withstand:
抵挡:
The dam took the heavy flood waters.
水坝挡住了这股大洪水

(43)

To accept or believe (something put forth) as true:
接受,相信:接受或相信(所提出的某事)是真的:
I'll take your word.
我相信你的话

(44)

To follow (advice, a suggestion, or a lead, for example).
听从(比如忠告、建议或领导)

(45)

To accept, handle, or deal with in a particular way:
处理,应付:以一种特殊的方式来接受、对付或处理:
He takes things in stride.
他总是泰然自若地处理事情

(46)

To consider in a particular relation or from a particular viewpoint:
考量:在一特定关系中或从一特定的角度来考虑:
take the bitter with the sweet.
看到痛苦中的甘甜

(47)

To make or perform:
制定,施行:
Many crucial decisions were taken as the path of the hurricane was plotted.
飓风的路径确定以后,许多重要的决定就可执行

(48)

To allow to come in; give access or admission to; admit:
允许,认可:允许…进入;许可或同意;接纳:
The boat took a lot of water but remained afloat.
那艘船进了大量的水,却依然漂浮着

(49)

To provide room for; accommodate:
接纳,容纳:给…提供空间;给…提供住所:
We can't take more than 100 guests.
我们只能接纳一百名客人

(50)

To become saturated or impregnated with (dye, for example).
浸透或浸满(如染料)

(51)

To understand or interpret:
理解,解释:
May I take your smile as an indication of approval?
你的微笑表明你已经同意了吗?

(52)

To consider; assume:
认为;当作:
Take the matter as settled.
把这件事情决定下来吧

(53)

To consider to be equal to; reckon:
认定:认为…等同于;计算:
We take their number at 1,000.
我们认定他们的号码是一千

(54)

To perceive or feel; experience:
感受,感觉;经历:
I take pleasure in informing you that you have won the prize.
我很高兴地告诉你,你获奖了

(55)

To carry, convey, lead, or cause to go along to another place:
带:携带、传输、带领或使…去另一个地方:
Don't forget to take your umbrella. This bus takes you to New York.See Usage Note at bring
别忘了带上你的雨伞。这辆公共汽车可以载你去纽约参见 bring

(56)

To remove from a place:
移走:将…从一个地方移开:
take the dishes from the sink.
把碟子从水槽中拿走

(57)

To secure by removing:
拔除:通过移走而得到:
The dentist took two molars.
牙医取走了两颗臼齿

(58)

To cause to die; kill or destroy:
杀死,毁灭:使…死亡:杀死或摧毁:
The blight took these tomatoes.
这场虫害毁掉了这些西红柿

(59)

To subtract:
减去:
take 15 from 30.
30减15

(60)

To commit and apply oneself to the study of:
研读:投入或专注于…的学习:
take art lessons; take Spanish.
学艺术课程;学西班牙语

(61)

To study for with success:
努力取得:成功地为…而学习:
took a degree in law.
拿到了法律学位

(62)

Informal To swindle, defraud, or cheat:
【非正式用语】 诱骗,诈骗,欺骗:
You've really been taken.
你真的上当了
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To acquire possession.
获取占有权

(2)

To engage or mesh; catch, as gears or other mechanical parts.
吻合:吻合或啮合;如齿轮或其它机械部件啮合

(3)

To start growing; root or germinate:
开始生长;扎根或发芽:
Have the seeds taken?
种子发芽了吗?

(4)

To have the intended effect; operate or work:
具有预期的效果;起作用或有效:
The transfusion apparently took.
输血显然起作用了

(5)

To gain popularity or favor:
受欢迎,喜欢:
The television series, which didn't take, was later canceled.
不受欢迎的电视连续剧后来停放了

(6)

To become:
变得:
He took sick.
他生病了
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or process of taking.
取的行为或过程

(2)

That which is taken.
取得之物

(3)

A quantity collected at one time, especially the amount of profit or receipts taken on a business arrangement or venture.
一次清算的数量:一次所收集的数量,尤指在一次商业活动或商业投机中所得到的利润或收益的数量

(4)

The number of fish, game birds, or other animals killed or captured at one time.
一次所猎杀或捕获的鱼、鸟或其它动物的数目

(5)

Sports The amount of money collected as admission to a sporting event; the gate.
【体育运动】 门票收入:作为观看一场体育比赛的入场费所收集到的钱;门票

(6)

The uninterrupted running of a movie or television camera or a set of recording equipment in filming a movie or television program or cutting a record.
未停机的拍摄:在拍摄一部电影或电视节目或剪辑一段录音时,电影或电视摄像机或一套录音设备不停顿的拍摄或录制

(7)

A scene filmed or televised without interrupting the run of the camera.
一个镜头:没有让摄影机中途停拍而成的一段电影或电视场景

(8)

A recording made in a single session.
一次性录制成的录音

(9)

A physical reaction, such as a rash, indicating a successful vaccination.
发痘:一种表明成功注射疫苗的身体反应,如出疹子

(10)

A successful graft.
一次成功的嫁接

(11)

Slang An attempt or a try:
【俚语】 企图,尝试:
He got the answer on the third take.
在第三次应答时他答对了

常用词组

take after

(1)

To follow as an example.
仿效:将…作为榜样跟随

(2)

To resemble in appearance, temperament, or character.
相象:在相貌、脾气或性格上相似

take apart

(1)

To divide into parts after disassembling.
拆开:分开后将…分成许多部分

(2)

To dissect or analyze (a theory, for example), usually in an effort to discover hidden or innate flaws or weaknesses.
详细分析研究:肢解或分析(如,一个理论),通常是籍此以发现隐藏的或固有的弊端或缺点

(3)

Slang To beat up; thrash.
【俚语】 狠揍;把…打扁

take back
To retract (something stated or written).
收回(所说的或所写的事)

take down

(1)

To bring to a lower position from a higher one.
拿下,放下:将…从一个较高的位置拿到一个较低的位置

(2)

To take apart; dismantle:
拆开;拆散:
take down the Christmas tree.
把圣诞树拆散

(3)

To lower the arrogance or the self-esteem of (a person):
挫…的锐气:压低(一个人的)傲慢或自尊:
really took him down during the debate.
在辩论中实实在在地煞了他的威风

(4)

To put down in writing.
记下:以书写的形式记录下来的

take for

(1)

To regard as:
把…视作:
Do you take me for a fool?
你以为我是个傻瓜吗?

(2)

To consider mistakenly:
误认为:
Don't take silence for approval.
不要把沉默误认为是同意

take in

(1)

To grant admittance to; receive as a guest or an employee.
让…进入,接纳,吸收:允许…进来;接受…为客人或雇员

(2)

To reduce in size; make smaller or shorter:
收缩:在尺寸上减小;使…变小或为变短:
took in the waist on the pair of pants.
把裤子的腰身改小一些

(3)

To include or constitute.
包括,构成

(4)

To understand:
理解:
couldn't take in the meaning of the word.
不能够理解这个词的含义

(5)

To deceive or swindle:
欺骗,诱骗:
was taken in by a confidence artist.
被一名骗人的行家给骗了

(6)

To look at thoroughly; view:
详尽地看;注视:
took in the sights.
饱览各个景色

(7)

To accept (work) to be done in one's house for pay:
接(活计)在家里做:为获取报酬而接下(在自己家里完成的工作):
took in typing.
在家的打字活

(8)

To convey (a prisoner) to a police station.
押送(罪犯)去警察局

take off

(1)

To remove, as clothing:
脱掉(衣服等):
take one's coat off; take off one's galoshes.
脱去外衣;脱下套靴

(2)

To release:
放开:
took the brake off.
松开刹车

(3)

To deduct as a discount:
打折:作为折扣而减价:
took 20 percent off.
优惠百分之二十

(4)

To carry off or away.
带走

(5)

Slang
【俚语】

(6)

To go off; leave:
走开;离开:
took off in a hurry.
匆匆地离去

(7)

To achieve wide use or popularity:
广泛使用,大受欢迎:
a new movie that really took off.
一部极为卖座的新片

(8)

To rise in flight:
起飞:
The plane took off on time.
飞机准时起飞

(9)

To discontinue:
取消:
took off the commuter special.
取消了特殊通勤

(10)

To withhold service due, as from one's work:
休假:暂时不做(自己工作中的)应做的工作:
I'm taking off three days during May.
五月份我将会休假三天

take on

(1)

To undertake or begin to handle:
从事,开始对付:
took on extra responsibilities.
担负了额外的责任

(2)

To hire; engage:
雇;雇佣:
took on more workers during the harvest.
在收获期间雇了更多的工人

(3)

To oppose in competition:
对抗:在竞争中迎击:
a wrestler who took on all comers.
一个接受所有新手挑战的摔跤运动员

(4)

Informal To display violent or passionate emotion:
【非正式用语】 激动,大惊小怪:表现出猛烈的或激动的情感:
Don't take on so!
别这样大吵大闹!

(5)

To acquire (an appearance, for example) as or as if one's own:
摆架子,假装:获得(比如,相貌)作为自己的或使它象是自己的:
Over the years he has taken on the look of a banker.
这些年来他摆出了一副银行家的派头

take out

(1)

To extract; remove:
取出;弄走:
took the splinter out.
取出木屑

(2)

To secure (a license, for example) by application to an authority.
向机关申请取得:通过向一个权力机关申请来获得(比如,许可证)

(3)

Informal To escort, as a date.
【非正式用语】 陪伴(比如,约会中一方)

(4)

To give vent to:
发泄:
Don't take your frustration out in such an aggressive manner.
不要用这样一种积极的方式来发泄你的失意

(5)

To obtain as an equivalent in a different form:
获得平衡:作为一种不同形式的对等物取得:
took out the money owed in services.
平衡各亏欠服务中心的钱

(6)

Informal To begin a course; set out:
【非正式用语】 开始一段路程;出发:
The police took out after the thieves.
警方出动警力追捕小偷

(7)

Slang
【俚语】

(8)

To kill; murder:
杀死;谋杀:
Two snipers took out an enemy platoon.
两名狙击手消灭了敌人一个排

(9)

To search for and destroy in an armed attack or other such encounter:
在武装攻击或其它类似的方式搜寻并摧毁:
Combat pilots, flying low to avoid radar, took out the guerrilla leader's bunker in a single mission.
在一次行动中,战斗机飞行员在低空飞行以躲避雷达,发现并炸毁了游击队领导所在的掩体

take over
To assume the control or management of.
接管:获得对…的控制或管理

take to

(1)

To have recourse to; go to, as for safety:
求救于;(如为了安全)前往:
took to the woods.
躲到树林里

(2)

To develop as a habit or a steady practice:
养成习惯,沉于:有了…的习惯或开始持续地做:
take to drink.
染上了酗酒的恶习

(3)

To become fond of or attached to:
喜爱,亲近:喜欢上…或和…变得亲近:
“Two keen minds that they are, they took to each other”(Jack Kerouac)
“越敏锐的两颗心,越容易互相吸引”(杰克·凯鲁亚克)

take up

(1)

To raise; lift.
举起;升起

(2)

To reduce in size; shorten or tighten:
缩减,改紧:在尺寸上减小;缩短或使…更紧:
take up a gown.
把一件袍子改短些

(3)

To pay off an (outstanding debt, mortgage, or note).
付清一笔(数目可观的债务、抵押贷款或票据)

(4)

To accept (an option, a bet, or a challenge) as offered.
接受所提供的(一种选择、一笔赌注或一个挑战)

(5)

To begin again; resume:
再次开始;重新开始:
Let's take up where we left off.
让我们接着我们停下来的地方重新开始

(6)

To use up, consume, or occupy:
用尽,耗掉或占用:
The extra duties took up most of my time.
额外工作耗费了我绝大部分时间

(7)

To develop an interest in or devotion to:
喜欢,钟爱:对…产生了兴趣或钟爱:
take up mountain climbing.
喜欢上登山运动

(8)

To deal with:
处理:
Let's take up each problem one at a time.
让我们一个问题一个问题地来解决

(9)

To assume:
摆出:
took up a friendly attitude.
摆出友好的态度

(10)

To absorb or adsorb:
吸收,吸附:
crops taking up nutrients.
正在吸收养分的作物

(11)

To enter into (a profession or business):
开始从事(一项职业或行当):
took up engineering.
干起了工程设计这一行

习惯用语

on the take【非正式用语】
Taking or seeking to take bribes or illegal income:
收受贿赂的:收受贿赂或非法收入的或试图收受贿赂或非法收入的:
“There were policemen on the take”(Scott Turow)
“有一些警察非法收受贿赂”(斯科特·图罗)

take a bath【非正式用语】
To experience serious financial loss:
蒙受严重的财政损失:
“Small investors who latched on to hot new issues took a bath in Wall Street”(Paul A. Samuelson)
“那些抱住热门新产品不放的小投资者们在华尔街栽了大跟头”(保罗A.塞缪尔森)

take account of
To take into consideration.
把…纳入考虑范围

take away from
To detract:
减少,减弱:
Her stringy hair takes away from her lovely face.
她的丝一样的长发使人们没有注意到她那可爱的脸蛋

take care
To be careful:
小心:
Take care or you will slip on the ice.
小心些,不然你会在冰上滑倒的

take care of
To assume responsibility for the maintenance, support, or treatment of.
照料,赡养:承担对…的保养、赡养或治疗的责任

take charge
To assume control or command.
取得控制或指挥权

take effect

(1)

To become operative, as under law or regulation:
生效:成为有效力的,如在法律或规章的约束下:
The curfew takes effect at midnight.
宵禁在午夜生效

(2)

To produce the desired reaction:
奏效:产生所希望的反应:
The antibiotics at last began to take effect.
抗菌素最后终于发生效力了

take exception
To express opposition by argument; object to:
反对:通过争辩来表示反对;抵制:
took exception to the prosecutor's line of questioning.
对检查官的质疑提出反对

take five或

take ten 【俚语】
To take a short rest or break, as of five or ten minutes.
小憩:进行很短的休息(如五分钟或十分钟的小憩)

take for granted

(1)

To consider as true, real, or forthcoming; anticipate correctly.
想当然:认为…是真实的、正确的或会要发生的;料想…是正确的

(2)

To underestimate the value of:
低估了…的价值:
a publisher who took the editors for granted.
一位低估了其编辑作用的出版商

take heart
To be confident or courageous.
充满信心或勇气

take hold

(1)

To seize, as by grasping.
(如通过抓握来)夺取

(2)

To become established:
扎根:
The newly planted vines quickly took hold.
新种下的葡萄藤很快就扎下了根

take it

(1)

To understand; assume:
理解;臆断:
As I take it, they won't accept the proposal.
照我看,他们不会接受这项建议

(2)

Informal To endure abuse, criticism, or other harsh treatment:
【非正式用语】 忍受:忍受辱骂、批评或其它严厉的对待:
If you can dish it out, you've got to learn to take it.
如果你将它提出,你就会知道被臭骂的滋味

take it on the chin【俚语】
To endure punishment, suffering, or defeat.
遭受惩罚、折磨或失败

take it or leave it
To accept or reject unconditionally.
要么要,要么不要:不附带任何条件地接受或拒绝

take it out on【非正式用语】
To abuse (someone) in venting one's own anger.
通过…惩罚来出气:在发泄自己的怒气时辱骂(某人)

take kindly to

(1)

To be receptive to:
接受:
take kindly to constructive criticism.
接受建设性的批评

(2)

To be naturally attracted or fitted to; thrive on.
自然而然地为…所吸引或适合;靠…茁壮成长

take lying down【非正式用语】
To submit to harsh treatment with no resistance:
逆来顺受:不进行任何反抗地接受粗暴或严厉的对等:
refused to take the snub lying down.
拒绝低眉顺眼地听任别人呵斥

take notice of
To pay attention to.
注意到

take (one's) breath away
To put into a state of awe or shock.
令人窒息:使…进入一种敬畏或震惊的状态

take (one's) time
To act slowly or at one's leisure.
慢慢地行动或不急不忙地行动

take place
To happen; occur.
发生;出现

take root

(1)

To become established or fixed.
确定下来,固定下来

(2)

To become rooted.
(植物)扎根下来

take shape
To take on a distinctive form.
具有一个明确的形式

take sick
Chiefly Southern U.S. To become ill.
【多用于美国南部】 生病

take sides
To associate with and support a particular faction, group, cause, or person.
支持,站在…一边:和某一特定的派别、集团、事业或个人有联系或支持某一特定的派别、集团、事业或个人

take stock

(1)

To take an inventory.
开出一份存货清单

(2)

To make an estimate or appraisal, as of resources or of oneself.
(比如,对资源或自己)进行一次预测或评估

take stock in
To trust, believe in, or attach importance to.
信任、相信或认为…很重要

take the bench【法律】
To assume a judicial position.
当法官:担当法官的职位

take the cake

(1)

To be the most outrageous or disappointing.
糟透了:成为最让人厌恶的或最让人失望的

(2)

To win the prize; be outstanding.
赢得了奖项;杰出的

take the count

(1)

To be defeated.
被击败

(2)

Sports To be counted out in boxing.
【体育运动】 被打败:在拳击中直到数点结束仍未站起来

take the fall或

take the hit 【俚语】
To incur blame or censure, either willingly or unwillingly:
招致批评:愿意或者不愿意地招致批评或指责:
a senior official who took the fall for the failed intelligence operation.
为这次失败的间谍行动引咎辞职的一位高级官员

take the floor
To rise to deliver a formal speech, as to an assembly.
站着发表演说:站起来发表一篇正式演说,比如对一个集会

take the heat【俚语】
To incur and endure heavy censure or criticism:
招致并忍受众多的指责或批评:
had a reputation for being able to take the heat in a crisis.
享有在危机中成为众矢之的但却能处之泰然的名声

take to the cleaners【俚语】

(1)

To rob or swindle.
抢劫,诱骗

(2)

To take all the money or possessions of, as in a divorce action.
获得全部财产:(比如在一场离婚裁决中)获得…所有的钱或财产

(3)

To subject to withering criticism.
使…遭受难堪的批评

take up for
To support (a person or group, for example) in an argument.
支持某一方:在一场争论中支持(比如,一个人或集团)

take up the cudgels
To join in a dispute, especially in defense of a participant.
加入争论:加入一场争论,尤指为了捍卫其中的一名参与者

take up with【非正式用语】
To begin to associate with; consort with:
开始与…交往;结交:
took up with a fast crowd.
与一群放荡的人为伍

语源

(1)

Middle English taken
中古英语 taken

(2)

from Old English tacan
源自 古英语 tacan

(3)

from Old Norse taka
源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 taka

继承用法

takable
adj.(形容词)

现代英汉综合大辞典

side
[said]
n.

(1)

边; 侧面, 面; 旁边; 方面

(2)

(身体的)侧边; 胁; 肋肉

(3)

(纸、布等的)面, 半面

(4)

山和河岸的斜坡

(5)

(敌对的)一派, 一方; [英](比赛的)队

(6)

家系, 血统

(7)

[俚]摆架子, 傲慢

(8)

[美俚]一段[份, 页]台词;【微】纵线

(9)

(台球)侧击转球

(10)

【船】舷侧
the six sides of a cube
立方体的六面
on this side of the river
在河的这边
have a pain in the right side
右胁痛
study all the sides of a question
研究问题的各个方面
a cousin on my father's side
父系的堂亲
Which is the right side of the cloth?
哪一面是这块布的正面?
Which side are you on?
你属于哪一派?
Both sides are ready for the contest.
双方均准备好比赛。
Everything has its two sides.
任何事物都有两个方面。
He is Chinese on his mother's side.
他的母亲是中国人。

词性变化

side
[said]
adj.

(1)

旁边的, 侧面的; 横的, 斜的

(2)

次要的, 枝节的, 副的; 片面的, 附带的
a side blow
侧击
a side issue
枝节问题
a side job
附带做的工作

side
[said]
vt.

(1)

支持, 同意

(2)

对半切开; 刨平侧面; 装上侧面

(3)

收拾, 放开

(4)

【建】钉上披叠板
vi.

(1)

赞助, 支持; 偏袒; 参与

(2)

宽度仅有

(3)

[英俚]摆架子
side with the revolutionary people
站在革命人民方面

继承用法

sidearm
[5saIdB:m]
adj.
(棒球)侧投的(手的位置与腰等高的)

side-by-side
n.
水平双管猎枪

side-burns
n.
[pl. ]短腮巴胡子

sidecar
[5saIdkB:(r)]
n.

(1)

(摩托车的)边车; (爱尔兰的)轻便三轮马车

(2)

[常 Side ]鸡尾酒

side-deck
n.
边甲板(指靠舷部分)

side-ditch
n.
侧[边]沟

sidedozer
n.
侧铲推土机

sidedrum
n.
(=snare-drum)小鼓

sideflash
n.
侧向闪光

sideforce
n.
侧力; 横力

sidehead
n.

(1)

刨床上的辅助滑板

(2)

副标题

side-hill
n.
山坡, 山麓

side-kick
n.
[美俚]伙伴, 密友; 合作者, 死党

sidekicker
n.
明轮蒸汽机船

sidelong
[5saIdlRN]
adj., adv.
横的[地]; 斜的[地];侧面的[地]

sideman
[`saIdmAn]
n.
(爵士音乐)乐队员, 伴奏者

sidepiece
[`saIdpi:s]
n.
边件; 侧部

sideport
n.
舷窗; 舷门

sideproduct
n.
副产品

sidesaddle
[5saIdsAd(E)l]
n.
女鞍, 横鞍, 偏座鞍

词性变化

side
[said]
adv.
在女鞍上, 在偏座

sideseat
[`saIdsi:t]
n.
背靠车身的座位, 边座

sideshaft
n.
【机】侧轴

sideshow
[5saIdFEJ]
n.

(1)

(正戏中的)穿插表演, 杂耍

(2)

附属活动; 附带事件; 枝节问题

sidesman
[5saIdzmEn]
n.
教区副执事; [英]副教区委员, 党羽, 同党

side-spin
n.
侧旋

sidesplitter
[`saId9splItE(r)]
n.
极滑稽的故事, 令人捧腹的笑话

sidesplitting
[5saIdsplItIN]
adj.
令人捧腹的, 滑稽透顶的

sidestroke
[`saIdstrEJk]
n., vi.
侧泳

sidetone
[`saIdtEJn]
n.
(电话机的)侧音

sidewall
n.

(1)

边墙, 侧墙

(2)

轮胎侧壁

sideway
[`saIdweI]
n.
小路
adv., adj.
(=side ways; sideways)斜向一边的[地]

sidewheel
adj.
(汽船)每侧均有外轮的

sidewheeler
n.

(1)

[美]侧明轮船

(2)

[美俚]惯用左手的人

(3)

[美俚]遛蹄的马

sidewhisker
n.
[pl.]胳腮胡须

sidewind
adj.
间接的; 不正当的, 不法的

sidewise
[`saIdwaIz]
adv., adj.
=side ways

习惯用语

at the side of
在...旁边; [口]与...相比

be on both sides of the fence
[美]两面讨好

be on sb.'s side of the fence
[美]支持某人

be on the long side of the market (=go long of the market)
做多头(把持商品或证券以待涨价时卖出)

be on the other side of the fence
[美]在反对的一边

be on the safe side
为了稳妥起见, 以防万一

be on the same side of the fence
站在同一立场上

blind side
弱点, 缺点

weak side
弱点, 缺点

born on the wrong side of the blanket
私生的

both sides of the medal
问题的两面; 事情的正反方面

bright side
光明的一面; 令人高兴的一面

brush sth. to one side
把...撇在一边, 置之不理

put sth. to one side
把...撇在一边, 置之不理

place sth. to one side
把...撇在一边, 置之不理

burst one's sides
捧腹大笑, 笑破肚皮

hold one's sides
捧腹大笑, 笑破肚皮

shake one's sides
捧腹大笑, 笑破肚皮

split one's sides
捧腹大笑, 笑破肚皮

burst one's sides with laughter
捧腹大笑, 笑破肚皮

hold one's sides with laughter
捧腹大笑, 笑破肚皮

shake one's sides with laughter
捧腹大笑, 笑破肚皮

split one's sides with laughter
捧腹大笑, 笑破肚皮

by sb.'s side (=by the side of)
在...的旁边, 在...的附近; 和...比较

change sides
(改变立场)投到对方去

clear side
【航海】露出水面部分

come down on one side or the other of the fence
支持两方中的一方

come down on the rightside of the fence
倒向[附和]胜利的一方

descend on the rightside of the fence
倒向[附和]胜利的一方

err on the right side
宁可失之谨慎; 选择稳妥的做法

err on the safe side
宁可失之谨慎; 选择稳妥的做法

Every man has his weak side.
[谚]人人都有缺点。

flip side
唱片的背面; [转]对等的人或物

from all sides (=from every side)
从四面八方; 全面地; 到处

from side to side
左右(摇等)

get on the right side of sb.
得到某人喜爱, 骗取某人的欢心

get on the wrong side of sb.
同某人搞坏关系; 冒犯某人

get out of bed on the wrong side
[俚]清早一起就发脾气, 急躁不愉快, 心绪不好

give sb. the rough side of one's tongue
对某人出 口不逊; 恶语伤人

give sb. a lick with the rough side of one's tongue
对某人出 口不逊; 恶语伤人

go over the side
[美俚]私自离开船只(或基地)

have lots of sides
架子十足

have too much side
太傲慢

put on too much side
太傲慢

keep on the right side of sb.
(出于希望日后获得好处而)避免得罪某人; 争取某人好感

keep on the right side of the law
行为合法, 不违反法律

know which side one's bread is buttered (on)
知道 自已利益所在; 善于为个人的利益打算

laugh on the other side of one's face
由得意变失意, 转喜为悲

let the side down
[口]使自己的人(如朋友、同事等)失望, 辱没自己的一方(如家庭, 集体等)

like the side of a house
[口](指女人)非常肥胖

look on all sides
到处细看

look on the bright side
对事物抱乐观态度

look on the sunny side
对事物抱乐观态度

look on the bright side of things
对事物抱乐观态度

look on the sunny side of things
对事物抱乐观态度

look on the dark side
对事物抱悲观态度

look on the gloomy side
对事物抱悲观态度

look on the dark side of things
对事物抱悲观态度

look on the gloomy side of things
对事物抱悲观态度

off side
(橄榄球)违犯规则[符合规则]的位置; [口]越位[不越位]

on side
(橄榄球)违犯规则[符合规则]的位置; [口]越位[不越位]

on all sides
四面八方, 到处

on both sides
双方, 两边

on one side
在一旁(边), 斜着

on one side ... on the side
一方面...另一方面

on sb.'s side

(1)

在某人方面; 就某人来说

(2)

站在某人一边(支持某人)

on the high side
(价格)偏高[低]

on the low side
(价格)偏高[低]

on the other side

(1)

在对面, 反对方面的

(2)

(原系美语)大西洋彼岸

on the right side (=on the side of the angels)
站在正确的[正义的]方面

on the right side of the account
【商】在贷方

on the right side of the hedge
站在正确的立场

on the right side of the post
干得对; 行动正确

on the right side of the tracks
[美]在富裕居民区; 属于富裕阶层

on the right side of
未过...岁

on the better side of
未过...岁

on the bright side of
未过...岁

on the safe side
谨慎, 稳健

on the ... side
趋向于..., 稍微...一点

on the side

(1)

[口]顺便, 附带

(2)

秘密地; 背地里

on the side of
站在...一边, 袒护...

on the shady side of
已过...岁

on the wrong side of
已过...岁

on the small side
相当小

on the windy side of

(1)

【航海】吃风的一面; 迎风的一面

(2)

[转]不为...所害, 在...影响之外

on the wrong side of the door
被关在门外, 被拒绝入内

on the shady side of the door
被关在门外, 被拒绝入内

on this side
[美]大西洋的这一边

on this side (of) the grave
在世时, 生前

over the side
上[下]船

pass sb. by on the other side
对某人坐视不救, 不帮助(不表示同情)

prompt side

(1)

[英]舞台左侧(提词人所站的一边)

(2)

[美]舞台右侧(提词人 所站的一边)

put on side

(1)

摆架子

(2)

(台球)侧击使旋转

silver side
牛腿肉最好的部分(上股肉)

sing on the wrong side of one's mouth
[口]转喜为悲; 由得意而失意

stand by sb.'s side
站在某人一边, 伙同某人

sunny side
朝阳的一面; [转]光明面; 乐观[有利]的一面

sunny-side up
[美]只煎一面的蛋

take sb. to one side (=take sb. aside)
把某人叫到一边(以便私下交谈)

take sb. on one side (=take sb. aside)
把某人叫到一边(以便私下交谈)

take sb.'s side
拥护[袒护]某人

take sides
偏袒; 拥护(某方面)

take a side
偏袒; 拥护(某方面)

take sides with
偏袒; 拥护(某方面)

take a side with
偏袒; 拥护(某方面)

the distaff side
母系

the spindle side
母系

the other side of the shield
问题的另一面

the reverse side of the medal
事情的反面

There is much to be said on both sides.
公说公有理, 婆说婆有理。

the seamy side

(1)

布的反面, 衣服的里面

(2)

[转]事物的阴暗面, 丑恶的一面

the spear side
父系

the wrong side out
表里倒置, 里朝外, 翻面地

this side of

(1)

(指时间)在...以前

(2)

(指数量范围等)不越出

turn the best side outward
尽力使人看 到最好的一面

side by side (with)
并排[肩]; 互相支持地; 连接着

weak side
弱点

weak point
弱点

wrong side of the fence
争论中错误的一方, 失败的一方

wrong side of the tracks
[美]城市中贫民区, 贫民阶层

side door trade
[美]临时买票入场的观众

side issue
附带问题; 次要问题

side with
与(某人)站在同一边, 和(某人)抱同样的见解

特殊用法

adjacent side
邻边

advancing side
受拉部分, (皮带)张紧侧; 波浪前坡面

anadrome side
上边

apical side
顶面

approaching side
进入侧

back side
里面, 内层; 背面, 反面

backing side
(磁带)背面, 反面

bearing off side
轴承泄油面

beef side
牛半胴

belly side
猪胴胸腹部肉(总称五花肉)

bench side
焦面

bloom side
(皮)起霜面

bottom side
底部

bow side
在舷

breaking ball side
球同侧突破

breathing side
呼吸的一侧

broad side
船舷

car side
车辆侧墙

catadrome side
下边

catcher's side
接钢边

cess side
人行(便)道, 便道

change side
交换场区

changing side
换辊侧

charge side
贷方

charging side

(1)

加料侧

(2)

加料厂房

(3)

机面

closed side
闭侧

coast side
(齿轮的)不工作齿侧

cold side
(无槽法)冷面; (平拉法)背面(玻璃带背着液流的一面)

commutator side
换向器侧

corresponding sides
对应边

crank side
曲柄端

credit side
贷方栏

creditor side
贷方, 付项

dark side
暗边

dawn side
【天】黎明侧

debit side
收方, 借方

delivery side

(1)

出料侧

(2)

进给端

(3)

输出端

demand side
需要面, 需要的方面

dial side
表盘方向, 表盘面

discharge side

(1)

卸料侧

(2)

出料面

(3)

借方

distaff side
女子赛组

down side
(三辊式机座的)机前侧

downthrow side
【地质】下投侧

dressed two sides
双面修整

driving side
(链, 皮带的)主动侧, 驱动侧, 主动端

East Side
(纽约东部的)贫民区

engaged side
射击舷, 战斗舷

entry side
输入端

exhaust side

(1)

(熔窑)放(玻璃)液侧

(2)

排气侧

exit side
出料侧, 输出侧; 引出端, 出口

face side

(1)

木表

(2)

表面, 正面

far side
远侧

felt side
正面; 毛布面

fore side
操作侧[面]

glove side
手套侧(指守门员戴抓球手套的一侧)

go side
(量规)通过端

grain side
光面, 前面

grain side of leather
皮革正面(原长毛的面)

hair side
发边, (皮)毛面

head side
缸盖端

heading side
【地质】下盘, 下帮

high potential side
高压侧

high-pressure side

(1)

高压侧

(2)

(冷冻机中)高压旋管

hinged side
铰接侧板(货车)

home side
主队

homologous sides

(1)

对应边

(2)

同位边

hood side
机罩侧面

hot side

(1)

高放射性侧

(2)

热侧

(3)

高压边

(4)

(玻璃带的)热面(无槽法), (玻璃带的)前面(平拉法)

hydraulic fluid side
(蓄能器)液体侧

increase side
增加方, 借方

influent side
进料的一侧

ingoing side
进料的一侧

inlet side
入口端

intake side
进口侧, 输入侧, 吸油侧

integral full depth body side
整体全深车体侧壁

knife side
单板里面

knife face
单板里面

lee side
背[下]风面; 下风舷

line side
线路侧[端]

load side
负荷端(链或钢绳)

local side

(1)

局部面(数据终端设备)

(2)

本机端

long side
做多头, 对市价看涨的

long rib side
猪肋肉

loose side
单板松面(里面)

loose face
单板松面(里面)

lower camber side
(机翼)下弧面

low-pressure side
低压旋管; 冷冻机的蒸发旋管

low-tension side
低压端

low-voltage side
低压端

machine side
机面

main side
主侧

minus side
减侧, 负侧

mirror side
镜面; 光面

modern side
现代学科方面的课程; [英]现代学科部分

mountain side
山腰

near side
(马的)左侧

neutron-rich side
富中子侧, 丰中子侧

non-breathing side
非呼吸的一侧

normal side
法向边

not-go side
(量规)不(通)过端

opposite side
对边

" out " side
不掌握发球权的一方

outlet side of pump
泵的排出端

output side
输出端

oxide side
氧化面

payment side
付方

piston ring side
活塞环端

plus side
加侧, 正侧

port side
左舷

posted sides
厚壁(玻璃制品缺陷)

power-on driving pulley side
驱动皮带轮侧功率

pressure side
加压的一边; 加压侧; 压力面

primary side
初级[原始]侧, 初级端, 原边

pull side
拉紧端

pusher side
机侧, 推焦面

railed side
横条栏板, 栏杆式侧板

ram side
机面

receding side of belt
皮带退出侧, 皮带松边

receipt side
收方

receiving side
接发球一方

residual side
残余边带

retired side
失去发球权的一方

right-angle side
直角边

right-hand side
右方, 右边

ring groove side
环槽侧

roll change side
轧机机座换辊侧

roller's side
轧机进钢侧

serving side
发球一方

shady side
黑[阴]暗面

shell side
壳方; (换热器)壳程

sheltered side
(山脊上的)避风面

ship's side
舰舷, 舱舷

six-foot side
六尺线间距离

sloping side
斜边

starboard side
右舷

step-down side
(变压器)低压端

stroke side
划桨的一侧

strong side
(球场)强侧, 有球侧

suction side
吸引端; 吸引的一边, 吸力面

supply side

(1)

馈电侧, 供电侧

(2)

进给端

tapping side
放渣[出炉]侧, 炉后

tension side
紧边; (皮带)主动边

terminate side of an angle
角的终边

thrust side of piston
活塞推力侧

tight side

(1)

受拉部分, 受拉区

(2)

(皮带)张紧侧

traverse side
导线边

truck side
转向架侧架

tube side
管程, 管方

unequal sides (sections)
不等边型钢

unloading side
无负载端

upper side
上面; 上部

valley side
峡谷边

visiting side
客队

weak side
(球场)弱侧, 无球侧

weather side
上风舷, 上风方面

willow side
搓纹半张牛面革

wire side
纸的反面(较粗糙的一面)

wiring side
布[接]线面

wrong side
(纸幅)反[网]面

美国传统词典

take
take
AHD:[t3k]
D.J.[teik]
K.K.[tek]
v.
took[t?k] tak.en[t3“k…n] tak.ing, takes
v.tr.

(1)

To get into one's possession by force, skill, or artifice, especially:

(2)

To capture physically; seize:
take an enemy fortress.

(3)

To seize with authority; confiscate.

(4)

To kill, snare, or trap (fish or game, for example).

(5)

Sports Games To acquire in a game or competition; win:
took the crown in horseracing.

(6)

Sports Games To defeat:
Our team took the visitors three to one.

(7)

Sports To catch (a ball in play), especially in baseball:
The player took it on the fly.

(8)

Baseball To refrain from swinging at (a pitched ball).

(9)

To grasp with the hands; grip:
Take your partner's hand.

(10)

To be affected with; come down with; contract:
The child has taken the flu.

(11)

To encounter or catch in a particular situation; come upon; discover:
Your actions took me by surprise.

(12)

To deal a blow to; strike or hit:
The boxer took his opponent a sharp jab to the ribs.

(13)

To affect favorably or winsomely; charm or captivate:
She was taken by the puppy.

(14)

To put (food or drink, for example) into the body; eat or drink:
took a little soup for dinner.

(15)

To draw in; inhale:
took a deep breath.

(16)

To expose one's body to (healthful or pleasurable treatment, for example):
take the sun; take the waters at a spa.

(17)

To bring or receive into a particular relation, association, or other connection:
take a new partner into the firm; take a company national.

(18)

To engage in sex with.

(19)

To accept and place under one's care or keeping.

(20)

To appropriate for one's own or another's use or benefit; obtain by purchase; secure or buy:
We always take season tickets.

(21)

To assume for oneself:
take all the credit.

(22)

To charge or oblige oneself with the fulfillment of (a task or duty, for example); commit oneself to:
She took the position of chair of the committee.

(23)

To pledge one's obedience to; impose (a vow or promise) upon oneself.

(24)

To subject oneself to:
We took extra time to do the job properly.

(25)

To accept or adopt for one's own.

(26)

To put forth or adopt as a point of argument, defense, or discussion.

(27)

To require or have as a fitting or proper accompaniment:
Intransitive verbs take no direct object.

(28)

To pick out; select or choose:
take any card.

(29)

To choose for one's own use; avail oneself of the use of:
We took a rented car.

(30)

To use (something) as when in operation:
This camera takes 35mm film.

(31)

To use (something) as a means of conveyance or transportation:
take a train to Pittsburgh.

(32)

To use (something) as a means of safety or refuge:
take shelter from the storm.

(33)

To choose and then adopt (a particular route or direction) while on foot or while operating a vehicle:
Take a right at the next corner. The driver downshifted to take the corner.

(34)

To assume occupancy of:
take a seat.

(35)

To require (something) as a basic necessity:
It takes money to live in that town.

(36)

To obtain from a source; derive or draw:
The book takes its title from the Bible.

(37)

To obtain, as through measurement or a specified procedure:
took the patient's temperature.

(38)

To put down in shorthand or cursive writing:
take a letter.

(39)

To put down an image, a likeness, or a representation of by or as by drawing, painting, or photography:
took a picture of us.

(40)

To accept (something owed, offered, or given) either reluctantly or willingly:
take criticism.

(41)

To submit to (something inflicted); endure:
didn't take his punishment very well.

(42)

To withstand:
The dam took the heavy flood waters.

(43)

To accept or believe (something put forth) as true:
I'll take your word.

(44)

To follow (advice, a suggestion, or a lead, for example).

(45)

To accept, handle, or deal with in a particular way:
He takes things in stride.

(46)

To consider in a particular relation or from a particular viewpoint:
take the bitter with the sweet.

(47)

To make or perform:
Many crucial decisions were taken as the path of the hurricane was plotted.

(48)

To allow to come in; give access or admission to; admit:
The boat took a lot of water but remained afloat.

(49)

To provide room for; accommodate:
We can't take more than 100 guests.

(50)

To become saturated or impregnated with (dye, for example).

(51)

To understand or interpret:
May I take your smile as an indication of approval?

(52)

To consider; assume:
Take the matter as settled.

(53)

To consider to be equal to; reckon:
We take their number at 1,000.

(54)

To perceive or feel; experience:
I take pleasure in informing you that you have won the prize.

(55)

To carry, convey, lead, or cause to go along to another place:
Don't forget to take your umbrella. This bus takes you to New York.See Usage Note at bring

(56)

To remove from a place:
take the dishes from the sink.

(57)

To secure by removing:
The dentist took two molars.

(58)

To cause to die; kill or destroy:
The blight took these tomatoes.

(59)

To subtract:
take 15 from 30.

(60)

To commit and apply oneself to the study of:
take art lessons; take Spanish.

(61)

To study for with success:
took a degree in law.

(62)

Informal To swindle, defraud, or cheat:
You've really been taken.
v.intr.

(1)

To acquire possession.

(2)

To engage or mesh; catch, as gears or other mechanical parts.

(3)

To start growing; root or germinate:
Have the seeds taken?

(4)

To have the intended effect; operate or work:
The transfusion apparently took.

(5)

To gain popularity or favor:
The television series, which didn't take, was later canceled.

(6)

To become:
He took sick.
n.

(1)

The act or process of taking.

(2)

That which is taken.

(3)

A quantity collected at one time, especially the amount of profit or receipts taken on a business arrangement or venture.

(4)

The number of fish, game birds, or other animals killed or captured at one time.

(5)

Sports The amount of money collected as admission to a sporting event; the gate.

(6)

The uninterrupted running of a movie or television camera or a set of recording equipment in filming a movie or television program or cutting a record.

(7)

A scene filmed or televised without interrupting the run of the camera.

(8)

A recording made in a single session.

(9)

A physical reaction, such as a rash, indicating a successful vaccination.

(10)

A successful graft.

(11)

Slang An attempt or a try:
He got the answer on the third take.

常用词组

take after

(1)

To follow as an example.

(2)

To resemble in appearance, temperament, or character.

take apart

(1)

To divide into parts after disassembling.

(2)

To dissect or analyze (a theory, for example), usually in an effort to discover hidden or innate flaws or weaknesses.

(3)

Slang To beat up; thrash.

take back
To retract (something stated or written).

take down

(1)

To bring to a lower position from a higher one.

(2)

To take apart; dismantle:
take down the Christmas tree.

(3)

To lower the arrogance or the self-esteem of (a person):
really took him down during the debate.

(4)

To put down in writing.

take for

(1)

To regard as:
Do you take me for a fool?

(2)

To consider mistakenly:
Don't take silence for approval.

take in

(1)

To grant admittance to; receive as a guest or an employee.

(2)

To reduce in size; make smaller or shorter:
took in the waist on the pair of pants.

(3)

To include or constitute.

(4)

To understand:
couldn't take in the meaning of the word.

(5)

To deceive or swindle:
was taken in by a confidence artist.

(6)

To look at thoroughly; view:
took in the sights.

(7)

To accept (work) to be done in one's house for pay:
took in typing.

(8)

To convey (a prisoner) to a police station.

take off

(1)

To remove, as clothing:
take one's coat off; take off one's galoshes.

(2)

To release:
took the brake off.

(3)

To deduct as a discount:
took 20 percent off.

(4)

To carry off or away.

(5)

Slang

(6)

To go off; leave:
took off in a hurry.

(7)

To achieve wide use or popularity:
a new movie that really took off.

(8)

To rise in flight:
The plane took off on time.

(9)

To discontinue:
took off the commuter special.

(10)

To withhold service due, as from one's work:
I'm taking off three days during May.

take on

(1)

To undertake or begin to handle:
took on extra responsibilities.

(2)

To hire; engage:
took on more workers during the harvest.

(3)

To oppose in competition:
a wrestler who took on all comers.

(4)

Informal To display violent or passionate emotion:
Don't take on so!

(5)

To acquire (an appearance, for example) as or as if one's own:
Over the years he has taken on the look of a banker.

take out

(1)

To extract; remove:
took the splinter out.

(2)

To secure (a license, for example) by application to an authority.

(3)

Informal To escort, as a date.

(4)

To give vent to:
Don't take your frustration out in such an aggressive manner.

(5)

To obtain as an equivalent in a different form:
took out the money owed in services.

(6)

Informal To begin a course; set out:
The police took out after the thieves.

(7)

Slang

(8)

To kill; murder:
Two snipers took out an enemy platoon.

(9)

To search for and destroy in an armed attack or other such encounter:
Combat pilots, flying low to avoid radar, took out the guerrilla leader's bunker in a single mission.

take over
To assume the control or management of.

take to

(1)

To have recourse to; go to, as for safety:
took to the woods.

(2)

To develop as a habit or a steady practice:
take to drink.

(3)

To become fond of or attached to:
“Two keen minds that they are, they took to each other”(Jack Kerouac)

take up

(1)

To raise; lift.

(2)

To reduce in size; shorten or tighten:
take up a gown.

(3)

To pay off an (outstanding debt, mortgage, or note).

(4)

To accept (an option, a bet, or a challenge) as offered.

(5)

To begin again; resume:
Let's take up where we left off.

(6)

To use up, consume, or occupy:
The extra duties took up most of my time.

(7)

To develop an interest in or devotion to:
take up mountain climbing.

(8)

To deal with:
Let's take up each problem one at a time.

(9)

To assume:
took up a friendly attitude.

(10)

To absorb or adsorb:
crops taking up nutrients.

(11)

To enter into (a profession or business):
took up engineering.

习惯用语

on the takeInformal
Taking or seeking to take bribes or illegal income:
“There were policemen on the take”(Scott Turow)

take a bathInformal
To experience serious financial loss:
“Small investors who latched on to hot new issues took a bath in Wall Street”(Paul A. Samuelson)

take account of
To take into consideration.

take away from
To detract:
Her stringy hair takes away from her lovely face.

take care
To be careful:
Take care or you will slip on the ice.

take care of
To assume responsibility for the maintenance, support, or treatment of.

take charge
To assume control or command.

take effect

(1)

To become operative, as under law or regulation:
The curfew takes effect at midnight.

(2)

To produce the desired reaction:
The antibiotics at last began to take effect.

take exception
To express opposition by argument; object to:
took exception to the prosecutor's line of questioning.

take fiveor

take ten Slang
To take a short rest or break, as of five or ten minutes.

take for granted

(1)

To consider as true, real, or forthcoming; anticipate correctly.

(2)

To underestimate the value of:
a publisher who took the editors for granted.

take heart
To be confident or courageous.

take hold

(1)

To seize, as by grasping.

(2)

To become established:
The newly planted vines quickly took hold.

take it

(1)

To understand; assume:
As I take it, they won't accept the proposal.

(2)

Informal To endure abuse, criticism, or other harsh treatment:
If you can dish it out, you've got to learn to take it.

take it on the chinSlang
To endure punishment, suffering, or defeat.

take it or leave it
To accept or reject unconditionally.

take it out onInformal
To abuse (someone) in venting one's own anger.

take kindly to

(1)

To be receptive to:
take kindly to constructive criticism.

(2)

To be naturally attracted or fitted to; thrive on.

take lying downInformal
To submit to harsh treatment with no resistance:
refused to take the snub lying down.

take notice of
To pay attention to.

take (one's) breath away
To put into a state of awe or shock.

take (one's) time
To act slowly or at one's leisure.

take place
To happen; occur.

take root

(1)

To become established or fixed.

(2)

To become rooted.

take shape
To take on a distinctive form.

take sick
Chiefly Southern U.S. To become ill.

take sides
To associate with and support a particular faction, group, cause, or person.

take stock

(1)

To take an inventory.

(2)

To make an estimate or appraisal, as of resources or of oneself.

take stock in
To trust, believe in, or attach importance to.

take the benchLaw
To assume a judicial position.

take the cake

(1)

To be the most outrageous or disappointing.

(2)

To win the prize; be outstanding.

take the count

(1)

To be defeated.

(2)

Sports To be counted out in boxing.

take the fallor

take the hit Slang
To incur blame or censure, either willingly or unwillingly:
a senior official who took the fall for the failed intelligence operation.

take the floor
To rise to deliver a formal speech, as to an assembly.

take the heatSlang
To incur and endure heavy censure or criticism:
had a reputation for being able to take the heat in a crisis.

take to the cleanersSlang

(1)

To rob or swindle.

(2)

To take all the money or possessions of, as in a divorce action.

(3)

To subject to withering criticism.

take up for
To support (a person or group, for example) in an argument.

take up the cudgels
To join in a dispute, especially in defense of a participant.

take up withInformal
To begin to associate with; consort with:
took up with a fast crowd.

语源

(1)

Middle English taken

(2)

from Old English tacan

(3)

from Old Norse taka

继承用法

takable
adj.

英汉航海大词典

take sides
vi.站在一边,支持一方

英汉化学大词典

take sides
vt.站在一边,支持一方,袒护

英汉计算机大词典

take sides
vt.站在一边(支持一方,袒护)

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