简明英汉词典

take charge
v.
看管, 负责, 不受控制
v.
主持

美国传统词典[双解]

take
take
AHD:[t3k]
D.J.[teik]
K.K.[tek]
v.(动词)
took[t?k] tak.en[t3“k…n] tak.ingtakes
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To get into one's possession by force, skill, or artifice, especially:
取得:通过武力、技巧或欺诈占有,尤指:

(2)

To capture physically; seize:
夺取:亲身获得;掌握:
take an enemy fortress.
夺取敌人的一个要塞

(3)

To seize with authority; confiscate.
逮捕,没收:运用权力剥夺;没收

(4)

To kill, snare, or trap (fish or game, for example).
杀,设陷阱捕捉:杀死,设陷井捕获或诱捕(如,鱼或猎物)

(5)

Sports Games To acquire in a game or competition; win:
【体育运动】 【游戏】 获得,赢得:在一场游戏或竞赛中获得;赢得:
took the crown in horseracing.
在赛马中获得冠军

(6)

Sports Games To defeat:
【体育运动】 【游戏】 击败::击败:
Our team took the visitors three to one.
我们队以三比一击败客队

(7)

Sports To catch (a ball in play), especially in baseball:
【体育运动】 接住球:接住(比赛中的一个球) ,尤指在棒球中:
The player took it on the fly.
队员接住高飞的球

(8)

Baseball To refrain from swinging at (a pitched ball).
【棒球】 放过:放过(一个投给击球员的球)不打

(9)

To grasp with the hands; grip:
用手抓住;握住:
Take your partner's hand.
握住你舞伴的手

(10)

To be affected with; come down with; contract:
受…的影响;得于;感染:
The child has taken the flu.
这小孩得了流感

(11)

To encounter or catch in a particular situation; come upon; discover:
邂逅:在某一特殊情况下碰到或遇到(某人);突然遇到;发现:
Your actions took me by surprise.
你的行动着实让我吃了一惊

(12)

To deal a blow to; strike or hit:
给…一记拳击;敲击,击打:
The boxer took his opponent a sharp jab to the ribs.
这个拳击选手对准其对手的肋骨猛砸一拳

(13)

To affect favorably or winsomely; charm or captivate:
受吸引,迷惑:使人产生好感地或使人高兴地影响…;迷住或俘获…的心:
She was taken by the puppy.
她被那只小狗迷往了

(14)

To put (food or drink, for example) into the body; eat or drink:
吃,喝:将(食物或饮料等)置于体内;吃或喝:
took a little soup for dinner.
喝了点汤充作晚餐

(15)

To draw in; inhale:
吸入;吸纳::吸入;吸纳:
took a deep breath.
深吸了一口气

(16)

To expose one's body to (healthful or pleasurable treatment, for example):
置身于:把自己的身体暴露给(如,健康的或愉悦的治疗):
take the sun; take the waters at a spa.
晒太阳;在温泉中沐浴

(17)

To bring or receive into a particular relation, association, or other connection:
结合,联合:把…带入或吸收进某一特定关系、组织或其它联系:
take a new partner into the firm; take a company national.
吸收一名新的合伙人加入公司;扩展公司业务到全国各地

(18)

To engage in sex with.
和…进行性交

(19)

To accept and place under one's care or keeping.
接受,安置:接受对…的看护或保管或把…置于某人的看管或保护之下

(20)

To appropriate for one's own or another's use or benefit; obtain by purchase; secure or buy:
拨款,购得,获得:为了自己或另一个人的使用或利益而挪用;通过购买而获取;得到或购买:
We always take season tickets.
我们通常购买季票

(21)

To assume for oneself:
为自己夺取:
take all the credit.
抢占了全部功劳

(22)

To charge or oblige oneself with the fulfillment of (a task or duty, for example); commit oneself to:
使某人负…义务:使自己负起或承担完成(一项任务或义务)的职责;使自己负有…:
She took the position of chair of the committee.
她担任了该委员会主席一职

(23)

To pledge one's obedience to; impose (a vow or promise) upon oneself.
宣誓服从…;使自己(发誓或许诺)

(24)

To subject oneself to:
使自己经受:
We took extra time to do the job properly.
我们花额外时间来把这顶工作做好

(25)

To accept or adopt for one's own.
纳为己有:接受…使成为自己所有或采纳…使成为自己所有

(26)

To put forth or adopt as a point of argument, defense, or discussion.
提出,采纳:提出或采纳…作为争论、辩解或讨论的一个论点

(27)

To require or have as a fitting or proper accompaniment:
采用:获取或具有…作为一个合适的或恰当的伴随物:
Intransitive verbs take no direct object.
不及物动词不带直接宾语

(28)

To pick out; select or choose:
挑出;挑选,选择:
take any card.
随便拿一张卡

(29)

To choose for one's own use; avail oneself of the use of:
选择:为了自己使用而挑选;让自己能够使用…:
We took a rented car.
我们租了一部车

(30)

To use (something) as when in operation:
使用:在运作中使用(某物):
This camera takes 35mm film.
这架照相机用35毫米的胶卷

(31)

To use (something) as a means of conveyance or transportation:
乘坐:作为一种传送或交通工具来使用(某物):
take a train to Pittsburgh.
乘坐火车去匹兹堡

(32)

To use (something) as a means of safety or refuge:
使用…躲避:作为一种安全或救护的手段来使用(某物):
take shelter from the storm.
找地方躲避风暴

(33)

To choose and then adopt (a particular route or direction) while on foot or while operating a vehicle:
选择特定的路线或方向:走路或驾驶一辆运载工具时先选择然后按照(某一特定的路线或方向)前进:
Take a right at the next corner. The driver downshifted to take the corner.
在下一个拐角向右转。司机调低速档以便转弯

(34)

To assume occupancy of:
占有:获取对…的占有:
take a seat.
占有一个座位

(35)

To require (something) as a basic necessity:
所需,必备:需要(某物)作为一项基本必需品:
It takes money to live in that town.
要住那城市得花费不少

(36)

To obtain from a source; derive or draw:
有…取得,由…获得:从某一来源获取;得到或取得:
The book takes its title from the Bible.
该书书名得自于《圣经》

(37)

To obtain, as through measurement or a specified procedure:
如通过测量或某一特定程序获取:
took the patient's temperature.
给病人量体温

(38)

To put down in shorthand or cursive writing:
速记,草草写下:用速写或草书写下来:
take a letter.
草草地写了一封信

(39)

To put down an image, a likeness, or a representation of by or as by drawing, painting, or photography:
绘画,照相:通过或仿佛通过绘画、油画或摄影记录下…的一个形象、肖像或象征:
took a picture of us.
为我们拍了一张照片

(40)

To accept (something owed, offered, or given) either reluctantly or willingly:
接受:勉强的或情愿地接受(所欠的、提供的或给予的某物):
take criticism.
接受批评

(41)

To submit to (something inflicted); endure:
屈服,忍受:听任(所遭受的某物);忍受:
didn't take his punishment very well.
并未得到对他应有的惩罚

(42)

To withstand:
抵挡:
The dam took the heavy flood waters.
水坝挡住了这股大洪水

(43)

To accept or believe (something put forth) as true:
接受,相信:接受或相信(所提出的某事)是真的:
I'll take your word.
我相信你的话

(44)

To follow (advice, a suggestion, or a lead, for example).
听从(比如忠告、建议或领导)

(45)

To accept, handle, or deal with in a particular way:
处理,应付:以一种特殊的方式来接受、对付或处理:
He takes things in stride.
他总是泰然自若地处理事情

(46)

To consider in a particular relation or from a particular viewpoint:
考量:在一特定关系中或从一特定的角度来考虑:
take the bitter with the sweet.
看到痛苦中的甘甜

(47)

To make or perform:
制定,施行:
Many crucial decisions were taken as the path of the hurricane was plotted.
飓风的路径确定以后,许多重要的决定就可执行

(48)

To allow to come in; give access or admission to; admit:
允许,认可:允许…进入;许可或同意;接纳:
The boat took a lot of water but remained afloat.
那艘船进了大量的水,却依然漂浮着

(49)

To provide room for; accommodate:
接纳,容纳:给…提供空间;给…提供住所:
We can't take more than 100 guests.
我们只能接纳一百名客人

(50)

To become saturated or impregnated with (dye, for example).
浸透或浸满(如染料)

(51)

To understand or interpret:
理解,解释:
May I take your smile as an indication of approval?
你的微笑表明你已经同意了吗?

(52)

To consider; assume:
认为;当作:
Take the matter as settled.
把这件事情决定下来吧

(53)

To consider to be equal to; reckon:
认定:认为…等同于;计算:
We take their number at 1,000.
我们认定他们的号码是一千

(54)

To perceive or feel; experience:
感受,感觉;经历:
I take pleasure in informing you that you have won the prize.
我很高兴地告诉你,你获奖了

(55)

To carry, convey, lead, or cause to go along to another place:
带:携带、传输、带领或使…去另一个地方:
Don't forget to take your umbrella. This bus takes you to New York.See Usage Note at bring
别忘了带上你的雨伞。这辆公共汽车可以载你去纽约参见 bring

(56)

To remove from a place:
移走:将…从一个地方移开:
take the dishes from the sink.
把碟子从水槽中拿走

(57)

To secure by removing:
拔除:通过移走而得到:
The dentist took two molars.
牙医取走了两颗臼齿

(58)

To cause to die; kill or destroy:
杀死,毁灭:使…死亡:杀死或摧毁:
The blight took these tomatoes.
这场虫害毁掉了这些西红柿

(59)

To subtract:
减去:
take 15 from 30.
30减15

(60)

To commit and apply oneself to the study of:
研读:投入或专注于…的学习:
take art lessons; take Spanish.
学艺术课程;学西班牙语

(61)

To study for with success:
努力取得:成功地为…而学习:
took a degree in law.
拿到了法律学位

(62)

Informal To swindle, defraud, or cheat:
【非正式用语】 诱骗,诈骗,欺骗:
You've really been taken.
你真的上当了
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To acquire possession.
获取占有权

(2)

To engage or mesh; catch, as gears or other mechanical parts.
吻合:吻合或啮合;如齿轮或其它机械部件啮合

(3)

To start growing; root or germinate:
开始生长;扎根或发芽:
Have the seeds taken?
种子发芽了吗?

(4)

To have the intended effect; operate or work:
具有预期的效果;起作用或有效:
The transfusion apparently took.
输血显然起作用了

(5)

To gain popularity or favor:
受欢迎,喜欢:
The television series, which didn't take, was later canceled.
不受欢迎的电视连续剧后来停放了

(6)

To become:
变得:
He took sick.
他生病了
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or process of taking.
取的行为或过程

(2)

That which is taken.
取得之物

(3)

A quantity collected at one time, especially the amount of profit or receipts taken on a business arrangement or venture.
一次清算的数量:一次所收集的数量,尤指在一次商业活动或商业投机中所得到的利润或收益的数量

(4)

The number of fish, game birds, or other animals killed or captured at one time.
一次所猎杀或捕获的鱼、鸟或其它动物的数目

(5)

Sports The amount of money collected as admission to a sporting event; the gate.
【体育运动】 门票收入:作为观看一场体育比赛的入场费所收集到的钱;门票

(6)

The uninterrupted running of a movie or television camera or a set of recording equipment in filming a movie or television program or cutting a record.
未停机的拍摄:在拍摄一部电影或电视节目或剪辑一段录音时,电影或电视摄像机或一套录音设备不停顿的拍摄或录制

(7)

A scene filmed or televised without interrupting the run of the camera.
一个镜头:没有让摄影机中途停拍而成的一段电影或电视场景

(8)

A recording made in a single session.
一次性录制成的录音

(9)

A physical reaction, such as a rash, indicating a successful vaccination.
发痘:一种表明成功注射疫苗的身体反应,如出疹子

(10)

A successful graft.
一次成功的嫁接

(11)

Slang An attempt or a try:
【俚语】 企图,尝试:
He got the answer on the third take.
在第三次应答时他答对了

常用词组

take after

(1)

To follow as an example.
仿效:将…作为榜样跟随

(2)

To resemble in appearance, temperament, or character.
相象:在相貌、脾气或性格上相似

take apart

(1)

To divide into parts after disassembling.
拆开:分开后将…分成许多部分

(2)

To dissect or analyze (a theory, for example), usually in an effort to discover hidden or innate flaws or weaknesses.
详细分析研究:肢解或分析(如,一个理论),通常是籍此以发现隐藏的或固有的弊端或缺点

(3)

Slang To beat up; thrash.
【俚语】 狠揍;把…打扁

take back
To retract (something stated or written).
收回(所说的或所写的事)

take down

(1)

To bring to a lower position from a higher one.
拿下,放下:将…从一个较高的位置拿到一个较低的位置

(2)

To take apart; dismantle:
拆开;拆散:
take down the Christmas tree.
把圣诞树拆散

(3)

To lower the arrogance or the self-esteem of (a person):
挫…的锐气:压低(一个人的)傲慢或自尊:
really took him down during the debate.
在辩论中实实在在地煞了他的威风

(4)

To put down in writing.
记下:以书写的形式记录下来的

take for

(1)

To regard as:
把…视作:
Do you take me for a fool?
你以为我是个傻瓜吗?

(2)

To consider mistakenly:
误认为:
Don't take silence for approval.
不要把沉默误认为是同意

take in

(1)

To grant admittance to; receive as a guest or an employee.
让…进入,接纳,吸收:允许…进来;接受…为客人或雇员

(2)

To reduce in size; make smaller or shorter:
收缩:在尺寸上减小;使…变小或为变短:
took in the waist on the pair of pants.
把裤子的腰身改小一些

(3)

To include or constitute.
包括,构成

(4)

To understand:
理解:
couldn't take in the meaning of the word.
不能够理解这个词的含义

(5)

To deceive or swindle:
欺骗,诱骗:
was taken in by a confidence artist.
被一名骗人的行家给骗了

(6)

To look at thoroughly; view:
详尽地看;注视:
took in the sights.
饱览各个景色

(7)

To accept (work) to be done in one's house for pay:
接(活计)在家里做:为获取报酬而接下(在自己家里完成的工作):
took in typing.
在家的打字活

(8)

To convey (a prisoner) to a police station.
押送(罪犯)去警察局

take off

(1)

To remove, as clothing:
脱掉(衣服等):
take one's coat off; take off one's galoshes.
脱去外衣;脱下套靴

(2)

To release:
放开:
took the brake off.
松开刹车

(3)

To deduct as a discount:
打折:作为折扣而减价:
took 20 percent off.
优惠百分之二十

(4)

To carry off or away.
带走

(5)

Slang
【俚语】

(6)

To go off; leave:
走开;离开:
took off in a hurry.
匆匆地离去

(7)

To achieve wide use or popularity:
广泛使用,大受欢迎:
a new movie that really took off.
一部极为卖座的新片

(8)

To rise in flight:
起飞:
The plane took off on time.
飞机准时起飞

(9)

To discontinue:
取消:
took off the commuter special.
取消了特殊通勤

(10)

To withhold service due, as from one's work:
休假:暂时不做(自己工作中的)应做的工作:
I'm taking off three days during May.
五月份我将会休假三天

take on

(1)

To undertake or begin to handle:
从事,开始对付:
took on extra responsibilities.
担负了额外的责任

(2)

To hire; engage:
雇;雇佣:
took on more workers during the harvest.
在收获期间雇了更多的工人

(3)

To oppose in competition:
对抗:在竞争中迎击:
a wrestler who took on all comers.
一个接受所有新手挑战的摔跤运动员

(4)

Informal To display violent or passionate emotion:
【非正式用语】 激动,大惊小怪:表现出猛烈的或激动的情感:
Don't take on so!
别这样大吵大闹!

(5)

To acquire (an appearance, for example) as or as if one's own:
摆架子,假装:获得(比如,相貌)作为自己的或使它象是自己的:
Over the years he has taken on the look of a banker.
这些年来他摆出了一副银行家的派头

take out

(1)

To extract; remove:
取出;弄走:
took the splinter out.
取出木屑

(2)

To secure (a license, for example) by application to an authority.
向机关申请取得:通过向一个权力机关申请来获得(比如,许可证)

(3)

Informal To escort, as a date.
【非正式用语】 陪伴(比如,约会中一方)

(4)

To give vent to:
发泄:
Don't take your frustration out in such an aggressive manner.
不要用这样一种积极的方式来发泄你的失意

(5)

To obtain as an equivalent in a different form:
获得平衡:作为一种不同形式的对等物取得:
took out the money owed in services.
平衡各亏欠服务中心的钱

(6)

Informal To begin a course; set out:
【非正式用语】 开始一段路程;出发:
The police took out after the thieves.
警方出动警力追捕小偷

(7)

Slang
【俚语】

(8)

To kill; murder:
杀死;谋杀:
Two snipers took out an enemy platoon.
两名狙击手消灭了敌人一个排

(9)

To search for and destroy in an armed attack or other such encounter:
在武装攻击或其它类似的方式搜寻并摧毁:
Combat pilots, flying low to avoid radar, took out the guerrilla leader's bunker in a single mission.
在一次行动中,战斗机飞行员在低空飞行以躲避雷达,发现并炸毁了游击队领导所在的掩体

take over
To assume the control or management of.
接管:获得对…的控制或管理

take to

(1)

To have recourse to; go to, as for safety:
求救于;(如为了安全)前往:
took to the woods.
躲到树林里

(2)

To develop as a habit or a steady practice:
养成习惯,沉于:有了…的习惯或开始持续地做:
take to drink.
染上了酗酒的恶习

(3)

To become fond of or attached to:
喜爱,亲近:喜欢上…或和…变得亲近:
“Two keen minds that they are, they took to each other”(Jack Kerouac)
“越敏锐的两颗心,越容易互相吸引”(杰克·凯鲁亚克)

take up

(1)

To raise; lift.
举起;升起

(2)

To reduce in size; shorten or tighten:
缩减,改紧:在尺寸上减小;缩短或使…更紧:
take up a gown.
把一件袍子改短些

(3)

To pay off an (outstanding debt, mortgage, or note).
付清一笔(数目可观的债务、抵押贷款或票据)

(4)

To accept (an option, a bet, or a challenge) as offered.
接受所提供的(一种选择、一笔赌注或一个挑战)

(5)

To begin again; resume:
再次开始;重新开始:
Let's take up where we left off.
让我们接着我们停下来的地方重新开始

(6)

To use up, consume, or occupy:
用尽,耗掉或占用:
The extra duties took up most of my time.
额外工作耗费了我绝大部分时间

(7)

To develop an interest in or devotion to:
喜欢,钟爱:对…产生了兴趣或钟爱:
take up mountain climbing.
喜欢上登山运动

(8)

To deal with:
处理:
Let's take up each problem one at a time.
让我们一个问题一个问题地来解决

(9)

To assume:
摆出:
took up a friendly attitude.
摆出友好的态度

(10)

To absorb or adsorb:
吸收,吸附:
crops taking up nutrients.
正在吸收养分的作物

(11)

To enter into (a profession or business):
开始从事(一项职业或行当):
took up engineering.
干起了工程设计这一行

习惯用语

on the take【非正式用语】
Taking or seeking to take bribes or illegal income:
收受贿赂的:收受贿赂或非法收入的或试图收受贿赂或非法收入的:
“There were policemen on the take”(Scott Turow)
“有一些警察非法收受贿赂”(斯科特·图罗)

take a bath【非正式用语】
To experience serious financial loss:
蒙受严重的财政损失:
“Small investors who latched on to hot new issues took a bath in Wall Street”(Paul A. Samuelson)
“那些抱住热门新产品不放的小投资者们在华尔街栽了大跟头”(保罗A.塞缪尔森)

take account of
To take into consideration.
把…纳入考虑范围

take away from
To detract:
减少,减弱:
Her stringy hair takes away from her lovely face.
她的丝一样的长发使人们没有注意到她那可爱的脸蛋

take care
To be careful:
小心:
Take care or you will slip on the ice.
小心些,不然你会在冰上滑倒的

take care of
To assume responsibility for the maintenance, support, or treatment of.
照料,赡养:承担对…的保养、赡养或治疗的责任

take charge
To assume control or command.
取得控制或指挥权

take effect

(1)

To become operative, as under law or regulation:
生效:成为有效力的,如在法律或规章的约束下:
The curfew takes effect at midnight.
宵禁在午夜生效

(2)

To produce the desired reaction:
奏效:产生所希望的反应:
The antibiotics at last began to take effect.
抗菌素最后终于发生效力了

take exception
To express opposition by argument; object to:
反对:通过争辩来表示反对;抵制:
took exception to the prosecutor's line of questioning.
对检查官的质疑提出反对

take five或

take ten 【俚语】
To take a short rest or break, as of five or ten minutes.
小憩:进行很短的休息(如五分钟或十分钟的小憩)

take for granted

(1)

To consider as true, real, or forthcoming; anticipate correctly.
想当然:认为…是真实的、正确的或会要发生的;料想…是正确的

(2)

To underestimate the value of:
低估了…的价值:
a publisher who took the editors for granted.
一位低估了其编辑作用的出版商

take heart
To be confident or courageous.
充满信心或勇气

take hold

(1)

To seize, as by grasping.
(如通过抓握来)夺取

(2)

To become established:
扎根:
The newly planted vines quickly took hold.
新种下的葡萄藤很快就扎下了根

take it

(1)

To understand; assume:
理解;臆断:
As I take it, they won't accept the proposal.
照我看,他们不会接受这项建议

(2)

Informal To endure abuse, criticism, or other harsh treatment:
【非正式用语】 忍受:忍受辱骂、批评或其它严厉的对待:
If you can dish it out, you've got to learn to take it.
如果你将它提出,你就会知道被臭骂的滋味

take it on the chin【俚语】
To endure punishment, suffering, or defeat.
遭受惩罚、折磨或失败

take it or leave it
To accept or reject unconditionally.
要么要,要么不要:不附带任何条件地接受或拒绝

take it out on【非正式用语】
To abuse (someone) in venting one's own anger.
通过…惩罚来出气:在发泄自己的怒气时辱骂(某人)

take kindly to

(1)

To be receptive to:
接受:
take kindly to constructive criticism.
接受建设性的批评

(2)

To be naturally attracted or fitted to; thrive on.
自然而然地为…所吸引或适合;靠…茁壮成长

take lying down【非正式用语】
To submit to harsh treatment with no resistance:
逆来顺受:不进行任何反抗地接受粗暴或严厉的对等:
refused to take the snub lying down.
拒绝低眉顺眼地听任别人呵斥

take notice of
To pay attention to.
注意到

take (one's) breath away
To put into a state of awe or shock.
令人窒息:使…进入一种敬畏或震惊的状态

take (one's) time
To act slowly or at one's leisure.
慢慢地行动或不急不忙地行动

take place
To happen; occur.
发生;出现

take root

(1)

To become established or fixed.
确定下来,固定下来

(2)

To become rooted.
(植物)扎根下来

take shape
To take on a distinctive form.
具有一个明确的形式

take sick
Chiefly Southern U.S. To become ill.
【多用于美国南部】 生病

take sides
To associate with and support a particular faction, group, cause, or person.
支持,站在…一边:和某一特定的派别、集团、事业或个人有联系或支持某一特定的派别、集团、事业或个人

take stock

(1)

To take an inventory.
开出一份存货清单

(2)

To make an estimate or appraisal, as of resources or of oneself.
(比如,对资源或自己)进行一次预测或评估

take stock in
To trust, believe in, or attach importance to.
信任、相信或认为…很重要

take the bench【法律】
To assume a judicial position.
当法官:担当法官的职位

take the cake

(1)

To be the most outrageous or disappointing.
糟透了:成为最让人厌恶的或最让人失望的

(2)

To win the prize; be outstanding.
赢得了奖项;杰出的

take the count

(1)

To be defeated.
被击败

(2)

Sports To be counted out in boxing.
【体育运动】 被打败:在拳击中直到数点结束仍未站起来

take the fall或

take the hit 【俚语】
To incur blame or censure, either willingly or unwillingly:
招致批评:愿意或者不愿意地招致批评或指责:
a senior official who took the fall for the failed intelligence operation.
为这次失败的间谍行动引咎辞职的一位高级官员

take the floor
To rise to deliver a formal speech, as to an assembly.
站着发表演说:站起来发表一篇正式演说,比如对一个集会

take the heat【俚语】
To incur and endure heavy censure or criticism:
招致并忍受众多的指责或批评:
had a reputation for being able to take the heat in a crisis.
享有在危机中成为众矢之的但却能处之泰然的名声

take to the cleaners【俚语】

(1)

To rob or swindle.
抢劫,诱骗

(2)

To take all the money or possessions of, as in a divorce action.
获得全部财产:(比如在一场离婚裁决中)获得…所有的钱或财产

(3)

To subject to withering criticism.
使…遭受难堪的批评

take up for
To support (a person or group, for example) in an argument.
支持某一方:在一场争论中支持(比如,一个人或集团)

take up the cudgels
To join in a dispute, especially in defense of a participant.
加入争论:加入一场争论,尤指为了捍卫其中的一名参与者

take up with【非正式用语】
To begin to associate with; consort with:
开始与…交往;结交:
took up with a fast crowd.
与一群放荡的人为伍

语源

(1)

Middle English taken
中古英语 taken

(2)

from Old English tacan
源自 古英语 tacan

(3)

from Old Norse taka
源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 taka

继承用法

takable
adj.(形容词)

现代英汉综合大辞典

charge
[tFB:dV]
vt.

(1)

装(满), 使饱含; 装料, 充气[电]; 注(油, 入)

(2)

使承担(任务等), 委托, 嘱咐, 命令, 告诫, 指示

(3)

控告, 指责(with); 把...归咎于(to, on, upon)

(4)

要(价), 收(费); 记帐, 把...记入(to)

(5)

突击, 猛攻, 冲击

(6)

压入, 增压
charge a gun with powder
用火药填满炮
charged water
汽水
charge one's memory with facts
记住大量事实
charge sb. with murder
指控某人谋杀
charge the loss of lives to the driver's carelessness
把生命的丧失归罪于司机的粗心
charge two dollars for repairing the bike
修自行车索价两美元
charge the enemy
向敌人冲去
Electrons are negatively charged with electricity.
电子带负电荷。
He was charged with an important mission.
他承担了一项重要使命。
Please charge these purchases to my account.
请将这些购货价款记在我的账上。
I charge you not to forget what l have said.
我告诫你不要忘记我所说的话。

词性变化

charge
vi.

(1)

冲锋

(2)

收费, 要价
charge high [low]
索价高[低]
Charge !
冲锋!
Do they charge for the use of the telephone?
打电话收不收费?

charge
n.

(1)

电[载, 负]荷; (容器的)定量装载物; 装填(量); 炉料; (一次)装炉量; (一定量的)炸药; (火箭)燃料

(2)

主管, 负责, 委托, 管理; 受照料者

(3)

费用, 价钱, 代价, 捐税

(4)

控告, 指责

(5)

冲锋, 突然猛攻

(6)

[美俚]快感, 刺激

(7)

训令, 指示, 嘱咐

(8)

充气; 充电; 装料
a positive charge
正电荷
a dynamite charge
炸药包
young charges
被照料的孩子
free of charge
免费
bring a charge of treason against sb.
指控某人叛国罪
This ward is in [under]the charge of Dr Green.
这间病房是由格林大夫负责的。
Mary was(put)in charge of the baby.
玛丽负责照料这个婴儿。

继承用法

charge-a-plate
[`tFB:dVE9pleIt]
n.
赊货牌

charge-in
n.
进料

charge-independent
adj.
电荷独立[不变, 恒定]的

charge-reader
n.
电荷计算装置

charge-sheet
n.
警察局档案, 案件记录

charge-symmetric
adj.
电荷对称的

charge-volume
n.
电荷容积

习惯用语

a reversed charge
由受话人缴纳的电话费

at one's own charge(s)
自费, 用自己的钱

bring a charge home to
证明(某人)有罪, 判决(某人)有罪

bring a charge of sth. against sb.
指控某人犯...罪

lay a charge of sth. against sb.
指控某人犯...罪

carrying charge

(1)

与房地产有关的费用

(2)

(分期付款购货的)附加价格

cover charge
(某些国家餐馆或夜总会的)附加费, 服务费

dismiss a charge
【律】驳回指控

give sb. charge over
委托某人照管; 授权某人管理

give sb. charge of
委托某人照管; 授权某人管理

give sb. in charge
把某人送交警察, 把某人交警察看押

give sb. in charge to
把某人送交警察, 把某人交警察看押

have (the) charge of
负责..., 主管...

in charge

(1)

主管, 负责, 掌管

(2)

在...管辖之下, 由...照顾

(3)

在拘留中

in charge of

(1)

负全责, 经管, 照顾

(2)

在...掌管之下, 由...经管

in full charge
负责; 勇猛向前

in the charge of sb.
由某人负责, 由某人照料[管理]

lay sth. to sb.'s charge
指控某人犯某罪; 把某事归咎于某人

make a charge against
指控, 非难

on a charge of
因...罪, 因...嫌疑

on the charge of
因...罪, 因...嫌疑

open to the charge of
有...之嫌, 易受...的非难

prefer a charge against sb.
(对某人)提出控告

prefer a charge
(对某人)提出控告

put down to sb.'s charge
把...记在某人帐上

return to the charge
再发起冲锋, 重新进攻; [喻]重新进行抨击, 重新提出讨论

reverse the charge(s)
向受话人收取电话费

swear a charge against sb.
控告某人并发誓该项控告属实

swear an accusation against sb.
控告某人并发誓该项控告属实

take charge

(1)

负责(照料, 保管等); 掌管, 接办

(2)

失去控制, 出了毛病

take in charge

(1)

负责照料, 引为己责

(2)

由警察拘留

take charge of
负责, 看管

under the charge of
在...看管[负责]之下

charge for trouble
手续费

charge of quarters
内务轮值

charge off

(1)

把...当损耗处理, 对...扣除损耗费

(2)

归因于...; 认为...是由于

charge oneself with
承担(工作), 接受(任务)

charge (up) to

(1)

把...记入(帐册等)

(2)

把...归咎于

charge with

(1)

控告(某人)犯(某罪)

(2)

[通常用被动态]给(枪、炮等)装上(弹药)

(3)

使承担

charges forward
运费等货到后由收货人[收票人]交付

特殊用法

abandonment charges
废弃费用

absorption charge
吸收电荷

accelerating charge
(内燃机)加速进气

acceptance charge
承兑费

accrued charge
应计费用

activity charge
(由于存款帐户平均余额过低而向存户收取的)帐户手续费

additional charge
补充装料; 附加费

admission charge
入场票价

advance charge
预付款

after charge
附加费率

agreed charge
协定费用(货物)

alkali charge
用碱量

all-in charge
费用总数

amortization charge
折旧提成

annual maintenance charge
年度维修费用

apparent charge
表观电荷, 视电荷

assignable indirect charge
可分配间接费用

assignment charge
转让费

associate charge
附加费

assortment charge
分类费用

atomic charge
原子电荷; 原子装料

background charge
背景电荷

baling charges
打包费

ball charge
(球磨机)装球量

bank service charges
银行服务费

bare charge
裸装药; 裸电荷

battery boost charge
蓄电池升压充电

basic charge
碱性炉料; 底料

bed charge
底料

berth charge
卧铺费

Bessemer charge
酸性转炉炉料

blast furnace charge
鼓风炉[高炉]装料

blast-hole charge
炮眼装药

blasting charge
爆破装药

body charge
体电荷

booking charge
售票手续费

boosting charge
升压充电, 急充电

bound charge
束缚电荷

brokerage charge
佣金费用

bulk charge
容积充电

bunched charge
聚束电荷

burden charge
间接费用

bursting charge
爆裂药

cancellation charges
注销费

capacitor charge
电容器充电

capital charges
资本支出

carriage charges
运输费

carrying charge
保管费; 持有财产所带来的费用(如税款等); (分期付款购货等的)附加价格

cast charge
发射剂(固体火箭燃料)

cavity charge
【军】空心装药

cleaning tank charges
洗舱费

cold charge
低温装料

collection charge
托收手续费; 代收票据费

combustible charge
可燃混合物的装料

commission charge
手续费

condenser charge
电容(器)充电; 电容器(的)电荷

constant voltage charge
恒压充电

constant-potential charge
恒压充电

contingency charge
临时费用

counter charge
反控诉, 反指责

cover charge
(某些国家中饭店等的)附加费, 服务费

converter charge
转[吹]炉炉料

crating charge
装箱费

crucible charge
坩埚装料

cupola charge
冲天炉炉料

custody charge
保管费

customs charges
报关费

customs clearing charges
结关费

dead charges
间接费用

deck charge
分段装药法

deferred charges
延期费; 预付 款; 滚存[递延]费用; 递延借项

delivery charges
送货到户费

demurrage charges
滞期费(车、船)

dense charge
紧密炉料

departmental charge
车间费用(指车间间接费用); 分部费用

depreciation charge
折旧费

depth charge
深水炸弹

direct charges
可变费用; 直接费 用

direct-current resonance charge
直流谐振充电

discharging charge
卸货费用

discount charge
贴现费用

distributed charge
分布电荷

distribution charge
商业费用

diversion charge
变更卸货港费用

dock charge
入坞费, 码头费

donor charge
施主电荷

double charge
双倍收费

dynamic charge
动态电荷

effective nuclear charge
有效核电荷

electric power charge
动力电费

electron charge
电子电荷

electro-static charge
静电装料

elementary charge
元电荷

equalization charge
平衡税

equalizing charge
均衡充电

equivalent charge
当量电荷

equivalent space charge
等效空间电荷

exchange charge
外汇[托收]手续费

extra charge
附加负载; 附加费

extra charges on heavy lifts
超重货物附加费

facility charge
设备费

fair charge
合理冲撞

feed charge
装料

ferric charge
含铁料

fictitious charge
虚设电荷

financial charge
财务费用, 财政支出

finder charge
试验荷载

fiscal charges
财务支出

fixed charges
固定支出, 固定费用

fixed debt charge
确定公债费

flat interest charge
粗利率

force on charge
磁力

formal charge
形式电荷

forwarding charges
转运费

free electric charge
自由电[磁]荷

free magnetic charge
自由电[磁]荷

freight charge
货运费

fuel charge
燃料供送

full charge
完全装料; 全负荷

furnace charge
炉内装料

further charge
追补价款

graduated charge
阶段充气

handling charges
装卸费

heavy charge
重质原料

high-density high-conductivity charge
高密度高导热性炉料

hire charge (wagon)
货车租费

horizontal charge
平放锭料

hotel charges
旅馆费

hot-metal charge
熔融金属料, 铁水

ignition charge
引火药

image charge
镜像电荷

incidental charges
从属[杂项, 非经常性]费用

incoming charge
进料(费用)

indirect charge
间接费

inducing charge
施感电荷

inductive charge
感应电荷

initial charge
初始进料, 首次加料

inspection charges
检验费

installation charge
装机费用

intake charge
进气, 充气

interface charge
界面电荷

interim charges
临时费

intrinsic charge
本征电荷

investigation charge
调查费

inward charges
入港费

ionic charge
离子电荷

iron charge
铁料

joint charges
联合运输费用

kiln charge
窑干装载量

labour charge
工资费用

landing charges
起货费, 卸 货费用

late charge
到期货价迟延付款 费

left-luggage charges
寄存行李费

loading charges
装船费用

locked-in charge
锁定电荷

magnetic charge
磁荷

mail (carrying) charges
邮递费

maintenance charge
维持费

malt charge
装麦芽

mechanical charge
机械加料器

melting charge
熔融料

metal charge
金属(装入)料

micellar charge
胶束电荷

mileage charges
按英里程计算的运费

minimum charge
(客货)起码价费

molten charge
热[熔液]装料

national treasury charge
国库负担

negative (stored) charge
负(存储)电荷

net charge
净电荷

net freight charge
运费净数

no charge
免收费用

no credit charges
不赊欠

non-cash charges
非现金支出[费用]

non-recurring charge
临时[非经常]费用

nuclear charge
核电荷

on-carriage charges
(铁路运输契约所未包括的) 额外运输里程的费用

on-line charge
本航线费用

opening charge
开立信用证手续费, 开发信用状手续费

operating charges
运营费

optimum charge
最佳装药

option charge
选港费

oscillating charge
振荡电荷

over charge
过载, 超载; 过量充电

overhead charges
企业一般管理费, 经常开支

packing charges
包装费

period charge
期间费用

period depreciaton charge
每期折旧费用

permanent annual charge
为支付债务而按年提取的预算资金

photogenerated charge
光生电荷

picture charge
电荷象

pig-iron charge
生铁料

point electric charge
点电荷

point-of-zero charge
零点电荷

polarization charge
极化电荷

port charge
港口费

positive charge
正电荷

power-compacted charge
团块炉料, 压成炉料

pressed charge
压制燃料(固体火箭燃料)

primed charge
起爆炸药(包)

priming charge
(机器的)起动注油

prior carriage charges
先付运费

processing charge
加工费

product charge
生产费用

professional charges
公费

public charge
接受政府救济的人, 靠公费维持生活的人

quick charge
快速充电(强电流短时间充电)

raw charge
原料

reactivity charge
反应性余额, 剩余反应性

remittance charge
汇费

rent charge
地租税, 租费

repair charge
修理[缮]费

residual charge
剩余电荷

returning charge
返回料

revenue charge
营业支出

rim charge
边料

running charge
运转费

satchel charge
炸药包

sediment charge
泥沙(相对)含量

seed charge
投种

selling charges
销售费

service charge
劳务费, 手续费

shipping charge
运送费, 装船费用

shunting charge
调车费

sintering charge
烧结料

sleeper charges
卧车费

smelting charge
熔炉装料

social insurance charges
社会保险费

space charge
空间电荷

special lighter charge
上岸费

specific charge
荷质比

spent charge
废炉料; 馏锌渣

spiral charge
螺旋形锭料(区域熔炼用)

spurious charge
乱真电荷, 寄生电荷

starting charge
(区域熔炼)始料

stevedoring charge
卸吊费

sticky charge
粘性装药

storage charges (=godown charges )
栈租, 仓租

stored charge
累积[存储]电荷; 电位起伏

stowage charges
(轮船)理仓费

stratified charge
分层进气

sue and labour charges
施救费用

sundry charges
杂费, 杂项费用

surplus charge
公积[盈余]抵冲项目

tapered charge
递减充电

terminal charges
装卸费, 终点码头费

test charge
检验电荷

thermal charge
热荷, 熵

toll charge
通行税, 道路税, 养路费

top charge
炉顶装料式

transfer charges
中转费, 移入成本

transhipment charges
中转费

transport charges
运输费

travel charge
差旅费

trimming charges
平舱费

true magnetic charge
真磁荷

turbo -electric charge
静电

unburned charge
未燃烧混合物

under charge
充电不足

uniform charge
平均充气

unit charge
单位电荷; 每千瓦·小时的电费

unit electrostatic charge
单位静电荷, 单位电量

unloading charge
卸货费

valency charge
价电荷

valuation charge
从价运费[收费]

volume charge
体(积)电荷

wagon detention charge
货车留滞费

warehouse charges
仓库费

wax-oil charge
蜡-油进料

without charge
不计价, 免费

wreck removing charges
清除航道费用

young charges
被照料的孩子

zero charge
零电荷

charge for checking
寄存费

charge for trouble
手续费

charge of briquettes
团块炉料

charge of rupture
破坏载荷

charge of surety
安全[容许]载荷

charge of trucks
货车装载

charges on bills for collection
代收票据手续费

charge on real estate
征收地产税

参考词汇
charge     accuse    
都含“控告”、“谴责”的意思。

(1)

charge 指“因犯较大错误或重大罪行而进行正式法律控诉”, 如:
The police are going to charge him with murder.
警察要控告他杀人。

(2)

accuse 指“当面指控或指责, 不一定诉诸法庭”, 如:
They accused him of taking bribes.
他们指控他受贿。
exonerate     pardon    

美国传统词典

take
take
AHD:[t3k]
D.J.[teik]
K.K.[tek]
v.
took[t?k] tak.en[t3“k…n] tak.ing, takes
v.tr.

(1)

To get into one's possession by force, skill, or artifice, especially:

(2)

To capture physically; seize:
take an enemy fortress.

(3)

To seize with authority; confiscate.

(4)

To kill, snare, or trap (fish or game, for example).

(5)

Sports Games To acquire in a game or competition; win:
took the crown in horseracing.

(6)

Sports Games To defeat:
Our team took the visitors three to one.

(7)

Sports To catch (a ball in play), especially in baseball:
The player took it on the fly.

(8)

Baseball To refrain from swinging at (a pitched ball).

(9)

To grasp with the hands; grip:
Take your partner's hand.

(10)

To be affected with; come down with; contract:
The child has taken the flu.

(11)

To encounter or catch in a particular situation; come upon; discover:
Your actions took me by surprise.

(12)

To deal a blow to; strike or hit:
The boxer took his opponent a sharp jab to the ribs.

(13)

To affect favorably or winsomely; charm or captivate:
She was taken by the puppy.

(14)

To put (food or drink, for example) into the body; eat or drink:
took a little soup for dinner.

(15)

To draw in; inhale:
took a deep breath.

(16)

To expose one's body to (healthful or pleasurable treatment, for example):
take the sun; take the waters at a spa.

(17)

To bring or receive into a particular relation, association, or other connection:
take a new partner into the firm; take a company national.

(18)

To engage in sex with.

(19)

To accept and place under one's care or keeping.

(20)

To appropriate for one's own or another's use or benefit; obtain by purchase; secure or buy:
We always take season tickets.

(21)

To assume for oneself:
take all the credit.

(22)

To charge or oblige oneself with the fulfillment of (a task or duty, for example); commit oneself to:
She took the position of chair of the committee.

(23)

To pledge one's obedience to; impose (a vow or promise) upon oneself.

(24)

To subject oneself to:
We took extra time to do the job properly.

(25)

To accept or adopt for one's own.

(26)

To put forth or adopt as a point of argument, defense, or discussion.

(27)

To require or have as a fitting or proper accompaniment:
Intransitive verbs take no direct object.

(28)

To pick out; select or choose:
take any card.

(29)

To choose for one's own use; avail oneself of the use of:
We took a rented car.

(30)

To use (something) as when in operation:
This camera takes 35mm film.

(31)

To use (something) as a means of conveyance or transportation:
take a train to Pittsburgh.

(32)

To use (something) as a means of safety or refuge:
take shelter from the storm.

(33)

To choose and then adopt (a particular route or direction) while on foot or while operating a vehicle:
Take a right at the next corner. The driver downshifted to take the corner.

(34)

To assume occupancy of:
take a seat.

(35)

To require (something) as a basic necessity:
It takes money to live in that town.

(36)

To obtain from a source; derive or draw:
The book takes its title from the Bible.

(37)

To obtain, as through measurement or a specified procedure:
took the patient's temperature.

(38)

To put down in shorthand or cursive writing:
take a letter.

(39)

To put down an image, a likeness, or a representation of by or as by drawing, painting, or photography:
took a picture of us.

(40)

To accept (something owed, offered, or given) either reluctantly or willingly:
take criticism.

(41)

To submit to (something inflicted); endure:
didn't take his punishment very well.

(42)

To withstand:
The dam took the heavy flood waters.

(43)

To accept or believe (something put forth) as true:
I'll take your word.

(44)

To follow (advice, a suggestion, or a lead, for example).

(45)

To accept, handle, or deal with in a particular way:
He takes things in stride.

(46)

To consider in a particular relation or from a particular viewpoint:
take the bitter with the sweet.

(47)

To make or perform:
Many crucial decisions were taken as the path of the hurricane was plotted.

(48)

To allow to come in; give access or admission to; admit:
The boat took a lot of water but remained afloat.

(49)

To provide room for; accommodate:
We can't take more than 100 guests.

(50)

To become saturated or impregnated with (dye, for example).

(51)

To understand or interpret:
May I take your smile as an indication of approval?

(52)

To consider; assume:
Take the matter as settled.

(53)

To consider to be equal to; reckon:
We take their number at 1,000.

(54)

To perceive or feel; experience:
I take pleasure in informing you that you have won the prize.

(55)

To carry, convey, lead, or cause to go along to another place:
Don't forget to take your umbrella. This bus takes you to New York.See Usage Note at bring

(56)

To remove from a place:
take the dishes from the sink.

(57)

To secure by removing:
The dentist took two molars.

(58)

To cause to die; kill or destroy:
The blight took these tomatoes.

(59)

To subtract:
take 15 from 30.

(60)

To commit and apply oneself to the study of:
take art lessons; take Spanish.

(61)

To study for with success:
took a degree in law.

(62)

Informal To swindle, defraud, or cheat:
You've really been taken.
v.intr.

(1)

To acquire possession.

(2)

To engage or mesh; catch, as gears or other mechanical parts.

(3)

To start growing; root or germinate:
Have the seeds taken?

(4)

To have the intended effect; operate or work:
The transfusion apparently took.

(5)

To gain popularity or favor:
The television series, which didn't take, was later canceled.

(6)

To become:
He took sick.
n.

(1)

The act or process of taking.

(2)

That which is taken.

(3)

A quantity collected at one time, especially the amount of profit or receipts taken on a business arrangement or venture.

(4)

The number of fish, game birds, or other animals killed or captured at one time.

(5)

Sports The amount of money collected as admission to a sporting event; the gate.

(6)

The uninterrupted running of a movie or television camera or a set of recording equipment in filming a movie or television program or cutting a record.

(7)

A scene filmed or televised without interrupting the run of the camera.

(8)

A recording made in a single session.

(9)

A physical reaction, such as a rash, indicating a successful vaccination.

(10)

A successful graft.

(11)

Slang An attempt or a try:
He got the answer on the third take.

常用词组

take after

(1)

To follow as an example.

(2)

To resemble in appearance, temperament, or character.

take apart

(1)

To divide into parts after disassembling.

(2)

To dissect or analyze (a theory, for example), usually in an effort to discover hidden or innate flaws or weaknesses.

(3)

Slang To beat up; thrash.

take back
To retract (something stated or written).

take down

(1)

To bring to a lower position from a higher one.

(2)

To take apart; dismantle:
take down the Christmas tree.

(3)

To lower the arrogance or the self-esteem of (a person):
really took him down during the debate.

(4)

To put down in writing.

take for

(1)

To regard as:
Do you take me for a fool?

(2)

To consider mistakenly:
Don't take silence for approval.

take in

(1)

To grant admittance to; receive as a guest or an employee.

(2)

To reduce in size; make smaller or shorter:
took in the waist on the pair of pants.

(3)

To include or constitute.

(4)

To understand:
couldn't take in the meaning of the word.

(5)

To deceive or swindle:
was taken in by a confidence artist.

(6)

To look at thoroughly; view:
took in the sights.

(7)

To accept (work) to be done in one's house for pay:
took in typing.

(8)

To convey (a prisoner) to a police station.

take off

(1)

To remove, as clothing:
take one's coat off; take off one's galoshes.

(2)

To release:
took the brake off.

(3)

To deduct as a discount:
took 20 percent off.

(4)

To carry off or away.

(5)

Slang

(6)

To go off; leave:
took off in a hurry.

(7)

To achieve wide use or popularity:
a new movie that really took off.

(8)

To rise in flight:
The plane took off on time.

(9)

To discontinue:
took off the commuter special.

(10)

To withhold service due, as from one's work:
I'm taking off three days during May.

take on

(1)

To undertake or begin to handle:
took on extra responsibilities.

(2)

To hire; engage:
took on more workers during the harvest.

(3)

To oppose in competition:
a wrestler who took on all comers.

(4)

Informal To display violent or passionate emotion:
Don't take on so!

(5)

To acquire (an appearance, for example) as or as if one's own:
Over the years he has taken on the look of a banker.

take out

(1)

To extract; remove:
took the splinter out.

(2)

To secure (a license, for example) by application to an authority.

(3)

Informal To escort, as a date.

(4)

To give vent to:
Don't take your frustration out in such an aggressive manner.

(5)

To obtain as an equivalent in a different form:
took out the money owed in services.

(6)

Informal To begin a course; set out:
The police took out after the thieves.

(7)

Slang

(8)

To kill; murder:
Two snipers took out an enemy platoon.

(9)

To search for and destroy in an armed attack or other such encounter:
Combat pilots, flying low to avoid radar, took out the guerrilla leader's bunker in a single mission.

take over
To assume the control or management of.

take to

(1)

To have recourse to; go to, as for safety:
took to the woods.

(2)

To develop as a habit or a steady practice:
take to drink.

(3)

To become fond of or attached to:
“Two keen minds that they are, they took to each other”(Jack Kerouac)

take up

(1)

To raise; lift.

(2)

To reduce in size; shorten or tighten:
take up a gown.

(3)

To pay off an (outstanding debt, mortgage, or note).

(4)

To accept (an option, a bet, or a challenge) as offered.

(5)

To begin again; resume:
Let's take up where we left off.

(6)

To use up, consume, or occupy:
The extra duties took up most of my time.

(7)

To develop an interest in or devotion to:
take up mountain climbing.

(8)

To deal with:
Let's take up each problem one at a time.

(9)

To assume:
took up a friendly attitude.

(10)

To absorb or adsorb:
crops taking up nutrients.

(11)

To enter into (a profession or business):
took up engineering.

习惯用语

on the takeInformal
Taking or seeking to take bribes or illegal income:
“There were policemen on the take”(Scott Turow)

take a bathInformal
To experience serious financial loss:
“Small investors who latched on to hot new issues took a bath in Wall Street”(Paul A. Samuelson)

take account of
To take into consideration.

take away from
To detract:
Her stringy hair takes away from her lovely face.

take care
To be careful:
Take care or you will slip on the ice.

take care of
To assume responsibility for the maintenance, support, or treatment of.

take charge
To assume control or command.

take effect

(1)

To become operative, as under law or regulation:
The curfew takes effect at midnight.

(2)

To produce the desired reaction:
The antibiotics at last began to take effect.

take exception
To express opposition by argument; object to:
took exception to the prosecutor's line of questioning.

take fiveor

take ten Slang
To take a short rest or break, as of five or ten minutes.

take for granted

(1)

To consider as true, real, or forthcoming; anticipate correctly.

(2)

To underestimate the value of:
a publisher who took the editors for granted.

take heart
To be confident or courageous.

take hold

(1)

To seize, as by grasping.

(2)

To become established:
The newly planted vines quickly took hold.

take it

(1)

To understand; assume:
As I take it, they won't accept the proposal.

(2)

Informal To endure abuse, criticism, or other harsh treatment:
If you can dish it out, you've got to learn to take it.

take it on the chinSlang
To endure punishment, suffering, or defeat.

take it or leave it
To accept or reject unconditionally.

take it out onInformal
To abuse (someone) in venting one's own anger.

take kindly to

(1)

To be receptive to:
take kindly to constructive criticism.

(2)

To be naturally attracted or fitted to; thrive on.

take lying downInformal
To submit to harsh treatment with no resistance:
refused to take the snub lying down.

take notice of
To pay attention to.

take (one's) breath away
To put into a state of awe or shock.

take (one's) time
To act slowly or at one's leisure.

take place
To happen; occur.

take root

(1)

To become established or fixed.

(2)

To become rooted.

take shape
To take on a distinctive form.

take sick
Chiefly Southern U.S. To become ill.

take sides
To associate with and support a particular faction, group, cause, or person.

take stock

(1)

To take an inventory.

(2)

To make an estimate or appraisal, as of resources or of oneself.

take stock in
To trust, believe in, or attach importance to.

take the benchLaw
To assume a judicial position.

take the cake

(1)

To be the most outrageous or disappointing.

(2)

To win the prize; be outstanding.

take the count

(1)

To be defeated.

(2)

Sports To be counted out in boxing.

take the fallor

take the hit Slang
To incur blame or censure, either willingly or unwillingly:
a senior official who took the fall for the failed intelligence operation.

take the floor
To rise to deliver a formal speech, as to an assembly.

take the heatSlang
To incur and endure heavy censure or criticism:
had a reputation for being able to take the heat in a crisis.

take to the cleanersSlang

(1)

To rob or swindle.

(2)

To take all the money or possessions of, as in a divorce action.

(3)

To subject to withering criticism.

take up for
To support (a person or group, for example) in an argument.

take up the cudgels
To join in a dispute, especially in defense of a participant.

take up withInformal
To begin to associate with; consort with:
took up with a fast crowd.

语源

(1)

Middle English taken

(2)

from Old English tacan

(3)

from Old Norse taka

继承用法

takable
adj.

英汉航海大词典

take charge
vi.不再受控制,掌握主动

英汉化学大词典

take charge
vt.看管,不受控制

英汉计算机大词典

take charge
vt.看管(不受控制)

英汉汽车大词典

take charge
n.汽车失控

英汉消防大词典

take charge
负责指挥

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