简明英汉词典

take after
v.
象, 学样

美国传统词典[双解]

take
take
AHD:[t3k]
D.J.[teik]
K.K.[tek]
v.(动词)
took[t?k] tak.en[t3“k…n] tak.ingtakes
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To get into one's possession by force, skill, or artifice, especially:
取得:通过武力、技巧或欺诈占有,尤指:

(2)

To capture physically; seize:
夺取:亲身获得;掌握:
take an enemy fortress.
夺取敌人的一个要塞

(3)

To seize with authority; confiscate.
逮捕,没收:运用权力剥夺;没收

(4)

To kill, snare, or trap (fish or game, for example).
杀,设陷阱捕捉:杀死,设陷井捕获或诱捕(如,鱼或猎物)

(5)

Sports Games To acquire in a game or competition; win:
【体育运动】 【游戏】 获得,赢得:在一场游戏或竞赛中获得;赢得:
took the crown in horseracing.
在赛马中获得冠军

(6)

Sports Games To defeat:
【体育运动】 【游戏】 击败::击败:
Our team took the visitors three to one.
我们队以三比一击败客队

(7)

Sports To catch (a ball in play), especially in baseball:
【体育运动】 接住球:接住(比赛中的一个球) ,尤指在棒球中:
The player took it on the fly.
队员接住高飞的球

(8)

Baseball To refrain from swinging at (a pitched ball).
【棒球】 放过:放过(一个投给击球员的球)不打

(9)

To grasp with the hands; grip:
用手抓住;握住:
Take your partner's hand.
握住你舞伴的手

(10)

To be affected with; come down with; contract:
受…的影响;得于;感染:
The child has taken the flu.
这小孩得了流感

(11)

To encounter or catch in a particular situation; come upon; discover:
邂逅:在某一特殊情况下碰到或遇到(某人);突然遇到;发现:
Your actions took me by surprise.
你的行动着实让我吃了一惊

(12)

To deal a blow to; strike or hit:
给…一记拳击;敲击,击打:
The boxer took his opponent a sharp jab to the ribs.
这个拳击选手对准其对手的肋骨猛砸一拳

(13)

To affect favorably or winsomely; charm or captivate:
受吸引,迷惑:使人产生好感地或使人高兴地影响…;迷住或俘获…的心:
She was taken by the puppy.
她被那只小狗迷往了

(14)

To put (food or drink, for example) into the body; eat or drink:
吃,喝:将(食物或饮料等)置于体内;吃或喝:
took a little soup for dinner.
喝了点汤充作晚餐

(15)

To draw in; inhale:
吸入;吸纳::吸入;吸纳:
took a deep breath.
深吸了一口气

(16)

To expose one's body to (healthful or pleasurable treatment, for example):
置身于:把自己的身体暴露给(如,健康的或愉悦的治疗):
take the sun; take the waters at a spa.
晒太阳;在温泉中沐浴

(17)

To bring or receive into a particular relation, association, or other connection:
结合,联合:把…带入或吸收进某一特定关系、组织或其它联系:
take a new partner into the firm; take a company national.
吸收一名新的合伙人加入公司;扩展公司业务到全国各地

(18)

To engage in sex with.
和…进行性交

(19)

To accept and place under one's care or keeping.
接受,安置:接受对…的看护或保管或把…置于某人的看管或保护之下

(20)

To appropriate for one's own or another's use or benefit; obtain by purchase; secure or buy:
拨款,购得,获得:为了自己或另一个人的使用或利益而挪用;通过购买而获取;得到或购买:
We always take season tickets.
我们通常购买季票

(21)

To assume for oneself:
为自己夺取:
take all the credit.
抢占了全部功劳

(22)

To charge or oblige oneself with the fulfillment of (a task or duty, for example); commit oneself to:
使某人负…义务:使自己负起或承担完成(一项任务或义务)的职责;使自己负有…:
She took the position of chair of the committee.
她担任了该委员会主席一职

(23)

To pledge one's obedience to; impose (a vow or promise) upon oneself.
宣誓服从…;使自己(发誓或许诺)

(24)

To subject oneself to:
使自己经受:
We took extra time to do the job properly.
我们花额外时间来把这顶工作做好

(25)

To accept or adopt for one's own.
纳为己有:接受…使成为自己所有或采纳…使成为自己所有

(26)

To put forth or adopt as a point of argument, defense, or discussion.
提出,采纳:提出或采纳…作为争论、辩解或讨论的一个论点

(27)

To require or have as a fitting or proper accompaniment:
采用:获取或具有…作为一个合适的或恰当的伴随物:
Intransitive verbs take no direct object.
不及物动词不带直接宾语

(28)

To pick out; select or choose:
挑出;挑选,选择:
take any card.
随便拿一张卡

(29)

To choose for one's own use; avail oneself of the use of:
选择:为了自己使用而挑选;让自己能够使用…:
We took a rented car.
我们租了一部车

(30)

To use (something) as when in operation:
使用:在运作中使用(某物):
This camera takes 35mm film.
这架照相机用35毫米的胶卷

(31)

To use (something) as a means of conveyance or transportation:
乘坐:作为一种传送或交通工具来使用(某物):
take a train to Pittsburgh.
乘坐火车去匹兹堡

(32)

To use (something) as a means of safety or refuge:
使用…躲避:作为一种安全或救护的手段来使用(某物):
take shelter from the storm.
找地方躲避风暴

(33)

To choose and then adopt (a particular route or direction) while on foot or while operating a vehicle:
选择特定的路线或方向:走路或驾驶一辆运载工具时先选择然后按照(某一特定的路线或方向)前进:
Take a right at the next corner. The driver downshifted to take the corner.
在下一个拐角向右转。司机调低速档以便转弯

(34)

To assume occupancy of:
占有:获取对…的占有:
take a seat.
占有一个座位

(35)

To require (something) as a basic necessity:
所需,必备:需要(某物)作为一项基本必需品:
It takes money to live in that town.
要住那城市得花费不少

(36)

To obtain from a source; derive or draw:
有…取得,由…获得:从某一来源获取;得到或取得:
The book takes its title from the Bible.
该书书名得自于《圣经》

(37)

To obtain, as through measurement or a specified procedure:
如通过测量或某一特定程序获取:
took the patient's temperature.
给病人量体温

(38)

To put down in shorthand or cursive writing:
速记,草草写下:用速写或草书写下来:
take a letter.
草草地写了一封信

(39)

To put down an image, a likeness, or a representation of by or as by drawing, painting, or photography:
绘画,照相:通过或仿佛通过绘画、油画或摄影记录下…的一个形象、肖像或象征:
took a picture of us.
为我们拍了一张照片

(40)

To accept (something owed, offered, or given) either reluctantly or willingly:
接受:勉强的或情愿地接受(所欠的、提供的或给予的某物):
take criticism.
接受批评

(41)

To submit to (something inflicted); endure:
屈服,忍受:听任(所遭受的某物);忍受:
didn't take his punishment very well.
并未得到对他应有的惩罚

(42)

To withstand:
抵挡:
The dam took the heavy flood waters.
水坝挡住了这股大洪水

(43)

To accept or believe (something put forth) as true:
接受,相信:接受或相信(所提出的某事)是真的:
I'll take your word.
我相信你的话

(44)

To follow (advice, a suggestion, or a lead, for example).
听从(比如忠告、建议或领导)

(45)

To accept, handle, or deal with in a particular way:
处理,应付:以一种特殊的方式来接受、对付或处理:
He takes things in stride.
他总是泰然自若地处理事情

(46)

To consider in a particular relation or from a particular viewpoint:
考量:在一特定关系中或从一特定的角度来考虑:
take the bitter with the sweet.
看到痛苦中的甘甜

(47)

To make or perform:
制定,施行:
Many crucial decisions were taken as the path of the hurricane was plotted.
飓风的路径确定以后,许多重要的决定就可执行

(48)

To allow to come in; give access or admission to; admit:
允许,认可:允许…进入;许可或同意;接纳:
The boat took a lot of water but remained afloat.
那艘船进了大量的水,却依然漂浮着

(49)

To provide room for; accommodate:
接纳,容纳:给…提供空间;给…提供住所:
We can't take more than 100 guests.
我们只能接纳一百名客人

(50)

To become saturated or impregnated with (dye, for example).
浸透或浸满(如染料)

(51)

To understand or interpret:
理解,解释:
May I take your smile as an indication of approval?
你的微笑表明你已经同意了吗?

(52)

To consider; assume:
认为;当作:
Take the matter as settled.
把这件事情决定下来吧

(53)

To consider to be equal to; reckon:
认定:认为…等同于;计算:
We take their number at 1,000.
我们认定他们的号码是一千

(54)

To perceive or feel; experience:
感受,感觉;经历:
I take pleasure in informing you that you have won the prize.
我很高兴地告诉你,你获奖了

(55)

To carry, convey, lead, or cause to go along to another place:
带:携带、传输、带领或使…去另一个地方:
Don't forget to take your umbrella. This bus takes you to New York.See Usage Note at bring
别忘了带上你的雨伞。这辆公共汽车可以载你去纽约参见 bring

(56)

To remove from a place:
移走:将…从一个地方移开:
take the dishes from the sink.
把碟子从水槽中拿走

(57)

To secure by removing:
拔除:通过移走而得到:
The dentist took two molars.
牙医取走了两颗臼齿

(58)

To cause to die; kill or destroy:
杀死,毁灭:使…死亡:杀死或摧毁:
The blight took these tomatoes.
这场虫害毁掉了这些西红柿

(59)

To subtract:
减去:
take 15 from 30.
30减15

(60)

To commit and apply oneself to the study of:
研读:投入或专注于…的学习:
take art lessons; take Spanish.
学艺术课程;学西班牙语

(61)

To study for with success:
努力取得:成功地为…而学习:
took a degree in law.
拿到了法律学位

(62)

Informal To swindle, defraud, or cheat:
【非正式用语】 诱骗,诈骗,欺骗:
You've really been taken.
你真的上当了
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To acquire possession.
获取占有权

(2)

To engage or mesh; catch, as gears or other mechanical parts.
吻合:吻合或啮合;如齿轮或其它机械部件啮合

(3)

To start growing; root or germinate:
开始生长;扎根或发芽:
Have the seeds taken?
种子发芽了吗?

(4)

To have the intended effect; operate or work:
具有预期的效果;起作用或有效:
The transfusion apparently took.
输血显然起作用了

(5)

To gain popularity or favor:
受欢迎,喜欢:
The television series, which didn't take, was later canceled.
不受欢迎的电视连续剧后来停放了

(6)

To become:
变得:
He took sick.
他生病了
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or process of taking.
取的行为或过程

(2)

That which is taken.
取得之物

(3)

A quantity collected at one time, especially the amount of profit or receipts taken on a business arrangement or venture.
一次清算的数量:一次所收集的数量,尤指在一次商业活动或商业投机中所得到的利润或收益的数量

(4)

The number of fish, game birds, or other animals killed or captured at one time.
一次所猎杀或捕获的鱼、鸟或其它动物的数目

(5)

Sports The amount of money collected as admission to a sporting event; the gate.
【体育运动】 门票收入:作为观看一场体育比赛的入场费所收集到的钱;门票

(6)

The uninterrupted running of a movie or television camera or a set of recording equipment in filming a movie or television program or cutting a record.
未停机的拍摄:在拍摄一部电影或电视节目或剪辑一段录音时,电影或电视摄像机或一套录音设备不停顿的拍摄或录制

(7)

A scene filmed or televised without interrupting the run of the camera.
一个镜头:没有让摄影机中途停拍而成的一段电影或电视场景

(8)

A recording made in a single session.
一次性录制成的录音

(9)

A physical reaction, such as a rash, indicating a successful vaccination.
发痘:一种表明成功注射疫苗的身体反应,如出疹子

(10)

A successful graft.
一次成功的嫁接

(11)

Slang An attempt or a try:
【俚语】 企图,尝试:
He got the answer on the third take.
在第三次应答时他答对了

常用词组

take after

(1)

To follow as an example.
仿效:将…作为榜样跟随

(2)

To resemble in appearance, temperament, or character.
相象:在相貌、脾气或性格上相似

take apart

(1)

To divide into parts after disassembling.
拆开:分开后将…分成许多部分

(2)

To dissect or analyze (a theory, for example), usually in an effort to discover hidden or innate flaws or weaknesses.
详细分析研究:肢解或分析(如,一个理论),通常是籍此以发现隐藏的或固有的弊端或缺点

(3)

Slang To beat up; thrash.
【俚语】 狠揍;把…打扁

take back
To retract (something stated or written).
收回(所说的或所写的事)

take down

(1)

To bring to a lower position from a higher one.
拿下,放下:将…从一个较高的位置拿到一个较低的位置

(2)

To take apart; dismantle:
拆开;拆散:
take down the Christmas tree.
把圣诞树拆散

(3)

To lower the arrogance or the self-esteem of (a person):
挫…的锐气:压低(一个人的)傲慢或自尊:
really took him down during the debate.
在辩论中实实在在地煞了他的威风

(4)

To put down in writing.
记下:以书写的形式记录下来的

take for

(1)

To regard as:
把…视作:
Do you take me for a fool?
你以为我是个傻瓜吗?

(2)

To consider mistakenly:
误认为:
Don't take silence for approval.
不要把沉默误认为是同意

take in

(1)

To grant admittance to; receive as a guest or an employee.
让…进入,接纳,吸收:允许…进来;接受…为客人或雇员

(2)

To reduce in size; make smaller or shorter:
收缩:在尺寸上减小;使…变小或为变短:
took in the waist on the pair of pants.
把裤子的腰身改小一些

(3)

To include or constitute.
包括,构成

(4)

To understand:
理解:
couldn't take in the meaning of the word.
不能够理解这个词的含义

(5)

To deceive or swindle:
欺骗,诱骗:
was taken in by a confidence artist.
被一名骗人的行家给骗了

(6)

To look at thoroughly; view:
详尽地看;注视:
took in the sights.
饱览各个景色

(7)

To accept (work) to be done in one's house for pay:
接(活计)在家里做:为获取报酬而接下(在自己家里完成的工作):
took in typing.
在家的打字活

(8)

To convey (a prisoner) to a police station.
押送(罪犯)去警察局

take off

(1)

To remove, as clothing:
脱掉(衣服等):
take one's coat off; take off one's galoshes.
脱去外衣;脱下套靴

(2)

To release:
放开:
took the brake off.
松开刹车

(3)

To deduct as a discount:
打折:作为折扣而减价:
took 20 percent off.
优惠百分之二十

(4)

To carry off or away.
带走

(5)

Slang
【俚语】

(6)

To go off; leave:
走开;离开:
took off in a hurry.
匆匆地离去

(7)

To achieve wide use or popularity:
广泛使用,大受欢迎:
a new movie that really took off.
一部极为卖座的新片

(8)

To rise in flight:
起飞:
The plane took off on time.
飞机准时起飞

(9)

To discontinue:
取消:
took off the commuter special.
取消了特殊通勤

(10)

To withhold service due, as from one's work:
休假:暂时不做(自己工作中的)应做的工作:
I'm taking off three days during May.
五月份我将会休假三天

take on

(1)

To undertake or begin to handle:
从事,开始对付:
took on extra responsibilities.
担负了额外的责任

(2)

To hire; engage:
雇;雇佣:
took on more workers during the harvest.
在收获期间雇了更多的工人

(3)

To oppose in competition:
对抗:在竞争中迎击:
a wrestler who took on all comers.
一个接受所有新手挑战的摔跤运动员

(4)

Informal To display violent or passionate emotion:
【非正式用语】 激动,大惊小怪:表现出猛烈的或激动的情感:
Don't take on so!
别这样大吵大闹!

(5)

To acquire (an appearance, for example) as or as if one's own:
摆架子,假装:获得(比如,相貌)作为自己的或使它象是自己的:
Over the years he has taken on the look of a banker.
这些年来他摆出了一副银行家的派头

take out

(1)

To extract; remove:
取出;弄走:
took the splinter out.
取出木屑

(2)

To secure (a license, for example) by application to an authority.
向机关申请取得:通过向一个权力机关申请来获得(比如,许可证)

(3)

Informal To escort, as a date.
【非正式用语】 陪伴(比如,约会中一方)

(4)

To give vent to:
发泄:
Don't take your frustration out in such an aggressive manner.
不要用这样一种积极的方式来发泄你的失意

(5)

To obtain as an equivalent in a different form:
获得平衡:作为一种不同形式的对等物取得:
took out the money owed in services.
平衡各亏欠服务中心的钱

(6)

Informal To begin a course; set out:
【非正式用语】 开始一段路程;出发:
The police took out after the thieves.
警方出动警力追捕小偷

(7)

Slang
【俚语】

(8)

To kill; murder:
杀死;谋杀:
Two snipers took out an enemy platoon.
两名狙击手消灭了敌人一个排

(9)

To search for and destroy in an armed attack or other such encounter:
在武装攻击或其它类似的方式搜寻并摧毁:
Combat pilots, flying low to avoid radar, took out the guerrilla leader's bunker in a single mission.
在一次行动中,战斗机飞行员在低空飞行以躲避雷达,发现并炸毁了游击队领导所在的掩体

take over
To assume the control or management of.
接管:获得对…的控制或管理

take to

(1)

To have recourse to; go to, as for safety:
求救于;(如为了安全)前往:
took to the woods.
躲到树林里

(2)

To develop as a habit or a steady practice:
养成习惯,沉于:有了…的习惯或开始持续地做:
take to drink.
染上了酗酒的恶习

(3)

To become fond of or attached to:
喜爱,亲近:喜欢上…或和…变得亲近:
“Two keen minds that they are, they took to each other”(Jack Kerouac)
“越敏锐的两颗心,越容易互相吸引”(杰克·凯鲁亚克)

take up

(1)

To raise; lift.
举起;升起

(2)

To reduce in size; shorten or tighten:
缩减,改紧:在尺寸上减小;缩短或使…更紧:
take up a gown.
把一件袍子改短些

(3)

To pay off an (outstanding debt, mortgage, or note).
付清一笔(数目可观的债务、抵押贷款或票据)

(4)

To accept (an option, a bet, or a challenge) as offered.
接受所提供的(一种选择、一笔赌注或一个挑战)

(5)

To begin again; resume:
再次开始;重新开始:
Let's take up where we left off.
让我们接着我们停下来的地方重新开始

(6)

To use up, consume, or occupy:
用尽,耗掉或占用:
The extra duties took up most of my time.
额外工作耗费了我绝大部分时间

(7)

To develop an interest in or devotion to:
喜欢,钟爱:对…产生了兴趣或钟爱:
take up mountain climbing.
喜欢上登山运动

(8)

To deal with:
处理:
Let's take up each problem one at a time.
让我们一个问题一个问题地来解决

(9)

To assume:
摆出:
took up a friendly attitude.
摆出友好的态度

(10)

To absorb or adsorb:
吸收,吸附:
crops taking up nutrients.
正在吸收养分的作物

(11)

To enter into (a profession or business):
开始从事(一项职业或行当):
took up engineering.
干起了工程设计这一行

习惯用语

on the take【非正式用语】
Taking or seeking to take bribes or illegal income:
收受贿赂的:收受贿赂或非法收入的或试图收受贿赂或非法收入的:
“There were policemen on the take”(Scott Turow)
“有一些警察非法收受贿赂”(斯科特·图罗)

take a bath【非正式用语】
To experience serious financial loss:
蒙受严重的财政损失:
“Small investors who latched on to hot new issues took a bath in Wall Street”(Paul A. Samuelson)
“那些抱住热门新产品不放的小投资者们在华尔街栽了大跟头”(保罗A.塞缪尔森)

take account of
To take into consideration.
把…纳入考虑范围

take away from
To detract:
减少,减弱:
Her stringy hair takes away from her lovely face.
她的丝一样的长发使人们没有注意到她那可爱的脸蛋

take care
To be careful:
小心:
Take care or you will slip on the ice.
小心些,不然你会在冰上滑倒的

take care of
To assume responsibility for the maintenance, support, or treatment of.
照料,赡养:承担对…的保养、赡养或治疗的责任

take charge
To assume control or command.
取得控制或指挥权

take effect

(1)

To become operative, as under law or regulation:
生效:成为有效力的,如在法律或规章的约束下:
The curfew takes effect at midnight.
宵禁在午夜生效

(2)

To produce the desired reaction:
奏效:产生所希望的反应:
The antibiotics at last began to take effect.
抗菌素最后终于发生效力了

take exception
To express opposition by argument; object to:
反对:通过争辩来表示反对;抵制:
took exception to the prosecutor's line of questioning.
对检查官的质疑提出反对

take five或

take ten 【俚语】
To take a short rest or break, as of five or ten minutes.
小憩:进行很短的休息(如五分钟或十分钟的小憩)

take for granted

(1)

To consider as true, real, or forthcoming; anticipate correctly.
想当然:认为…是真实的、正确的或会要发生的;料想…是正确的

(2)

To underestimate the value of:
低估了…的价值:
a publisher who took the editors for granted.
一位低估了其编辑作用的出版商

take heart
To be confident or courageous.
充满信心或勇气

take hold

(1)

To seize, as by grasping.
(如通过抓握来)夺取

(2)

To become established:
扎根:
The newly planted vines quickly took hold.
新种下的葡萄藤很快就扎下了根

take it

(1)

To understand; assume:
理解;臆断:
As I take it, they won't accept the proposal.
照我看,他们不会接受这项建议

(2)

Informal To endure abuse, criticism, or other harsh treatment:
【非正式用语】 忍受:忍受辱骂、批评或其它严厉的对待:
If you can dish it out, you've got to learn to take it.
如果你将它提出,你就会知道被臭骂的滋味

take it on the chin【俚语】
To endure punishment, suffering, or defeat.
遭受惩罚、折磨或失败

take it or leave it
To accept or reject unconditionally.
要么要,要么不要:不附带任何条件地接受或拒绝

take it out on【非正式用语】
To abuse (someone) in venting one's own anger.
通过…惩罚来出气:在发泄自己的怒气时辱骂(某人)

take kindly to

(1)

To be receptive to:
接受:
take kindly to constructive criticism.
接受建设性的批评

(2)

To be naturally attracted or fitted to; thrive on.
自然而然地为…所吸引或适合;靠…茁壮成长

take lying down【非正式用语】
To submit to harsh treatment with no resistance:
逆来顺受:不进行任何反抗地接受粗暴或严厉的对等:
refused to take the snub lying down.
拒绝低眉顺眼地听任别人呵斥

take notice of
To pay attention to.
注意到

take (one's) breath away
To put into a state of awe or shock.
令人窒息:使…进入一种敬畏或震惊的状态

take (one's) time
To act slowly or at one's leisure.
慢慢地行动或不急不忙地行动

take place
To happen; occur.
发生;出现

take root

(1)

To become established or fixed.
确定下来,固定下来

(2)

To become rooted.
(植物)扎根下来

take shape
To take on a distinctive form.
具有一个明确的形式

take sick
Chiefly Southern U.S. To become ill.
【多用于美国南部】 生病

take sides
To associate with and support a particular faction, group, cause, or person.
支持,站在…一边:和某一特定的派别、集团、事业或个人有联系或支持某一特定的派别、集团、事业或个人

take stock

(1)

To take an inventory.
开出一份存货清单

(2)

To make an estimate or appraisal, as of resources or of oneself.
(比如,对资源或自己)进行一次预测或评估

take stock in
To trust, believe in, or attach importance to.
信任、相信或认为…很重要

take the bench【法律】
To assume a judicial position.
当法官:担当法官的职位

take the cake

(1)

To be the most outrageous or disappointing.
糟透了:成为最让人厌恶的或最让人失望的

(2)

To win the prize; be outstanding.
赢得了奖项;杰出的

take the count

(1)

To be defeated.
被击败

(2)

Sports To be counted out in boxing.
【体育运动】 被打败:在拳击中直到数点结束仍未站起来

take the fall或

take the hit 【俚语】
To incur blame or censure, either willingly or unwillingly:
招致批评:愿意或者不愿意地招致批评或指责:
a senior official who took the fall for the failed intelligence operation.
为这次失败的间谍行动引咎辞职的一位高级官员

take the floor
To rise to deliver a formal speech, as to an assembly.
站着发表演说:站起来发表一篇正式演说,比如对一个集会

take the heat【俚语】
To incur and endure heavy censure or criticism:
招致并忍受众多的指责或批评:
had a reputation for being able to take the heat in a crisis.
享有在危机中成为众矢之的但却能处之泰然的名声

take to the cleaners【俚语】

(1)

To rob or swindle.
抢劫,诱骗

(2)

To take all the money or possessions of, as in a divorce action.
获得全部财产:(比如在一场离婚裁决中)获得…所有的钱或财产

(3)

To subject to withering criticism.
使…遭受难堪的批评

take up for
To support (a person or group, for example) in an argument.
支持某一方:在一场争论中支持(比如,一个人或集团)

take up the cudgels
To join in a dispute, especially in defense of a participant.
加入争论:加入一场争论,尤指为了捍卫其中的一名参与者

take up with【非正式用语】
To begin to associate with; consort with:
开始与…交往;结交:
took up with a fast crowd.
与一群放荡的人为伍

语源

(1)

Middle English taken
中古英语 taken

(2)

from Old English tacan
源自 古英语 tacan

(3)

from Old Norse taka
源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 taka

继承用法

takable
adj.(形容词)

现代英汉词典

take
[teIk]
vt., vi.
took [tu:k], taken [teIkEn], taking [teIkIN]

(1)

得到;获得
You have to take it as you find it.
对这个你只得将就些算了。

(2)

拿;握住;抓住
The mother took her child by the hand.
母亲拉着孩子的手。

(3)

取走,拿走
Take this shopping home.
把这件买的东西拿回家。
The foods here are all free - take any you like.
这里的食品都是免费的,你们随便吃吧。
He'd take a candy from a baby.(美)(非正式)
他是个贪得无厌的下流坯。
Who has taken my chocolate?
谁拿了我的巧克力?

(4)

容纳;装
Its wide roads, which can take fourteen lanes of traffic, have been kept away from living areas.
它的宽阔马路有14条车道,而且远离生活区。
These village cottages take in paying guests during the summer holidays.
暑假期间这些农家村舍接待付费的旅客。
The suitcase wouldn't take another thing.
这个衣箱再装不下别的东西了。

(5)

带走;送
You may take a horse to the water, but you cannot make him drink.(谚)
引马河边易,逼马饮水难。;不要逼人做他不愿做的事。;善意不足以成事。
The next car the boy stopped did not take him into the centre of Paris as he hoped it would.
这个孩子拦住的下一辆车没有象他所希望的那样把他带到巴黎市中心。

(6)

带给;端给
Take him a cup of tea.
端一杯茶给他。

(7)

乘,坐,搭(车、船)
Shall we go by bus or take a cab?
我们是乘公共汽车去还是乘出租汽车去?
to take a bus to work
乘公共汽车上班
to take a train
乘火车

(8)

获得;得到
to take (the) first place
获第一名

(9)

购买
We take two news-papers a day.
我们每天买两份报纸。

(10)

吃;喝;服用;吸入
Take your medicine.
把药服下。

(11)

进行;作;为
taking a walk
散步
If you don't take / get more exercise you'll get fat.
你如果不多锻炼就会发胖。
The state government has decided to take a 50% cut of oil profits.
州政府决定抽取石油利润的百分之五十。
We must take a long hard look at their suggestion.
他们的建议我们要好好研究一番。
to take a look around
在附近看看

(12)

测出,量出
Take your temperature.
量一量你的体温。

(13)

减掉,去掉
If you take 4 from 10, you have 6.
十减去四剩六。

(14)

理解;领会
How do you take this passage?
这段话你怎么理解?

(15)

发誓

(16)

懂得;了解
Do you take me?
你懂我的意思吗?

(17)

攻读,修(课)
Did you take history at school?
你在学校上过历史课吗?

(18)

吸引;着迷
really taken by the little dog
对小狗着了迷

(19)

持续,花费(时间)
How long does the flight take?
这个航班要飞多久?
Just a minute, it won't take me long to change.
等一下,我很快就可以换好衣服。
This new pain-killer doesn't take long to act on the pain?
这种新止痛药不需要很长时间就能发挥止痛作用。

(20)

需要
That work will take a lot of doing.
这件事是不容易做好的。
It takes two men to do this.
做这项工作需要两个人。

(21)

花费(钱)
It takes a lot of money to buy a house.
买一所房子要花一大笔钱。

(22)

能接受
This machine only takes 5-pence coins.
这部机器仅能够放进5便士的硬币。

(23)

照像,拍照
At first, Byrd and his men were able to take a great many photographs of the mountains that lay below.
起初伯德和他的助手们能够拍下许多横亘于下的群山的照片。
This time, he managed to climb into the mouth of Kituro so that he could take photographs and measure temperatures.
这次他设法爬进了基特罗火山口,以便能拍到照片,测量温度。
I had my picture taken this morning.
今天早晨我照了像。

(24)

起作用;奏效
Did the vaccination take?
种痘有反应了吗?

(25)

使生病;染病
He was taken ill.
他生病了。

(26)

写下;记录
He took my name and address.
他记下了我的名字和地址。

(27)

跳越;跨越
The horse took that last fence well.
那匹马最后一栏跳得好。

(28)

接受(出价)
I won't take less than $5000 for my car.
我的汽车低于5000美元不卖。

习惯用语

take to one's heels
仓皇逃跑 (= take to one's legs)

词性变化

take
n.

(1)

电影镜头;电视镜头
Six takes before the director was satisfied.
拍了六个镜头导演才满意。

(2)

交易金额;赃款

(3)

所得金额和赃款的分成

常用词组

take aback
使吃惊;使吓呆

take after
相似
She takes after her mother.
她长得像她妈妈。

take back
撤销;同意收回;同意回来

take for
当作;误认为
We must not take it for granted that the board of the directors will approve of the investment plan.
我们决不可想当然地认为董事会一定会批准这个投资计划的。

take in

(1)

收留,收容(某人)

(2)

包括;囊括;包含
You can also take in some of the notable architectural monuments.
你也可以将一些著名的纪念性建筑包括在参观的项目中。

(3)

改短(衣服);缩减尺寸

(4)

了解;领悟
to take in a doctrine
了解一种主义

(5)

欺骗;蒙骗

take off

(1)

脱掉(衣服)
I take my hat off to him for the way he arranged the party.
我对他安排社交聚会的方式表示佩服。
Take off your clothes; they're very wet.
脱掉你的衣服,衣服湿透了。

(2)

模仿(别人的神态)

(3)

(飞机)起飞
The plane took off at three o'clock.
飞机三点钟起飞了。
The nursery teacher often leads her children to watch aircrafts take off or land.
幼儿园教师经常带领孩子们去看飞机起飞或降落。

take on

(1)

雇用;聘用

(2)

开始显现;变得有

(3)

与人较量
Why don't you take on sb. your own size?
你怎么不跟和你一样高的人较量?

(4)

承担(工作、责任等)

take out

(1)

拔掉;去掉

(2)

带(某人)出去;跟(某人)出去

(3)

申请取得;获得
Have you taken out insurance?
你参加保险了吗?

习惯用语

take sb. out of himself
给某人解闷;为某人消愁

take it out of sb.
使某人精疲力尽
The long journey seems to have taken it out of mother.
长途跋涉似乎把妈妈给累垮了。

常用词组

take out on
向别人发泄自己的情绪

take over
接任;接管;接收

take to

(1)

喜欢

(2)

沉溺于;养成…习惯
to take to drinking
沉溺于饮酒

(3)

去;到
The criminal took to the woods.
罪犯逃到了林子里。

take up

(1)

开始从事;专注于
He took up art while at school.
他在学校时开始对艺术感到兴趣。

(2)

继续;接下去
to take up one's story
接着讲故事

(3)

促请考虑(某事)

take up with
与(人)交往

现代英汉综合大辞典

take
[teik]
vt.
(took [tuk]; taken [5teikEn])

(1)

拿, 握, 抓, 抱

(2)

捕捉, 袭取, 占领, 获得

(3)

拿[取, 夺]走; 吃掉(棋子)

(4)

带去, 带领; 利用, 采用; 擅自利用; 偷取

(5)

携带; 伴随某人

(6)

得到; 享受

(7)

接受; 领受; 了解; 收到

(8)

订阅, 订购; 租用

(9)

记录, 记下; 量取(体温, 尺寸); 拍摄(照片)

(10)

需要, 花费

(11)

假定, 推定, 推断

(12)

找出, 量出, 测出

(13)

处理, 对待

(14)

负起...责任; 履行

(15)

采取(某一动作); 搭, 乘, 骑

(16)

移去, 减去, 扣除

(17)

以为; 把...看作

(18)

[俚]欺骗, 使上当; 产生

(19)

以...为例 ⑵⑽超过(障碍) ⑵

(20)

容忍, 容纳; 定(座), 吸收; 吃; 喝; 服(药等)
take sb.'s arm
挽住某人的胳膊
take sb. in one's arms
拥抱某人
take hold of sth.
抓住某物
take sb. in the act
当场逮捕某人
take a town
攻占一座城市
take cold
着凉
take sb.'s fancy
占有某人的心
take (the) first place
居首位, 得第一
take sb.at a disadvantage
乘人不备; 乘人之危
be taken ill
患病
take sb. by surprise
冷不防出现; 突然接近
take letters to the post
寄信
take the luggage upstairs
把行李搬上楼
take a friend home in one's car
用汽车把朋友送回家
take a holiday
休假
take a day off
请一天假
take a chair
坐下 take 100
dollars a month
每月工资100美元
take medical advice
听取医生意见
take driving lessons
学习驾驶
take the air
呼吸新鲜空气
take a wife
[古]娶妻
take one's chance
碰运气
take a chance on sth
冒险试做某事
take it from me (=take my word for it)
相信我; 我保证; 我这话你可以相信
be able to take it
能忍受得住(痛苦, 惩罚, 攻击等)
take a newspaper
订阅报纸
take a cottage course
[美](大学生)毕业前结婚
take sth down in shorthand
用速记记下某事
take photographs
拍照
take one's time
不匆忙, 不急于, 慢慢来; 浪费时间, 拖延, 磨洋工
take a lot of doing
费事, 费力; 需要努力[技巧]等
take one's temperature
测量体温
take sb.'s measure
测量某人身长; [喻]看穿某人
take things coolly [calmly]
处之泰然, 不激动
take sth. ill [amiss]
对某事表示不高兴
take the blame
担负过失[责任]
take the throne
接受王位
take steps
采取步骤
take socialist road
走社会主义道路
take office
就职
take a train
坐火车
Who has taken my bike?
谁把我的自行车拿走了?
lt takes an hour to go there .
到那里去要花一个小时。
It takes two to make a quarrel.
[谚]一个巴掌拍不响, 两个人才吵得起来。
Do you take me for a fool?
你以为我是个傻瓜吗?
Don't take it so seriously.
别把这件事看得这么严重。
Do you take me?
你懂我的意思吗?
If you take 3 from 10 you have 7.
十减三剩七。
be taken in one's prime
夭亡

词性变化

take
vi.

(1)

得, 取, 拿;【律】获得财产

(2)

奏效, 起作用, (染料等)被吸收

(3)

(作品等)受某人欢迎

(4)

患病, 感染

(5)

减损

(6)

照相

(7)

生根, 扎根; (齿轮等)啮合

(8)

去, 行进

(9)

变得, 成为
He takes as heir.
他以继承人身分获得财产。
The dye doesn't take in cold water.
那种染料在冷水中不起作用。
His second novel did not take.
他的第二部小说不畅销。
He took sick.
他生病了。
Nothing took from the scene's beauty.
什么也不能减损这景色的美。
She does not take well.
她不上相。
The horse took to roadside.
马走到路旁。

take
n.

(1)

得, 取, 拿

(2)

捕获量, 收入

(3)

反应

(4)

(一次拍摄的)电影[电视]镜头; 一次录音量

(5)

【刷】一次排稿的量

(6)

(植皮)愈合; (种牛痘)发痘
a large take of fish
捕到很多的鱼
pull in a take
获得一些收入

继承用法

takeapart
adj.
可以拆散的

takeaway
adj.
(饭菜)卖出外吃的, 外卖饭菜的

take-down
n.

(1)

拆卸

(2)

[口]失面子

词性变化

take
adj.
可拆卸的

take-home
n.
(=take-home pay)实得工资

take-in
[`teIkIn]
n.
[口]欺骗, 欺诈

takeout
n.

(1)

(桥牌中)示意搭档改叫的叫牌

(2)

取出的东西[数量]

(3)

把成品从模子取出的自动装置; (餐馆)外卖菜
adj.
(食物)供顾客带出外吃的

take-over
n.
接收, 接管, 接任

习惯用语

be taken aback

(1)

大吃一惊, 惊得目瞪口呆, 吓了一跳

(2)

(船)突然遇到逆风

be taken back

(1)

大吃一惊, 惊得目瞪口呆, 吓了一跳

(2)

(船)突然遇到逆风

be taken with
对...很喜爱; 被...迷住, 被...吸引

be taken by
对...很喜爱; 被...迷住, 被...吸引

double take

(1)

先是不注意接着大吃一惊

(2)

先是怔着接着恍然大悟的反应

not taking any
[口]谢绝, 不接受, 没有那种兴趣 去做

on the take
[美俚]接受贿赂; 敲诈, 伺机损人利已

take after

(1)

(2)

学...的榜样, 仿效

(3)

追赶, 追捕

take against
反对; 不喜欢

take amiss
因...而见怪; 误会, 误解

take apart

(1)

使分开, 拆开

(2)

严厉批评; 猛烈抨击

(3)

严格剖析

(4)

粗暴对待; 严厉惩罚; 彻底打败

take as read

(1)

认为不必宣读(会议记录等); 认为不必谈论或听取(某事)

(2)

宣称对...满意; 声称对...没有意见

take away

(1)

拿走; 夺走; 拆去

(2)

使离开; 带走

(3)

使消失, 消除(病痛等)

(4)

减去

(5)

把...买回家食用

take back

(1)

收回(前言), 承认说错了话; 取消(诺言)

(2)

同意退回, 收回(商品); 接回, 带回

(3)

使回到某一起点; 使回想起

take down

(1)

拿下, 取下

(2)

记[录]下来

(3)

挫其气焰

(4)

拆掉

(5)

吞下, 咽下

(6)

病倒

(7)

[口]欺骗(某人)

take five
[美口]休息五分钟[十分钟], 小憩

take ten
[美口]休息五分钟[十分钟], 小憩

take ... for ...
以为(某人或某物)是...

take from
减去; 减损; 降低

take home to oneself
充分理解, 深刻领会

take in

(1)

收进, 接受; 装入, 收容, 接待

(2)

领(活)到家里做

(3)

缩短; 改小; 收(帆), 卷(帆)

(4)

领会, 理解

(5)

观看, 参观, 游览

(6)

[口]轻信, 信以为真

(7)

[口]欺骗

(8)

订阅(报刊)

(9)

包括[含]

(10)

拘留

take it

(1)

猜想, 以为; 断定

(2)

[口][常与 can, be able to 连用]忍受得住(痛苦、批评、困难, 嘲笑等)

(3)

默然同意, 接受

take it all in
注意倾听; 全部听进

take it and like it
[美俚]不太甘心 地 忍受批评(嘲笑等)

take it or leave it
要么接受, 要么拉倒; 要不要 随你的便

take it out in
接受...作为抵偿

take it out of sb.

(1)

使 某人虚弱, 使某人精疲力竭

(2)

(=takeit out on sb.)找某人出气[泄愤]

take me not up before I fall
[苏口]在你回答我以前, 先听我说完

take off

(1)

取[脱]下; 拆下; 切除

(2)

(=take oneself off)[口]走掉; 滚开

(3)

带往(某处); 移送(某处)

(4)

减(价)

(5)

取消, 夺去...的生命, 杀死

(6)

[口]摹仿, 学...的榜样; 取笑

(7)

(飞机)起飞

(8)

移开(目光, 注意力)

(9)

停止演出

(10)

去掉, 扣除

(11)

复制; 绘制

take off after (=take after)
追赶, 追捕

take on

(1)

具有,呈现(某种性质、特征等)

(2)

担任(工作), 承担(责任)

(3)

雇用

(4)

接受...的挑战; 同...较量

(5)

[口]伤心; 激动

(6)

装出某种样子

(7)

[口]流行, 风行; 受欢迎

(8)

接受(乘客); 装载

take out

(1)

取出, 拔 出; 除掉(污迹等), 擦去

(2)

邀(某人)出门, 带去

(3)

取得, 领 到(专利权, 执照等)

(4)

【律】发出(传票), 传讯

(5)

摧毁, 消除

(6)

把...买出食用

(7)

启程, 出发

take out of
取出, 除去; 要赔偿; 报仇

take out after
[take after]追赶, 追 捕

take over

(1)

接收[管, 任]

(2)

把...载送到

(3)

仿效, 采用

(4)

把...移入下一行

take sb. unawares
使 某人出其不意, 攻其不备

take sb. up on

(1)

接受某人的(邀请, 挑战等)

(2)

要求某人兑现...

take sb. short

(1)

突然袭击某人; 使 某人大吃一惊

(2)

唐突地打断某人的话

take sb. up short

(1)

突然袭击某人; 使 某人大吃一惊

(2)

唐突地打断某人的话

take sb. wrong
误解[曲解]某人的意思

take sth. up with sb.
(口头或书面)向某人反映某事; 就某事向某人提意见

take to

(1)

爱, 喜欢

(2)

嗜好, 沉迷于, 养成...的习惯

(3)

逃到..., 借助...逃 走

(4)

开始从事

take too much
[口]喝过多(酒), 喝 醉

take up

(1)

举[拿, 捡, 拔]起

(2)

占(地方); 费(时间); 占据

(3)

接纳(乘客); (船)承装(货物)

(4)

吸收(水 分); 溶解

(5)

打断某人的话; 责备, 申斥

(6)

开始; 着手处理

(7)

对...发生兴趣; 开始从事, 开始学

(8)

把(某人)置于自己的庇护之下; 收于(门下), 提携

(9)

继续, 接下去 说

(10)

逮捕

(11)

扎紧, 绕紧; 改短(衣服)

(12)

接受(建议, 挑战等)

(13)

(学校)开学; 上课

(14)

定居, 安家

(15)

付清, 认购(公债); 募(捐)

(16)

[口](天气)变晴, 变好

take up with

(1)

和...交往[鬼混]

(2)

一心一意想, 醉心于

(3)

信以为真; 采用, 接受

(4)

[常用被动态]对...很喜爱

(5)

甘受, 忍 受

take upon oneself

(1)

以...为己任; 主动承担(责任等); 把(过错)归咎自己

(2)

擅自; 毅然, 大胆

take on oneself

(1)

以...为己任; 主动承担(责任等); 把(过错)归咎自己

(2)

擅自; 毅然, 大胆

take us as you find us
我们就是 这样, 请你将就些吧

参考词汇
take     seize     grasp     clutch     grab     snatch    
都含“抓、握、取"的意思。

(1)

take 系常用词, 指“拿、握、取", 如:
take sb.'s hand
握住某人的手。

(2)

seize 指“突然用力地抓住、握住", 如:
The policeman seized a criminal suspect.
警察捉住一个嫌疑犯。

(3)

grasp指“紧紧地抓住", 用于比喻意义时指“掌握",“领会", 如:
grasp a rope
握紧绳子。

(4)

clutch 指“突然抓住", 常伴有“急切或害怕的心情", 如:
A drowning man will clutch at a straw.
将要溺死的人连一根稻草也要去抓。

(5)

grab指“抢夺"、“攫取", 如:
The boy grabbed the apple and ran off (with it).
那孩子抢了那个苹果就跑了。

(6)

snatch 指“突然快速地拿、取、夺、抢走", 如:
The hawk snatched the chicken and flew away.
老鹰叼了小鸡就飞走了。

美国传统词典

take
take
AHD:[t3k]
D.J.[teik]
K.K.[tek]
v.
took[t?k] tak.en[t3“k…n] tak.ing, takes
v.tr.

(1)

To get into one's possession by force, skill, or artifice, especially:

(2)

To capture physically; seize:
take an enemy fortress.

(3)

To seize with authority; confiscate.

(4)

To kill, snare, or trap (fish or game, for example).

(5)

Sports Games To acquire in a game or competition; win:
took the crown in horseracing.

(6)

Sports Games To defeat:
Our team took the visitors three to one.

(7)

Sports To catch (a ball in play), especially in baseball:
The player took it on the fly.

(8)

Baseball To refrain from swinging at (a pitched ball).

(9)

To grasp with the hands; grip:
Take your partner's hand.

(10)

To be affected with; come down with; contract:
The child has taken the flu.

(11)

To encounter or catch in a particular situation; come upon; discover:
Your actions took me by surprise.

(12)

To deal a blow to; strike or hit:
The boxer took his opponent a sharp jab to the ribs.

(13)

To affect favorably or winsomely; charm or captivate:
She was taken by the puppy.

(14)

To put (food or drink, for example) into the body; eat or drink:
took a little soup for dinner.

(15)

To draw in; inhale:
took a deep breath.

(16)

To expose one's body to (healthful or pleasurable treatment, for example):
take the sun; take the waters at a spa.

(17)

To bring or receive into a particular relation, association, or other connection:
take a new partner into the firm; take a company national.

(18)

To engage in sex with.

(19)

To accept and place under one's care or keeping.

(20)

To appropriate for one's own or another's use or benefit; obtain by purchase; secure or buy:
We always take season tickets.

(21)

To assume for oneself:
take all the credit.

(22)

To charge or oblige oneself with the fulfillment of (a task or duty, for example); commit oneself to:
She took the position of chair of the committee.

(23)

To pledge one's obedience to; impose (a vow or promise) upon oneself.

(24)

To subject oneself to:
We took extra time to do the job properly.

(25)

To accept or adopt for one's own.

(26)

To put forth or adopt as a point of argument, defense, or discussion.

(27)

To require or have as a fitting or proper accompaniment:
Intransitive verbs take no direct object.

(28)

To pick out; select or choose:
take any card.

(29)

To choose for one's own use; avail oneself of the use of:
We took a rented car.

(30)

To use (something) as when in operation:
This camera takes 35mm film.

(31)

To use (something) as a means of conveyance or transportation:
take a train to Pittsburgh.

(32)

To use (something) as a means of safety or refuge:
take shelter from the storm.

(33)

To choose and then adopt (a particular route or direction) while on foot or while operating a vehicle:
Take a right at the next corner. The driver downshifted to take the corner.

(34)

To assume occupancy of:
take a seat.

(35)

To require (something) as a basic necessity:
It takes money to live in that town.

(36)

To obtain from a source; derive or draw:
The book takes its title from the Bible.

(37)

To obtain, as through measurement or a specified procedure:
took the patient's temperature.

(38)

To put down in shorthand or cursive writing:
take a letter.

(39)

To put down an image, a likeness, or a representation of by or as by drawing, painting, or photography:
took a picture of us.

(40)

To accept (something owed, offered, or given) either reluctantly or willingly:
take criticism.

(41)

To submit to (something inflicted); endure:
didn't take his punishment very well.

(42)

To withstand:
The dam took the heavy flood waters.

(43)

To accept or believe (something put forth) as true:
I'll take your word.

(44)

To follow (advice, a suggestion, or a lead, for example).

(45)

To accept, handle, or deal with in a particular way:
He takes things in stride.

(46)

To consider in a particular relation or from a particular viewpoint:
take the bitter with the sweet.

(47)

To make or perform:
Many crucial decisions were taken as the path of the hurricane was plotted.

(48)

To allow to come in; give access or admission to; admit:
The boat took a lot of water but remained afloat.

(49)

To provide room for; accommodate:
We can't take more than 100 guests.

(50)

To become saturated or impregnated with (dye, for example).

(51)

To understand or interpret:
May I take your smile as an indication of approval?

(52)

To consider; assume:
Take the matter as settled.

(53)

To consider to be equal to; reckon:
We take their number at 1,000.

(54)

To perceive or feel; experience:
I take pleasure in informing you that you have won the prize.

(55)

To carry, convey, lead, or cause to go along to another place:
Don't forget to take your umbrella. This bus takes you to New York.See Usage Note at bring

(56)

To remove from a place:
take the dishes from the sink.

(57)

To secure by removing:
The dentist took two molars.

(58)

To cause to die; kill or destroy:
The blight took these tomatoes.

(59)

To subtract:
take 15 from 30.

(60)

To commit and apply oneself to the study of:
take art lessons; take Spanish.

(61)

To study for with success:
took a degree in law.

(62)

Informal To swindle, defraud, or cheat:
You've really been taken.
v.intr.

(1)

To acquire possession.

(2)

To engage or mesh; catch, as gears or other mechanical parts.

(3)

To start growing; root or germinate:
Have the seeds taken?

(4)

To have the intended effect; operate or work:
The transfusion apparently took.

(5)

To gain popularity or favor:
The television series, which didn't take, was later canceled.

(6)

To become:
He took sick.
n.

(1)

The act or process of taking.

(2)

That which is taken.

(3)

A quantity collected at one time, especially the amount of profit or receipts taken on a business arrangement or venture.

(4)

The number of fish, game birds, or other animals killed or captured at one time.

(5)

Sports The amount of money collected as admission to a sporting event; the gate.

(6)

The uninterrupted running of a movie or television camera or a set of recording equipment in filming a movie or television program or cutting a record.

(7)

A scene filmed or televised without interrupting the run of the camera.

(8)

A recording made in a single session.

(9)

A physical reaction, such as a rash, indicating a successful vaccination.

(10)

A successful graft.

(11)

Slang An attempt or a try:
He got the answer on the third take.

常用词组

take after

(1)

To follow as an example.

(2)

To resemble in appearance, temperament, or character.

take apart

(1)

To divide into parts after disassembling.

(2)

To dissect or analyze (a theory, for example), usually in an effort to discover hidden or innate flaws or weaknesses.

(3)

Slang To beat up; thrash.

take back
To retract (something stated or written).

take down

(1)

To bring to a lower position from a higher one.

(2)

To take apart; dismantle:
take down the Christmas tree.

(3)

To lower the arrogance or the self-esteem of (a person):
really took him down during the debate.

(4)

To put down in writing.

take for

(1)

To regard as:
Do you take me for a fool?

(2)

To consider mistakenly:
Don't take silence for approval.

take in

(1)

To grant admittance to; receive as a guest or an employee.

(2)

To reduce in size; make smaller or shorter:
took in the waist on the pair of pants.

(3)

To include or constitute.

(4)

To understand:
couldn't take in the meaning of the word.

(5)

To deceive or swindle:
was taken in by a confidence artist.

(6)

To look at thoroughly; view:
took in the sights.

(7)

To accept (work) to be done in one's house for pay:
took in typing.

(8)

To convey (a prisoner) to a police station.

take off

(1)

To remove, as clothing:
take one's coat off; take off one's galoshes.

(2)

To release:
took the brake off.

(3)

To deduct as a discount:
took 20 percent off.

(4)

To carry off or away.

(5)

Slang

(6)

To go off; leave:
took off in a hurry.

(7)

To achieve wide use or popularity:
a new movie that really took off.

(8)

To rise in flight:
The plane took off on time.

(9)

To discontinue:
took off the commuter special.

(10)

To withhold service due, as from one's work:
I'm taking off three days during May.

take on

(1)

To undertake or begin to handle:
took on extra responsibilities.

(2)

To hire; engage:
took on more workers during the harvest.

(3)

To oppose in competition:
a wrestler who took on all comers.

(4)

Informal To display violent or passionate emotion:
Don't take on so!

(5)

To acquire (an appearance, for example) as or as if one's own:
Over the years he has taken on the look of a banker.

take out

(1)

To extract; remove:
took the splinter out.

(2)

To secure (a license, for example) by application to an authority.

(3)

Informal To escort, as a date.

(4)

To give vent to:
Don't take your frustration out in such an aggressive manner.

(5)

To obtain as an equivalent in a different form:
took out the money owed in services.

(6)

Informal To begin a course; set out:
The police took out after the thieves.

(7)

Slang

(8)

To kill; murder:
Two snipers took out an enemy platoon.

(9)

To search for and destroy in an armed attack or other such encounter:
Combat pilots, flying low to avoid radar, took out the guerrilla leader's bunker in a single mission.

take over
To assume the control or management of.

take to

(1)

To have recourse to; go to, as for safety:
took to the woods.

(2)

To develop as a habit or a steady practice:
take to drink.

(3)

To become fond of or attached to:
“Two keen minds that they are, they took to each other”(Jack Kerouac)

take up

(1)

To raise; lift.

(2)

To reduce in size; shorten or tighten:
take up a gown.

(3)

To pay off an (outstanding debt, mortgage, or note).

(4)

To accept (an option, a bet, or a challenge) as offered.

(5)

To begin again; resume:
Let's take up where we left off.

(6)

To use up, consume, or occupy:
The extra duties took up most of my time.

(7)

To develop an interest in or devotion to:
take up mountain climbing.

(8)

To deal with:
Let's take up each problem one at a time.

(9)

To assume:
took up a friendly attitude.

(10)

To absorb or adsorb:
crops taking up nutrients.

(11)

To enter into (a profession or business):
took up engineering.

习惯用语

on the takeInformal
Taking or seeking to take bribes or illegal income:
“There were policemen on the take”(Scott Turow)

take a bathInformal
To experience serious financial loss:
“Small investors who latched on to hot new issues took a bath in Wall Street”(Paul A. Samuelson)

take account of
To take into consideration.

take away from
To detract:
Her stringy hair takes away from her lovely face.

take care
To be careful:
Take care or you will slip on the ice.

take care of
To assume responsibility for the maintenance, support, or treatment of.

take charge
To assume control or command.

take effect

(1)

To become operative, as under law or regulation:
The curfew takes effect at midnight.

(2)

To produce the desired reaction:
The antibiotics at last began to take effect.

take exception
To express opposition by argument; object to:
took exception to the prosecutor's line of questioning.

take fiveor

take ten Slang
To take a short rest or break, as of five or ten minutes.

take for granted

(1)

To consider as true, real, or forthcoming; anticipate correctly.

(2)

To underestimate the value of:
a publisher who took the editors for granted.

take heart
To be confident or courageous.

take hold

(1)

To seize, as by grasping.

(2)

To become established:
The newly planted vines quickly took hold.

take it

(1)

To understand; assume:
As I take it, they won't accept the proposal.

(2)

Informal To endure abuse, criticism, or other harsh treatment:
If you can dish it out, you've got to learn to take it.

take it on the chinSlang
To endure punishment, suffering, or defeat.

take it or leave it
To accept or reject unconditionally.

take it out onInformal
To abuse (someone) in venting one's own anger.

take kindly to

(1)

To be receptive to:
take kindly to constructive criticism.

(2)

To be naturally attracted or fitted to; thrive on.

take lying downInformal
To submit to harsh treatment with no resistance:
refused to take the snub lying down.

take notice of
To pay attention to.

take (one's) breath away
To put into a state of awe or shock.

take (one's) time
To act slowly or at one's leisure.

take place
To happen; occur.

take root

(1)

To become established or fixed.

(2)

To become rooted.

take shape
To take on a distinctive form.

take sick
Chiefly Southern U.S. To become ill.

take sides
To associate with and support a particular faction, group, cause, or person.

take stock

(1)

To take an inventory.

(2)

To make an estimate or appraisal, as of resources or of oneself.

take stock in
To trust, believe in, or attach importance to.

take the benchLaw
To assume a judicial position.

take the cake

(1)

To be the most outrageous or disappointing.

(2)

To win the prize; be outstanding.

take the count

(1)

To be defeated.

(2)

Sports To be counted out in boxing.

take the fallor

take the hit Slang
To incur blame or censure, either willingly or unwillingly:
a senior official who took the fall for the failed intelligence operation.

take the floor
To rise to deliver a formal speech, as to an assembly.

take the heatSlang
To incur and endure heavy censure or criticism:
had a reputation for being able to take the heat in a crisis.

take to the cleanersSlang

(1)

To rob or swindle.

(2)

To take all the money or possessions of, as in a divorce action.

(3)

To subject to withering criticism.

take up for
To support (a person or group, for example) in an argument.

take up the cudgels
To join in a dispute, especially in defense of a participant.

take up withInformal
To begin to associate with; consort with:
took up with a fast crowd.

语源

(1)

Middle English taken

(2)

from Old English tacan

(3)

from Old Norse taka

继承用法

takable
adj.

英汉航海大词典

take after
vt.仿效,像

英汉化学大词典

take after
vt.仿效,像,与...相同

英汉经贸大词典

take after
n.仿效

英汉计算机大词典

take after
vt.仿效(像,与...相同)

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