简明英汉词典

take aback
v.
惊吓,迷惑

现代英汉词典

aback
[E5bAk]
adv.
向后地,后退

习惯用语

take aback
使某人大吃一惊
Your request took me aback.
你的要求使我大吃一惊。

基本词义

take
[teIk]
vt., vi.
took [tu:k], taken [teIkEn], taking [teIkIN]

(1)

得到;获得
You have to take it as you find it.
对这个你只得将就些算了。

(2)

拿;握住;抓住
The mother took her child by the hand.
母亲拉着孩子的手。

(3)

取走,拿走
Take this shopping home.
把这件买的东西拿回家。
The foods here are all free - take any you like.
这里的食品都是免费的,你们随便吃吧。
He'd take a candy from a baby.(美)(非正式)
他是个贪得无厌的下流坯。
Who has taken my chocolate?
谁拿了我的巧克力?

(4)

容纳;装
Its wide roads, which can take fourteen lanes of traffic, have been kept away from living areas.
它的宽阔马路有14条车道,而且远离生活区。
These village cottages take in paying guests during the summer holidays.
暑假期间这些农家村舍接待付费的旅客。
The suitcase wouldn't take another thing.
这个衣箱再装不下别的东西了。

(5)

带走;送
You may take a horse to the water, but you cannot make him drink.(谚)
引马河边易,逼马饮水难。;不要逼人做他不愿做的事。;善意不足以成事。
The next car the boy stopped did not take him into the centre of Paris as he hoped it would.
这个孩子拦住的下一辆车没有象他所希望的那样把他带到巴黎市中心。

(6)

带给;端给
Take him a cup of tea.
端一杯茶给他。

(7)

乘,坐,搭(车、船)
Shall we go by bus or take a cab?
我们是乘公共汽车去还是乘出租汽车去?
to take a bus to work
乘公共汽车上班
to take a train
乘火车

(8)

获得;得到
to take (the) first place
获第一名

(9)

购买
We take two news-papers a day.
我们每天买两份报纸。

(10)

吃;喝;服用;吸入
Take your medicine.
把药服下。

(11)

进行;作;为
taking a walk
散步
If you don't take / get more exercise you'll get fat.
你如果不多锻炼就会发胖。
The state government has decided to take a 50% cut of oil profits.
州政府决定抽取石油利润的百分之五十。
We must take a long hard look at their suggestion.
他们的建议我们要好好研究一番。
to take a look around
在附近看看

(12)

测出,量出
Take your temperature.
量一量你的体温。

(13)

减掉,去掉
If you take 4 from 10, you have 6.
十减去四剩六。

(14)

理解;领会
How do you take this passage?
这段话你怎么理解?

(15)

发誓

(16)

懂得;了解
Do you take me?
你懂我的意思吗?

(17)

攻读,修(课)
Did you take history at school?
你在学校上过历史课吗?

(18)

吸引;着迷
really taken by the little dog
对小狗着了迷

(19)

持续,花费(时间)
How long does the flight take?
这个航班要飞多久?
Just a minute, it won't take me long to change.
等一下,我很快就可以换好衣服。
This new pain-killer doesn't take long to act on the pain?
这种新止痛药不需要很长时间就能发挥止痛作用。

(20)

需要
That work will take a lot of doing.
这件事是不容易做好的。
It takes two men to do this.
做这项工作需要两个人。

(21)

花费(钱)
It takes a lot of money to buy a house.
买一所房子要花一大笔钱。

(22)

能接受
This machine only takes 5-pence coins.
这部机器仅能够放进5便士的硬币。

(23)

照像,拍照
At first, Byrd and his men were able to take a great many photographs of the mountains that lay below.
起初伯德和他的助手们能够拍下许多横亘于下的群山的照片。
This time, he managed to climb into the mouth of Kituro so that he could take photographs and measure temperatures.
这次他设法爬进了基特罗火山口,以便能拍到照片,测量温度。
I had my picture taken this morning.
今天早晨我照了像。

(24)

起作用;奏效
Did the vaccination take?
种痘有反应了吗?

(25)

使生病;染病
He was taken ill.
他生病了。

(26)

写下;记录
He took my name and address.
他记下了我的名字和地址。

(27)

跳越;跨越
The horse took that last fence well.
那匹马最后一栏跳得好。

(28)

接受(出价)
I won't take less than $5000 for my car.
我的汽车低于5000美元不卖。

习惯用语

take to one's heels
仓皇逃跑 (= take to one's legs)

词性变化

take
n.

(1)

电影镜头;电视镜头
Six takes before the director was satisfied.
拍了六个镜头导演才满意。

(2)

交易金额;赃款

(3)

所得金额和赃款的分成

常用词组

take aback
使吃惊;使吓呆

take after
相似
She takes after her mother.
她长得像她妈妈。

take back
撤销;同意收回;同意回来

take for
当作;误认为
We must not take it for granted that the board of the directors will approve of the investment plan.
我们决不可想当然地认为董事会一定会批准这个投资计划的。

take in

(1)

收留,收容(某人)

(2)

包括;囊括;包含
You can also take in some of the notable architectural monuments.
你也可以将一些著名的纪念性建筑包括在参观的项目中。

(3)

改短(衣服);缩减尺寸

(4)

了解;领悟
to take in a doctrine
了解一种主义

(5)

欺骗;蒙骗

take off

(1)

脱掉(衣服)
I take my hat off to him for the way he arranged the party.
我对他安排社交聚会的方式表示佩服。
Take off your clothes; they're very wet.
脱掉你的衣服,衣服湿透了。

(2)

模仿(别人的神态)

(3)

(飞机)起飞
The plane took off at three o'clock.
飞机三点钟起飞了。
The nursery teacher often leads her children to watch aircrafts take off or land.
幼儿园教师经常带领孩子们去看飞机起飞或降落。

take on

(1)

雇用;聘用

(2)

开始显现;变得有

(3)

与人较量
Why don't you take on sb. your own size?
你怎么不跟和你一样高的人较量?

(4)

承担(工作、责任等)

take out

(1)

拔掉;去掉

(2)

带(某人)出去;跟(某人)出去

(3)

申请取得;获得
Have you taken out insurance?
你参加保险了吗?

习惯用语

take sb. out of himself
给某人解闷;为某人消愁

take it out of sb.
使某人精疲力尽
The long journey seems to have taken it out of mother.
长途跋涉似乎把妈妈给累垮了。

常用词组

take out on
向别人发泄自己的情绪

take over
接任;接管;接收

take to

(1)

喜欢

(2)

沉溺于;养成…习惯
to take to drinking
沉溺于饮酒

(3)

去;到
The criminal took to the woods.
罪犯逃到了林子里。

take up

(1)

开始从事;专注于
He took up art while at school.
他在学校时开始对艺术感到兴趣。

(2)

继续;接下去
to take up one's story
接着讲故事

(3)

促请考虑(某事)

take up with
与(人)交往

英汉船舶大词典

take aback
vt.使吃惊,使吓一跳,使惊得目瞪口呆

英汉航海大词典

take aback
vt.使吃惊,使吓一跳

英汉化学大词典

take aback
vt.使吃惊,使吓一跳

英汉计算机大词典

take aback
vt.使吃惊(使吓一跳)

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