简明英汉词典

salad
[5sAlEd]
n.
色拉

基本词义

Salad
n.
社会自由民主党成员 (Social and Liberal Democrats)

美国传统词典[双解]

salad
sal.ad
AHD:[s2l“…d]
D.J.[6s#l*d]
K.K.[6s#l*d]
n.(名词)

(1)

A dish consisting of green, leafy raw vegetables, often with radish, cucumber, or tomato, served with a dressing.
沙拉:由绿色有叶生菜制成的一道菜,常加有萝卜、黄瓜或西红柿,并加调味品食用

(2)

The course of a meal consisting of this dish.
包括沙拉的一道菜

(3)

A cold dish of chopped fruit, meat, fish, eggs, or other food, usually prepared with a dressing, such as mayonnaise.
凉拌食品:由切碎的水果、肉、鱼、蛋或其它食物组成的凉菜,常配有调料,如蛋黄酱

(4)

A green vegetable or herb used in salad, especially lettuce.
沙拉蔬菜:沙拉中使用的绿色蔬菜或食用植物,尤指莴苣

(5)

A varied mixture:
杂烩:各种混合物:
“The Declaration of Independence was . . . a salad of illusions”(George Santayana)
“独立宣言是…幻想的大杂烩”(乔治·桑塔亚那)
n.attributive.(定语名词)
Often used to modify another noun:
常用来修饰另一个名词:
salad plates; salad makings.
沙拉盘子;沙拉成品

语源

(1)

Middle English salade
中古英语 salade

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

possibly from Old Proven?al salada
可能源自 古普罗旺斯语 salada

(4)

from Vulgar Latin *sal3a [from feminine past participle of] .sal3re [to salt]
源自 俗拉丁语 *sal3a [] 源自穝al3re的阴性过去分词 [撒盐]

(5)

from Latin s3l [salt] * see sal-
源自 拉丁语 s3l [盐] *参见 sal-

注释
The word salad may have come to us from Vulgar Latin, the chiefly unrecorded common speech of the ancient Romans, which is distinguished from standard literary, or Classical, Latin. The word takes its origin from the fact that salt was and is an important ingredient of salad dressings. Hence the Vulgar Latin verb .sal3, “to salt,” from Latin s3, “salt,” in the past participial form .sal3, “having been salted,” came to mean “salad.” The Vulgar Latin word passed into languages descending from it, such as Portuguese (salada ) and Old Proven?al ( salada ). Old French may have borrowed its word salade from Old Proven?al. Medieval Latin also carried on the Vulgar Latin word in the form sal3. As in the case of so many culinary delights, the English borrowed the word and probably the dish from the French. The Middle English word salade, from Old French salade and Medieval Latin sal3, is first recorded in a recipe book composed before 1399.
Salad 一词可能源于俗拉丁语, 一种区别于文学拉丁语和古典拉丁语的古罗马平民使用的无记载语言。该词有其起源是因为盐是沙拉调料的重要成分。因此从拉丁词sal ,“盐”的过去分词形式 Salata (“被加过盐的”)使俗拉丁语动词 salare “撒盐”转化为“沙拉”一义。 由此俗拉丁语词传入多种语言,如葡萄牙语(salada )和古普罗旺斯语( salada )。 古法语中的salade 一词可能来自于古普罗旺斯语。 中世纪拉丁语salata 也来自于该俗拉丁语。 因为有如此多烹调的乐趣,英国人从法国人那里借用了该词及这道菜。来自于古法语的Salade 及中世纪拉丁语 sal3a 的中世纪英语中的 salade 一词被记载于1399年以前编的一本菜谱里

现代英汉词典

salad
[5sAlEd]
n.

(1)

色拉,凉拌生菜,沙律

(2)

用来作色拉的蔬菜

基本词义

Salad
n.
社会自由民主党成员 (Social and Liberal Democrats)

现代英汉综合大辞典

salad
[5sAlEd]
n.

(1)

色拉, 凉拌生菜

(2)

[美, 方]生菜, (尤指)莴苣
salad dressing
色拉用调料
salad oil
色拉油

习惯用语

salad days

(1)

年轻没有经验的时期

(2)

[美俚](创作家等)的最佳时期, 全盛时期

特殊用法

apple salad
苹果色拉

caesar salad
凯萨色拉, 西泽民凉拌菜

chicken salad
鸡丁沙拉, 鸡沙拉

corn salad
菜用结页草, 野苣(拌沙拉用)

field salad
作沙拉青菜用的匙形菜叶

fruit salad
水果色拉

mixed salad
什锦色拉

mushroom salad
蘑菇色拉

potato salad
马铃薯沙拉

Russian salad
俄式凉拌菜

tomato salad
番茄色拉

vegetable salad
蔬菜色拉

用法词典

salad
源自拉丁语salare“加盐”的过去分词salata. 因需加盐的缘故

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

salad
凉拌生菜

美国传统词典

salad
sal.ad
AHD:[s2l“…d]
D.J.[6s#l*d]
K.K.[6s#l*d]
n.

(1)

A dish consisting of green, leafy raw vegetables, often with radish, cucumber, or tomato, served with a dressing.

(2)

The course of a meal consisting of this dish.

(3)

A cold dish of chopped fruit, meat, fish, eggs, or other food, usually prepared with a dressing, such as mayonnaise.

(4)

A green vegetable or herb used in salad, especially lettuce.

(5)

A varied mixture:
“The Declaration of Independence was . . . a salad of illusions”(George Santayana)
n.attributive.
Often used to modify another noun:
salad plates; salad makings.

语源

(1)

Middle English salade

(2)

from Old French

(3)

possibly from Old Proven?al salada

(4)

from Vulgar Latin *sal3a [from feminine past participle of] .sal3re [to salt]

(5)

from Latin s3l [salt] * see sal-

注释
The word salad may have come to us from Vulgar Latin, the chiefly unrecorded common speech of the ancient Romans, which is distinguished from standard literary, or Classical, Latin. The word takes its origin from the fact that salt was and is an important ingredient of salad dressings. Hence the Vulgar Latin verb .sal3, “to salt,” from Latin s3, “salt,” in the past participial form .sal3, “having been salted,” came to mean “salad.” The Vulgar Latin word passed into languages descending from it, such as Portuguese (salada ) and Old Proven?al ( salada ). Old French may have borrowed its word salade from Old Proven?al. Medieval Latin also carried on the Vulgar Latin word in the form sal3. As in the case of so many culinary delights, the English borrowed the word and probably the dish from the French. The Middle English word salade, from Old French salade and Medieval Latin sal3, is first recorded in a recipe book composed before 1399.

英汉航海大词典

salad
n.生菜,生菜

英汉化学大词典

salad
n.色拉,生菜

英汉经贸大词典

salad
n.生菜

英汉计算机大词典

salad
n.生菜(色拉)

英汉能源大词典

salad
n.生菜

英汉医学大词典

salad
n.生菜

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004