简明英汉词典

sacrifice
[5sAkrifais]
n.
牺牲, 献身, 祭品, 供奉
v.
牺牲, 献出, 献祭, 供奉

美国传统词典[双解]

sacrifice
sac.ri.fice
AHD:[s2k“r…-fos”]
D.J.[6s#kr*7fais]
K.K.[6s#kr*7fa!s]
n.(名词)

(1)

The act of offering something to a deity in propitiation or homage, especially the ritual slaughter of an animal or a person.
献祭:为表赎罪或崇敬而向神供奉东西的行为,尤指杀死动物或人而祭祀

(2)

A victim offered in this way.
祭品:以这种方式供奉的牺牲品

(3)

Forfeiture of something highly valued for the sake of one considered to have a greater value or claim.
牺牲:为了某个被认为更有价值或权利的人或物而放弃非常珍贵的东西

(4)

Something so forfeited.
牺牲品:这样放弃的事物

(5)

Relinquishment of something at less than its presumed value.
损失,亏本:某物以低于其预定价值的让渡

(6)

Something so relinquished.
亏本出售的物品:以这种方式放弃的事物

(7)

A loss so sustained.
亏蚀:以这种方式承受的亏损

(8)

Baseball A sacrifice hit.
【棒球】 牺牲打
v.(动词)
sac.ri.ficedsac.ri.fic.ingsac.ri.fic.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To offer as a sacrifice to a deity.
供奉:作为祭品献给神

(2)

To forfeit (one thing) for another thing considered to be of greater value.
献出:为了被认为更有价值的其他事物而放弃(某物)

(3)

To sell or give away at a loss.
亏本出售或放弃
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To make or offer a sacrifice.
献祭,供奉

(2)

Baseball To make a sacrifice hit.
【棒球】 打牺牲打

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin sacrificium
源自 拉丁语 sacrificium

(4)

sacer [sacred] * see sacred
sacer [神圣的] *参见 sacred

(5)

facere [to make] * see dh?-
facere [做出] *参见 dh?-

继承用法

sacrificer
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

sacrifice
[5sAkrIfaIs]
n.

(1)

供奉,祭祀; 祭品
A lamb was offered in sacrifice.
一只小羊用作祭祀。

(2)

牺牲,献身
His parents made sacrifices to pay for his education.
他的父母为供他上学而作出了牺牲。

(3)

牺牲品
He gave his life as a sacrifice for his country.
他为国牺牲了。

词性变化

sacrifice
vt., vi.
-ficed, -ficing

(1)

(常与to连用)供奉,祭祀;献祭
He sacrificed a sheep in the temple.
他在寺庙里供奉上一只羊。

(2)

(常与to连用)牺牲;献身
A mother will sacrifice her life for her children.
母亲会为自己的孩子操劳一生的。
She has sacrificed herself to her husband's interests.
为了丈夫的利益,她牺牲了自己。

现代英汉综合大辞典

sacrifice
[5sAkrifais]
n.

(1)

牺牲, 牺牲品; 祭品, 献祭

(2)

损失, 亏本出售; 舍身, 献身

(3)

【体】(为救球所作出的)牺牲的一击

(4)

【宗】基督的献身, 圣餐

(5)

大贱卖
kill a sheep as a sacrifice
宰羊作为供品
sell sth. at a sacrifice
亏本出售某物
I would never dream of asking you to make such a sacrifice.
我决没想到要你做出这样的牺牲。

词性变化

sacrifice
[5sAkrifais]
vt.

(1)

牺牲; 把...奉献给...(for; to)

(2)

廉价卖出
He sacrificed his life to save the drowning child.
他为拯救落水的孩子而献出自已的生命。
He was forced to sacrifice his house.
他被迫廉价出售他的房子。

sacrifice
[5sAkrifais]
vi.

(1)

牺牲; 献祭

(2)

【体】(棒球)作牺牲的一击
We know how to work, to sacrifice, and to fight.
我们懂得如何去工作, 去战斗, 去作出牺牲。
He sacrificed with two on and none out.
他在两人占垒无人出局的情形下作牺牲打。

继承用法

sacrificer
n.

习惯用语

at a sacrifice
亏本, 蚀本(出售)

at [by] thesacrificeof
靠牺牲...; 以...为代价

fall a sacrifice to
成为...的牺牲品; 成为...的受害者

make all sacrifices
不惜一切牺牲

make sacrifices [a sacrifice] to

(1)

为...作出牺牲

(2)

降低价格, 忍痛出售

the great [last, supreme] sacrifice
最大的牺牲; 献出生命; 为国[理想]献身

sacrifice...for [to]
为...而牺牲, 牺牲...而换得...

特殊用法

equi-proportional sacrifice
等比例税负, 均等牺牲

forcing sacrifice
强迫弃子

general average sacrifice
(保险)共同海损牺牲

partial sacrifice
部分牺牲

pawn sacrifice
弃兵

positional sacrifice
局面弃子

queen sacrifice
弃后

sacrifice of piece
弃子

sacrifice of property
牺牲财产

sacrifice of ship
牺牲船舶

用法词典

sacrifice
来自拉丁语sacer神圣+facere做,为神圣就得牺牲

英文相关词典

sacrifice
forego    forfeit    give up    lose    release    relinquish    surrender    waive    yield    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

sacrifice
牺牲

美国传统词典

sacrifice
sac.ri.fice
AHD:[s2k“r…-fos”]
D.J.[6s#kr*7fais]
K.K.[6s#kr*7fa!s]
n.

(1)

The act of offering something to a deity in propitiation or homage, especially the ritual slaughter of an animal or a person.

(2)

A victim offered in this way.

(3)

Forfeiture of something highly valued for the sake of one considered to have a greater value or claim.

(4)

Something so forfeited.

(5)

Relinquishment of something at less than its presumed value.

(6)

Something so relinquished.

(7)

A loss so sustained.

(8)

Baseball A sacrifice hit.
v.
sac.ri.ficed, sac.ri.fic.ing, sac.ri.fic.es
v.tr.

(1)

To offer as a sacrifice to a deity.

(2)

To forfeit (one thing) for another thing considered to be of greater value.

(3)

To sell or give away at a loss.
v.intr.

(1)

To make or offer a sacrifice.

(2)

Baseball To make a sacrifice hit.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin sacrificium

(4)

sacer [sacred] * see sacred

(5)

facere [to make] * see dh?-

继承用法

sacrificer
n.

英汉法学大词典

sacrifice
亏本商品 ,牺牲

英汉航海大词典

sacrifice
n.大牺牲

英汉海运大词典

sacrifice
牺牲,损失亏本出售

基本词义

sacrifice
牺牲亏本出售

英汉经贸大词典

sacrifice
n.大牺牲

英汉机械大词典

sacrifice
n.牺牲

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