简明英汉词典

sacrament
[5sAkrEmEnt]
n.
[基督教] 圣礼, (the sacrament) 基督教圣餐
adj.
沉默的
v.
用土覆盖, 立誓

美国传统词典[双解]

sacrament
sac.ra.ment
AHD:[s2k“r…-m…nt]
D.J.[6s#kr*m*nt]
K.K.[6s#kr*m*nt]
n.Theology (名词)【神学】

(1)

A visible form of invisible grace, especially:
圣礼:无形的恩典的有形的形式,尤指:

(2)

In the Eastern, Roman Catholic, and some other Western Christian churches, any of the traditional seven rites that were instituted by Jesus and recorded in the New Testament and that confer sanctifying grace.
罗马天主教的圣礼:东正教、罗马教和一些其他的西方基督教会中,由耶稣规定、在新约中记录下的能给人带来神圣的恩典的七项传统圣事圣礼

(3)

In most other Western Christian churches, the two rites, Baptism and the Eucharist, that were instituted by Jesus to confer sanctifying grace.
西方基督教的圣礼:在大部分其他西派教会中,由耶稣规定的可赋于人神圣的恩典的两项圣事——洗礼和圣餐

(4)

Often Sacrament
常作 Sacrament

(5)

The Eucharist.
圣餐

(6)

The consecrated elements of the Eucharist, especially the bread or host.
圣餐面包和酒:圣餐时神圣化的要素,尤指圣餐面包和酒

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French sacrement
源自 古法语 sacrement

(3)

from Late Latin sacr3m
源自 后期拉丁语 sacr3m

(4)

from Latin [oath]
源自 拉丁语 [誓言]

(5)

from sacr3e [to consecrate]
源自 sacr3e [使神圣化]

(6)

from sacer sacr- [sacred] * see sacred
源自 sacer sacr- [神圣的] *参见 sacred

现代英汉词典

sacrament
[5sAkrEmEnt]
n.
圣事,圣礼
Baptism is one of the sacraments in the Christian Church.
洗礼是基督教会的圣事之一。

基本词义

Sacrament
n.
圣餐,圣餐时吃的面包 (亦作: Blessed Sacrament)

现代英汉综合大辞典

sacrament
[5sAkrEmEnt]
n.

(1)

(基督教)圣礼, 圣事(如洗礼、坚振等仪式)

(2)

神圣的东西; 神秘的东西

(3)

庄严的誓言; (古罗马军队的)入队宣誓

(4)

[the Sacrament ]圣餐(礼); 圣体; 圣餐面包
the sacrament of the altar
圣餐面包; 圣物
administer the sacrament
行圣餐礼

词性变化

sacrament
[5sAkrEmEnt]
vt.
[主用被动语态]使发誓, 使宣誓

习惯用语

Blessed[Holy] Sacrament

(1)

圣餐礼

(2)

圣餐供品(指面包、葡萄酒等)

take the sacrament upon
(在上帝面前)为...庄严宣誓; 发誓要...

take the sacrament to
(在上帝面前)为...庄严宣誓; 发誓要...

receive the sacrament upon
(在上帝面前)为...庄严宣誓; 发誓要...

receive the sacrament to
(在上帝面前)为...庄严宣誓; 发誓要...

美国传统词典

sacrament
sac.ra.ment
AHD:[s2k“r…-m…nt]
D.J.[6s#kr*m*nt]
K.K.[6s#kr*m*nt]
n.Theology

(1)

A visible form of invisible grace, especially:

(2)

In the Eastern, Roman Catholic, and some other Western Christian churches, any of the traditional seven rites that were instituted by Jesus and recorded in the New Testament and that confer sanctifying grace.

(3)

In most other Western Christian churches, the two rites, Baptism and the Eucharist, that were instituted by Jesus to confer sanctifying grace.

(4)

Often Sacrament

(5)

The Eucharist.

(6)

The consecrated elements of the Eucharist, especially the bread or host.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French sacrement

(3)

from Late Latin sacr3m

(4)

from Latin [oath]

(5)

from sacr3e [to consecrate]

(6)

from sacer sacr- [sacred] * see sacred

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