简明英汉词典

run up against
v.
意外地碰到, 偶遇, 撞上, 与...相撞, 和...发生冲突

现代英汉词典

run
[rQn]
vi., vt.
ran, run, running

(1)

跑;奔
He ran across the road.
他跑过马路。

(2)

参加赛跑

(3)

迅速移动;迅速行驶
I'll run the car into town.
我会把汽车迅速开进城里。
He ran his eyes down the list.
他的眼睛迅速地在名单上扫了一下。
The car ran down the hill.
汽车迅速驶下山岗。

(4)

(机器)转动,运转
The engine runs well.
发动机运转良好。
This machine is not running correctly.
这台机器运转得不正常。
Most of motor vehicles run on petrol.
大部分机动车的行驶以汽油作燃料。

(5)

(公共车辆)行驶
The buses run every ten minutes.
公共汽车每10分钟一班。

(6)

流动
The river has run dry.
这条河已经干涸了。

(7)

流出液体
Your nose is running.
你在流鼻涕。
The well has run dry.
水井已干涸了。

(8)

注满(洗澡水)

(9)

融化
The butter will run if you put it near the fire.
如果你把黄油放近火旁,就会融化。

(10)

延伸;继续
The road runs beside the river.
这条路沿着河边延伸。

(11)

拥有并驾驶(汽车)

(12)

用车运载

(13)

偷运;走私
to run drugs
偷运毒品

(14)

控制,主持(团体、组织)
run a school
办一所学校

(15)

有效
The insurance runs for another month.
保险有效期还有一个月。

(16)

(袜子因抽丝)出现梯形裂缝

(17)

叙说;是
The story runs like this...
故事是这样说的…

习惯用语

be run off one's feet
非常忙碌

run (a competitor) close
紧逼;紧追

run for
逃跑

run foul of
与…撞在一起

run (sb.) off (sb.'s) feet
使疲于奔命

run into the ground
使精疲力尽

run the danger of
冒…风险

词性变化

run
n.

(1)

跑;奔
to go for a run
去跑步

(2)

短途旅行
There are no stops on the run to the coast.
在去海滨的路途中没有站。

(3)

饲养动物的场地
a rabbit run
养兔场

(4)

急切的要求
a run on beer in hot weather
天热非常想喝啤酒

(5)

抛售

(6)

一连串
a run of bad luck
一连串恶运

(7)

(下坡运动的)斜道
a ski-run
滑雪斜道

(8)

(pl) 痢疾
to have the runs
得痢疾

习惯用语

a good run for one's money
不白费力;不白花钱

a run on the bank
纷纷向银行提款

in the long run
最后
It'll be cheaper in the long run to use real leather.
使用真正的皮革终究是比较便宜的。

in the short run
近期内;不久

on the run
逃走;躲藏;匆匆忙忙

the common run of
普通类型的

the run of
自由参观或使用
He gave them the run of his garden.
他准许他们随便参观他的花园。

常用词组

run about

(1)

到处跑

(2)

(孩子们)自由玩耍

run across
偶然遇到

run after

(1)

追逐,追踪

(2)

追求(女性)

run along
走开,离开

run around

(1)

驾车到处游逛

(2)

有外遇

run away

(1)

(常与from连用)逃走,逃脱

(2)

逃避,躲开

run away with

(1)

失去对…控制

(2)

轻易取胜

(3)

轻易接受

(4)

携…潜逃

(5)

与…私奔

run down

(1)

(用车)撞倒

(2)

追寻;追获
to run down a criminal
追缉一名罪犯

(3)

诋毁

(4)

(钟表、电池)失去动力

(5)

逐渐停止
The coal industry is being run down.
煤矿工业正逐步停产。

run in

(1)

试车;试转

(2)

逮捕

run into

(1)

碰撞

(2)

遇上,偶然遇到

(3)

陷于,碰上(困境、麻烦等)

run off

(1)

让流出
run off water from the barrel
从桶中放出水

(2)

印出;复印

(3)

离开,溜走;私奔

run on
继续

run out
(常与of连用)用光;耗尽
"Though they are running out of food and drink, the men are cheerful and confident that they will get out soon."
"他们虽然已经水尽粮绝,但情绪都很好,并且深信他们很快就会出来的。"

run out on
遗弃;背弃 (= walk out on)

run over

(1)

(车辆)轧过,压过

(2)

流出,溢出

(3)

匆匆看过

run through

(1)

预演,排练

(2)

浏览,匆匆地看

(3)

穿过,贯穿

(4)

花光,挥霍掉

(5)

充满,布满,弥漫

(6)

用剑刺穿

run to

(1)

钱足够支付;有足够的钱购买

(2)

有…趋势
running to fat
有发胖的趋势

(3)

(数量等)达…

run up

(1)

升起(旗子)

(2)

匆匆制成

(3)

结欠

run up against
碰上,遇到(困难等)

英汉化学大词典

run up against
vt.偶然碰见,撞着

英汉计算机大词典

run up against
vt.偶然碰见(撞着)

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