简明英汉词典

run out
v.
跑出, 离开, 完成, 被用完, 伸向, 流逝, 逐出, 放出去

美国传统词典[双解]

run
run
AHD:[r?n]
D.J.[r(n]
K.K.[r(n]
v.(动词)
ran[r2n] runrun.ningruns
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To move swiftly on foot so that both feet leave the ground during each stride.
跑,奔:每跨一步时双脚同时离开地面地快速移动

(2)

To move at a fast gallop. Used of a horse.
奔驰:飞跑,疾驰。用于指马

(3)

To retreat rapidly; flee:
快速撤退;逃跑:
seized the money and ran.
抓了钱就跑

(4)

To move without hindrance or restraint:
跑来跑去:自由自在地走动:
dogs that always ran loose.
总是自由活动的狗

(5)

To keep company:
结伴,交往:
runs with a wild crowd.
与一群野蛮的人为伴

(6)

To go or move about from place to place; roam:
乱走,游荡:从一地到另一地的走动或移动;游荡:
I am always running about, looking for my glasses.
我总是在到处走,寻找我的眼镜

(7)

To migrate, especially to move in a shoal in order to spawn. Used of fish.
洄游:移动,尤指为产卵而在浅滩游动。用于指鱼

(8)

To move or go quickly; hurry:
赶走,赶紧:快速移动或走动;赶快:
run for the police; ran for help.
赶快去警察局;赶快去求救

(9)

To go when in trouble or distress:
投靠:遇麻烦或消沉时去:
He is always running to his lawyer.
他总是去投靠他的律师

(10)

To make a short, quick trip or visit:
跑一趟(很短的距离):到很近的地方去一会或拜访一下:
ran next door to borrow a cup of sugar; ran down to the store.
快去隔壁借一杯糖;去一趟百货店

(11)

To take part in a race or contest:
竞赛:参加比赛或竞争:
ran in the marathon; athletes who run for the gold medal.
参加马拉松跑;运动员为金牌而赛

(12)

To compete in a race for elected office:
竞选:参加竞选某一职位:
ran for mayor.
竞选市长

(13)

To finish a race or contest in a specified position:
获得:在赛跑或比赛中获得某种名次:
ran second.
跑了个亚军

(14)

To move freely, on or as if on wheels:
行驶:在或好象在轮子上自由移动:
The car ran downhill. The drawer runs on small bearings.
汽车驶向下坡。抽屉有一点推力就滑动

(15)

To be in operation:
开动,运转:
The engine is running.
发动机正在运转

(16)

To go back and forth especially on a regular basis; ply:
(尤指定期地)来回行驶;定期行驶:
The ferry runs every hour.
货船一小时往来一趟

(17)

Nautical To sail or steer before the wind or on an indicated course:
【航海】 (船)起程:在风到来之前或按既定航程行驶或驾驶:
run before a storm.
在暴风雨来临之前起程

(18)

To flow, especially in a steady stream:
流淌(尤指在稳定的水流中):
Fresh water runs from the spring. Turn on the faucet and let the water run.
新鲜的水是从泉中流出的。打开水龙头任意让水流吧

(19)

To emit pus, mucus, or serous fluid:
流出:流出脓、粘液或浆液:
Pollen makes my nose run.
花粉使我流鼻涕

(20)

To melt and flow:
(固体)融化:融化并流动:
A hot flame will make the solder run.
热的火焰使焊料融化

(21)

To spread or dissolve, as dyes in fabric:
(如织物上染料)渗化或渗色:
Colorfast garments are not supposed to run.
不掉色的衣服应该不渗色的

(22)

To extend, stretch, or reach in a certain direction or to a particular point:
延伸:向某一方向或某一点延伸、伸展或到达:
This road runs to the next town.
这条路伸向临近的一个镇

(23)

To extend, spread, or climb as a result of growing:
蔓生:因成长而延伸、散开或爬:
Ivy ran up the wall.
常春藤顺着墙向上爬

(24)

To spread rapidly:
传播:迅速传播:
disease that ran rampant.
猖獗地传播的疾病

(25)

To be valid in a given area:
在某一特定地区有效:
The speed limit runs only to the town line.
时速限制只在去镇上的路上有效

(26)

To be present as a valid accompaniment:
伴随存在:作为有效伴随物存在:
Fishing rights run with ownership of the land.
具有土地的所有权便具有打渔权

(27)

To unravel along a line:
脱线:沿一条线脱散:
Her stocking ran.
她的袜子脱丝了

(28)

To continue in effect or operation:
继续有效,继续运行:
a lease with one year to run.
还有一年有效期的租借

(29)

To pass:
流逝:
Days ran into weeks.
日子一天天过去,转瞬就是几个星期

(30)

To tend to persist or recur:
连续:持续存在或不断重复出现:
Stinginess seems to run in that family.
那一家好象一直很吝啬

(31)

To accumulate or accrue:
积累,产生:
The interest runs from the first of the month.
借贷利息从本月一日开始算起

(32)

To become payable.
成为应付款的

(33)

To take a particular form, order, or expression:
写着,说着:采用某一特定形式、顺序或表达方式:
My reasoning runs thus. The report runs as follows.
我的逻辑是这样的。报告如下

(34)

To tend or incline:
倾向于:
Their taste in art runs to the bizarre.
他们的艺术品味倾向于稀奇古怪

(35)

To occupy or exist in a certain range:
占据或存在某一范围内:
The sizes run from small to large.
号码大小不一

(36)

To be presented or performed for a continuous period of time:
连续演出:很长一段时间一直进行或表演:
The play ran for six months.
这个剧连演了六个月

(37)

To pass into a specified condition:
处于进入某种特定境遇:
We ran into debt.
我们开始负债了
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To travel over on foot at a pace faster than a walk:
跑:脚步比散步快的行进:
ran the entire distance.
跑了全程

(2)

To cause (an animal) to move quickly or rapidly:
使跑 ,使奔:使(动物)快跑:
We run our hunting dogs every morning.
每天早上我遛猎狗跑

(3)

To allow to move without restraint.
允许…自由地移动

(4)

To do or accomplish by or as if by running:
奔走着做:通过跑或是类似跑来做或完成:
run errands.
跑腿

(5)

To hunt or pursue; chase:
狩猎;追逐:
dogs running deer.
逐鹿的狗

(6)

To bring to a given condition by or as if by running:
使达到:通过跑或类似跑来使…达到某种情况:
The toddlers ran me ragged.
学步的儿童使我筋疲力尽

(7)

To cause to move quickly:
使…快速移动:
She ran her fingers along the keyboard.
她的手指在琴键上飞快地移动

(8)

To cause to compete in or as if in a race:
使…象赛跑一样竞争:
He ran two horses in the Kentucky Derby.
在肯德基马赛中他让两只马参赛

(9)

To present or nominate for elective office:
提出(侯选人):引见或提名…竞选职务:
The party ran her for senator.
这个党提名她为议员侯选人

(10)

To cause to move or progress freely.
使通过:使自由移动或进展顺利

(11)

To cause to function; operate:
使运转;操作:
run a machine.
操作机器

(12)

To convey or transport:
载送;捎带:
Run me into town. Run the garbage over to the dump.
把我送到镇上。把垃圾运到垃圾筒内

(13)

Nautical To cause to move on a course:
【航海】 使驶向:使按航道行驶:
We ran our boat into a cove.
我们把船驶向小海湾

(14)

To smuggle:
偷运,走私:
run guns.
私运枪支

(15)

To evade and pass through:
穿过:避开并穿过:
run a roadblock.
穿过路障

(16)

To pass over or through:
穿过,越过:
run the rapids.
冲过急流

(17)

To cause to flow:
使流动:
run water into a tub.
把水注入管道中

(18)

To stream with:
流出:
The fountains ran champagne.
泉水流出香槟酒

(19)

Metallurgy
【冶金学】

(20)

To melt, fuse, or smelt (metal).
溶化,熔合或熔炼(金属)

(21)

To mold or cast (molten metal):
浇铸,溶铸(溶化了的金属):
run gold into ingots.
把金子浇铸成金锭

(22)

To cause to extend or pass:
使延伸或经过:
run a rope between the poles.
在两端之间绕一根绳

(23)

To mark or trace on a surface:
描,划:在表面上标出或画出:
run a pencil line between two points.
在两点之间用铅笔画一条线

(24)

To sew with a continuous line of stitches:
匆忙地缝:用一条连续的线缝:
run a seam.
匆忙地缝线

(25)

To cause to unravel along a line:
使脱线:使沿一条线脱落:
She ran her stocking on a splinter.
在裂片上划了袜子而使之脱丝

(26)

To cause to crash or collide:
使相撞,使撞入:
ran the car into a fence.
把汽车撞上篱笆

(27)

To cause to penetrate:
使…刺入:
I ran a pin into my thumb.
我的大拇指进了刺

(28)

To continue to present or perform:
继续展出,继续上演:
ran the film for a month.
这部电影上演了一个月

(29)

To publish in a periodical:
刊登,刊印:在刊物上出版,刊登:
run an advertisement.
刊登广告

(30)

To subject or be subjected to:
冒(危险等):使…遭受或遭受:
run a risk.
冒一次险

(31)

Games
【游戏】

(32)

To score (balls or points) consecutively in billiards:
连续得(分):(台球中)连续击(球或得分):
run 15 balls.
连续击15次球

(33)

To clear (the table) in pool by consecutive scores.
连续得分:(台球)连续得分将案上的球全部击掉

(34)

To conduct or perform:
进行,执行:
run an experiment.
进行实验

(35)

Computer Science To process or execute (a program or an instruction).
【计算机科学】 执行或进行(程序或命令)

(36)

To control, manage, or direct:
控制,管理,指导:
ran the campaign by himself; a bureau that runs espionage operations.
由他自己管理比赛;管理间谍活动的部门
n.(名词)

(1)

A pace faster than a walk.
跑步,奔跑:比散步快的一种步伐

(2)

A fast gallop. Used of a horse.
奔驰:快速奔驰。用于指马

(3)

An act of running.
奔跑:奔跑的行为

(4)

A distance covered by or as if by running.
跑距:奔跑或好象奔跑的路程

(5)

The time taken to cover such a distance:
奔跑的时间:经过奔跑的这段路程所需要时间:
It is a two minutes' run from the subway.
从地铁跑两分钟就到了

(6)

A quick trip or visit:
短期旅行或访问:
a run into town.
进城一趟

(7)

Sports A running race:
【体育运动】 赛跑:
the winner of the mile run.
英里赛跑冠军

(8)

A campaign for public office:
竞选:为公共职位而进行的竞选:
She managed his successful senatorial run.
她为他竞选议员的成功做了安排

(9)

Abbr. r, r.Baseball A point scored by advancing around the bases and reaching home plate safely.
缩写 rr.【棒球】 垒得分,跑垒:绕垒跑而安全到达本垒板得分

(10)

Football A player's attempt to carry the ball past or through the opposing team, usually for a specified distance:
【橄榄球】 持球跑打法:运动员持球跑过对方球队(通常有一定的距离)的打法:
a 30-yard run.
三十码持球跑

(11)

The migration of fish, especially in order to spawn.
洄游:鱼群的洄游,尤指为了产卵

(12)

A group or school of fish ascending a river in order to spawn.
洄游鱼群:游向河的下游去产卵的一群鱼

(13)

Unrestricted freedom or use:
使用(或出入)的自由:
I had the run of the library.
我可自由使用图书馆

(14)

A stretch or period of riding, as in a race or to the hounds.
行程:(赛跑或狩猎等的)行进的路程和时间

(15)

A track or slope along or down which something can travel:
走向,动向:某物能通过的轨迹或坡度:
a logging run.
航行方向

(16)

Sports A particular type of passage down a hill or across country experienced by an athlete, especially a skier or bobsledder:
【体育运动】 滑道:运动员(尤指滑雪运动员或大雪橇运动员)沿山而下穿过的特殊通道:
had two very good runs before the end of the day.
天黑之前有两个滚动特别好的滑组

(17)

Sports The distance a golf ball rolls after hitting the ground.
【体育运动】 滚动距离:高尔夫球触地后滚动的距离

(18)

A scheduled or regular route.
路线:定好的或规则的线路

(19)

The territory of a news reporter.
采访范围:新闻报道的范围

(20)

A continuous period of operation, especially of a machine or factory.
运行时间:(尤指机器或工厂的)持续运行时间

(21)

The production achieved during such a period:
运行产量:运行时间内所生产的产品数量:
a press run of 15,000 copies.
一万五千份的印刷运行产量

(22)

A movement or flow.
移动,流动

(23)

The duration of such a flow.
流动时间:流动所经过的时间

(24)

The amount of such a flow.
流量

(25)

A pipe or channel through which something flows.
水管,渠道,水槽:某物流动所通过的管道或渠道

(26)

Eastern Lower Northern U.S. See creek
【美国中北部以东】 参见 creek

(27)

A fall or slide, as of sand or mud.
滑落:(沙或泥的)下落和滑动

(28)

Continuous length or extent:
连续的一段长度和范围:
a five-foot run of tubing.
一段五英尺长的管道

(29)

Geology A vein or seam, as of ore or rock.
【地质学】 地层:(矿石或岩石)矿脉或矿层

(30)

The direction, configuration, or lie:
布局,分布:方向,结构或位置:
the run of the grain in leather.
皮革粒面的分布

(31)

A trail or way made or frequented by animals.
(动物经常出没)的路径

(32)

An outdoor enclosure for domestic animals or poultry:
饲养场:禽和动物的户外饲养处:
a dog run; a turkey run.
养狗场;火鸡场

(33)

A length of torn or unraveled stitches in a knitted fabric.
抽丝,脱针:织物上的一段脱落的针角

(34)

A blemish caused by excessive paint flow.
挂流:由于油漆刷得过厚引起的瑕疵

(35)

An unbroken series or sequence:
一连串,一系列:不断的一系列或一组:
a run of dry summers.
接连不断的干燥夏季

(36)

An unbroken sequence of theatrical performances.
连演:戏院表演的不断进行

(37)

Music A rapid sequence of notes; a roulade.
【音乐】 连奏,急唱:一组快节奏的音节;滚奏

(38)

A series of unexpected and urgent demands, as by depositors or customers:
争购,挤兑:存款人或顾客等的令人意外且紧急的提款要求:
a run on a bank.
银行的挤兑

(39)

A continuous set or sequence, as of playing cards in one suit.
同花顺子:(玩牌时同一花色的)连着的一系列

(40)

A successful sequence of shots or points.
连中:一系列打中或得分

(41)

A sustained state or condition:
连续:持续的状态或情况:
a run of good luck.
连续的好运

(42)

A trend or tendency:
趋势,动向:
the run of events.
事情的动向

(43)

The average type, group, or category:
(普通)类型:平均的类型,一组或分类:
The broad run of voters want the candidate to win.
投票的大多数普通人希望所选的竞选者获胜

(44)

Computer Science An execution of a specific program or instruction.
【计算机科学】 运行:对某一程序或指令的执行

(45)

runs Slang Diarrhea. Often used with the.
runs 【俚语】 泻肚。通常和the 连用
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Being in a melted or molten state:
融化的,熔铸的:
run butter; run gold.
融化的黄油;铸金

(2)

Completely exhausted from running.
跑得筋疲力尽的

常用词组

run across
To find by chance; come upon.
偶然发现;偶然碰到

run after

(1)

To pursue; chase.
追赶;追逐

(2)

To seek the company or attention of for purposes of courting:
追求:为求爱而找伴或吸引其注意力:
He finally became tired of running after her.
他追求她终于追烦了

run against

(1)

To encounter unexpectedly; run into.
偶然撞见:意外遇见;与…偶然碰见

(2)

To work against; oppose:
违反:与…作对;反对:
found public sentiment running against him.
发现公众反对他的情绪

run along
To go away; leave.
离开;走开

run away

(1)

To flee; escape.
跑开;逃走

(2)

To leave one's home, especially to elope.
离家出走,尤指私奔

(3)

To stampede.
(马等)惊跑

run down

(1)

To stop because of lack of force or power:
停掉,耗尽:因缺乏力量或能量而停止:
The alarm clock finally ran down.
闹钟终于停了

(2)

To become tired.
筋疲力尽

(3)

To collide with and knock down:
与…相撞,把…撞倒:
a pedestrian who was run down by a speeding motorist.
被一辆疾驰的摩托车撞倒的行人

(4)

Nautical To collide with and cause to sink.
【航海】 撞沉:与…相撞并导致其沉没

(5)

To chase and capture:
追捕到:追寻并抓到:
Detectives ran down the suspects.
侦探抓获了嫌疑犯

(6)

To trace the source of:
追溯:追踪…的来源:
The police ran down all possible leads in the missing-person case.
警察查遍了这件失踪案的所有可能的线索

(7)

To disparage:
贬低,说坏话:
Don't run her down; she is very talented.
不要贬低她;她很有天分的

(8)

To go over; review:
浏览;复习:
run down a list once more.
再浏览一下单子

(9)

Baseball To put a runner out after trapping him or her between two bases.
【棒球】 夹杀:当跑垒员陷入两垒之间后将其推出

run in

(1)

To insert or include as something extra:
插入,补入:把另外一件东西嵌入或包括进来:
ran in an illustration next to the first paragraph.
在第一段旁边加上插图

(2)

Printing To make a solid body of text without a paragraph or other break.
【印刷术】 使不间断,使不分段,连排:使排字材料不分段落或间隙地连下去

(3)

Slang To take into legal custody.
【俚语】 拘留

(4)

To go to or seek out the company of in order to socialize; visit:
非正式访问,顺便看望:为交往目的而去与…相伴;拜访:
We ran in for an hour.
我们拜访了一个小时

run into

(1)

To meet or find by chance:
偶然遇见,偶然发现:
ran into an old friend.
与一个老朋友不期而遇

(2)

To encounter (something):
遭遇,陷入(某件事):
ran into trouble.
陷入麻烦

(3)

To collide with.
与…相撞

(4)

To amount to:
共计,合计:
His net worth runs into seven figures.
他的净值达到了七位数

run off

(1)

To print, duplicate, or copy:
印刷,打印出,复印:
ran off 200 copies of the report.
把这个报告复制了200份

(2)

To run away; elope.
跑掉;私奔

(3)

To flow off; drain away.
流掉;流干

(4)

To decide a contest or competition by a runoff.
对比赛(或竞争)进行决赛

(5)

To force or drive off (trespassers, for example).
赶走,驱逐(例如,私入地界者)

run on

(1)

To keep going; continue.
继续做;继续

(2)

To talk volubly, persistently, and usually inconsequentially:
喋喋不休地讲:讲个不停,通常前后不一致地讲个没完:
He is always running on about his tax problems.
对于他税务方面的问题,他总是讲个不停

(3)

To continue a text without a formal break.
不分段,不换行:不间断地接连下去

run out

(1)

To become used up; be exhausted:
用完;耗尽:
Our supplies finally ran out.
我们的供给终于耗尽了

(2)

To put out by force; compel to leave:
逐出:强使离去;驱逐:
We ran him out of town.
我们把他驱逐出镇子

(3)

To become void, especially through the passage of time or an omission:
期满:因期满或疏漏而无效:
an insurance policy that had run out.
已过期的保险单

run over

(1)

To collide with, knock down, and often pass over:
碾过:与…相撞、撞倒,通常压过去:
The car ran over a child.
那辆汽车碾过了孩子

(2)

To read or review quickly:
浏览:快速阅读或过目:
run over a speech before giving it.
演说之前浏览一下演讲稿

(3)

To flow over.
飞过,掠过

(4)

To go beyond a limit:
超过某个限制:
The meeting ran over by 30 minutes.
会议拖了30分钟了

run through

(1)

To pierce:
穿透,刺穿:
The soldier was run through by a bayonet.
士兵被刺刀刺透了

(2)

To use up quickly:
挥霍掉:
She ran through all her money.
她很快花完了所有的钱

(3)

To rehearse quickly:
匆匆排练:
Let's run through the first act again.
我们再排练一下第一场

(4)

To go over the salient points or facts of:
匆匆看过:把…的突出点或事实过目一下:
The crew ran through the preflight procedures. We ran through the witness's testimony before presenting it in court.
机组人员又复习了一遍飞行前的程序。在法庭上出示之前,我们先过目一下见证人的证词

run up
To make or become greater or larger:
使变大,变大,增大:
ran up huge bills; run up the price of the company's stock.
积欠很大的债务;使公司股票的价格升值

run with
To take as one's own; adopt:
收为自己的;采用:
[He] was determined to run with the idea and go public before it had been researched” (Betty Cuniberti)
[他] 决定采用这种观点,在调查之前公开” (贝蒂·库尼伯特)

习惯用语

a run for (one's) money
Strong competition.
激烈竞争

in the long run
In the final analysis or outcome.
从长远看,从最终结果来看

in the short run
In the immediate future.
在不远的将来

on the run

(1)

In rapid retreat:
迅速撤退:
guerrillas on the run after an ambush.
遭伏击后迅速撤退的游击队员

(2)

In hiding:
隐藏着的:
fugitives on the run.
隐藏着逃亡者

(3)

Hurrying busily from place to place:
频繁往来的:
executives always on the run from New York to Los Angeles.
频繁往来于纽约和洛杉矶之间的行政官员

run a temperature
To have a fever.
发烧

run away with

(1)

To make off with hurriedly.
与…一起跑掉

(2)

To steal.

(3)

To be greater or bigger than others in (a performance, for example).
(如在表演中)胜过其他的

run foul或

run afoul of

(1)

To run into; collide with:
与…相撞;与…碰撞:
a sloop that had run foul of the submerged reef.
撞了水下暗礁的单桅帆船

(2)

To come into conflict with:
与…冲突,违背:
a pickpocket who ran foul of the law.
违法的扒手

run in place
To go through the movements of running without leaving one's original position.
原地跑:不离原地进行地跑步动作

run off with
To capture or carry off:
获得,取走:
ran off with the state championship.
获得全国冠军

run (one's) eyes over
To look at or read in a cursory manner.
草草地看,粗略地读

run out of
To exhaust the supply of:
消耗掉…的供给:
ran out of fuel.
耗光燃料

run out of gas【俚语】

(1)

To exhaust one's energy or enthusiasm.
耗尽精力或热情

(2)

To falter or come to a stop because of a lack of capital, support, or enthusiasm.
(被迫)中止:因缺少资金,支持或热情而动摇或停止

run out on
To abandon:
放弃,抛弃:
has run out on the family.
放弃家庭

run rings around
To be markedly superior to.
明显比…好,胜过

run scared【非正式用语】
To become intimidated or frightened.
吓坏了,受到惊吓

run short
To become scanty or insufficient in supply:
供给不足或极少:
Fuel oil ran short during the winter.
冬季燃油不足

run short of
To use up so that a supply becomes insufficient or scanty:
用尽使供给缺乏或不足:
ran short of paper clips.
用完了纸夹

run to earth或

run to ground
To pursue and successfully capture:
追获:追逐并成功地抓获:
Dogs ran the fox to earth. The police ran the terrorists to ground.
狗追获了狐狸。警察捕获恐怖主义者

语源

(1)

Middle English ernen, runnen
中古英语 ernen, runnen

(2)

from Old English rinnan, eornan, earnan
源自 古英语 rinnan, eornan, earnan

(3)

and from Old Norse rinna * see rei-
并源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 rinna *参见 rei-

注释
Terms for “a small, fast-flowing stream” vary throughout the eastern United States especially. Speakers in the eastern part of the Lower North (including Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, and southern Pennsylvania) use the word run, as in Bull Run. Speakers in New York State are liable to call such a stream a kill (a Dutch borrowing). Brook has come to be used throughout the Northeast. Southerners refer to a branch, and throughout the northern United States the term is crick, a variant of creek.
在美国东部,用来表示“急流的小河”的词尤其多变。北部低地地区东部(包括弗吉尼亚、西弗吉尼亚、特拉华、马里兰和宾夕法尼亚南部)用run , 如在Bull run 中。 纽约州用kill (借自荷兰语)表示这样的河流。 整个东北部已开始用Brook 。 南方人用branch , 美国北部则用crick ( cleek 的变体)

现代英汉词典

run
[rQn]
vi., vt.
ran, run, running

(1)

跑;奔
He ran across the road.
他跑过马路。

(2)

参加赛跑

(3)

迅速移动;迅速行驶
I'll run the car into town.
我会把汽车迅速开进城里。
He ran his eyes down the list.
他的眼睛迅速地在名单上扫了一下。
The car ran down the hill.
汽车迅速驶下山岗。

(4)

(机器)转动,运转
The engine runs well.
发动机运转良好。
This machine is not running correctly.
这台机器运转得不正常。
Most of motor vehicles run on petrol.
大部分机动车的行驶以汽油作燃料。

(5)

(公共车辆)行驶
The buses run every ten minutes.
公共汽车每10分钟一班。

(6)

流动
The river has run dry.
这条河已经干涸了。

(7)

流出液体
Your nose is running.
你在流鼻涕。
The well has run dry.
水井已干涸了。

(8)

注满(洗澡水)

(9)

融化
The butter will run if you put it near the fire.
如果你把黄油放近火旁,就会融化。

(10)

延伸;继续
The road runs beside the river.
这条路沿着河边延伸。

(11)

拥有并驾驶(汽车)

(12)

用车运载

(13)

偷运;走私
to run drugs
偷运毒品

(14)

控制,主持(团体、组织)
run a school
办一所学校

(15)

有效
The insurance runs for another month.
保险有效期还有一个月。

(16)

(袜子因抽丝)出现梯形裂缝

(17)

叙说;是
The story runs like this...
故事是这样说的…

习惯用语

be run off one's feet
非常忙碌

run (a competitor) close
紧逼;紧追

run for
逃跑

run foul of
与…撞在一起

run (sb.) off (sb.'s) feet
使疲于奔命

run into the ground
使精疲力尽

run the danger of
冒…风险

词性变化

run
n.

(1)

跑;奔
to go for a run
去跑步

(2)

短途旅行
There are no stops on the run to the coast.
在去海滨的路途中没有站。

(3)

饲养动物的场地
a rabbit run
养兔场

(4)

急切的要求
a run on beer in hot weather
天热非常想喝啤酒

(5)

抛售

(6)

一连串
a run of bad luck
一连串恶运

(7)

(下坡运动的)斜道
a ski-run
滑雪斜道

(8)

(pl) 痢疾
to have the runs
得痢疾

习惯用语

a good run for one's money
不白费力;不白花钱

a run on the bank
纷纷向银行提款

in the long run
最后
It'll be cheaper in the long run to use real leather.
使用真正的皮革终究是比较便宜的。

in the short run
近期内;不久

on the run
逃走;躲藏;匆匆忙忙

the common run of
普通类型的

the run of
自由参观或使用
He gave them the run of his garden.
他准许他们随便参观他的花园。

常用词组

run about

(1)

到处跑

(2)

(孩子们)自由玩耍

run across
偶然遇到

run after

(1)

追逐,追踪

(2)

追求(女性)

run along
走开,离开

run around

(1)

驾车到处游逛

(2)

有外遇

run away

(1)

(常与from连用)逃走,逃脱

(2)

逃避,躲开

run away with

(1)

失去对…控制

(2)

轻易取胜

(3)

轻易接受

(4)

携…潜逃

(5)

与…私奔

run down

(1)

(用车)撞倒

(2)

追寻;追获
to run down a criminal
追缉一名罪犯

(3)

诋毁

(4)

(钟表、电池)失去动力

(5)

逐渐停止
The coal industry is being run down.
煤矿工业正逐步停产。

run in

(1)

试车;试转

(2)

逮捕

run into

(1)

碰撞

(2)

遇上,偶然遇到

(3)

陷于,碰上(困境、麻烦等)

run off

(1)

让流出
run off water from the barrel
从桶中放出水

(2)

印出;复印

(3)

离开,溜走;私奔

run on
继续

run out
(常与of连用)用光;耗尽
"Though they are running out of food and drink, the men are cheerful and confident that they will get out soon."
"他们虽然已经水尽粮绝,但情绪都很好,并且深信他们很快就会出来的。"

run out on
遗弃;背弃 (= walk out on)

run over

(1)

(车辆)轧过,压过

(2)

流出,溢出

(3)

匆匆看过

run through

(1)

预演,排练

(2)

浏览,匆匆地看

(3)

穿过,贯穿

(4)

花光,挥霍掉

(5)

充满,布满,弥漫

(6)

用剑刺穿

run to

(1)

钱足够支付;有足够的钱购买

(2)

有…趋势
running to fat
有发胖的趋势

(3)

(数量等)达…

run up

(1)

升起(旗子)

(2)

匆匆制成

(3)

结欠

run up against
碰上,遇到(困难等)

美国传统词典

run
run
AHD:[r?n]
D.J.[r(n]
K.K.[r(n]
v.
ran[r2n] run, run.ning, runs
v.intr.

(1)

To move swiftly on foot so that both feet leave the ground during each stride.

(2)

To move at a fast gallop. Used of a horse.

(3)

To retreat rapidly; flee:
seized the money and ran.

(4)

To move without hindrance or restraint:
dogs that always ran loose.

(5)

To keep company:
runs with a wild crowd.

(6)

To go or move about from place to place; roam:
I am always running about, looking for my glasses.

(7)

To migrate, especially to move in a shoal in order to spawn. Used of fish.

(8)

To move or go quickly; hurry:
run for the police; ran for help.

(9)

To go when in trouble or distress:
He is always running to his lawyer.

(10)

To make a short, quick trip or visit:
ran next door to borrow a cup of sugar; ran down to the store.

(11)

To take part in a race or contest:
ran in the marathon; athletes who run for the gold medal.

(12)

To compete in a race for elected office:
ran for mayor.

(13)

To finish a race or contest in a specified position:
ran second.

(14)

To move freely, on or as if on wheels:
The car ran downhill. The drawer runs on small bearings.

(15)

To be in operation:
The engine is running.

(16)

To go back and forth especially on a regular basis; ply:
The ferry runs every hour.

(17)

Nautical To sail or steer before the wind or on an indicated course:
run before a storm.

(18)

To flow, especially in a steady stream:
Fresh water runs from the spring. Turn on the faucet and let the water run.

(19)

To emit pus, mucus, or serous fluid:
Pollen makes my nose run.

(20)

To melt and flow:
A hot flame will make the solder run.

(21)

To spread or dissolve, as dyes in fabric:
Colorfast garments are not supposed to run.

(22)

To extend, stretch, or reach in a certain direction or to a particular point:
This road runs to the next town.

(23)

To extend, spread, or climb as a result of growing:
Ivy ran up the wall.

(24)

To spread rapidly:
disease that ran rampant.

(25)

To be valid in a given area:
The speed limit runs only to the town line.

(26)

To be present as a valid accompaniment:
Fishing rights run with ownership of the land.

(27)

To unravel along a line:
Her stocking ran.

(28)

To continue in effect or operation:
a lease with one year to run.

(29)

To pass:
Days ran into weeks.

(30)

To tend to persist or recur:
Stinginess seems to run in that family.

(31)

To accumulate or accrue:
The interest runs from the first of the month.

(32)

To become payable.

(33)

To take a particular form, order, or expression:
My reasoning runs thus. The report runs as follows.

(34)

To tend or incline:
Their taste in art runs to the bizarre.

(35)

To occupy or exist in a certain range:
The sizes run from small to large.

(36)

To be presented or performed for a continuous period of time:
The play ran for six months.

(37)

To pass into a specified condition:
We ran into debt.
v.tr.

(1)

To travel over on foot at a pace faster than a walk:
ran the entire distance.

(2)

To cause (an animal) to move quickly or rapidly:
We run our hunting dogs every morning.

(3)

To allow to move without restraint.

(4)

To do or accomplish by or as if by running:
run errands.

(5)

To hunt or pursue; chase:
dogs running deer.

(6)

To bring to a given condition by or as if by running:
The toddlers ran me ragged.

(7)

To cause to move quickly:
She ran her fingers along the keyboard.

(8)

To cause to compete in or as if in a race:
He ran two horses in the Kentucky Derby.

(9)

To present or nominate for elective office:
The party ran her for senator.

(10)

To cause to move or progress freely.

(11)

To cause to function; operate:
run a machine.

(12)

To convey or transport:
Run me into town. Run the garbage over to the dump.

(13)

Nautical To cause to move on a course:
We ran our boat into a cove.

(14)

To smuggle:
run guns.

(15)

To evade and pass through:
run a roadblock.

(16)

To pass over or through:
run the rapids.

(17)

To cause to flow:
run water into a tub.

(18)

To stream with:
The fountains ran champagne.

(19)

Metallurgy

(20)

To melt, fuse, or smelt (metal).

(21)

To mold or cast (molten metal):
run gold into ingots.

(22)

To cause to extend or pass:
run a rope between the poles.

(23)

To mark or trace on a surface:
run a pencil line between two points.

(24)

To sew with a continuous line of stitches:
run a seam.

(25)

To cause to unravel along a line:
She ran her stocking on a splinter.

(26)

To cause to crash or collide:
ran the car into a fence.

(27)

To cause to penetrate:
I ran a pin into my thumb.

(28)

To continue to present or perform:
ran the film for a month.

(29)

To publish in a periodical:
run an advertisement.

(30)

To subject or be subjected to:
run a risk.

(31)

Games

(32)

To score (balls or points) consecutively in billiards:
run 15 balls.

(33)

To clear (the table) in pool by consecutive scores.

(34)

To conduct or perform:
run an experiment.

(35)

Computer Science To process or execute (a program or an instruction).

(36)

To control, manage, or direct:
ran the campaign by himself; a bureau that runs espionage operations.
n.

(1)

A pace faster than a walk.

(2)

A fast gallop. Used of a horse.

(3)

An act of running.

(4)

A distance covered by or as if by running.

(5)

The time taken to cover such a distance:
It is a two minutes' run from the subway.

(6)

A quick trip or visit:
a run into town.

(7)

Sports A running race:
the winner of the mile run.

(8)

A campaign for public office:
She managed his successful senatorial run.

(9)

Abbr. r, r.Baseball A point scored by advancing around the bases and reaching home plate safely.

(10)

Football A player's attempt to carry the ball past or through the opposing team, usually for a specified distance:
a 30-yard run.

(11)

The migration of fish, especially in order to spawn.

(12)

A group or school of fish ascending a river in order to spawn.

(13)

Unrestricted freedom or use:
I had the run of the library.

(14)

A stretch or period of riding, as in a race or to the hounds.

(15)

A track or slope along or down which something can travel:
a logging run.

(16)

Sports A particular type of passage down a hill or across country experienced by an athlete, especially a skier or bobsledder:
had two very good runs before the end of the day.

(17)

Sports The distance a golf ball rolls after hitting the ground.

(18)

A scheduled or regular route.

(19)

The territory of a news reporter.

(20)

A continuous period of operation, especially of a machine or factory.

(21)

The production achieved during such a period:
a press run of 15,000 copies.

(22)

A movement or flow.

(23)

The duration of such a flow.

(24)

The amount of such a flow.

(25)

A pipe or channel through which something flows.

(26)

Eastern Lower Northern U.S. See creek

(27)

A fall or slide, as of sand or mud.

(28)

Continuous length or extent:
a five-foot run of tubing.

(29)

Geology A vein or seam, as of ore or rock.

(30)

The direction, configuration, or lie:
the run of the grain in leather.

(31)

A trail or way made or frequented by animals.

(32)

An outdoor enclosure for domestic animals or poultry:
a dog run; a turkey run.

(33)

A length of torn or unraveled stitches in a knitted fabric.

(34)

A blemish caused by excessive paint flow.

(35)

An unbroken series or sequence:
a run of dry summers.

(36)

An unbroken sequence of theatrical performances.

(37)

Music A rapid sequence of notes; a roulade.

(38)

A series of unexpected and urgent demands, as by depositors or customers:
a run on a bank.

(39)

A continuous set or sequence, as of playing cards in one suit.

(40)

A successful sequence of shots or points.

(41)

A sustained state or condition:
a run of good luck.

(42)

A trend or tendency:
the run of events.

(43)

The average type, group, or category:
The broad run of voters want the candidate to win.

(44)

Computer Science An execution of a specific program or instruction.

(45)

runs Slang Diarrhea. Often used with the.
adj.

(1)

Being in a melted or molten state:
run butter; run gold.

(2)

Completely exhausted from running.

常用词组

run across
To find by chance; come upon.

run after

(1)

To pursue; chase.

(2)

To seek the company or attention of for purposes of courting:
He finally became tired of running after her.

run against

(1)

To encounter unexpectedly; run into.

(2)

To work against; oppose:
found public sentiment running against him.

run along
To go away; leave.

run away

(1)

To flee; escape.

(2)

To leave one's home, especially to elope.

(3)

To stampede.

run down

(1)

To stop because of lack of force or power:
The alarm clock finally ran down.

(2)

To become tired.

(3)

To collide with and knock down:
a pedestrian who was run down by a speeding motorist.

(4)

Nautical To collide with and cause to sink.

(5)

To chase and capture:
Detectives ran down the suspects.

(6)

To trace the source of:
The police ran down all possible leads in the missing-person case.

(7)

To disparage:
Don't run her down; she is very talented.

(8)

To go over; review:
run down a list once more.

(9)

Baseball To put a runner out after trapping him or her between two bases.

run in

(1)

To insert or include as something extra:
ran in an illustration next to the first paragraph.

(2)

Printing To make a solid body of text without a paragraph or other break.

(3)

Slang To take into legal custody.

(4)

To go to or seek out the company of in order to socialize; visit:
We ran in for an hour.

run into

(1)

To meet or find by chance:
ran into an old friend.

(2)

To encounter (something):
ran into trouble.

(3)

To collide with.

(4)

To amount to:
His net worth runs into seven figures.

run off

(1)

To print, duplicate, or copy:
ran off 200 copies of the report.

(2)

To run away; elope.

(3)

To flow off; drain away.

(4)

To decide a contest or competition by a runoff.

(5)

To force or drive off (trespassers, for example).

run on

(1)

To keep going; continue.

(2)

To talk volubly, persistently, and usually inconsequentially:
He is always running on about his tax problems.

(3)

To continue a text without a formal break.

run out

(1)

To become used up; be exhausted:
Our supplies finally ran out.

(2)

To put out by force; compel to leave:
We ran him out of town.

(3)

To become void, especially through the passage of time or an omission:
an insurance policy that had run out.

run over

(1)

To collide with, knock down, and often pass over:
The car ran over a child.

(2)

To read or review quickly:
run over a speech before giving it.

(3)

To flow over.

(4)

To go beyond a limit:
The meeting ran over by 30 minutes.

run through

(1)

To pierce:
The soldier was run through by a bayonet.

(2)

To use up quickly:
She ran through all her money.

(3)

To rehearse quickly:
Let's run through the first act again.

(4)

To go over the salient points or facts of:
The crew ran through the preflight procedures. We ran through the witness's testimony before presenting it in court.

run up
To make or become greater or larger:
ran up huge bills; run up the price of the company's stock.

run with
To take as one's own; adopt:
[He] was determined to run with the idea and go public before it had been researched” (Betty Cuniberti)

习惯用语

a run for (one's) money
Strong competition.

in the long run
In the final analysis or outcome.

in the short run
In the immediate future.

on the run

(1)

In rapid retreat:
guerrillas on the run after an ambush.

(2)

In hiding:
fugitives on the run.

(3)

Hurrying busily from place to place:
executives always on the run from New York to Los Angeles.

run a temperature
To have a fever.

run away with

(1)

To make off with hurriedly.

(2)

To steal.

(3)

To be greater or bigger than others in (a performance, for example).

run foulor

run afoul of

(1)

To run into; collide with:
a sloop that had run foul of the submerged reef.

(2)

To come into conflict with:
a pickpocket who ran foul of the law.

run in place
To go through the movements of running without leaving one's original position.

run off with
To capture or carry off:
ran off with the state championship.

run (one's) eyes over
To look at or read in a cursory manner.

run out of
To exhaust the supply of:
ran out of fuel.

run out of gasSlang

(1)

To exhaust one's energy or enthusiasm.

(2)

To falter or come to a stop because of a lack of capital, support, or enthusiasm.

run out on
To abandon:
has run out on the family.

run rings around
To be markedly superior to.

run scaredInformal
To become intimidated or frightened.

run short
To become scanty or insufficient in supply:
Fuel oil ran short during the winter.

run short of
To use up so that a supply becomes insufficient or scanty:
ran short of paper clips.

run to earthor

run to ground
To pursue and successfully capture:
Dogs ran the fox to earth. The police ran the terrorists to ground.

语源

(1)

Middle English ernen, runnen

(2)

from Old English rinnan, eornan, earnan

(3)

and from Old Norse rinna * see rei-

注释
Terms for “a small, fast-flowing stream” vary throughout the eastern United States especially. Speakers in the eastern part of the Lower North (including Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, and southern Pennsylvania) use the word run, as in Bull Run. Speakers in New York State are liable to call such a stream a kill (a Dutch borrowing). Brook has come to be used throughout the Northeast. Southerners refer to a branch, and throughout the northern United States the term is crick, a variant of creek.

英汉船舶大词典

run out
n.到期,漏出,退潮

英汉电信大词典

run out
径向跳动,偏心率

英汉地质大词典

run out
n.损坏,流出,流域总径流量

英汉法学大词典

run out
期满

英汉纺织大词典

run out
n.脱开

英汉广播大词典

run out
n.片尾,磁带带尾

英汉航海大词典

run out
vt.用完,溢出

英汉化学大词典

run out
n.流出;n.伸出,消退,偏转

英汉海运大词典

run out
递出(绳缆)

基本词义

run out
行程套筒径向间隙

英汉经贸大词典

run out
n.期

英汉计算机大词典

run out
vt.伸出(消退,偏转

英汉机械大词典

run out
径后跳动,跳动

英汉能源大词典

run out
n.突破,伸出,消退

英汉汽车大词典

run out
n.跑出

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