简明英汉词典

ruin
[ruin; 5ru:in]
v.
(使)破产, (使)堕落, 毁灭
n.
毁灭, 崩溃, 废墟, 遗迹

美国传统词典[双解]

ruin
ru.in
AHD:[r?“1n]
D.J.[6ru8in]
K.K.[6ru!n]
n.(名词)

(1)

Total destruction or disintegration, either physical, moral, social, or economic.
毁灭,灭亡:肉体上、道德上、社会上或经济上的完全毁坏或粉碎

(2)

A cause of total destruction.
祸根:整体毁坏的原因

(3)

The act of destroying totally.
毁灭:整体破坏的作为

(4)

A destroyed person, object, or building.
捣毁的东西:被破坏的人、物体或建筑物

(5)

Often ruins The remains of something destroyed, disintegrated, or decayed:
常作 ruins 废墟,遗迹:被毁坏、瓦解或腐烂的某物的遗迹:
studied the ruins of ancient Greece.
研究古希腊遗迹
v.(动词)
ru.inedru.in.ingru.ins
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To destroy completely; demolish.
彻底破坏;毁灭

(2)

To harm irreparably.
弄坏,糟蹋:把…无可挽回地伤害

(3)

To reduce to poverty or bankruptcy.
没落,破产

(4)

To deprive of chastity.
使堕落,诱奸
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To fall into ruin.
成为废墟,被毁灭

语源

(1)

Middle English ruine
中古英语 ruine

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin ruoa
源自 拉丁语 ruoa

(4)

from ruere [to rush, collapse]
源自 ruere [猛冲,崩溃]

继承用法

ruinable
adj.(形容词)

ruiner
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

ruinrazedemolishdestroywreck

(2)

These verbs mean to injure and deprive something—or, less often, someone—of usefulness, soundness, or value.
这些动词的意思是伤害且使某物,有时是人失去用处、声音或价值。

(3)

Ruin usually implies irretrievable harm but not necessarily total destruction:
Ruin 通常暗指无可挽回的伤害,但并不一定指完全毁灭:
The fire ruined the books in the library.
大火毁坏了图书馆的书。
“You will ruin no more lives as you ruined mine” (Arthur Conan Doyle).
“你不会再象破坏我的生活一样破坏其他人的生活了” (亚瑟·柯南道尔)。

(4)

Raze, to level to the ground,
Raze 指夷为平地,

(5)

demolish, to pull down or break to pieces, and the more general destroy, to tear down, can all imply reduction to ruins or even complete obliteration:
demolish 指推倒或粉碎,destroy 的意义更广泛,指拆毁,拆卸。 这三个词都可指使变为废墟或彻底消失:
“raze what was left of the city from the surface of the earth” (John Lothrop Motley).
“使这个城市剩下的东西从地球表面上消失” (约翰·路斯洛普·莫特利)。
The conquerors tried to raze the very name of the people's national hero from their memories.
征服者妄图把人民的民族英雄的名字从他们的记忆中抹去。
Both of the cars involved were demolished in the accident.
事故中的两辆车都被毁破。
The prosecutor demolished the opposition's argument.
检查官彻底推翻了反对派的论点。
“It became necessary to destroy the town in order to save it” (Anonymous major in Vietnam).
“为了拯救这个镇,有必要毁坏它” (越南的无名陆军少校)。
“I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness” (Allen Ginsberg). To wreck is to ruin in or as if in a violent collision:
“我看到我们时代最伟大的心灵被疯狂所毁灭” (阿伦·金斯堡)。wreck 指用或好象用暴力冲突毁坏:
“The Boers had just wrecked a British military train” (Arnold Bennett). When wreck is used in its extended sense, as in referring to the ruination of a person or his or her hopes or reputation, it implies irreparable shattering:
“布尔人刚刚毁了一辆英国军用火车” (阿诺德·贝奈特)。Wreck 用于其延伸意义时(如指毁坏一个人或他或她的希望或名声), 暗指无可挽回的毁灭:
“Coleridge, poet and philosopher wrecked in a mist of opium” (Matthew Arnold).
诗人和哲学家柯尔律治被鸦片的烟雾断送了” (马修·阿诺德)

现代英汉词典

ruin
[5ru:In]
n.

(1)

衰败;毁灭;瓦解

(2)

废墟
We saw the ruins of the church.
我们看见了这座教堂的废墟。

(3)

破产

习惯用语

in ruins
成立废墟,遭到严重破坏

词性变化

ruin
vt.

(1)

毁坏;毁灭
She poured water all over my painting, and ruined it.
她把水全倒在了我的画上,把画毁了。

(2)

使破产
I was ruined by that law case.
我被那场官司搞得倾家荡产。

现代英汉综合大辞典

ruin
[ruin; 5ru:in]
n.

(1)

毁灭, 覆灭; 崩溃; 没落, 破产; (女人的)堕落, 失去贞操

(2)

没落者, 破产者

(3)

[pl. ]废墟, 遗迹; 损失

(4)

[只用单]毁灭[败坏]的原因, 祸根

(5)

(=blue ruin)[卑]劣等杜松子酒
the ruin of his hopes
他的希望的破灭
fall into ruin
破败不堪
The building is in ruins.
那建筑物已成断壁残垣。
Gambling was his ruin[the ruin of him].
赌博是他堕落的原因。

词性变化

ruin
[ruin; 5ru:in]
vt.

(1)

使破产; 使堕落; 诱奸

(2)

破坏, 毁灭

(3)

使成废墟
ruin one's hopes
使希望破灭
The storm ruined the crops.
暴风雨毁坏了庄稼。

ruin
[ruin; 5ru:in]
vi.

(1)

破产; 堕落

(2)

毁灭; 覆灭; 毁坏

(3)

变成废墟

(4)

[诗]倒栽葱落下来

继承用法

ruinable
adj.

ruiner
n.

习惯用语

be the ruin of
成为...毁灭[堕落]的原因

blue ruin

(1)

劣等的酒

(2)

大灾难; 破产; 失败; 大丑闻

bring sb. to ruin
使某人失败; 使倾家荡产

bring ruin upon oneself
自取灭亡

come to ruin
毁灭, 灭亡; 崩溃; 破坏掉

fall to ruin
毁灭, 灭亡; 崩溃; 破坏掉

go to ruin
毁灭, 灭亡; 崩溃; 破坏掉

in ruins
成为废墟

ruin oneself
毁掉自己

参考词汇
damage    

用法词典

ruin
来自拉丁语ruina
英文相关词典

ruin
demolish    destroy    devastate    mar    ravage    spoil    upset    wreck    restore    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

ruin
毁灭, 灭亡

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

ruin
毁灭

美国传统词典

ruin
ru.in
AHD:[r?“1n]
D.J.[6ru8in]
K.K.[6ru!n]
n.

(1)

Total destruction or disintegration, either physical, moral, social, or economic.

(2)

A cause of total destruction.

(3)

The act of destroying totally.

(4)

A destroyed person, object, or building.

(5)

Often ruins The remains of something destroyed, disintegrated, or decayed:
studied the ruins of ancient Greece.
v.
ru.ined, ru.in.ing, ru.ins
v.tr.

(1)

To destroy completely; demolish.

(2)

To harm irreparably.

(3)

To reduce to poverty or bankruptcy.

(4)

To deprive of chastity.
v.intr.
To fall into ruin.

语源

(1)

Middle English ruine

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin ruoa

(4)

from ruere [to rush, collapse]

继承用法

ruinable
adj.

ruiner
n.

参考词汇

(1)

ruin, raze, demolish, destroy, wreck

(2)

These verbs mean to injure and deprive something—or, less often, someone—of usefulness, soundness, or value.

(3)

Ruin usually implies irretrievable harm but not necessarily total destruction:
The fire ruined the books in the library.
“You will ruin no more lives as you ruined mine” (Arthur Conan Doyle).

(4)

Raze, to level to the ground,

(5)

demolish, to pull down or break to pieces, and the more general destroy, to tear down, can all imply reduction to ruins or even complete obliteration:
“raze what was left of the city from the surface of the earth” (John Lothrop Motley).
The conquerors tried to raze the very name of the people's national hero from their memories.
Both of the cars involved were demolished in the accident.
The prosecutor demolished the opposition's argument.
“It became necessary to destroy the town in order to save it” (Anonymous major in Vietnam).
“I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness” (Allen Ginsberg). To wreck is to ruin in or as if in a violent collision:
“The Boers had just wrecked a British military train” (Arnold Bennett). When wreck is used in its extended sense, as in referring to the ruination of a person or his or her hopes or reputation, it implies irreparable shattering:
“Coleridge, poet and philosopher wrecked in a mist of opium” (Matthew Arnold).

英汉船舶大词典

ruin
n.毁坏

英汉法学大词典

ruin
v.毁灭, 败坏

英汉航海大词典

ruin
n.破产

英汉化学大词典

ruin
n.损坏,毁灭;vt.破坏,毁灭

英汉海运大词典

ruin
(),vi.(使)毁坏,(使)毁灭

基本词义

ruin
(使)毁坏,(使)毁灭,遗迹,旧址,废墟(陆标)废墟遗迹(陆标)

基本词义

ruin
遗迹,旧址废墟(陆标)

英汉经贸大词典

ruin
n.破产

英汉计算机大词典

ruin
n.损坏(毁灭);vt.破坏(毁灭)

英汉建筑大词典

ruin
n.崩溃,毁灭

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