简明英汉词典

ruffle
[5rQfl]
v.
滋扰

美国传统词典[双解]

ruffle
ruf.fle 1
AHD:[r?f“…l]
D.J.[6r(f*l]
K.K.[6r(f*l]
n.(名词)

(1)

A strip of frilled or closely pleated fabric used for trimming or decoration.
褶裥饰边:用于镶边或装饰的具有饰边或折皱的布条

(2)

A ruff on a bird.
鸟的翎颌

(3)

A ruckus or fray.
吵闹:冲突,打架

(4)

Annoyance; vexation.
扰乱:打扰;生气

(5)

An irregularity or a slight disturbance of a surface.
起皱:表面上的不规则或轻微波动;起伏不平
v.(动词)
ruf.fledruf.flingruf.fles
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To disturb the smoothness or regularity of; ripple.
使…起伏不平,弄皱;使起涟漪

(2)

To pleat or gather (fabric) into a ruffle.
给(织物)打褶裥,给(织物)饰褶边

(3)

To erect (the feathers). Used of birds.
竖起(羽毛)。用于指鸟

(4)

To discompose; fluster:
使不平衡,打扰,使不安:
a book that is bound to ruffle some people.
一本势必使一些人不安的书

(5)

To flip through (the pages of a book).
浏览,很快地翻(书页)

(6)

Games To shuffle (cards).
【游戏】 洗(纸牌)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To become irregular or rough.
变皱或粗糙

(2)

To flutter.
激动不安,紧张

(3)

To become flustered.
发脾气,烦恼

语源
From Middle English ruffelen [to roughen]
源自 中古英语 ruffelen [使粗糙]

基本词义

ruffle
ruf.fle 2
AHD:[r?f“…l] 【音乐】
D.J.[6r(f*l]
K.K.[6r(f*l]
n.(名词)
A low continuous beating of a drum that is not as loud as a roll.
连续的轻擂:比隆隆的摆鼓声轻一些的低声连续擂鼓
v.tr.(及物动词)
ruf.fledruf.flingruf.fles
To beat a ruffle on (a drum).
连续地轻轻擂(鼓)

语源

(1)

Perhaps from frequentative of ruff [a drum roll]
可能源自 ruff的重复 [隆隆的擂鼓声]

(2)

[perhaps of imitative origin]
[大概来源于拟声]

基本词义

ruffle
ruf.fle 3
AHD:[r?f“…l]
D.J.[6r(f*l]
K.K.[6r(f*l]
v.intr.(不及物动词)
ruf.fledruf.flingruf.fles
To behave arrogantly or roughly; swagger.
自高自大、大吵大闹;妄自尊大

语源
Middle English ruffelen [to quarrel]
中古英语 ruffelen [吵架]

继承用法

ruffler
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

ruffle
[rQf(E)l]
vt., vi.
-fled, -fling

(1)

弄皱
A breeze ruffled the lake.
一阵轻风吹皱湖水。

(2)

惹怒; 激怒;发怒;生气

(3)

(常与up连用)(鸟)竖起羽毛

词性变化

ruffle
n.
皱边,皱折

现代英汉综合大辞典

ruffle
[5rQfl]
vt.

(1)

弄皱; 弄毛糙

(2)

弄乱(头发等); (鸟受惊时等)竖起羽毛

(3)

把(布等)打褶裥; 给...装褶边

(4)

触怒, 使生气

(5)

洗(纸牌); 很快地翻动(书页等)
ruffle the surface of the lake
使湖面起波
be easily ruffled
动不动就生气
ruffle the pages to find an illustration
很快地翻书找一张插画

词性变化

ruffle
[5rQfl]
vi.

(1)

起皱, 变成表面不平

(2)

着急; 生气; 发脾气

(3)

傲慢; 自大; 摆架子
n.

(1)

褶边; 皱纹

(2)

(鸟等的)颈毛

(3)

(水面等的)波纹

(4)

急躁; 生气

(5)

骚动; 吵闹; 混乱

习惯用语

put in a ruffle
使急躁不安; 激怒

without ruffle or excitement
不吵不闹

ruffle up
[口]把...弄乱; 把...弄皱; (转)使生气, 使心烦

英文相关词典

ruffle
agitate    annoy    crease    disturb    excite    fluster    fold    furrow    irk    perturb    provoke    rattle    rile    shake    trouble    upset    vex    wrinkle    

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

ruffle
褶边;链条滑盘

美国传统词典

ruffle
ruf.fle 1
AHD:[r?f“…l]
D.J.[6r(f*l]
K.K.[6r(f*l]
n.

(1)

A strip of frilled or closely pleated fabric used for trimming or decoration.

(2)

A ruff on a bird.

(3)

A ruckus or fray.

(4)

Annoyance; vexation.

(5)

An irregularity or a slight disturbance of a surface.
v.
ruf.fled, ruf.fling, ruf.fles
v.tr.

(1)

To disturb the smoothness or regularity of; ripple.

(2)

To pleat or gather (fabric) into a ruffle.

(3)

To erect (the feathers). Used of birds.

(4)

To discompose; fluster:
a book that is bound to ruffle some people.

(5)

To flip through (the pages of a book).

(6)

Games To shuffle (cards).
v.intr.

(1)

To become irregular or rough.

(2)

To flutter.

(3)

To become flustered.

语源
From Middle English ruffelen [to roughen]

基本词义

ruffle
ruf.fle 2
AHD:[r?f“…l] Music
D.J.[6r(f*l]
K.K.[6r(f*l]
n.
A low continuous beating of a drum that is not as loud as a roll.
v.tr.
ruf.fled, ruf.fling, ruf.fles
To beat a ruffle on (a drum).

语源

(1)

Perhaps from frequentative of ruff [a drum roll]

(2)

[perhaps of imitative origin]

基本词义

ruffle
ruf.fle 3
AHD:[r?f“…l]
D.J.[6r(f*l]
K.K.[6r(f*l]
v.intr.
ruf.fled, ruf.fling, ruf.fles
To behave arrogantly or roughly; swagger.

语源
Middle English ruffelen [to quarrel]

继承用法

ruffler
n.

英汉地质大词典

ruffle
n.涡流波痕,波纹

英汉纺织大词典

ruffle
n.褶边

英汉医学大词典

ruffle
n.皱纹,颈上的一圈毛

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