简明英汉词典

rude
[ru:d]
adj.
粗鲁的, 无礼的, 猛烈的, 残暴的, 粗鲁无礼的

美国传统词典[双解]

rude
rude
AHD:[r?d]
D.J.[ru8d]
K.K.[rud]
adj.(形容词)
rud.errud.est

(1)

Relatively undeveloped; primitive:
未开化的;原始的:
a rude and savage land; a rude agricultural implement.
原始的野蛮之地;原始的农业工具

(2)

Being in a crude, rough, unfinished condition:
粗陋的:未加工的、粗制的、未完成的状态:
a rude thatched hut.
粗陋的茅草屋

(3)

Exhibiting a marked lack of skill or precision in work:
技术不精的,缺乏技巧的:在工作中表现出缺乏技巧或精确度的:
rude crafts.
粗糙的手工活

(4)

In a natural, raw state:
天然的,未加工的:
bales of rude cotton.
一大包一大包的原棉

(5)

Lacking the graces and refinement of civilized life; uncouth.
粗暴的,粗野的:缺少文明生活的文雅和教养的;不雅的

(6)

Lacking education or knowledge; unlearned.
无教养的:未受过教育的或无知的;没文化的

(7)

Ill-mannered; discourteous:
没礼貌的;粗鲁的:
rude behavior.
粗鲁的行为

(8)

Vigorous, robust, and sturdy.
健全的,强壮的:有活力的、粗壮的和强健的

(9)

Abruptly and unpleasantly forceful:
突然的:狂暴的、猛烈的、猝然的:
received a rude shock.
受到猝然的打击

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin rudis
源自 拉丁语 rudis

继承用法

rudely
adv.(副词)

rudeness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

rudecrudeprimitiverawrough

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “marked by a lack of skill and finish”:
这些形容词共同的中心意义是“缺少技巧和精致的”:
a rude hut;
粗陋的木棚;
a crude drawing;
粗糙的画;
primitive kitchen facilities;
原始的厨房用具;
a raw wooden canoe;
天然的木制独木舟;
a rough sketch.
粗粗的速写

现代英汉词典

rude
[ru:d]
adj.

(1)

粗鲁的;无礼的
He was punished because he was rude to his teacher.
他被处罚了,因为他对老师不礼貌。
If you are rude to the boss it may jeopardize your chances of success.
"如果你对上司无礼,那就可能断送你成功的机会。"
Don't be so rude; that's a nice way to behave to your aunt!
"别这么粗鲁,那样对待你姑母是很恶劣的态度。"

(2)

粗陋的;不精致的
a rude hut
简陋的小屋

(3)

野蛮的;未开化的
a rude tribe
野蛮的部落

(4)

未加工的
rude cotton
原棉

(5)

突然的;猛烈的
a rude awakening
突然的醒悟
"We had all been enjoying ourselves, but the rude awakening came when our firm started to lose money."
"我们一直过得很痛快,但当我们的公司开始赔本时,我们才猛然发觉事情不妙。"

(6)

下流的

习惯用语

in rude health
非常健康

现代英汉综合大辞典

rude
[ru:d]
adj.

(1)

原始(阶段)的; 未开化的; 天然状态的

(2)

粗制的, 简陋的; 拙劣的

(3)

粗略的; 大致的

(4)

崎岖不平的; 荒芜的

(5)

不做作的; 直率的

(6)

(人的言行)无礼的; 粗鲁的

(7)

狂暴的; 猛烈的; 突然的

(8)

茁壮的, 强健的

(9)

(声音)刺耳的, 不和谐的
rude times
原始时代
rude savages
未开化的野人
rude ore
原矿
rude cotton
原棉
a rude bench
做工粗糙的板凳
rude fare
粗陋的食物
a rude style [writer]
拙劣的风格[作家]
rude classification [estimates]
大致的分类[估计]
a rude drawing
草图
a rude observer
观察(问题等)不精细的人
a rude path
崎岖的道路
rude truth
直言不讳的真话
a rude reply
无礼的回答
say rude things
说粗鲁话
rude passions
大怒
a rude awakening
猛然的醒悟
in rude health
健壮的身体

继承用法

rudely
adv.

rudeness
n.

习惯用语

be rude to sb.
对某人粗暴无礼

用法词典

rude
来自拉丁语rudis碎片

参考词汇

(1)

rude,rough,crude,raw,coarse这组形容词的一般含义为“粗”。

(2)

rude可以用来修饰人、思想、行为,或者修饰人所做的事情。修饰人或其思想时,意思是“粗鲁”、“没有礼貌”或“村野”;在修饰物时,表示缺乏技艺,或者由于没有合适的材料或适当的工具,做出的东西是“粗糙的”
‘You needn't be so rude about it,’my wife answered as she looked at herself in the mirror.
“关于这个嘛,你不必那么没礼貌,”我妻子一面照镜子一面回答说。
…,but it suddenly caught sight of the drunk who was shouting rude remarks and waving a red cap.
……然而公牛突然看到了醉汉,当时他正在高声喊着一些粗鲁的评论话,并且挥舞着一顶红帽子。
The old man lived alone in a rude hut.
老人独自住在一个粗陋的小屋里。

(3)

rough 在修饰人和思想、行为时,仅仅表示“粗”,比如我们常说的“大老粗”,并不含有“粗鲁”、“无礼”及“村野”的意思。在修饰物或所做的活儿时,rough表示非精心制作的,有时表示有意做的粗糙,因为只要满足了需要就行,不必做得精细;有时表示半成品, 有待继续加工;有时制作人为了表示谦虚,把自己完成的工作说成rough work
The English gentlemen always keep themselves away from the rough quarter of the town.
英国的绅士们总是不肯接近这个城市的粗人居住的地区。
The lawyer ascertained that a policeman had indeed delt roughly with foreigners on several occasions.
那位律师查明有个警察的确在好几个场合中粗暴地对待了外国人。
The rough road across the plain soon became so bad that we tried to get Bruce to drive back to the village we had come from.
穿越原野的粗糙道路,不久变得非常糟糕,以致我们努力说服布鲁斯,把车开回我们出发的村子。

(4)

crude的原义是“天然状态的”,在修饰物时指的是“未加工的”、“粗糙的”。在修饰人或思想、行为时,指的是“未开化的”、“低级的”、“粗鲁的”
I've never appreciated his crude sense of humour.
我从不欣赏他那低级趣味的幽默。
However, boxing was very crude, for there were no rules and a prize-fighter could be seriously injured or even killed during a match.
然而,当时拳击非常粗野,因为没有规则,在比赛中职业拳击家可能受重伤,甚至被打死。
Yet there is little resemblance between these crude vehicles and a modern scientific ballon,…
然而这种原始的运载工具与现代科学性的气球之间很少有相似之处。

(5)

raw在修饰物时,意思是“生的”(即未加工处理的)、“未熟的”。如raw meat(生肉),raw eggs(生蛋),raw material(原材料),raw hides(生牛皮)等等。在修饰人及思想、行为时,raw指的是“未成熟的”、“无经验的”、“不老练的”
They are raw recruits.
他们是些新兵。
The bulk and weight of coal required in the majority of manufacturing industries is large in comparison with the bulk and weight of other raw matericals.
在大多数制造工业中,所需要的煤的体积和重量,与其他原材料的体积和重量相比都显得很大。

(6)

coarse在修饰物时,其“粗糙的”含义实际上指的是“精细的”(fine)的反义词。如coarse sand(粗砂),fine sand(细砂),coarse cloth(粗布),fine cloth(细布);在修饰人及思想行为时,主要指“粗俗的”而言
Refrain from using such coarse language.
别使用这样的粗俗的语言。
Such inns as there were were generally dirty and flea ridden; the food simply local cheese accompanied were by bread often twelve months old, all washed down with coarse wine.
当地的那些小旅馆通常是既肮脏又尽是跳蚤;食物只不过是本地土产乳酪就着存放了经常12个月的陈面包,都用粗制的酒送下肚去。

英文相关词典

rude
blunt    boorish    brusque    cheeky    coarse    cocky    crass    crude    curt    discourteous    disrespectful    flip    gruff    harsh    ill-mannered    impertinent    impolite    impudent    insolent    rough    saucy    surly    uncivil    vulgar    polite    refined    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

rude
粗糙的

美国传统词典

rude
rude
AHD:[r?d]
D.J.[ru8d]
K.K.[rud]
adj.
rud.er, rud.est

(1)

Relatively undeveloped; primitive:
a rude and savage land; a rude agricultural implement.

(2)

Being in a crude, rough, unfinished condition:
a rude thatched hut.

(3)

Exhibiting a marked lack of skill or precision in work:
rude crafts.

(4)

In a natural, raw state:
bales of rude cotton.

(5)

Lacking the graces and refinement of civilized life; uncouth.

(6)

Lacking education or knowledge; unlearned.

(7)

Ill-mannered; discourteous:
rude behavior.

(8)

Vigorous, robust, and sturdy.

(9)

Abruptly and unpleasantly forceful:
received a rude shock.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin rudis

继承用法

rudely
adv.

rudeness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

rude, crude, primitive, raw, rough

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “marked by a lack of skill and finish”:
a rude hut;
a crude drawing;
primitive kitchen facilities;
a raw wooden canoe;
a rough sketch.

英汉法学大词典

rude
adj.粗暴

英汉化学大词典

rude
adj.粗糙的,未加工的,粗鲁的

英汉计算机大词典

rude
adj.粗鲁的(原始的,粗略的

英汉机械大词典

rude
n.原始的,粗糙的

英汉建筑大词典

rude
adj.粗糙的,未加工的

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