简明英汉词典

rub out
v.
擦掉, 磨去, 擦去

美国传统词典[双解]

rub
rub
AHD:[r?b]
D.J.[r(b]
K.K.[r(b]
v.(动词)
rubbedrub.bingrubs
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To subject to the action of something that moves back and forth with friction and pressure.
擦:受到摩擦力和压力前后移动的物质的运动

(2)

To cause to move along a surface with friction and pressure.
使产生摩擦的动作:使…受摩擦力和压力在某个表面上移动

(3)

To irritate; annoy:
触怒;惹恼:
His laziness was beginning to rub me.
他的懒惰开始激怒我
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To move along a surface with friction and pressure.
摩擦:受摩擦力和压力沿着表面移动

(2)

To chafe with friction.
擦伤:因摩擦而受伤

(3)

To cause irritation or annoyance.
惹恼:使人不满,惹人恼怒

(4)

To continue in a given situation, usually with some difficulty:
通常在困境中持续下去:
Despite all our problems, we continue to rub along.
尽管有很多问题,我们仍坚持下去

(5)

To admit rubbing:
被摩擦:
a blackboard that rubs clean easily.
很容易擦干净的黑板

(6)

To be transferred by contact or proximity:
沾光:通过接触或接近而转移:
wished some of her luck would rub off on me.
希望她的运气可以转到我这儿点
n.(名词)

(1)

The act of rubbing.
擦:摩擦的动作

(2)

The application of friction and pressure:
揉搓,按摩:摩擦力和压力的应用:
a back rub.
后背按摩

(3)

An unevenness on a surface.
表面不平

(4)

An act or a remark that annoys or hurts another.
伤人感情的事,令人恼怒的话:使另一个受伤害或烦恼的行为或话语

(5)

Difficulty:
困难:
“Ay, there's the rub”(Shakespeare)
“啊,难就难在这儿”(莎士比亚)

常用词组

rub down
To perform a brisk rubbing of the body, as in massage.
按摩时,快速摩擦身体

rub in
To harp on (an unpleasant matter).
反复讲(令人不愉快的事)

rub out

(1)

To obliterate by or as if by rubbing.
擦掉,磨掉:通过或好象通过摩擦去掉

(2)

Slang To kill; murder.
【俚语】 杀掉;干掉

习惯用语

rub elbows或

rub shoulders
To mix or socialize closely:
与…密切混合或交往:
diplomats rubbing elbows with heads of state.
与国家元首交往密切的外交家

rub (one's) hands
To experience or display pleased anticipation, self-satisfaction, or glee.
经历或表现出满意的期望,自我满足或欢快

rub (someone's) nose in【俚语】
To bring repeatedly and forcefully to another's attention.
不断地强制性地引起另一个人的注意

rub (someone) the wrong way
To annoy; irritate:
激怒;惹恼:
“One can see . . . how [his] expression of his ideals and intentions must have rubbed many people the wrong way” (Christopher Lehmann-Haupt)
“能够看出…[他的] 观念与意图的表达是如何激怒许多人的” (克里斯托弗·莱曼——豪普特)

rub up on
To refresh one's knowledge of:
复习,温习:
I have to rub up on my French.
我得温习一下法语了

语源
Middle English rubben
中古英语 rubben

现代英汉综合大辞典

rub
[rQb]
vt.
(rubbed; rubbing)

(1)

摩擦, 擦; 使相擦

(2)

用...擦; 擦上

(3)

把...摩擦得

(4)

触痛, 惹怒(某人)

(5)

摹拓(墓碑等)

(6)

[美俚]杀害
rub one's hands with the soap
在双手上涂擦肥皂
rub one's coat against some wet paint
使上衣沾上了一些未干的漆
rub oil on [over] one's skin
在皮肤上擦油
rub shoulders with
同...交往
rub (sb.) the right way
迎合(某人),使...高兴[满意]
rub(sb.) the wrong way
惹怒某人, 使焦急

词性变化

rub
vi.

(1)

摩擦, 擦到(on, against)

(2)

被擦掉(off, out)

(3)

(皮肤等)擦痛, 擦破; (衣服等)磨损

(4)

(事情等)使人恼火[烦恼]
rub against one's grain
使人生气[烦恼]
The journal rubs against the bearing surface.
轴颈在轴承面上摩擦。
It rubs to be presided over by such a man.
受这样的人管辖真是使人恼火。

rub
n.

(1)

摩擦, 擦

(2)

磨损处, 擦痛处

(3)

障碍; 困难; 疑难点; 要点

(4)

伤人感情的嘲笑[挖苦、批评等]

(5)

[方]磨石, 砥石
Give the table a good rub.
把这桌子好好擦一下。
Do you get the rub ?
你抓住要点了吗?

继承用法

rub-down
n.
擦洗; 磨平

rubstone
[`rQbstEJn]
n.
磨(刀)石

rub-up
n.
擦(光亮)

习惯用语

a rub in [on]one's way
妨碍某人的东西, 某人前进道路上的障碍

the rub and worries of life
人生的辛酸

There's [That's] the rub.
这就是困难所在; 问题就在这里。

rub along[on, through]

(1)

(两人或两人以上)平安相处

(2)

(人)勉强过得去

rub away
擦去; 磨掉; 消除

rub down

(1)

擦全身

(2)

按摩; 把...磨平

(3)

彻底梳刷(马毛)

(4)

[口]全身搜查

rub in
把(某种膏等)擦进表层; 把...用力擦进去; [俚]反反复复地说

rub into

(1)

把(擦剂)擦进皮肤

(2)

向...反复讲(某种不愉快的事)

rub it in
[美俚]反反复复地提到别人不愉快的事情; (故意)触人痛处

rub off
擦掉, 消除

rub off on [onto]

(1)

因磨擦而沾上

(2)

因接触而对...产生影响

rubon
勉强度过; 尽力度过

rub on [of]the green

(1)

【体】对球的妨碍(指高尔夫球碰到人或其他东西)

(2)

受外界干扰; 偏离方向

rub out

(1)

擦掉, 磨去

(2)

[美俚]杀死

rub up
擦亮, 温习; 想起; 调拌(颜料等)

美国传统词典

rub
rub
AHD:[r?b]
D.J.[r(b]
K.K.[r(b]
v.
rubbed, rub.bing, rubs
v.tr.

(1)

To subject to the action of something that moves back and forth with friction and pressure.

(2)

To cause to move along a surface with friction and pressure.

(3)

To irritate; annoy:
His laziness was beginning to rub me.
v.intr.

(1)

To move along a surface with friction and pressure.

(2)

To chafe with friction.

(3)

To cause irritation or annoyance.

(4)

To continue in a given situation, usually with some difficulty:
Despite all our problems, we continue to rub along.

(5)

To admit rubbing:
a blackboard that rubs clean easily.

(6)

To be transferred by contact or proximity:
wished some of her luck would rub off on me.
n.

(1)

The act of rubbing.

(2)

The application of friction and pressure:
a back rub.

(3)

An unevenness on a surface.

(4)

An act or a remark that annoys or hurts another.

(5)

Difficulty:
“Ay, there's the rub”(Shakespeare)

常用词组

rub down
To perform a brisk rubbing of the body, as in massage.

rub in
To harp on (an unpleasant matter).

rub out

(1)

To obliterate by or as if by rubbing.

(2)

Slang To kill; murder.

习惯用语

rub elbowsor

rub shoulders
To mix or socialize closely:
diplomats rubbing elbows with heads of state.

rub (one's) hands
To experience or display pleased anticipation, self-satisfaction, or glee.

rub (someone's) nose inSlang
To bring repeatedly and forcefully to another's attention.

rub (someone) the wrong way
To annoy; irritate:
“One can see . . . how [his] expression of his ideals and intentions must have rubbed many people the wrong way” (Christopher Lehmann-Haupt)

rub up on
To refresh one's knowledge of:
I have to rub up on my French.

语源
Middle English rubben

英汉航海大词典

rub out
vt.擦掉,磨去

英汉化学大词典

rub out
vt.擦掉

英汉经贸大词典

rub out
vt.擦去,擦掉

英汉计算机大词典

rub out
vt.擦去(擦掉)

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