简明英汉词典

rough
[rQf]
adj.
粗糙的, 粗略的, 大致的, 粗野的, 粗暴的, 粗略叙述的
v.
大体描述
adv.
粗糙地

美国传统词典[双解]

rough
rough
AHD:[r?f]
D.J.[r(f]
K.K.[r(f]
adj.(形容词)
rough.errough.est

(1)

Having a surface marked by irregularities, protuberances, or ridges; not smooth.
不光滑的:表面不平整、隆起或突起的;不平滑的

(2)

Coarse or shaggy to the touch:
粗糙的,毛糙的:手感粗糙或毛绒绒的:
a rough, scratchy blanket.
一床扎人的粗毛毯子

(3)

Difficult to travel over or through:
崎岖的:难于行走或穿越的:
the rough terrain of the highlands.
高地上陡峭的地区

(4)

Characterized by violent motion; turbulent:
狂暴的:具有猛烈运动特征的;汹涌的:
rough waters.
汹涌的海浪

(5)

Difficult to endure or live through, especially because of harsh or inclement weather:
艰难的:尤指因恶劣或严寒的天气而难以忍受或活不下去的:
a rough winter.
严冬

(6)

Unpleasant or difficult:
不愉快,艰难的:
had a rough time during the exam.
考试期间很难熬

(7)

Boisterous, unruly, uncouth, or rowdy:
粗暴的:喧闹、不守秩序、粗野或吵嚷的:
ran with a rough crowd.
与一群粗暴的人为舞

(8)

Lacking polish or finesse:
粗鲁的,不雅的:
rough manners.
粗鲁无礼的态度

(9)

Characterized by carelessness or force, as in manipulating:
毛糙的:如在操作过程中不小心或用力的:
broke the crystal through rough handling.
因动作毛糙而将水晶制品打碎了

(10)

Harsh to the ear:
刺耳的:
a rough, raspy sound.
粗哑且不悦耳的声音

(11)

Being in a natural state:
处于自然状态的:
rough diamonds.
未经加工的钻石

(12)

Not perfected, completed, or fully detailed:
概略的:不完善、未完成或粗略的:
a rough drawing; rough carpentry.
草图;粗制的木器
n.(名词)

(1)

Rugged, overgrown terrain.
高低不平且杂草丛生的地区

(2)

Sports The part of a golf course left unmowed and uncultivated.
【体育运动】 深草区:高尔夫球场上未刈和未经耕作的部分

(3)

The difficult or disagreeable aspect, part, or side:
艰难,苦难:艰难或不愉快的方面或部分:
observed politics in the rough when working as an intern on Capitol Hill.
在国会做实习生时看到了从事政治不愉快的一面

(4)

Something in an unfinished or hastily worked-out state.
粗制品:处于未完成或粗加工状态的东西

(5)

A crude, unmannered person; a rowdy.
粗人,莽汉;暴徒
v.tr.(及物动词)
roughedrough.ingroughs

(1)

To treat roughly or with physical violence:
对…粗暴:粗鲁地对待或用暴力对待:
roughed up his opponent.
用暴力对付对手

(2)

Sports To treat (an opposing player) with unnecessary roughness during a sport or game:
【体育运动】 粗暴的动作:体育运动或比赛中以不必要地粗暴动作对待(对方运动员):
roughed the passer and was ejected from the game.
对传球者动作粗暴而被逐出比赛

(3)

To prepare or indicate in an unfinished form:
草拟:草拟或画出轮廓:
rough out a house plan.
画出房子的草图
adv.(副词)
In a rough manner; roughly.
粗暴地;粗野地

习惯用语

rough it
To live without the usual comforts and conveniences:
因陋就简地生活:
roughed it in a small hunting shack.
在一间打猎的小棚屋里因陋就简地生活

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English r?h
源自 古英语 r?h

继承用法

rougher
n.(名词)

roughly
adv.(副词)

roughness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

roughharshjaggedruggedscabrousuneven

(2)

These adjectives apply to what is not smooth but has a coarse, irregular surface.
这些形容词指不光滑、粗糙或不平整的表面。

(3)

Rough describes something that to the sight or touch has inequalities, as projections or ridges:
Rough 描述看起来或摸起来不平坦或不整齐的东西,如凸起物或隆起部分等:
rough bark;
粗糙的树皮;
rough, chapped hands;
粗糙龟裂的双手;
a rough homespun fabric. Something harsh is unpleasantly rough, discordant, or grating:
家纺的粗布。 Harsh 描述令人感到不愉快地粗糙、不和谐、刺耳的物体:
harsh burlap;
粗糙的麻布袋;
the harsh cry of a crow.
刺耳的鸡啼声。

(4)

Jagged refers to an edge or a surface with irregular projections and indentations:
Jagged 指有不规则的凸起物或凹口的边缘或表面:
a jagged piece of glass.
一块锯齿状的玻璃。

(5)

Rugged, which often refers to strength or endurance, especially in people, can also apply to land surfaces characterized by irregular, often steep rises and slopes:
Rugged 常指强健或耐力,尤指人能吃苦耐劳的,也用于指地表高低不平,有陡峭的高地和斜坡:
a rugged, rocky trail;
崎岖不平且多岩石的小路;
rugged countryside.
多丘陵的乡村。

(6)

Scabrous means rough and scaly to the tactile sense:
Scabrous 指手感粗糙且多鳞的:
a granular, scabrous spot on his cheek.
他脸颊上粗糙的颗粒状斑点。

(7)

Uneven describes lines or surfaces of which some parts are not level with others:
Uneven 指有些部分不在同一个平面上的线条或表层:
uneven ground;
不平整的地面;
uneven handwriting. See also Synonyms at rude
不整齐的笔迹 参见同义词 rude

现代英汉词典

rough
[rQf]
adj.

(1)

粗糙的;崎岖不平的
a rough road
一条崎岖不平的路
a rough surface
粗糙的表面
The monkey's skin has a rough feel.
猴子的皮肤有一种粗糙感。

(2)

狂暴的,汹涌的(风雨、海水等)
rough winds
狂暴的风
The sea was rough in the storm.
大海在风暴中波涛汹涌。

(3)

粗糙的,简陋的(食物或居住条件)

(4)

概略的,大致的,粗略的(计划、估算等)
a rough drawing
草图

(5)

起草稿用的(纸)

(6)

刺耳的,难听的(声音)

(7)

倒霉的;难熬的
to have a very rough time
度过一段难熬时期;吃苦头

习惯用语

rough and ready
将就的;粗糙但尚能用的

rough on (sb.)
对(某人)不幸的
It's a bit rough on him!
他真有点不幸!

词性变化

rough
adv.

(1)

(户外生活)简陋地,将就地

(2)

粗暴地;粗野地

习惯用语

cut up rough
生气;发怒

sleep rough
露宿

词性变化

rough
n.

(1)

(前面与the连用)困境

(2)

〈高尔夫〉障碍区

(3)

粗鲁的人;莽汉

(4)

草图,草稿

习惯用语

in rough
大略地;草略地
Write it out in rough and then copy it.
先起草稿,然后再抄清。

词性变化

rough
vt.

(1)

(与up连用)弄得乱七八糟

(2)

(与out, in连用)粗略写出;大致画出;粗略地作出(草图、草案)
Rough them in with a pencil.
用铅笔将他们大致画出。

习惯用语

rough it
将就着过日子

现代英汉综合大辞典

rough
[rQf]
adj.

(1)

凹凸不平的; 粗糙的; 崎岖的

(2)

毛茸茸的, 蓬乱的

(3)

未加工的, 粗制的; 干粗活的

(4)

粗略的, 大致的, 初步的, 草率的

(5)

简陋的; 不讲究的

(6)

粗暴的; 无礼的

(7)

暴风雨的; 狂暴的, 剧烈的

(8)

笨重的

(9)

(声音等)粗哑刺耳的, (酒等)烈性的; (药物等)强烈的

(10)

艰难的, 难受的

(11)

【语】送气的
a rough road
崎岖的小路
a book with rough edges
(未切边的)毛边书
rough hands
粗糙的手
rough hair
乱蓬蓬的头发
rough food
粗食
a rough estimate
粗略的估计
a rough guess
瞎猜
rough accommodation
粗陋的设备
a rough makeshift
暂时应付一下的东西
a rough but hearty welcome
虽不周到但热情诚心的欢迎
a rough style of writing
不讲究的文体
a rough temper
粗暴的脾气
rough weather
狂风暴雨的天气
a rough assignment
艰巨的任务
a rough life
艰苦的生活

词性变化

rough
adv.

(1)

粗糙[略]地

(2)

粗暴地
play rough
(比赛中)动作粗暴
treat sb. rough
对人态度粗暴

rough
n.

(1)

高低不平(或杂草丛生)的地面; (马蹄上的)防滑钉; [the rough](高尔夫球)障碍区域

(2)

粗糙的东西

(3)

未加工状态; 粗坯, 梗概, 草图

(4)

[英]粗暴的人; 暴徒

(5)

虐待; 艰难, 困苦
discuss a question in rough
扼要地讨论一个问题
a gang of roughs
一群暴徒

rough
vt.

(1)

使不平; 弄粗糙; 给(马等)装防滑钉

(2)

使(毛发, 稻草)等蓬乱

(3)

粗制, 把...制毛坯

(4)

草拟, 粗略地写或画 (in, out)

(5)

粗暴对待, 殴打(up); (球赛中)作粗暴动作

(6)

初步驯服(马匹等)
rough edges of glass
把玻璃的边磨毛
rough out a plan
草拟计划

rough
vi.

(1)

变粗糙

(2)

粗鲁行事

继承用法

rough-and-ready
adj.
(方法等)粗糙但尚能用的; (估计等)大致上差不多的; (人)鲁莽但尚能顶用的

rough-and-tumble
adj.
乱七八糟的, 混乱的, 杂乱的; 莽撞的

词性变化

rough
n.
混战; 乱斗

roughback
n.
拟鳙鲽

roughbark
n.
粗皮病

rough-cast
n.
【建】粗灰泥; 粗制
vt.
粗涂; 草拟

rough-cut
adj.
乱切的; 粗切的

rough-dry
vt.
晾干(衣服)不烫
adj.
晾干而未烫平的

rough-footed
[`rQf`fJtId]
adj.
脚上有羽毛的(鸟)

rough-hearted
adj.
无同情心的, 硬心肠的

rough-hew
vt.
(rough-hewed; rough-hewn)粗削; 粗制

rough-hewn
adj.
粗制的, 粗糙的; 粗鲁的

roughhouse
[5rQfhaJs]
n.
[俚]室内喧嚣的游戏[打斗]
vi.
参加喧嚣[打斗]
adj.
粗鲁对待的, 喧嚣打斗的

rough-legged
[`rQf9le^Id]
adj.
脚上有毛的(马、鸟等)

roughlock
vt.
给...加制动链

rough-machine
vt.
以机器粗制

rough-neck
n.
[美俚]粗鲁的人; 无赖; 油井修建工

roughride
[`rQf9raId]
vi.
当驯马师vt.驯(马); 用粗暴的策略来克服

rough-rider
n.
驯马人; 非正规骑兵

rough-spoken
[`rQfspEJkEn]
adj.
言语粗鲁的

roughstring
n.
不露头梯梁

roughstuff
[`rQfstQf]
n.

(1)

粗填

(2)

底层油漆

(3)

粗暴的行为roughtail
n.
盾尾蛇

roughtailed
[`rQfteIld]
adj.
尾巴粗糙的

rough-up
[`rQfQp]
n.
[俚]动武; 打架

rough-wrought
[`rQfrR:t]
adj.
经初步加工的

roughish
[`rQfIF]
adj.
稍带粗鲁的, 稍粗略的; 稍有风浪的

roughly
[5rQflI]
adv.

习惯用语

be rough on sb.
对某人粗暴, 苛刻; 欺侮; 使某人倒霉

cut up rough
[口]发脾气, 发怒

in rough

(1)

在草稿纸上

(2)

处于未完成状态

in the rough

(1)

未加工(的), 未完成(的)

(2)

粗略, 大致上

live rough
风餐露宿; 过艰苦生活

over rough and smooth
不管甘苦难易; 无论高低起伏

sleep rough
在户外露宿; 随处栖身

take the rough with the smooth
能享乐也能吃苦

the rough(s) and smooth(s)
人世的浮沉, 失败和成功; 困难和顺利

rough and ready
简陋的, 马马虎虎的, 勉强过得去的

rough and round
简单而丰盛的

rough and tough
粗野的, 粗暴的

rough and tumble
不合规格的乱打, 打斗

roughin
凿出雕像的极粗的轮廓

rough it
过艰苦的生活

rough sb. up
[俚]以暴力对待某人

用法词典

rough
来自古英语ruh

英文相关词典

rough
blunt    broken    brusque    bumpy    choppy    coarse    crude    curt    difficult    fierce    gruff    harsh    irregular    rowdy    rude    severe    shaggy    snippy    surly    tough    uneven    mild    smooth    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

rough
粗糙的

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

rough
粗糙的

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

rough
粗糙的

美国传统词典

rough
rough
AHD:[r?f]
D.J.[r(f]
K.K.[r(f]
adj.
rough.er, rough.est

(1)

Having a surface marked by irregularities, protuberances, or ridges; not smooth.

(2)

Coarse or shaggy to the touch:
a rough, scratchy blanket.

(3)

Difficult to travel over or through:
the rough terrain of the highlands.

(4)

Characterized by violent motion; turbulent:
rough waters.

(5)

Difficult to endure or live through, especially because of harsh or inclement weather:
a rough winter.

(6)

Unpleasant or difficult:
had a rough time during the exam.

(7)

Boisterous, unruly, uncouth, or rowdy:
ran with a rough crowd.

(8)

Lacking polish or finesse:
rough manners.

(9)

Characterized by carelessness or force, as in manipulating:
broke the crystal through rough handling.

(10)

Harsh to the ear:
a rough, raspy sound.

(11)

Being in a natural state:
rough diamonds.

(12)

Not perfected, completed, or fully detailed:
a rough drawing; rough carpentry.
n.

(1)

Rugged, overgrown terrain.

(2)

Sports The part of a golf course left unmowed and uncultivated.

(3)

The difficult or disagreeable aspect, part, or side:
observed politics in the rough when working as an intern on Capitol Hill.

(4)

Something in an unfinished or hastily worked-out state.

(5)

A crude, unmannered person; a rowdy.
v.tr.
roughed, rough.ing, roughs

(1)

To treat roughly or with physical violence:
roughed up his opponent.

(2)

Sports To treat (an opposing player) with unnecessary roughness during a sport or game:
roughed the passer and was ejected from the game.

(3)

To prepare or indicate in an unfinished form:
rough out a house plan.
adv.
In a rough manner; roughly.

习惯用语

rough it
To live without the usual comforts and conveniences:
roughed it in a small hunting shack.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English r?h

继承用法

rougher
n.

roughly
adv.

roughness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

rough, harsh, jagged, rugged, scabrous, uneven

(2)

These adjectives apply to what is not smooth but has a coarse, irregular surface.

(3)

Rough describes something that to the sight or touch has inequalities, as projections or ridges:
rough bark;
rough, chapped hands;
a rough homespun fabric. Something harsh is unpleasantly rough, discordant, or grating:
harsh burlap;
the harsh cry of a crow.

(4)

Jagged refers to an edge or a surface with irregular projections and indentations:
a jagged piece of glass.

(5)

Rugged, which often refers to strength or endurance, especially in people, can also apply to land surfaces characterized by irregular, often steep rises and slopes:
a rugged, rocky trail;
rugged countryside.

(6)

Scabrous means rough and scaly to the tactile sense:
a granular, scabrous spot on his cheek.

(7)

Uneven describes lines or surfaces of which some parts are not level with others:
uneven ground;
uneven handwriting. See also Synonyms at rude

英汉船舶大词典

rough
n.草样,粗制品

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

rough
【修】粗糙;粗(加工)

英汉地质大词典

rough
n.毛坯,粗型

英汉法学大词典

rough
n.无赖

英汉纺织大词典

rough
n.布面毛糙

英汉航空大词典

rough
n.不平的;n.粗糙的,粗略的

英汉化学大词典

rough
adj.粗糙的,粗制的,大致的,粗暴的,笨重的,粗的;n.粗加工,天然物

英汉海运大词典

rough
粗糙的粗略的

基本词义

rough
表面不平的,未加工的,狂暴的,汹涌的,近似的,变粗糙,粗糙的,粗略的大浪

基本词义

rough
粗糙的,表面不平的,未加工的近似的,粗略的狂暴的,汹涌的变粗糙

基本词义

rough
粗糙的,近似的vi.变粗糙

英汉计算机大词典

rough
adj.粗糙的(粗制的,大致的;n.粗加工(天然物)

英汉机械大词典

rough
n.粗糙的,近似的

英汉建筑大词典

rough
adj.粗糙的,不平的,粗制的

英汉农牧林大词典

rough
n.粗糙的

英汉能源大词典

rough
n.毛坯,粗型

英汉汽车大词典

rough
n.粗的

英汉消防大词典

rough
【林】(可能引起火灾的)地面有机覆盖物

英汉冶金大词典

rough
n.粗的

英汉医学大词典

rough
n.不平的,粗糙的

英汉中医大词典

rough
n.粗糙的,不光滑的

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