简明英汉词典

root
[ru:t]
n.
根, 根部, 根本, 根源
v.
(使)生根, (使)扎根, 使立定不动, 坚定不移, 确立

基本词义

Root
[ru:t]
鲁特(①姓氏 ②Elihu, 1845-1937, 美国法学家、政治家, 曾获1912年诺贝尔和平奖)

美国传统词典[双解]

root
root 1
AHD:[r?t, r?t]
D.J.[ru8t, rut]
K.K.[rut, r&t]
n.(名词)

(1)

The usually underground portion of a plant that lacks buds, leaves, or nodes and serves as support, draws minerals and water from the surrounding soil, and sometimes stores food.
根:通常指植物没有花苞、叶子或节的地下部分,作为植物的供养部分从周围的土壤中吸取矿物和水份且有时贮藏养分

(2)

Any of various other underground plant parts, especially an underground stem such as a rhizome, corm, or tuber.
地下茎,根茎,块茎:任何其它植物的地下部分,尤指根茎、球茎或块茎等地下茎

(3)

The embedded part of an organ or structure such as a hair, tooth, or nerve, that serves as a base or support.
根:器官或结构如椅子、牙齿或神经的作为底部或支撑部分的嵌入部分

(4)

A base or support:
底部或支撑部位:
We snipped the wires at the roots.
我们剪断了底部的电缆

(5)

An essential part or element; the basic core:
实质部分或要素;核心:
I finally got to the root of the problem.
我们最终抓住了问题的实质

(6)

A primary source; an origin.See Synonyms at origin
最初的根源;源头参见 origin

(7)

A progenitor or an ancestor from which a person or family is descended.
祖先:一个人或一个家庭的先辈或祖宗

(8)

Often roots The condition of being settled and of belonging to a particular place or society:
常作 roots 根,根子:定居并属于某一特定的地方或社会的状态:
Our roots in this town go back a long way.
我们在这个镇上的根子可以追朔到很久以前

(9)

roots The state of having or establishing an indigenous relationship with or a personal affinity for a particular culture, society, or environment:
roots 根源:因特定的文化、社会或环境而建立的天生联系或个人关系的状态:
music with unmistakable African roots.
毫无疑问源于非洲的音乐

(10)

Linguistics
【语言学】

(11)

The element that carries the main component of meaning in a word and provides the basis from which a word is derived by adding affixes or inflectional endings or by phonetic change.
词根:单词中含词义主要部分的要素,在此基础上,单词可通过加前缀或曲折词尾或通过语音变化衍生而得

(12)

Such an element reconstructed for a protolanguage.Also called radical
语根:为原始母语而重建的成分也作 radical

(13)

Mathematics
【数学】

(14)

A number that when multiplied by itself an indicated number of times forms a product equal to a specified number. For example, a fourth root of 4 is ?2.Also called nth root
根:当与自身相乘一定次数时所表示出来的数构成与一具体指定的数相等的数。例如,4的4次方根是?2也作 nth root

(15)

A number that reduces a polynomial equation in one variable to an identity when it is substituted for the variable.
解,根:当代表变量时简化变量中的多项式或方程得出的一个单位元素的数

(16)

Music
【音乐】

(17)

The note from which a chord is built.
根音:定弦的音

(18)

A triad or other chord that has such a note lowermost.
最低音:有最低音的三和弦或其它弦
v.(动词)
root.edroot.ingroots
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To grow roots or a root.
长出根来

(2)

To become firmly established, settled, or entrenched.
使坚固,使固定:被牢固地树立、扎根或确立

(3)

To come into existence; originate.
存在;起源于
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to put out roots and grow.
使…生根成长

(2)

To implant by or as if by the roots.
使根深蒂固:使…扎根或牢固树立

(3)

To furnish a primary source or origin to.
起始,产生:使…成为最初的来源或根源

(4)

To remove by or as if by the roots. Often used with up or out :
根除:连根拔除或好象连根拔除。常与up 或 out 连用:
“declared that waste and fraud will be vigorously rooted out of Government”(New York Times)
“宣称要强有力地铲除政府中的挥霍和欺诈现象”(纽约时报)

习惯用语

root and branch
Utterly; completely:
完全地;彻底地:
The organization has been transformed root and branch by its new leaders.
这个组织已被它的新领导人彻底改变了性质

语源

(1)

Middle English rot
中古英语 rot

(2)

from Old English r?t
源自 古英语 r?t

(3)

from Old Norse * see wr3d-
源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 *参见 wr3d-

继承用法

rooter
n.(名词)

基本词义

root
root 2
AHD:[r?t, r?t]
D.J.[ru8t, rut]
K.K.[rut, r&t]
v.(动词)
root.edroot.ingroots
v.tr.(及物动词)
To dig with or as if with the snout or nose.
仿佛用口吻或用鼻子拱
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To dig in the earth with or as if with the snout or nose.
仿佛用口吻或用鼻子在泥土里翻

(2)

To rummage for something.
翻找某物

语源

(1)

Middle English wroten
中古英语 wroten

(2)

from Old English wr?n
源自 古英语 wr?n

继承用法

rooter
n.(名词)

基本词义

root
root 3
AHD:[r?t, r?t]
D.J.[ru8t, rut]
K.K.[rut, r&t]
v.intr.(不及物动词)
root.edroot.ingroots

(1)

To give audible encouragement or applause to a contestant or team; cheer.See Synonyms at applaud
欢呼或鼓掌为参赛者或参赛的球队鼓气;喝彩参见 applaud

(2)

To lend support to someone or something.
声援:支持某人或某物

语源
Possibly alteration of rout 3
可能为 rout3的变化

继承用法

rooter
n.(名词)

基本词义

Root
Root
AHD:[r?t] Elihu (1845-1937)
D.J.[ru8t]
K.K.[rut]
NONE(无词性)
American lawyer and public official who served as U.S. secretary of war (1899-1904), secretary of state (1905-1909), and senator from New York (1909-1915). He won the 1912 Nobel Peace Prize.
鲁特,伊莱休:(1845-1937) 美国律师和政府官员,曾任美国作战部长(1899-1904年)、国务卿(1905-1909年)及从纽约州选出的参议院议员(1909-1915年),曾获1912年诺贝尔和平奖

现代英汉词典

root 1
[ru:t]
n.

(1)

(植物的)根,根茎

(2)

(牙齿、毛发等的)根部

(3)

根基;原因;基础

(4)

〈数〉根数,根

(5)

〈语法〉词根

(6)

(pl) 原籍;老家

习惯用语

put down roots
(到一个新地方)落地生根

root and branch
完全;彻底地
destroy this system root and branch
彻底摧毁这种制度

take root
生根;扎根 (= strike root)

词性变化

root
vt., vi.

(1)

(使)生根;(使)固定

(2)

(常与out, up连用)连根拔除;根除;杜绝

基本词义

root 2
[ru:t]
vt., vi.

(1)

(常与up连用)翻地

(2)

(与around, in连用)(猪)用鼻拱地找食

(3)

(与for连用)为…鼓气,全力支持

现代英汉综合大辞典

root
[ru:t]
n.

(1)

根; 根茎; 块根

(2)

[pl. ]根菜作物

(3)

位置或作用似根的部分(如发根、舌根、齿根、指甲根等)

(4)

[喻]根子[本, 基]; 本质; 根源; 来源

(5)

祖先; (基督教《圣经》用语)子孙

(6)

【数】根(数)

(7)

【语】词根; 根词

(8)

【音】(和弦的)基础音
the root of a tooth [a hair, the tongue]
牙[发, 舌]根
the root of all evil
祸根
a root idea
根本思想
square root
平方根

词性变化

root
[ru:t]
vt.

(1)

使生根

(2)

使立定不动; 使确立; 使固定

(3)

(指观念, 原则等)使根深蒂固; 坚定不移

(4)

使根绝; 铲除; 肃清(out, up)
root cuttings in sand and peat
使插枝在沙和泥煤中生根
Fear rooted her to the ground.
她吓得呆若木鸡。
Her affection for him is deeply rooted.
她对他的爱是坚定不移的。

root
[ru:t]
vi.

(1)

(植物、插枝等)生根

(2)

(人)站立不动; 固定

(3)

根源在于; 来源于
Some cuttings root easily.
有些插枝易于生根。
Are you going to root here forever?
你留在这儿永远不走了吗?

继承用法

root-cancer
n.
根癌

root-cap
n.
根冠

root-form
n.
词根形式, 根式

root-formes
n.
根腐菌

roothold
[`rU:thEJld,`rJ-]
n.
根固

rootlocas
n.
根轨迹

root-rot
n.
根腐病

rootstock
n.
根茎; 根源

root-sucker
n.
根蘖

root-tubercle
n.
根瘤

rootlike
adj.

习惯用语

at(the) root
根本上

be at the rootof
是...的根本[基础]

blush to the root of one's hair
脸红到头发根

by the roots
连根地; 从根本上

cut at the roots of
完全推翻

extract the root
【数】开方

get at [to] the root of sth.
深究一事的根源

grass roots

(1)

基层(单位、群众); 普通党员; 选民

(2)

基本事实; 根本, 基础

(3)

农业区(与工业区和市镇相对而言)

(4)

表层土壤, 表土

pull up one's roots
[喻]离开原居地[原单位]; 另谋生活

put down new roots
[喻]建立新的生活、居所等; 另起炉灶

strike at the root of
打击...的根基; 摧毁...的基础

take [strike] root
生根; 扎根; 固定; 确立

the root of the matter
事情的根本, 问题的实质

to the root(s)
充分地; 竭力地; 彻底地

root and branch
[喻]彻底; 完全地

root sth. out

(1)

根除, 根绝(祸害等)

(2)

找出, 查出

root sth. up
连根拔起; 根绝

特殊用法

adhesive root
粘着根

adventitious root
【植】不定根

aerating root
【植】通气根

aerial root
气生根

althes [althaea] root
药蜀葵根

anchoring root
固定根

anterior root
前根

anterior nerve root
前(神经)根

aortic root
主动脉根

arrow root
木薯; 木薯粉(类似葛粉)

assimilative root
光合根

axial root
主根

beet root
甜菜根

belladonna root
颠茄根

bitter root
苦根

black root
黑根(植病)

blood root
血根

branch root
侧根

breathing root
【植】呼吸根

brown root
褐根(植病)

buttress root
【植】板(状)根

buttressed base root
板状基根, 支柱基板根

buttress-like root
板状干基, 板状根

characteristic root
【数】特征根

characteristic root of a matrix
矩阵的特征根

cichory root
菊苣根

climbing root
攀缘根

clinging root
气根

closed root
闭根

club root
根肿病

commensurable root
可公度根, 可通约根

common ginger root
(生)姜

common root
公根

complex root
复数根

congruence root
同余根

conical root
圆锥根

conjugate roots
【数】共轭根

contractile root
收缩根

cubic [cube] root
立方根

distinct roots
相异根, 不等根

dittany root
白鲜根

dorsal root
背根, 后根(神经)

dorsal nerve root
背根

double root
【数】二重根

edible roots
食用块根

equal root
等根

equation root
方程根

essential root
本性根

extracting roots
开方,求根

extraneousroot
额外根,客根

fasciculatedroot
丛状根

feeder root
饲养根

fibrous root
须根

fir tree root
杉形根(叶片)

flagellar roots
鞭毛根

fleshy root
肉质根

fungus root
菌根

gentian root
龙胆根

hair root
毛根

hairy root
发根

haustorial root
吸根

imaginary root
虚根

irrational root
无理根

large root
粗根

latent root
本征根; 潜伏根[药]

lily root
百合

main root
主根

marsh mallow root
药用蜀葵根

maximum characteristic root
特征函数根的极大值

meadow sage roots
牧场藿香根

mean square root
均方根

motor root
运动根

multiple root
【数】重根

multiple fork type blade root
多叉形叶根

multiple primary root
复初生根

nail root
甲根, 爪根

negative root
负根

nerve root
神经根

open root
开根

parsley root
欧芹根

performance equation root
特性方程的根

permanent root
永久根

plank root
板状根

plank -buttresses root
板状根

polycephalous root
多头根

positive square root
正平方根

posterior root
后根

primary root
【植】初生根

primitive root
【数】本原根

primitive root of unity
本原单位根

primordial root
原基根

principal root
【数】主根

principal cubic root
主立方根

principal square root
主平方根

prop root
【植】支柱根

prop aerial root
支柱气根

quadratic root
平方根

quadruple root
四重根

real root
实根

reciprocal square root
反平方根

red root
血根

reduced root
退化根

repeated root
【数】重根

respiratory root
呼吸根

screw root
螺杆中心轴

secondary root
次生根

seminal root
种子根

sensory root
感觉根

serrated root
(叶片的)锯齿形根

side-entry serration root
侧装式锯齿型叶根

simple root
单根

simple primary root
单初生根

soap root
皂根

square root
平方根, 二次根

still root
支柱根, 高跷根

straddle -type blade root
外包式叶根

straight root
直根

striated root
具条纹根(鞭毛)

subterraneous root
地下根

sucking root
吸根

surd root
不尽根

tabular roots
板状根

tea root
美卫茅根

tentacular root
触手根

terrestrial root
地下根, 陆生根

third root
立方根, 三次根

tongue root
舌根

tooth root
牙根

top root
主根

tragion-nasal root
(人)耳屏点-鼻根距

triple root
三重根

tuberous root
块茎状的根

tulip root
肿根病

underground root
地下根

ventral root
前根, 脊神经前根

water root
水生根

wild yellow root
姜黄

wing root
翼根

zedoary root
蓬莪术

zero root
零根

rootof blade
叶片根部

root of joint
接头根部; 焊缝根部

roots of madder
茜草根

rootof neck
瓶颈根部

rootof polynomial
多项式根

root of the characteristic equation
特征方程根

root of the tail
(马)尾根

rootof thread
螺纹牙底

root of tooth
齿根

roots of unity
单位根

rootof weld
焊(接)根, 焊缝根部

基本词义

Root
[ru:t]
n.
鲁特(①姓氏 ②Elihu, 1845-1937, 美国法学家、政治家, 曾获1912年诺贝尔和平奖)

用法词典

root
来自古挪威语rot

英文相关词典

root
cause    derivation    origin    source    branch    

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

root

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

root

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

root

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

root

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

root

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

root

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

root

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

root

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

root
根部, 焊根

英汉双解计算机词典

root

根,根段
1. In mathematics, a fractional power of a number or quantity.
数学中指一个数或一个量的分数次(式)幂。参阅power。 2. In a hierarchical data structure, the “owner” on the highest level, the entity that must be accessed first in order to access any other element of the structure. | 在分层式数据结构中最高层的“占有者”,这个最高层是在访问该结构的任何其它层次时必须首先访问的那一部分。参阅tree structure。

美国传统词典

root
root 1
AHD:[r?t, r?t]
D.J.[ru8t, rut]
K.K.[rut, r&t]
n.

(1)

The usually underground portion of a plant that lacks buds, leaves, or nodes and serves as support, draws minerals and water from the surrounding soil, and sometimes stores food.

(2)

Any of various other underground plant parts, especially an underground stem such as a rhizome, corm, or tuber.

(3)

The embedded part of an organ or structure such as a hair, tooth, or nerve, that serves as a base or support.

(4)

A base or support:
We snipped the wires at the roots.

(5)

An essential part or element; the basic core:
I finally got to the root of the problem.

(6)

A primary source; an origin.See Synonyms at origin

(7)

A progenitor or an ancestor from which a person or family is descended.

(8)

Often roots The condition of being settled and of belonging to a particular place or society:
Our roots in this town go back a long way.

(9)

roots The state of having or establishing an indigenous relationship with or a personal affinity for a particular culture, society, or environment:
music with unmistakable African roots.

(10)

Linguistics

(11)

The element that carries the main component of meaning in a word and provides the basis from which a word is derived by adding affixes or inflectional endings or by phonetic change.

(12)

Such an element reconstructed for a protolanguage.Also called radical

(13)

Mathematics

(14)

A number that when multiplied by itself an indicated number of times forms a product equal to a specified number. For example, a fourth root of 4 is ?2.Also called nth root

(15)

A number that reduces a polynomial equation in one variable to an identity when it is substituted for the variable.

(16)

Music

(17)

The note from which a chord is built.

(18)

A triad or other chord that has such a note lowermost.
v.
root.ed, root.ing, roots
v.intr.

(1)

To grow roots or a root.

(2)

To become firmly established, settled, or entrenched.

(3)

To come into existence; originate.
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to put out roots and grow.

(2)

To implant by or as if by the roots.

(3)

To furnish a primary source or origin to.

(4)

To remove by or as if by the roots. Often used with up or out :
“declared that waste and fraud will be vigorously rooted out of Government”(New York Times)

习惯用语

root and branch
Utterly; completely:
The organization has been transformed root and branch by its new leaders.

语源

(1)

Middle English rot

(2)

from Old English r?t

(3)

from Old Norse * see wr3d-

继承用法

rooter
n.

基本词义

root
root 2
AHD:[r?t, r?t]
D.J.[ru8t, rut]
K.K.[rut, r&t]
v.
root.ed, root.ing, roots
v.tr.
To dig with or as if with the snout or nose.
v.intr.

(1)

To dig in the earth with or as if with the snout or nose.

(2)

To rummage for something.

语源

(1)

Middle English wroten

(2)

from Old English wr?n

继承用法

rooter
n.

基本词义

root
root 3
AHD:[r?t, r?t]
D.J.[ru8t, rut]
K.K.[rut, r&t]
v.intr.
root.ed, root.ing, roots

(1)

To give audible encouragement or applause to a contestant or team; cheer.See Synonyms at applaud

(2)

To lend support to someone or something.

语源
Possibly alteration of rout 3

继承用法

rooter
n.

基本词义

Root
Root
AHD:[r?t] Elihu (1845-1937)
D.J.[ru8t]
K.K.[rut]
NONE
American lawyer and public official who served as U.S. secretary of war (1899-1904), secretary of state (1905-1909), and senator from New York (1909-1915). He won the 1912 Nobel Peace Prize.

[名词委审定]英汉机械工程名词(一, 定义版, 2000)

root

(1)

牙底

(2)

螺纹沟槽的底部,连接相邻两个牙侧的螺纹表面。

[名词委审定]英汉计算机名词(第二版, 2002)

root

[名词委审定]英汉数学名词(1993)

root

[名词委审定]英汉石油名词(1994)

root
山根

[名词委审定]英汉药学名词(1999)

root

[名词委审定]英汉植物学名词(1991)

root

英汉船舶大词典

root
n.根的,坡口根部边缘

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

root
(词)根;【库】根段[记录];【unix】根目录

英汉电信大词典

root
n.根,基础音

英汉地质大词典

root
n.根,根部,根状物

英汉法学大词典

root
n.根本,根源

英汉广播大词典

root
n.根,基础音,方根

英汉航海大词典

root
n.根的,坡口根部边缘

英汉环境大词典

root
n.根

英汉航空大词典

root
n.翼根;n.翼根,根源

英汉化学大词典

root
n.根,根部,根本,原因,根数,基础,生根,固定;vt.使...生根,开根,寻找

英汉海运大词典

root
根据,焊缝根部(叶片或桨叶)叶根平方根基础根根源开方根,开平方实码头接岸端

基本词义

root
根,焊缝根部(叶片或桨叶)叶根平方根基础

基本词义

root
根据,基础根,根源,焊缝根部,(叶片或桨叶)叶根平方根突码头接岸端

基本词义

root
根根源开方根,开平方实码头接岸端

基本词义

root
根据,焊缝根部(叶片或桨叶)叶根平方根基础实码头接岸端

英汉计算机大词典

root
n.根(榫头,根数;vt.使...生根(开根,寻找)

英汉机械大词典

root
n.根部,榫头

英汉建筑大词典

root
n.根,树根,基础

英汉农牧林大词典

root
n.根

英汉冶金大词典

root
n.方根,根部

英汉医学大词典

root
n.根,根

英汉中医大词典

root
n.根,根茎,根源

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