简明英汉词典

roof
[ru:f]
n.
屋顶, 房顶, 顶

美国传统词典[双解]

roof
roof
AHD:[r?f, r?f]
D.J.[ru8f, ruf]
K.K.[ruf, r&f]
n.(名词)

(1)

The exterior surface and its supporting structures on the top of a building.
屋盖,屋顶构架:建筑物顶部的外表面及其支撑结构

(2)

The upper exterior surface of a dwelling as a symbol of the home itself:
房屋,住处:作为家的象征的住宅的外表面上部:
three generations living under one roof.
住在一个屋顶下的三代人

(3)

The top covering of something:
顶,顶部:某物的顶层覆盖物:
the roof of a car.
车顶

(4)

The upper surface of an anatomical structure, especially one having a vaulted inner structure:
室顶,盖:尤指解剖结构有拱状内部结构的上表面:
the roof of the mouth.
口腔顶

(5)

The highest point or limit; the summit or ceiling:
最高限度:最高点;极点或顶峰:
A roof on prices is needed to keep our customers happy.
最好使最高物价能让我们的顾客满意
v.tr.(及物动词)
roofedroof.ingroofs
To furnish or cover with or as if with a roof.
装饰或仿佛给…盖上屋顶

习惯用语

go through the roof【俚语】

(1)

To grow, intensify, or rise to an enormous, often unexpected degree:
增长、加强或上涨到极大且通常出乎意料的程度:
Operating costs went through the roof last year.
去年的手术费用已涨到登峰造极的程度

(2)

To become extremely angry:
暴跳如雷,大发雷霆:
When I told her about breaking the window, she went through the roof.
她听我说有关砸碎窗户的事时大发雷霆

raise the roof【俚语】

(1)

To be extremely noisy and boisterous:
极其吵闹,喧哗:
The participants plan to dance, drink, and generally raise the roof at tonight's party.
参与者们计划在今晚的聚会上跳舞、饮酒及总之是极尽喧闹之能事

(2)

To complain loudly and bitterly:
大声且强烈地抱怨:
Angry tenants finally raised the roof about their noisy neighbors.
愤怒的房客终于对吵闹喧哗的邻居提出强烈抗议

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English hr?f
源自 古英语 hr?f

现代英汉词典

roof
[ru:f]
n.

(1)

屋顶
There is a cat on our roof.
在我们的房顶上有一只猫。

(2)

车篷;车顶

no roof over one's head
无家可归

习惯用语

raise the roof
大发雷霆

词性变化

roof
vt.

(1)

(常与in, over连用)给…盖屋顶

(2)

覆遮

现代英汉综合大辞典

roof
[ru:f]
n.

(1)

(建筑物, 帐篷, 车辆等)顶

(2)

顶部; 最高点

(3)

【矿】顶板

(4)

(飞机)机身上部的包皮

(5)

担任空中掩护的飞机

(6)

[口]【航空】绝对上升限度
the roof of the world
世界屋脊; 高的山脉
the roof of heaven
天空
the roof of the mouth
上颚

词性变化

roof
[ru:f]
vt.

(1)

给...盖上屋顶; 做...的屋面

(2)

遮蔽; 庇护

继承用法

roofage
[5ru:fidV]
n.
屋顶用材[用料]

roof-angle
n.
脊角

roof-bolter
n.
杆柱机, 锚杆机

roof-desk
n.
【建】屋顶上种花或日光浴之处; 屋顶平台

roof-garden
n.
屋顶花园

roofman
n.
顶板管理工

roof-spotter
n.
[英](由非军人担任的)屋顶对空了望员

roofstay
n.
炉顶拉杆

roof-top
n.
平顶房的屋顶

roof-topping
n.
顶部的切削

roof-tree
n.
栋梁, 屋脊梁

roofless
[5ru:flIs]
adj.
没有屋顶的; [喻]无家可归的; 没有住处的

习惯用语

hit the roof
[美口]勃然大怒

hit the ceiling
[美口]勃然大怒

live under the same roof
住在一起

raise the roof

(1)

喧闹不休, (在屋内)吵翻天

(2)

大声抱怨

under one's roof
住在自己家里(尤指留某人住在自己家里)

under sb.'s roof
住在某人家作客; 寄人篱下; 在某人的照应下

特殊用法

arcuated roof
弧形式屋顶

artificial roof
【采矿】人工顶板

asphalt roof
沥表屋面

bad roof
软顶板, 不稳固顶板

barrel-vault roof
筒形穹顶

bell roof
钟形屋顶

breathing roof
(油罐的)浮顶; 呼吸顶

buoyant roof
浮顶

cab roof
司机室顶板

cantilever roof
悬臂屋顶

checkerboard roof
格板炉顶

collar roof
三角屋架

collaroof beam roof
【建】系梁式屋顶

collar braced roof
领撑式屋顶

conical roof
锥形顶

corbeled roof
挑头式屋顶

couple roof
对椽屋顶couple-close 闭合式对偶屋顶

cranial roof
颅盖

curb roof
复折屋顶, 斜折线形屋顶

cylindrical shell roof
圆柱形薄壳屋顶

deck roof
平台式屋顶; 平甲

equilateral roof
【建】等角屋顶

false roof
【采矿】伪顶

flat deck roof
平顶盖

flexible car roof
弹性车顶

floating roof
(油罐的)浮顶

foam floating roof
泡沫浮层

folded-plate roof
折板层顶

folding car roof
折叠车顶

French roof
法国式屋顶, 复折式屋顶

froofly-suspended roof
全吊挂炉顶

furnace roof
炉顶

gable roof
人字屋顶; 三角屋顶

gambral roof
复斜屋顶, 斜折线屋顶

green roof
【采矿】新露顶板

groined roof
穹窿屋顶

helm roof
盔胄顶

high-pitched roof
高坡度房顶

high-pitch cone roof
高倾度圆锥形顶盖(油罐)

hip roof
四坡顶

hyperbolic paraboloid roof
双曲抛物面屋顶

insulated roof
保温顶盖

insulated metal roof
隔热金属屋面

jerkinhead roof
山墙尖呈斜坡的两坡式屋顶

king-post roof
单柱屋顶

knee roof
复斜屋顶

lamella roof -
层屋顶

leaky roof
漏顶, 不紧密的顶盖

lifter roof
升降顶; 储罐浮顶

low pitch cone roof
(储罐)低倾度锥形顶盖

main roof
冷藏车的外车顶; 带阁楼式车顶客车上的侧车顶

mansard roof
折线形屋顶; 复折式屋顶; 双重斜坡的四边形屋顶

monitor roof
(客车等通风、采光等用的)分层顶

north light roof
北向采光锯齿形屋

open roof
露明屋顶

open-timbered roof
露木屋顶

oven roof
炉顶

overhanging roof
(货棚)外伸屋顶

pavilion roof
攒尖式屋顶, 亭顶

peaked roof
尖屋顶

pectine roof
有齿形边缘的圆锥状屋顶(见于哥特式建筑)

pent roof
单坡屋顶

Philibert Delorme roof
无肋架的屋顶(以法国建筑家 Philibert Delorme 命名)

plain roof
炼钢炉平顶, 主炉顶

platform roof
(客车)端部车顶

pointed roof
坡度陡削的高尖屋顶(流行于15、16世纪的欧洲)

rooflygonal roof
多边形屋顶

pontoon-tank roof
浮动槽顶

pyramidal roof
金字塔形屋顶

queen-post roof
双柱式屋顶

rainbow roof
弓形屋顶

rolled roof
卷材屋顶

saddle roof
两山头屋顶; 鞍形屋顶

shed roof
只有一面倾斜的屋顶

single deck floating roof
单层浮顶

slab roof
盘状屋顶

sliding roof
(汽车的)活动车顶

span roof
宽度及坡度相等、在同一屋脊相交的屋顶

sprung roof
悬拱, 吊顶

square roof
直角脊角屋顶

station roof
车站顶盖

suspended roof
(反射炉的)吊砖炉顶

suspension roof
悬索屋顶

swing-type roof
(电弧炉的)旋转炉顶

tender roof
煤水车前罩

terrace roof
房屋平顶

tie-beam roof
拉梁屋顶

tile roof
瓦屋顶

tilt roof
帐篷式屋顶, 圆头屋顶

treated roof
铺顶油毡

truncated roof
平屋顶

tunnel roof
隧道洞顶

umbrella roof
(油罐)伞形顶

vee roof V
形屋顶

wagon roof
筒形屋顶

用法词典

roof
来自古英语hrof屋顶

英文相关词典

roof
floor    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

roof
顶板

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

roof
顶板, 上盘

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

roof
屋顶

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

roof
屋顶, 顶壁

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

roof
屋顶

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

roof
顶板

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

roof
炉顶

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

roof

美国传统词典

roof
roof
AHD:[r?f, r?f]
D.J.[ru8f, ruf]
K.K.[ruf, r&f]
n.

(1)

The exterior surface and its supporting structures on the top of a building.

(2)

The upper exterior surface of a dwelling as a symbol of the home itself:
three generations living under one roof.

(3)

The top covering of something:
the roof of a car.

(4)

The upper surface of an anatomical structure, especially one having a vaulted inner structure:
the roof of the mouth.

(5)

The highest point or limit; the summit or ceiling:
A roof on prices is needed to keep our customers happy.
v.tr.
roofed, roof.ing, roofs
To furnish or cover with or as if with a roof.

习惯用语

go through the roofSlang

(1)

To grow, intensify, or rise to an enormous, often unexpected degree:
Operating costs went through the roof last year.

(2)

To become extremely angry:
When I told her about breaking the window, she went through the roof.

raise the roofSlang

(1)

To be extremely noisy and boisterous:
The participants plan to dance, drink, and generally raise the roof at tonight's party.

(2)

To complain loudly and bitterly:
Angry tenants finally raised the roof about their noisy neighbors.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English hr?f

[名词委审定]英汉建筑园林、城市规划名词(1998)

roof
屋顶

[名词委审定]英汉煤炭科技名词(定义版, 1996)

roof

(1)

顶板

(2)

赋存在煤层之上的邻近岩层。

[名词委审定]英汉铁道科技名词(1997)

roof
车顶

英汉船舶大词典

roof
n.舱顶板,顶,顶部;n.顶部

英汉地质大词典

roof
n.顶,洞顶,屋顶

英汉纺织大词典

roof
n.顶部

英汉航空大词典

roof
n.顶,理论升限;n.屋顶

英汉化学大词典

roof
n.屋顶,担任空中掩护的飞机,绝对上升限度;vt.覆盖,遮蔽,保护

英汉海运大词典

roof
顶部,舱顶板

基本词义

roof
(集装箱)箱顶,屋顶,遮蔽,保,顶部,舱顶板

基本词义

roof
顶部屋顶遮蔽,保

基本词义

roof
(集装箱)箱顶屋顶

英汉计算机大词典

roof
n.屋顶(担任空中掩护的飞机,绝对上升限度);vt.覆盖(遮蔽,保护)

英汉机械大词典

roof
n.顶部

英汉建筑大词典

roof
n.屋顶,屋面

英汉农牧林大词典

roof
n.盖,室顶,顶部,顶,洞顶,屋顶

英汉汽车大词典

roof
n.车顶

英汉冶金大词典

roof
n.顶,顶部

英汉医学大词典

roof
n.顶,盖

英汉中医大词典

roof
n.屋顶,顶部,盖

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