简明英汉词典

roll back
v.
击退, 把...压低到标准水平

美国传统词典[双解]

roll
roll
AHD:[r?l]
D.J.[roul]
K.K.[rol]
v.(动词)
rolledroll.ingrolls
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To move forward along a surface by revolving on an axis or by repeatedly turning over.
向前转动:以绕轴旋转或重复不断滚动的方式沿一水平面向前移动

(2)

To travel or be moved on wheels or rollers:
滚动:在轮子或滚轴上运动或被移动:
rolled down the sidewalk on their scooters.
踏滑板沿人行道翻滚下来

(3)

To travel around; wander:
周游;流浪:
roll from town to town.
从一个城镇流浪到另一城镇

(4)

To travel or be carried in a vehicle.
旅行,载运:乘车行驶或用车运送

(5)

To be carried on a stream:
运载:在溪流中被带走:
The logs rolled down the cascading river.
原木随着瀑布般湍急的河水顺流而下

(6)

To start to move or operate:
开始移动或启动:
The press wouldn't roll.
印刷机不能运转了

(7)

To work or succeed in a sustained way; gain momentum:
完成,获得动力:持续地发挥作用或成功;获得推动力:
The political campaign finally began to roll.
政治运动终于开始有了进展

(8)

To go by; elapse:
流逝;逝去:
The days rolled along.
日子在流逝

(9)

To recur:
循环:
Summer has rolled around again.
夏天又来了

(10)

To move in a periodic revolution, as a planet in its orbit.
周期性运转:以定期运转的方式移动,如行星在自己的轨道上运行

(11)

To turn over and over:
打滚:
The puppy rolled in the mud.
小狗在泥地里打滚

(12)

To shift the gaze usually quickly and continually:
转动:快速而持续地转动目光:
Her eyes rolled with fright.
她的眼睛因害怕而骨碌碌地转动

(13)

To turn around or revolve on or as if on an axis.
转圈:绕或好象绕轴转圈或旋转

(14)

To move or advance with a rising and falling motion; undulate:
起落,波动:起伏地运动或前进;波动:
The waves rolled toward shore.
波涛翻滚着冲向岸边

(15)

To extend or appear to extend in gentle rises and falls:
绵延,伸展:轻微地上下延伸或似乎在延伸:
The dunes roll to the sea.
沙丘绵延地伸向大海

(16)

To move or rock from side to side:
起伏不定:左右移动或摇摆:
The ship pitched and rolled in heavy seas.
那只船在巨大的海浪中颠簸摇晃

(17)

To walk with a swaying, unsteady motion.
蹒跚而行:摇晃或步履不稳地行走

(18)

To take the shape of a ball or cylinder:
使呈球状或圆筒状:
Yarn rolls easily.
纱线很容易被绕成球状

(19)

To become flattened by or as if by pressure applied by a roller.
碾压,碾平:因或似乎因滚轴所施加的压力而变平坦

(20)

To make a deep, prolonged, surging sound:
发出隆隆声:发出低沉、连续和起伏的轰鸣声:
Thunder rolled in the distance.
远处雷声轰鸣

(21)

To make a sustained, trilling sound, as certain birds do.
发出颤鸣声:发出持续的啭鸣声,如某些鸟那样

(22)

To beat a drum in a continuous series of short blows.
急促地击鼓:以一系列连续不断急促的击打擂鼓

(23)

To pour or flow in or as if in a continual stream:
涌入:象滚滚的河流一样倾泻或涌入:
tourists rolling into the city.
游客大量涌入这座城市

(24)

To enjoy ample amounts:
享有丰富的数量:
rolled in the money.
拥有一大笔钱
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to move forward along a surface by revolving on an axis or by repeatedly turning over.
滚动,使转动:使…以绕轴旋转或不断滚动的方式沿一水平面向前运动

(2)

To move or push along on wheels or rollers:
推动:沿着轮子或滚轴运动或推动:
rolled the plane out of the hangar.
飞机滑动开出飞机库

(3)

To impel or send onward in a steady, swelling motion:
使平稳向前:以持续翻滚的动作推向前:
The sea rolls its waves onto the sand.
海浪汹涌地拍击着沙滩

(4)

To impart a swaying, rocking motion to:
使摇摆:使…摇晃或滚动:
Heavy seas rolled the ship.
大海浪使船左右摇晃

(5)

To turn around or partly turn around; rotate:
使转向,旋转:转身或部分地转身;使旋转:
rolled his head toward the door.
他把头转向门

(6)

To cause to begin moving or operating:
使运作:使开始运转或运行:
roll the cameras; roll the presses.
开动摄影机;开动压力机

(7)

To extend or lay out:
展开,陈列:
rolled out a long rope.
展开一条长绳

(8)

To pronounce or utter with a trill:
以颤音发音:用颤音发出或说出:
You must roll your r 's in Spanish.
你必须用颤音发西班牙语的r

(9)

To utter or emit in full, swelling tones.
发出饱满的声音:用饱满洪亮的声调表达或说出

(10)

To beat (a drum) with a continuous series of short blows.
急促地击鼓:以一系列持续的短促击打擂(鼓)

(11)

To wrap (something) round and round upon itself or around something else:
卷起:把(某物)裹住或卷绕在其它物体上:
roll up a poster.
把海报卷起来

(12)

To envelop or enfold in a covering:
裹起:把…裹或包入一个覆盖物中:
roll dirty laundry in a sheet.
把待洗的衣服用被单裹起来

(13)

To make by shaping into a ball or cylinder:
卷成球形:把…做成球状或圆筒状:
roll a cigarette.
卷一枝烟

(14)

To spread, compress, or flatten by applying pressure with a roller:
滚压:用一个或多个滚轴辗、挤压或滚平:
roll pastry dough.
擀做馅饼的生面团

(15)

Printing To apply ink to (type) with a roller or rollers.
【印刷术】 把墨水沾在滚动器上:用一个或多个滚轴给(铅字)涂上油墨

(16)

Games To throw (dice), as in craps.
【游戏】 掷骰子:如在掷双骰子游戏中掷(骰子)

(17)

Slang To rob (a drunken, sleeping, or otherwise helpless person).
【俚语】 抢劫:抢劫(喝醉、睡着或无助的人)
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or an instance of rolling.
滚动,卷:卷的行为或事例

(2)

Something rolled up:
卷起来的东西:
a roll of tape.
一卷磁带

(3)

A quantity, as of cloth or wallpaper, rolled into a cylinder and often considered as a unit of measure.
一卷:一卷布或一卷墙纸等被卷成圆筒状且通常被当作度量单位的数量

(4)

A piece of parchment or paper that may be or is rolled up; a scroll.
卷轴:可被卷起或卷起的羊皮纸或纸张;卷轴

(5)

A register or a catalogue.
记录或目录

(6)

A list of names of persons belonging to a group.
花名册:属于一个组织的人的名单

(7)

A mass in cylindrical or rounded form:
卷着的东西:圆筒状或圆形的一堆:
a roll of tobacco.
一卷烟草

(8)

A small rounded portion of bread.
面包卷:面包圆而小的部分

(9)

A portion of food shaped like a tube with a filling.
管状食品:一部分填馅的管状食品

(10)

A rolling, swaying, or rocking motion.
滚动:滚动、摇摆或摇动的动作

(11)

A gentle swell or undulation of a surface:
缓和的起伏:表面轻微的膨胀或起伏:
the roll of the plains.
平原的绵延起伏

(12)

A deep reverberation or rumble:
轰隆声:深沉的回响或轰鸣声:
the roll of thunder.
雷鸣声

(13)

A rapid succession of short sounds:
急敲声:短促声音的快速振荡:
the roll of a drum.
擂鼓声

(14)

A trill:
颤音:
the roll of his r 's.
他发r 音的颤音

(15)

A resonant, rhythmical flow of words.
洪亮且有节奏的语流

(16)

A roller, especially a cylinder on which to roll something up or with which to flatten something.
辊轧机,滚轮:尤指把某物卷成筒状或用来辗平某物的滚筒

(17)

A maneuver in which an airplane makes a single complete rotation about its longitudinal axis without changing direction or losing altitude.
横滚,侧滚:飞机绕纵轴作的一个完全旋转且不改变飞行方向或高度的动作

(18)

Slang Money, especially a wad of paper money.
【俚语】 钱:尤指一大叠纸钱

常用词组

roll back

(1)

To reduce (prices or wages, for example) to a previous lower level.
使回降:把(例如,价格或工资)降回到原先较低的水平

(2)

To cause to turn back or retreat.
使倒转:使回转或撤退

roll out

(1)

To get out of bed.
起床,起身

(2)

Football To execute a rollout.
【橄榄球】 前卫的横移突破

roll over

(1)

To defer or postpone payment of (an obligation).
延期付款:缓期或拖延(债券)的付款

(2)

To renegotiate the terms of (a financial deal).
磋商:重议(金融协定)条款

(3)

To reinvest (funds from a maturing security) into a similar security.
投资:把(从到期证券中得来的资金)再投资到类似的证券中

roll up

(1)

To arrive in a vehicle.
乘车到达

(2)

To accumulate; amass:
积累;储蓄:
rolled up quite a fortune.
积累了一大笔财富

习惯用语

on a roll【非正式用语】
Undergoing or experiencing sustained, even increasing good fortune, or success:
有好运:持续地经历或体验越来越多的好运或成功:
“The stock market's on a roll”(Karen Pennar)
“股市正处在上升的势头中”(克伦·彭纳尔)

roll in the hay【俚语】
Sexual intercourse.
性交

roll the bones【游戏】
To cast dice, especially in craps.
掷骰子:尤指在掷双骰子的游戏中掷骰子

roll with the punches【俚语】
To cope with and withstand adversity, especially by being flexible.
临危不惧:尤指灵活善变地对付或抵御逆境

语源

(1)

Middle English rollen
中古英语 rollen

(2)

from Old French roler
源自 古法语 roler

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *rotul3e
源自 俗拉丁语 *rotul3e

(4)

from Latin rotula [diminutive of] rota [wheel] * see ret-
源自 拉丁语 rotula [] rota的小后缀 [轮子] *参见 ret-

现代英汉综合大辞典

back
[bAk]
n.

(1)

背, 背部; 背脊

(2)

背面, 凸面, 反面

(3)

后面, 后部

(4)

(足球等的)后卫

(5)

(猎犬)后退的动作

(6)

岭, 山脊

(7)

铅字字脊; 锯背

(8)

(矿内巷道的)顶板拱架的表面, 顶头盖; (煤层里的)劈理面, 节理

(9)

基座, 衬垫靠板

(10)

椅子靠背

(11)

(磁带等)倒回播放

(12)

(车刀)后刃面

(13)

(舞台的)背景;【光】象

(14)

[pl.][美俚]假钞票

(15)

(啤酒酿造、染坊、制胶等用的)大浅盒
a pain in one's back
脊背痛
lie [fall]on one's back
朝天躺着[摔倒]
behind one's back
背地里; 暗中
He is a full back of our football team.
他是我们足球队中的后卫。

词性变化

back
[bAk]
adj.
[无比较级; 最高级用backmost]

(1)

[表示位置]后面的; 背后的

(2)

背面的, 偏僻的; 未开发的

(3)

倒的, 反向的; 往回去的

(4)

【语】舌根的; 口腔后部的

(5)

过去的; 过期的

(6)

迟交的; 拖欠的
the back slums
贫民窟
a back current
逆流
a back vowel
(舌)后元音
back pay
欠薪
back files
过期报刊杂志合订本

back
[bAk]
adv.

(1)

在后; 向后; 后仰着; 落后

(2)

回原处; 回原状; 恢复

(3)

忍住; 隐匿

(4)

以前

(5)

报复
Stand back, please.
请往后站。
They fought back.
他们还击了。
I met him three years back.
我三年前见过他。

back
[bAk]
vt.

(1)

使后退; 倒(车)

(2)

[美]位于...的背后; 背靠着

(3)

支持

(4)

给...加衬里; 给(书)加包皮; 裱(画)

(5)

背书(支票等)(指在票据背后签字担保)

(6)

下赌注于...上
Don't worry. I will back you up.
不要发愁, 我支持你。
He backed the car out of the garage.
他把车倒退着开出车库。
You could back the dress with silk.
你可以用丝绸布给这件衣服加衬里。

back
[bAk]
vi.

(1)

倒退; (风向)逆转

(2)

[美]背靠, 坐落
He backed away from the gun.
他往后退躲离枪口。
The power station backs on to a high mountain.
发电站背靠着大山。

继承用法

backache
[5bAkeIk]
n.
背痛

back-alley
n.
街后窄巷

词性变化

back
[bAk]
adj.
陋巷的, 穷困的

backbencher
n.
后座议员(指英国下院的普通议员)

backbite
[5bAkbaIt]
vt.,vi.
背后说(人)坏话
n.
背后中伤

backblocks
n.
[澳]边远地区

backboard
[`bAkbR:d]
n.
后部挡板; (篮球架上的)篮板;【医】(脊椎)矫正板

backbreaker
[`bAk9breIkE(r)]
n.

(1)

极为累人的工作

(2)

工作极度辛苦的工人

backbreaking
[5bAkbreIkIN]
adj.
累断腰的, 繁重的; 极讨厌的

backburner
adj.
不重要的

backchat
[5bAktFAt]
n.
闲聊; 回嘴; 反唇相讥

back-check
n.

(1)

回本方守区内阻截

(2)

(已完成工作的)检查[验]
vt.
检查(工作, 报告)
vi.
(曲棍球)采取守势

backcloth
[5bAkklRW]
n.
背景, 幕, 天幕; 印花衬布

back-coming
n.
后退式回采

backcountry
n.
[美]穷乡僻壤

back-coupling
n.
反馈耦合, 回授

backcourt
[`bAk9kR:t]
n.
篮球场属于守方的一半场地

backcross
[`bAk9krCs]
vt., vi.
【生】(使)回交; (使)逆代杂交
n.
回交; 逆杂交(的产物)

backcycling
n.
反循环

backdate
[bAk5deIt]
vt.

(1)

把发生的日期说成[写成]比实际的更早

(2)

追溯至

back-diffusion
n.

(1)

反行扩散, 反向扩散

(2)

背面扩散

backdoor
[9bAk`dR:(r)]
n.
后门
adj.
后门的; 私下的; 秘密的

backdown
n.
原先态度[主张, 要求]的改变

back-drafting
n.
【铁】倒流通风

backdrift
n.
后退偏航

backdrop
[5bAkdrRp]
n.

(1)

交流声, 干扰

(2)

背景(幕), 彩画幕布

backedge
n.

(1)

后脊

(2)

裂缝

(3)

夹层, 轧疤(缺陷)

(4)

(轧件)舌尖, 压折(轧制中金属反向流动形成的)

backfall
n.

(1)

落下; 掉下

(2)

掉下的东西

(3)

摔跤时背着地的跌倒

back-fence
adj.
邻居间的, 邻居的

back-fielder
n.
(橄榄球的)卫手

backfill
[`bAkfIl]
n.
回填土[料]
vt.
回填(坑洞等)

backfiller
n.
回填机

backfisch
[`bB:kfIF]
n.
[俚]年轻少女; 未成年的女学生

back-flap
n.
百叶窗

backflash
vi.
反闪
n.
回流槽

backflow
n.
回流; 逆流

back-formation
n.
【语】逆构词, 反成法

backgear
n.

(1)

背齿轮, 后齿轮, 慢盘齿轮

(2)

倒档齿轮装置

(3)

倒档

back-geared
adj.
后齿轮的, 减速的

back-haul
n.
(货车的)回程

backjoint
n.

(1)

平行解理走向的节理面

(2)

留槽待填

(3)

石阶踏步背榫

back-kick
n.
逆转, 回转

backland
n.
[pl. ]背地, 腹地; 偏僻地区; 内陆地区

backleg
n.
逆导磁体

backlight
[`bAklaIt]
n.
逆光, 背面光
vt.
由后面照射

backlighting
n.
逆光照明, 来自后方的照明

backlimb
n.
【地质】背翼

backlining
[`bAk9laInIN]
n.
书脊粘衬;【建】背衬

backlist
[5bAklIst]
n.
出版商一直在重版的书目; 旧版书存货目录

backlocking
n.
反闭锁

backlog
[5bAklR^]
n.

(1)

[美](壁炉中垫底的)园柴

(2)

[口]存货备用物; 储备金; 积压的工作; 没交付的订货
vi.,vt.

(1)

积压

(2)

接受订货

backman
n.
杂工, 辅助工

backmixing
n.
逆向混合; 回混; 反混
adj.
反混的; 逆向混合的

backoff
n.

(1)

铲背

(2)

凹进

(3)

补偿

(4)

倒转后解松

back-order
vt.
订(货)

back-out
n., vt., vi.

(1)

扭出; 旋出

(2)

退火

(3)

取消; 放弃

(4)

逆序操作

back-pack
vt.

backpiece
n.
护背

backpitch
n.

(1)

背节距, 反螺旋

(2)

焊接或铆接行距

backplan
n.
底视图

backplane
n.
后连线板, 底板

back-planing
n.
【刷】刨背

backplate
n.
后板; 护板; 信号板

back-porch
n.
后沿

backpressure
n.
反压力; 背压

back-resistance
n.
反向电阻

backrest
[5bAkrest]
n.
靠背, 背架

back-roll
n.
反绕, 倒卷; 重转

backroom
adj.
[俚]不公开的; 秘密的

backrope
n.
斜桁撑杆后支索

backrun
adj.
逆向的, 反转的

backrush
n.
回卷

backsaw
[`bAksR:]
n.
背部加厚的短锯; 镶边短锯

back-sawn
adj.
【林】弦向锯切的

backscratching
[`bAk9skrAtFIN]
n.
[俗]为共同利益而互相利用backscatterer
n.
反向散射体, 向后散射体

backscattering
[`bAk9skAtErIN]
n.
反向散射, 后向散射(的)

backseat
n.

(1)

后座

(2)

次要的位置

backset
[`bAkset]
n.

(1)

倒流, 逆流; 涡流

(2)

倒退; 挫折

(3)

(疾病等的)复发

backshaft
n.
后轴

backshank
n.
针尾

backshift
n.
准备班, 交叉班

backshot
n.

(1)

排气管内爆音

(2)

消声射击

backsight
[`bAksaIt]
n.

(1)

【测】后视读数

(2)

【测】后视

(3)

(枪的)表尺(口), 表尺缺口

backspace
[5bAkspeIs]
vi.
(打字时)退回, 退格

backspin
[5bAkspIn]
vi.
下旋, 反旋转

backsplash
n.
后挡板, 后防溅板

back-spooling
n.
棱车电缆倒卷

back-stab
vt.
以卑鄙的手段陷害

backstage
[bAk5steIdV]
adv.
在[往]后台; 在[往]幕后; 私下; 秘密地
adj.
后台的; 幕后的; 隐藏的
n.
(剧院的)后台区

backstair(s)
adj.
秘密的, 间接的

backstand
n.

(1)

(带式抛光机调整抛光带张力的)后座, 张紧座

(2)

支承, 构架

backstay
[`bAksteI]
n.
(桅杆)后支索; 牵索

backstitch
[5bAkstIF]
n.
倒缝[针]
vt., vi
倒缝

backstop
n.

(1)

靶障壁, 靶堤

(2)

托架

(3)

(阻止球滚得太远的)挡球网

(4)

后档, 后支撑架
vt.
挡住; 支持

backstrapped
adj.
【航海】因涨潮或海流关系而无法航行的

backstretch
[`bAkstretF]
n.
(径赛跑道中)与终点直道平行部分; [美]将橡皮管从救火车拉直至消防栓的动作

backstroke
[5bAkstrEJk]
n.

(1)

反手击球; 反击

(2)

仰泳
vi.
仰泳
vt.
用反手击

backswamp
n.
漫滩沼泽

backswept
[`bAkswept]
adj.
后掠(角)的; 朝后倾斜的

backswing
[`bAkswIN]
n.

(1)

反冲, 回摆[程]

(2)

回复(故态, 立场, 款式等)

backsword
[`bAksR:d]
n.
单刃刀, 大砍刀; 木刀; 使用木刀练习击剑者

backtender
n.

(1)

造纸工段看管工; 后整理工

(2)

小型拉幅机

backtrack
[5bAktrAk]
vi.

(1)

退却, 退回; 撤回

(2)

走回头路; 改变过去的意见[主张]

backwall
n.

(1)

后墙

(2)

后墙水冷壁

backwash
[5bAkwCF]
n.
回流, 倒流; [喻]反响, 余波

backwater
[5bAkwC:tE(r)]
n.

(1)

倒划; 回水

(2)

停滞(状态)
adj.
停滞的, 落后的
vt.
(用逆划或逆转推进器)停船

backwearing
n.
使陡崖[山坡]后退而不改变它的倾斜度的侵蚀

backweld
n.
背焊缝

backwind
vt.

(1)

【航海】使风转向(下风的帆)

(2)

操(帆)使风向下风处
n.
背后风, 逆风; 倒片[卷]

back-work
n.
工作面和井筒之间的工作, 井下工作面以外的工作, 辅助工作

back-yard
n.
后院; 常去之地, 附近地区

backer
[5bAkE(r)]
n.
支持者[物]; 衬垫物; (打字机的)垫纸

backless
[`bAklIs]
adj.
无(靠)背

backmost
[5bAkmEJst]
adj.
最后面的

习惯用语

(as) bare as the back of one's hand
一无所有; 一贫如洗

at the back of one's mind
在记忆的深处, 下意识地

at sb.'s back (=at the back of sb.)
跟随某人; 支持某人

at the back of sth.
作为某事的主使者

be glad to see sb.'s back (= be glad to see the back of sb.)
巴不得某人离开; 希望摆脱某人

be laid on one's back
卧病在床

be on one's back
仰卧; [口]卧病; [口]毫无办法, 一筹莫展

be on sb.'s back
成为某人的负担; 不断地挑剔[嘲笑]某人

be thrown on one's back
(在摔跤比赛中)被摔倒两肩着地; 被打得大败

behind sb.'s back
背着某人, 背地里(常带贬义)

break sb.'s back

(1)

使其负担过重而不能胜任

(2)

使某人失败[破产]

break the back of sth.

(1)

完成某事的最艰难部分

(2)

挫败; 伤其要害

break the camel's back
使顶不住或忍不住

cast sth. behind one's back
把某事置之脑后, 蔑视某事

clap sb. on the back
拍拍某人的肩膀(表示祝贺或鼓励)

get back at sb.
[口]向某人报复

get off sb.'s back
不再成为某人的负担; 不再找某人麻烦

get on sb.'s back
麻烦某人

get one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

put one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

set one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

get sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

put sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

set sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来

get to the back of sth.
彻底了解事物底细, 弄清真相

give sb. the back
不再理睬某人, 舍某人而去

go behind sb.'s back
在某人背后搞鬼, 背着某人搞小动作

have...on one's back

(1)

背着, 驮着

(2)

受...攻击; 受...的责难; 被...不断地挑毛病

have one's back to the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

fight with one's back to the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

have one's back at the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

fight with one's back at the wall
被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战

have one's own back
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

get one's own back
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

have one's own back on sb.
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

get one's own back on sb.
[口](向某人)报复, 复仇

have sb. at one's back
有某人在背后支持, 有某人撑腰; 被某人追捕

in the back of
[美口] 在...背后; 支持, 主使

make a back for sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

give a back for sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

make a back to sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

give a back to sb.
弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]

on the back of
紧跟着; 在...之外(常用以表示接二连三的灾祸)

upon the back of
紧跟着; 在...之外(常用以表示接二连三的灾祸)

one's back is up
发怒, 生气, 失去自制力

pat sb. on the back
拍拍某人肩膀(表示赞许或鼓励)

slap sb. on the back
拍拍某人肩膀(表示赞许或鼓励)

put one's back into sth.
孜孜不倦地做某事

put one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

set one's back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

put sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

set sb.'s back up
[口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来

raise one's back (against)
不接受..., 对...固执; 反抗

ride on sb.'s back
骑在某人头上, 压迫某人, 愚弄或欺骗某人

rip up the back
[美俚]背后说坏话, 背后攻击

Scratch my back and I'll scrach yours. (=Scratch me and I'll scratch you.)
[谚]你捧我, 我捧你; 你帮我, 我帮你; 朋比为奸。

see the back of
看(某人)离开; 赶走[摆脱](某人)

stab sb. in the back
暗箭伤人, 背后说坏话, 诽谤

talk through the back of one's neck (=talk through one's neck)
[口]说糊涂透顶的话,胡说八道;夸大其词,吹牛

speak through the back of one's neck (=talk through one's neck)
[口]说糊涂透顶的话,胡说八道;夸大其词,吹牛

theback of beyond
穷乡僻壤

there andback
来回

turn one's back on
不理睬

What is got over the devil's back is spent under his belly.
[谚](钱财) 来得不正, 去得也不正。

What's at the back of it?
闷葫芦里卖的什么药? 在背后搞什么名堂?

when one's back is turned
当某人不在时或忙做他事时

with one's back to the wall
非苦战不能幸免, 处于绝境

back and belly

(1)

腹背; 前后; 周身

(2)

衣食

back and edge
完全地; 全力地

back and fill
(船顺流而下时)不断地调整船帆使船蜿蜒前进(以避开障碍); 来来回回; 朝三暮四

back and forth
来回; 往复

back and side
完毕; 完全; 排除万难

back away (from)
(从...)躲开, 向后退

back down

(1)

放弃原来的立场[控告, 要求等]

(2)

降下

(3)

承认失言

back end
[英俗]秋天

back into
倒车撞上(某物)

back of

(1)

在...后边

(2)

支持; 帮助

(3)

致使(发生); 起因于

back off

(1)

(车辆等)向后退

(2)

放弃原来立场; 让步; 食言

back on to
背对着

back out(of)

(1)

食言; 打退堂鼓

(2)

因难而退

(3)

取消

(4)

扭松; 旋出

back to back

(1)

背靠背

(2)

一个接一个

back to front
[口]前后倒置

back to square one
(问题等)回到原来的状态(没有解决)

back up
支持; 补充; 倒退; (使)淤塞; (使)积滞

特殊用法

answer back
应答, 回报, 回答信号

arc(ing) back
(整流器的)逆弧, 回弧

balk back
【纺】绒背呢

birdy back
鸟驮式集装箱运输

blade back
(桨)叶背

broken back
(钢丝的)横裂纹带

brush back
后刷边

buy back
产品返销

carbon back
(传声器)碳精座

case back with spanner-hole
有扳手眼的表壳后盖

cat back
【船】锚钩索

channeling back
回流

chartered back
回租

check back
复核

chill back
冷冻稀释

chimney back
烟道调节板

circular back
圆?趁?

clear back
净里脊肉

consequential arc back
持续性逆弧

copy back
磁带复录

couple back
反馈耦合

cry back
返祖现象

cut back
稀释; 稀释产物; 中止; 削减; (踢球时)带球急转; (故事、电影等的)倒叙; 电影镜头拼合摄影法

cutting back
短截, 截顶(指根, 幼枝); 疏伐(指幼树)

die back
顶梢枯死

dolly back
(摄象机或摄影机)后移, 后退追踪摄影

duty draw back
货物再出口时的退税

engine throttled back
发动机节气门关闭

fat back
猪的脊背肥膘; 背肉肥的鱼; 蓝鲑

fiddle back
类似提琴的东西

feed back
回料; 反馈

fight back
顶回; 弹回

fire back
回火

fish back
锯齿板, 梳齿隔板

fishy back
鱼驮式集装箱运输

flare back
火舌回闪

flash back
反闪; 回火

flat back
方脊, 平脊(装帧)

flexible back
软背, 柔软书脊(装帧)

floating strong back
活动强力垫板

fly back
(钟)快速回零;【信】回扫

full back
后卫

green back
美钞; 美国南北战争时发行的不兑现纸币

folding back
捣胶; 翻胶

half back
中卫

header back
(联合收割机的)收割台挡风板

hog back
拱起物, 拱背; 等倾线之顶点

hollow back
腔背, 穹状书脊(书背和书本身不粘在一起的精装, 各国现在一般均通行这种形式, 日本称之为腔背)

inphase feed back
同相反馈, 同相回输

knife back
(切割器动刀上的)刀杆; 刀背

lead back
铅背滨鹬

lease back
回租

left back
左后卫

loading back
负载反馈法

lobster back
曲折管

long fat back
猪的长条脊膘

long rib back
(烟熏肉用长身型猪的)长条肋肉

low(er) back
腰部

medium curing cut back (asphalt)
(沥青)中级处理回收段

melt back
回熔, 反复焙炼, 反复熔炼

negative (reverse) feed back
【信】负反馈

oil back
装油设备(石油加工厂用以往铁路油槽车装油的设备)

phasing back
后相

pig back
用生铁增碳

piston ring back
活塞环内表面

plough (plow) back
利润再投资

polling back
【采矿】支(架)后采掘

pressing back
模印, 模压

pressure back
(航空摄影机的)压板

program roll back
程序卷回, 程序重算, 程序重新运行

racking back
留齿缝待接

recycle back
反向循环

reflex-reflective back
反光的反射背板

remote loop back
远端返回[回送]

rib back
肋条肉

right back
右后卫

roll back
重新运行, 重算

run back
回流, 返回

saddle back
鞍形山脊

safe back
(平锉的)背面, (扁三角锉的)侧面

sale and lease back
出售后回租

sand back
砂层回填

seat back
座椅靠背

serrated case back
锯齿形表壳后盖

share back
梨铧背

short rib back
牛前背部肉

shunt back
调回, 退行

signal unit back
信号机背板

skew back
斜块拱座

skinned fat back
去皮猪的肥里脊肉

skip back
跳越式回绕

slow curing cut back (asphalt)
慢干道路沥青

snap back
快回, 急速返回, 快反向

spring back
反冲, 跳回

sprung back
慢性腰骶部棘间韧带损伤

square back
方脊, 方背(装帧)

flat back
方脊, 方背(装帧)

stamping back
模印

supporting back
支背

talk back
工作联络电话(专线), 对讲

tape back
倒带

throttling back
节流

tie back
(采矿)警告挡梁

tight back
紧背, 硬背(装帧)

fast back
紧背, 硬背(装帧)

title back
字幕背景

track(ing) back
后退摄影, 拉镜头

upper back
上背

water back
贮水器; 加热水池; 加热管道

weather back
【建】涂在墙壁上可耐风雨的材料

wired back
布线背面

yellow back
美国黄背纸币(可在国库兑换现金), 美国黄金债券

参考词汇
support    

基本词义

roll
[rEul]
vt.

(1)

使滚[转]动

(2)

使(烟、尘)滚滚而上升, 滚滚推进(浪、水等)

(3)

溜转(眼睛)

(4)

卷; 卷成(圆球), 卷拢, 卷起(in, into, up)

(5)

滚压(草地); 轧碾; 杆面; 烫平; 铺开

(6)

擂(鼓); 用卷舌发r音

(7)

使左右摇摆; 摇晃而行

(8)

(在心里)盘算, 翻来复去细想

(9)

[美俚]趁人睡着[喝醉]时偷窃

(10)

掷(骰子)

(11)

把油墨滚在...上

(12)

开动(摄影机等)
The chimney rolls up smoke.
烟囱滚滚冒烟。
She rolled the string into a ball.
她把线卷成一团。
He rolled himself from side to side.
他左右摇晃。

词性变化

roll
[rEul]
vi.

(1)

滚动, 旋转, 滚动前进

(2)

行驶; 飘流; 流浪

(3)

波动; 起伏; 伸展; (岁月)流逝

(4)

左右摇晃; 颠簸; (船)摇摆着航行, (人)踉踉跄跄地走

(5)

卷起; 裹绕; 卷拢(up; together); 卷缩

(6)

辗; 轧; 擀

(7)

隆隆地响; 滔滔不绝地说; 啭鸣

(8)

(动物)打滚; (眼睛)转动

(9)

(烟)滚滚上升; (雾)消散

(10)

(车辆)出发; (摄影机)开始行动

(11)

发展; 进展
Stones rolled down the hillside.
石头沿山坡滚下。
The ship was rolling heavily.
船摇晃得厉害。
The waves rolled in to the beach.
海浪起伏地涌向海滩。
Years roll on [by].
岁月流逝。
The drunken man rolled to me.
那醉汉摇摇晃晃地朝我走来。
The thunder rolled in the distance.
远处雷声隆隆。
The clouds rolled away as the sun rose higher.
太阳升高时, 云就散了。

roll
[rEul]
n.

(1)

滚, 滚动, 旋转; 波动; 摇摆, 蹒跚

(2)

轰鸣声; 急敲声; 滔滔不绝的说话声; (诗、散文等的)朗朗可诵的格调

(3)

卷状物; 卷轴; 胶卷; 纸卷; 发卷, 卷包(等)

(4)

(学校、军队等的)点名簿; 名单; 公文, 案卷; 记录; 目录

(5)

卷制品; 面包卷; 花卷; 肉卷, 烟卷(等)

(6)

滚筒机; 碾压机; 压路机, 卷扬辘轳; (装订)压型机; (打字机的)滚筒;【建】(柱头的)漩涡饰

(7)

(飞机等)侧滚; 翻滚

(8)

[美俚] 一卷钞票, 钱

(9)

【音】(和弦)琶音

(10)

(地形)起伏; 隆起
the roll of thunder [drums]
雷[鼓]声
a toilet roll
一卷手纸
a roll of cloth
一卷呢绒, 成卷的一匹布
a roll of bread
面包卷儿
a man with rolls of fat on his neck
脖子上有层肥肉的人
roll bar
(装在汽车上的)翻车保护杆; 防滚保护杆

继承用法

roll-adjustment
n.
轧辊调整

rollaway
[`rEJlE9weI]
adj.
附有轮子并可折叠搬移的

roll-back
n.

(1)

反转, 反绕, 后翻, 回流

(2)

(门锁的)转轴凸轮

(3)

【自】重新运行, 重算

(4)

(政府)把价格压到标准[原来]水平

(5)

击退

roll-cage
n.
滚柱罩[盒]

rollcall
vt.
点名; 点名号[时间]

roll-compacted
adj.
粉末轧制成型的

roll-collar
n.
大翻领

rollcumulus
n.
层积云

rollgang
[5rEul7^AN]
n.
输送辊道

rollhousing
[5rEul7hausiN]
n.
轧机机架

roll-man
n.
滚轧机操纵者

roll-mop
n.
腌鲱鱼

rollneck
adj.
(衣服)有可翻折的高领的

词性变化

roll
[rEul]
n.
可翻折的高领; 有可翻折领的衣服

roll-on
adj.

(1)

(除臭剂等)滚抹的

(2)

滚式装卸的
n.

(1)

妇女弹力胸衣

(2)

滚抹的除臭剂

roll-on-off
adj.
滚式装卸(集装箱)的, 开上开下的

roll-out
n.

(1)

延伸, 退卷, 轧平, 扩展

(2)

【计】(主存储器)转出

(3)

(样机)初次公开展出

rollpast
[`rEJlpB:st;-pAst]
n.
(重兵器)分列行进

习惯用语

be rolling in
在...中打滚; 富于; 沉溺于

big roll
[美]大叠的钞票, 巨款

call the roll
点名

honour roll [roll of honour]

(1)

光荣榜

(2)

阵亡将士名单

in the roll of
载入...名单, 跻身...之列

on the rolls
在名单上

on the rolls of fame
在名人录里

snap roll
(一种特技飞行)快滚

strike sb. off [from] the rolls
从(律师)名册上取消某人的名字; 吊销某人的律师执照

roll around

(1)

(时间)流逝

(2)

(季节等)重临, 循环

roll back

(1)

把...卷起来

(2)

(潮、浪)退落

(3)

(使)退却, 击退

(4)

(旧事)回到某人记忆中

roll by [on]
继续前进[进行]; (时光)流逝

roll in

(1)

滚滚而来, 纷至沓来

(2)

在...中翻滚; 用...裹起来

(3)

(=go to bed)[美俚]就寝

roll into

(1)

(使)滚进...

(2)

(使)卷成...

(3)

使合为(一体)

roll off

(1)

印出; 复制出

(2)

[美口]骑自行车过...

roll on

(1)

(指衣物)(能卷过肢体而穿上)

(2)

(时间)消逝; 流逝

(3)

(指时间, 主要用于祈使句)快点到

roll one's own
[美俚]卷自己的香烟; 自行生活

roll out

(1)

辗平, 铺平

(2)

洪亮地讲出[唱出]

(3)

[美俚]起床

(4)

动身, 离开

roll over

(1)

(睡时)翻身, 反侧

(2)

使打滚

roll up

(1)

(烟雾)袅袅上升

(2)

卷起; 裹起; 卷缩

(3)

(乘车)到达

(4)

[口]到场; 出现

(5)

渐次增加; 积累成

(6)

【军】卷击(侧翼)

特殊用法

adamite roll
高碳铬镍耐磨铸铁轧辊

air roll
压纸辊

air blowing roll
热风辊

air removing roll
冷硬合金铸铁轧辊

alloy iron roll
合金铸铁轧辊

alloyed grain roll
合金纹理轧辊

angle roll
角度矫正机

anti-clip roll
防夹辊(防扁辊)

anti-deflection roll
抗挠辊

anvil roll
支承辊

application roll
施料辊

applicator roll
涂料辊; 施胶辊

arm roll
夹臂滚

artificial stone roll
人造石辊

asbestos roll
石棉辊

assessment roll
税收稽片清

atmospheric drying roll(s)
常压式滚筒干燥机

back roll
重算, 重新运行, 反绕; 后滚筒

backspin roll
传动托棍

back-up roll
支承辊, 支撑轧辊, 背辊

back ward roll
后滚翻

baffled perforated roll
折流匀浆辊

baked roll
烤小圆面包

bank roll
货币储备, 有效基金

barrel roll

(1)

横辊

(2)

筒形辊

(3)

辊身

barrel shaped roll
桶形轧辊

batch-off roll

(1)

卷纸辊

(2)

分批辊

beading roll
波纹轧辊

beef roll
牛肉卷

bending rolls
弯板机, 弯曲辊

billet roll
钢坯轧辊

brollly roll
轧机机座进口或出口处的水平导向辊

blasting roll
卷筒炸药纸

bloom roll
方坯轧辊, 初轧轧辊

bored roll
空心滚筒

break roll
(抛光机上的)带钢压紧辊; 轧碎机滚轴

breaker roll
轧碎机滚筒, 对轧辊

breaking-down roll
粗轧轧辊

breast roll
中心辊, 胸辊(造纸); 悬辊(橡胶); 机架辊, 递辊

bridle rolls
活套张紧辊

brine-cooled rolls
盐水冷却的滚筒

brush roll
毛刷滚

buffling roll
擦光辊

burnishing roll
抛光辊

calender roll
砑光辊

cam roll
凸缘滚辗

cambered roll
凸面轧辊

cambering roll
预弯辊

cambridge roll V
形镇压器

carbon steel roll
碳钢轧辊

carbonized roll
表面经碳化处理的辊子

carrier roll
(运输带)托滚

carrying roll
引纸辊, 导辊, 传递辊

caster rolls
(十二辊和二十辊轧机的)外层支承辊

cathode roll
阴极辊

central roll
中[间轧]辊

chamber bored roll
空心滚筒

chest roll
胸滚

chilled roll
冷铸铁滚筒

chilling roll
冷却滚筒

chill-pass roll
冷硬轧槽铸造轧辊; 冷硬孔型轧辊

chocolate nut roll
果仁巧克力蛋糕卷

cleaning between (the) rolls
辊缝, 轧辊间隙, 轧棍开(口)度

cloth rewinder roll
法兰绒辊, 布辊

cluster roll
多辊(式)轧(钢)机

coarse rolls
粗碾辊

coarse diamond-point knurling roll
粗金钢钻压花滚刀

coating roll
涂料辊

cogging roll
开坯轧辊, 粗轧辊

cogging-down roll
开坯机轧辊

coiler roll
(带材导入多辊卷取机用的)成形辊

cold roll
冷轧, 冷拔

collar roll
凸缘轧辊

collector's roll
税收征收清册

composite (back-up) roll
组合式(支承)轧辊

compressing roll
压实辊

concave roll
凹面轧辊, 凹面辊, 带槽轧辊, 孔型轧辊

concaved roll
中凹滚筒

conditioner roll
压扁[平]辊

cone-shaped roll
锥形轧辊

conical roll
锥形滚筒, 锥形镇压器, 锥辊破碎机

contoured roll
成形轧辊

control roll
导滚

conveyor roll
运输带鼓轮

conveyor head roll
运输带前鼓轮

cooked pork roll
熟猪肉卷

cooling roll
冷却辊

corrugated mixing rolls
皱纹混合磨

couch roll
辘辋转筒, 伏辊

cracking [crushing] roll
辊式破碎机

cradle roll
托卷辊

crash roll
防震垫

cream egg rolls
奶油鸡蛋面包卷

crescent roll
新月形面包

crimping roll
(深)槽纹辊(牧草通过此辊后即折曲成S形)

cross rolls
斜置轧辊, 横轧辊

crowned roll
凸面轧辊, 中高辊

crusher roll
粉碎机轧辊, (砂轮)非金刚石修整器滚轮

crushing roll
压碎机轧辊, 辊式破碎机

cubing rolls
刺辊(破碎机)

curling roll
(封罐机)头道卷边滚轮

cylinder roll
圆筒(光面)镇压器

damping roll
(糖食)增湿辊

dancer roll
跳动辊, 张力调节辊

dancing roll
导纸辊

dandy roll
【机】水印辊; 压胶辊; 压纹辊

debending roll
板直辊, 弯直辊, 压直辊

decoiler roll
开卷机带材板直辊

definite chill roll
有限冷硬轧辊

deflector roll
升降辊

delivery roll
运送辊, 传输辊, 导出辊

delivery tension roll
出口张紧辊

depressing roll
升降辊

descaling rolls
破鳞辊

dinner roll
午餐小面包

dip roll
浸渍辊

discaling roll
齿(面轧)辊, 碎鳞轧辊

disk-shaped roll
盘形辊

distribute roll
(涂料辊涂机中的)分配辊, 布料辊

doctor roll
括刀辊

double roll
猴滚翻(两人互握踝的滚动)

double-pour chill roll
双层冷铸铁轧辊

double-pour (cast iron) roll
双层铸铁轧辊

double-pour grain roll
双层麻口铸铁轧辊, 双层细晶粒轧辊

drag roll
压辊, 空转辊

drag pinch roll
拉紧咬送(曳料)辊

draw roll
进料辊, 引入辊, 紧缩辊, 拉伸辊(纺机)

drier roll
干燥滚筒; 滚筒式干燥机

drive roll
主动辊

driven roll
驱动轧辊

ductile cast iron roll
可锻铸铁辊

dull roll
毛面辊

dunking rolls
沉浸压辊

dusting rolls
擦光辊

edge roll
(封面)压型机; 边缘半圆饰; (针织物)卷边

embossing roll
印花辊

engraved roll
刻花辊, 雕刻辊, 花滚筒

entry tension roll
进口张紧辊

Eskimo roll
猴滚翻(两人互握踝的滚动)

etched roll
蚀刻辊

expander roll
展毯辊; 舒展辊; 胀管器滚子

extraction roll
压出辊, 压榨辊

felt-covered roll
绒辊

felt widening roll
起动辊; 麻花辊

felt wrapped roll
压光辊

finish roll
给油辊

finished roll
光制轧辊

finishing rolls
整理机;【采矿】细轧机, 精轧轧辊

first operation (seaming) roll
头道卷封滚轮(制罐)

fixed roll
(固)定辊

flat roll
平滑辊

flattening rolls
碾平机; 轧扁机

flexing roll
弯折辊

flicker roll
去籽辊

floating roll
浮泳式压榨辊

fluted roll
槽纹辊

fluted feed roll
排种槽轮

flux roll
熔剂辊

fly roll
压纸辊

flying backward roll
(双杠)后空翻

flying dive roll
鱼跃前滚翻

flying forward roll
(双杠)前空翻

foot rolls
底辊

football roll
侧滚翻

forging roll
锻制轧辊

form crushing roll
成形辊

former roll
成形轧辊

forming rolls
成形轧辊, 成形轧机, 压延辊(平板玻璃)

forward roll
前滚翻

frame roll
帧滚动

French roll
法国式小面包

friction roll
压紧辊, 摩擦传动辊

fried roll
油煎春卷

front roll
前滚筒

full roll
轻度凸面轧辊

full-suspended rolls
双支点轧辊

furnace rolls
炉内辊

furnace pull-out roll
炉内拉料辊

gallows roll
导向滚柱, 随动轮托架

gap rolls
锻造辊筒

gathering roll
(拉丝)集束轮(玻璃纤维)

germ rolls
去胚芽轧辊机

getting-down roll
开坯机座轧辊

glottal roll
喉颤音

grain roll
铸铁轧辊

graining roll
印花辊(搪瓷滚花用)

green roll
铸铁轧辊

grid roll
方格压印滚筒(水泥人行道修筑用具)

grinder roll
磨辊

grinding roll
砂轮, 磨辊(中速磨)

grinding rolls
辊轧机

grip roll
夹持(转子)辊

gripping roll
拉料辊, 擒料辊

grooved roll
槽形辗压机; 有槽滚筒, 槽形压路机

grooved iron roll
有槽铸铁轧辊

ground roll
防护辊

guide roll
导向辊, 拉引辊, 主动辊, 导辊

hand-guide roll
手动校正辊

hand-operated bending roll
手动弯曲辊

hammer rolls
锤碎机

hard-grained roll
硬铸铁滚筒

head roll
驱动滚筒, 传动辊

heavy steel plate bending roll
重型钢板折弯机

help(er) roll
辅助辊

high-speed rolls
高速辊式破碎机

hitch roll
毛毯转向辊; 张紧辊

holding [slow] roll
低速辊

hollow cast roll
铸造空心轧辊

hollow roll
卷筒接头; 空心辊

hollow back roll
挂臂挺身回环

holy roll
匀浆辊

home roll
主辊, 主滚筒

honeycomb roll
蜂窝辊; 蜂巢式真空辊

honor roll
荣誉名册, 荣誉簿

horizontal roll
水平轧辊

hot roll
加热压光辊

hot air roll
热风辊

hot milling roll
热轧机

hot-rolling roll
热轧用轧辊

husking roll
剥玉米穗苞叶辊

hyperboloid straightening roll
双曲线矫直辊

idler roll
无载托辊, 空转辊; 空转轮, 惰辊[轮], 跨轮; 托纸辊

immovable roll
固定辊

impact roll
冲击滚轮

indefinite chill roll
无限冷硬轧辊

inner roll
内辊

in-running rolls
对向回转的滚筒

intermediate (calender) rolls
中间(压光)辊, 中间滚筒

internal [inner] roll
内辊

inverse press roll
倒装压榨(装置)

jack roll
手绞盘

jump roll
扁钢轧辊(两头带辊环平辊身的)

kaiser roll
蔷薇花状小面包(有折角的小圆面包)

kibbler roll
辊式破碎机

killing rolls
矫形滚筒

king roll
压光机底辊

kiss roll
湿润辊

knife roll
刀辊

knobbling rolls
开坯轧辊, 压轧辊

knurl roll
压花辊

knurled roll
网纹轧辊, 槽纹轧辊

land roll
镇压器

leader rolls
成品前(预精轧)机座的轧辊(横列式交替二轧辊机的)

leaf roll
卷叶病

level(l)ing roll
校平辊

level(l)er roll
矫直辊

lithography roll
石印胶滚

live roll
传动辊

live rolls
滚轴运输机

load-cell mounted tension roll
负载传感张力辊

loop back roll
活套辊

looper roll
活套辊

magnesium chilled iron roll
冷硬球墨铸铁轧辊

magnetic roll
磁力辊

magnetic feed roll
磁力进料辊

mat roll
保护性滚翻

meat roll
肉卷

medium diamond-point knurling rolls
中金刚钻压花滚轮

merchant rolls
辊式中碎机

middle roll
中(间轧)辊

middling rolls
粗粉轧辊

milk roll
牛奶小面包

mill rolls
轧辊

minced roll
肉糜卷

mixing roll
研磨辊; 分散辊(两辊磨的前辊); 两辊混炼机

monkey rolls
小型辊式破碎机

motorised roll
电机传动辊

muck roll
熟铁扁条轧辊

necked roll
光制辊颈轧辊

necked-and-rough turned roll
全加工轧辊

nickel alloy chill roll
冷硬镍铸铁轧辊

nickel chilled roll
冷硬镍铁轧辊

nickel grain roll
麻口镍铸铁轧辊

nickel magnesium chilled iron roll
冷硬镍镁铸铁轧辊

nip rolls
咬送辊, 压送辊

nodular iron roll
球墨铸铁轧辊

notch -type snapping roll
槽口式摘穗辊

open-end roll
悬臂辊(轧环圈用)

orienting roll
导向滚; 导辊

overhang roll
悬臂辊

overweight roll
超重辊

pan roll
碾机辊

pan rolls
压碎机, 碾砂机

paper calender roll
(超级压光机用)纸粕辊

paper carrying roll
引纸辊

paper guide roll
导纸辊

paper spring roll
导纸弹簧辊

patent rolls
[英]专利登记簿

pay roll
工资清单, 薪工清单; 工资薪金总额

perforated (distribution) roll
匀浆辊; 多孔辊

perforated flow roll
整流辊, 匀浆辊

permanent roll
固定辊

persuader roll
(带)摇杆(的)辊子

pick and roll
掩护转身切入

picked roll
【体】屈体滚翻

picking roll
(采开铃棉花)采棉辊; (玉米)摘穗辊

pick-up roll
取料辊; 上料辊

picture roll
图象滚动

piercer roll
穿孔机轧辊

Pilger rolls
皮尔格式[周期式]轧管机的轧辊

pin roll
销辊, 销轴; 小齿轮, 齿辊

pinch roll
夹送辊, 夹紧辊, 摩擦辊; 领纸辊

plain (cast iron) roll
平面(铸铁)轧辊

plain extractor roll
普通脱水辊

plain surface roll
表面平滑的辊筒

plain-barrel(l)ed roll
平辊

plane roll
滚轧面

planishing roll
精轧辊

plate rolls
直板机, 板料校直机

plate bending rolls
弯曲滚板机

plate mill roll
钢板轧辊

plate-straightening rolls
整直滚板机

polishing roll
抛光辊, 抛光轧辊, 成品轧辊

pony roll
筒子; 卷线管; 盘卷, 卷轴

powder rolls
粉末轧机

power application roll
通电辊

prebreak [flattening] rolls
辊式预破碎机

preheat roll
预热辊

press roll
(检拾压捆机的)卷压辊, 压辊;【纸】压榨辊

press-felt roll
压毡辊

pressure rolls
开坯轧辊, 压力辊

profiled roll
有槽轧辊, 异形钢材轧辊

pull roll
引出[牵引]辊

pull-out rolls
拉出辊, 拉料辊

pull-over roll
递回轧辊

pulp roll
湿浆卷

push rolls
推送辊, 进给辊, 进料辊

ragged roll
刻痕轧辊

ration roll
配给名单[册]

rectifier roll
整流辊, 匀浆辊

reducing rolls
开坯轧辊

reduction roll
轧薄辊;【冶】压延轧辊

retractable wrapper rolls
伸缩式助卷机辊

return wire leading roll
转向导网辊

rewound roll
再卷纸轴

ribbed roll
肋辊

rider roll
接触胶皮辊(商名); 浮动滚子

ridge roll
垄用镇压器, 田垄镇压器; 屋脊卷形装饰

rigid rolls
刚性压辊

ring roll
环形镇压器

roasted turkey roll
烤火鸡卷

rope roll
绳筒, 钢索卷筒

rough rolls
粗面轧辊

roughing roll
粗轧

rubber backing roll
橡胶紧密卷(车门)

rubber covered roll
包胶辊, 橡皮套辊

rubber drying rolls
橡胶覆面挤干辊

rubber feed rolls
【农】橡胶排种槽轮

rubber-surfaced roll
胶滚

salary roll
工资名单, 工资表

sausage roll
夹香肠的小面包; 香肠卷

scale breaking rolls
破鳞辊

scarfing roll
焊管坯斜边成形轧辊

school roll
学生名册

scratch rolls
细磨轧辊; 细磨机

scratched roll
细槽纹轧辊

screen roll
清筛辊

scroll roll
卷纸辊

scrubber brush roll
洗涤器刷辊

second operation seaming roll
(制罐)第二道卷封滚轮

seeder roll
去籽辊(选种筛中的)

self-aligning centring roll
自动对心辊

self-doctoring roll
自动刮刀辊

shaped roll
型钢轧辊, 有槽轧辊

shaping roll
粗轧辊

sharp-corrugated roll
尖纹辊筒

sheep skin roll
羊皮覆面辊

sheet(ing) roll
薄板[片]轧辊; 纸卷; (=dough sheetingroll)压面片机

sheet-metal smoothing roll
金属板平轧机

shingling roll
挤渣轧辊

shot-blasted roll
喷丸加工轧辊

shoulder roll
睦体滚翻, 挂臂回环

side roll
附属辊; 侧滚动

sideward roll
侧滚翻

single cavity roll
空心滚筒

single faced roll
单面瓦楞纸卷

sink roll
导辊

siz(ing) roll
定径轧辊; 施胶辊

sizing press roll
施胶压榨(辊)

skew table roll
垛板辊道的辊子, 斜辊

skewed roll
不平行轧辊

skin-pass roll
表皮光轧机(冷轧用)

slabbing (mill) roll
扁坯轧辊

sledging rolls
单辊破碎机

sleeved roll
组合式轧辊, 双层轧辊

sleeved back -up roll
组合式支承(轧)辊

slipped roll
松纸卷

slitting roll
(带材)纵切圆盘刀心杆; 纵切辊

slow roll
(轧粉机)低速辊

slow-speed rolls
低速辊式破碎机

smooth roll
光泽辊, 光面[圆筒]镇压器; 光面(破碎机)辊

smoothing roll
整直滚筒, 钢板精轧辊

snake roll
毛毯舒展辊

snapping roll
摘穗辊

soap flaking rolls
皂片机

soft roll
软胶辊; 松纸卷

soldering roll
焊锡辊制(罐)

solid roll
整体轧辊

solid forged back-up roll
整锻支承辊

solid forged steel roll
整体锻钢辊

spare roll
备用轧辊

special assessment roll
特赋清册

spheroidal graphite roll
球墨(铸铁)轧辊

spiral roll
舒展辊, 麻花辊

spiral-groover roll
螺旋凹槽辊

spiral-ribbed roll
螺旋凸棱辊

spool roll
圆盘辊

spread(er) roll
(毛毯)舒展辊, 展毯辊

spring roll
弹簧辊

squabbing roll
阶梯轧辊

starred roll
破损纸卷; 星形卷取

steamed rolls
蒸汽加热辊

steel chilled roll
硬面钢轧辊, 淬硬钢轧辊

step roll
阶梯轧辊

stone roll
石碾, 石辊

stonite roll
人造花岗石辊

stop roll
碰停转筒

straight roll
(不带凸缘的)平面辊

straight carbon roll
碳钢平面轧辊

straight neck roll
圆柱辊颈轧辊

straightener roll
调直辊, 校平辊, 矫直辊

straightening roll
辊式矫直机

strain roll
松紧辊

stretch roll
松紧辊

stretcher roll
压延辊筒

stripper rolls
(自动轧管机的)回送辊

stuck rolls
纸卷粘连

suction breast roll
真空胸辊

suction extractor roll
(圆网纸机上的)真空脱水网辊

support(ing) roll
承压滚, 支承辊

sweat roll
蒸汽滚筒

sweet roll
小甜面包

swelling roll
浮泳辊

tamipco rolls
镀锡薄钢板的除油辊

tannery roll
制革胶滚

tapered roll
圆锥辊

taper-neck roll
圆锥辊颈轧辊

tax roll
课税清册, 税单; 税率

tension roll
张紧辊

threading roll
螺纹滚花辊

tight roll
张紧辊

tilting pinch rolls
(辊式翻钢机的)翻钢夹紧辊

toilet roll
卷筒卫生纸, 手纸卷

tongue roll
凸舌轧辊

touch roll
接触辊

traction roll
(摘穗装置的)拉摘[拖摘]辊

transfer roll
(超级压光机)中间导纸辊; 递纸辊

trash roll
排杂辊

tread roll
轮箍踏动滚动

trommel roll
管壁减薄轧机

troughing rolls
槽形输送带滚子

tube roll
记录辊; 案辊

turning roll
转向辊

twin rolls
(干燥机)双滚筒

underdriven roll
空转辊, 从动辊

unflattened roll
理想刚性辊

wafer roll
簿饼卷

water roll
水辊

watermark roll
水印辊, 罗纹辊

web roll
车轮辐板辗轧辊, 斜辊

whip roll
(织机)摆动式后梁

wholemeal roll
全麦粉小面包

winding roll
卷线盘, 绕线筒, 卷纸辊

wind-up roll
收卷辊

wire roll
线材轧辊, 铜网辊

wire covered table roll
复网案辊

wire leading roll
导网辊

wirrolllying roll
(换网用)撑网辊筒

wire return roll
(铜网)转向辊

wire suction roll
网部真空吸水辊

wire trimming roll
铜网导辊, 导网辊

wire-rod rolls
线材卷盘条

withdrawal roll
拉辊, 夹送辊

withdrawing roll
拉辊(连铸)

working roll
工作辊

worm (felt) roll
(毛毯)伸展辊, 麻花辊

wound roll
卷筒

参考词汇
list    

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

roll back
重新运行, 卷回

英汉双解计算机词典

roll back

【动】返回,重新运行,重算;[转返]
1. To return a database to its state as of the last committed change, i.e., to undo recent uncommitted changes.
使一个数据库返回到它上次已确认的改变之后的状态,即取消最近的尚未确认的变动。 2. A programmed return to a prior checkpoint. | 由程序规定返回到前一个检查点。

美国传统词典

roll
roll
AHD:[r?l]
D.J.[roul]
K.K.[rol]
v.
rolled, roll.ing, rolls
v.intr.

(1)

To move forward along a surface by revolving on an axis or by repeatedly turning over.

(2)

To travel or be moved on wheels or rollers:
rolled down the sidewalk on their scooters.

(3)

To travel around; wander:
roll from town to town.

(4)

To travel or be carried in a vehicle.

(5)

To be carried on a stream:
The logs rolled down the cascading river.

(6)

To start to move or operate:
The press wouldn't roll.

(7)

To work or succeed in a sustained way; gain momentum:
The political campaign finally began to roll.

(8)

To go by; elapse:
The days rolled along.

(9)

To recur:
Summer has rolled around again.

(10)

To move in a periodic revolution, as a planet in its orbit.

(11)

To turn over and over:
The puppy rolled in the mud.

(12)

To shift the gaze usually quickly and continually:
Her eyes rolled with fright.

(13)

To turn around or revolve on or as if on an axis.

(14)

To move or advance with a rising and falling motion; undulate:
The waves rolled toward shore.

(15)

To extend or appear to extend in gentle rises and falls:
The dunes roll to the sea.

(16)

To move or rock from side to side:
The ship pitched and rolled in heavy seas.

(17)

To walk with a swaying, unsteady motion.

(18)

To take the shape of a ball or cylinder:
Yarn rolls easily.

(19)

To become flattened by or as if by pressure applied by a roller.

(20)

To make a deep, prolonged, surging sound:
Thunder rolled in the distance.

(21)

To make a sustained, trilling sound, as certain birds do.

(22)

To beat a drum in a continuous series of short blows.

(23)

To pour or flow in or as if in a continual stream:
tourists rolling into the city.

(24)

To enjoy ample amounts:
rolled in the money.
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to move forward along a surface by revolving on an axis or by repeatedly turning over.

(2)

To move or push along on wheels or rollers:
rolled the plane out of the hangar.

(3)

To impel or send onward in a steady, swelling motion:
The sea rolls its waves onto the sand.

(4)

To impart a swaying, rocking motion to:
Heavy seas rolled the ship.

(5)

To turn around or partly turn around; rotate:
rolled his head toward the door.

(6)

To cause to begin moving or operating:
roll the cameras; roll the presses.

(7)

To extend or lay out:
rolled out a long rope.

(8)

To pronounce or utter with a trill:
You must roll your r 's in Spanish.

(9)

To utter or emit in full, swelling tones.

(10)

To beat (a drum) with a continuous series of short blows.

(11)

To wrap (something) round and round upon itself or around something else:
roll up a poster.

(12)

To envelop or enfold in a covering:
roll dirty laundry in a sheet.

(13)

To make by shaping into a ball or cylinder:
roll a cigarette.

(14)

To spread, compress, or flatten by applying pressure with a roller:
roll pastry dough.

(15)

Printing To apply ink to (type) with a roller or rollers.

(16)

Games To throw (dice), as in craps.

(17)

Slang To rob (a drunken, sleeping, or otherwise helpless person).
n.

(1)

The act or an instance of rolling.

(2)

Something rolled up:
a roll of tape.

(3)

A quantity, as of cloth or wallpaper, rolled into a cylinder and often considered as a unit of measure.

(4)

A piece of parchment or paper that may be or is rolled up; a scroll.

(5)

A register or a catalogue.

(6)

A list of names of persons belonging to a group.

(7)

A mass in cylindrical or rounded form:
a roll of tobacco.

(8)

A small rounded portion of bread.

(9)

A portion of food shaped like a tube with a filling.

(10)

A rolling, swaying, or rocking motion.

(11)

A gentle swell or undulation of a surface:
the roll of the plains.

(12)

A deep reverberation or rumble:
the roll of thunder.

(13)

A rapid succession of short sounds:
the roll of a drum.

(14)

A trill:
the roll of his r 's.

(15)

A resonant, rhythmical flow of words.

(16)

A roller, especially a cylinder on which to roll something up or with which to flatten something.

(17)

A maneuver in which an airplane makes a single complete rotation about its longitudinal axis without changing direction or losing altitude.

(18)

Slang Money, especially a wad of paper money.

常用词组

roll back

(1)

To reduce (prices or wages, for example) to a previous lower level.

(2)

To cause to turn back or retreat.

roll out

(1)

To get out of bed.

(2)

Football To execute a rollout.

roll over

(1)

To defer or postpone payment of (an obligation).

(2)

To renegotiate the terms of (a financial deal).

(3)

To reinvest (funds from a maturing security) into a similar security.

roll up

(1)

To arrive in a vehicle.

(2)

To accumulate; amass:
rolled up quite a fortune.

习惯用语

on a rollInformal
Undergoing or experiencing sustained, even increasing good fortune, or success:
“The stock market's on a roll”(Karen Pennar)

roll in the haySlang
Sexual intercourse.

roll the bonesGames
To cast dice, especially in craps.

roll with the punchesSlang
To cope with and withstand adversity, especially by being flexible.

语源

(1)

Middle English rollen

(2)

from Old French roler

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *rotul3e

(4)

from Latin rotula [diminutive of] rota [wheel] * see ret-

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

roll back
重新运行,重算

英汉电信大词典

roll back
重绕,滚回

英汉航海大词典

roll back
vt.退回重来,重新运行

英汉化学大词典

roll back
vt.退却

英汉经贸大词典

roll back
n.压低市场价格

英汉计算机大词典

roll back
n.退回重来(重新运行,重绕

英汉能源大词典

roll back
n.退回重来

英汉冶金大词典

roll back
n.退回重来

英汉医学大词典

roll back
n.重算,重新运行

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