简明英汉词典

role
[rEul]
n.
角色, 任务

美国传统词典[双解]

role
role 也作 r?le
AHD:[r?l]
D.J.[roul]
K.K.[rol]
n.(名词)

(1)

A character or part played by a performer.
角色:表演者扮演的角色或剧中人物

(2)

The characteristic and expected social behavior of an individual.
职分,责任:个人特征或期望的社会行为

(3)

A function or position.See Synonyms at function
功能,职位参见 function

语源

(1)

French r?le
法语 r?le

(2)

from Old French rolle [roll of parchment (on which an actor's part was written)]
源自 古法语 rolle [羊皮纸卷(上面写着演员的台词)]

(3)

from Latin rotula [diminutive of] rota [wheel] * see roll
源自 拉丁语 rotula [] rota的小后缀 [车轮] *参见 roll

注释
Considering the various great roles in the theater, such as Hamlet or Lear, or the various roles we play, such as parent or teacher, employer or employee, it is difficult to think back to a time in the history of the word role when none of these important associations was present. Role, which is first recorded in English in 1606, came to us from French with the sense “a part one has to play.” Obviously the development of the sense familiar to us had already occurred in French, where the word r?le in its earlier history (Old French rolle ) had meant “a roll, as of parchment,” particularly with reference to a manuscript roll. The word could also mean “a legal document” or “a list or register.” From such use it also came to refer to the text from which an actor learned a part. This use brought the word into the world of the theater where it has played an important role ever since.
考虑到剧中各种各样的伟大人物,如哈姆莱特或李尔王或我们所扮演的家长、老师、老板或雇员等各种角色,如果不想到这些重要的联系,便很难追忆起role 在历史上使用的时间。 Role 一词源于法语,意为“某人不得不扮演的角色”,于1606年首次载入英语。显然,我们所熟悉的词义发展已出现在法语中。法语中Role 一词在更早的时候(古法语 rolle )就表示“羊皮纸卷”, 尤指羊皮纸手稿。该词也可指“法律文件”或“名录,记录”。由此而引申为演员所背的台词全文。从此,该用法把该词引入戏剧界,并在剧院扮演了重要角色

现代英汉词典

role
[rEJl]
n.

(1)

任务;职责

(2)

角色
He played the role of the old king in our school play.
他在我们学校演的剧中扮演老国王的角色。

现代英汉综合大辞典

role
[rEul]
n.

(1)

(演员扮演的)角色

(2)

任务; 作用
the leading role
主角

习惯用语

fill the role of
担负...的任务

play an important role in
在...中起重要作用

play the leading role
起主要作用, 起带头作用

play the role of(sb.)
(在剧中)扮演(某人)角色

title role [part, character]
剧名[片名]角色(戏剧或影片中主人公的名字被用作剧名或片名)

特殊用法

exemplary role
模范作用

intended role
计划中任务

teacher role
教师作用

role of school
学校职能

用法词典

role
来自法语r?le

英文相关词典

role
capacity    character    function    part    position    

美国传统词典

role
role also r?le
AHD:[r?l]
D.J.[roul]
K.K.[rol]
n.

(1)

A character or part played by a performer.

(2)

The characteristic and expected social behavior of an individual.

(3)

A function or position.See Synonyms at function

语源

(1)

French r?le

(2)

from Old French rolle [roll of parchment (on which an actor's part was written)]

(3)

from Latin rotula [diminutive of] rota [wheel] * see roll

注释
Considering the various great roles in the theater, such as Hamlet or Lear, or the various roles we play, such as parent or teacher, employer or employee, it is difficult to think back to a time in the history of the word role when none of these important associations was present. Role, which is first recorded in English in 1606, came to us from French with the sense “a part one has to play.” Obviously the development of the sense familiar to us had already occurred in French, where the word r?le in its earlier history (Old French rolle ) had meant “a roll, as of parchment,” particularly with reference to a manuscript roll. The word could also mean “a legal document” or “a list or register.” From such use it also came to refer to the text from which an actor learned a part. This use brought the word into the world of the theater where it has played an important role ever since.

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

role
角色

英汉法学大词典

role
作用

英汉航海大词典

role
n.作用

英汉航空大词典

role
n.角色

英汉化学大词典

role
n.角色,任务,作用

英汉经贸大词典

role
n.作用

英汉计算机大词典

role
n.角色(任务)

英汉建筑大词典

role
n.任务,角色,作用

英汉能源大词典

role
n.角色,任务

英汉心理学大词典

role
作用

基本词义

role
角色

英汉中医大词典

role
n.作用,角色,功用

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004