简明英汉词典

rival
[5raivEl]
n.
竞争者, 对手
v.
竞争, 对抗, 相匹敌

美国传统词典[双解]

rival
ri.val
AHD:[ro“v…l]
D.J.[6raiv*l]
K.K.[6ra!v*l]
n.(名词)

(1)

One who attempts to equal or surpass another, or who pursues the same object as another; a competitor.
竞争对手,敌手:试图与另一人匹敌或超越的人,或者是与另一个人追求同一目标的人;竞争对手

(2)

One that equals or almost equals another in a particular respect.
匹敌者:在某一特定方面与另一人相等或几乎相等的人

(3)

Obsolete A companion or an associate in a particular duty.
【废语】 同事,伙伴:在某一特定的任务中的伙伴或助手
n.attributive.(定语名词)
Often used to modify another noun:
常用来修饰另一个名词:
rival companies; rival products; rival teams; rival schools.
竞争公司;竞争产品;竞争队;竞争学校
v.(动词)
ri.valed或 ri.valled ri.val.ing或 ri.val.ling ri.vals或 ri.vals
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To attempt to equal or surpass.
与…竞争:试图匹敌或越过

(2)

To be the equal of; match:
与…相匹敌;比得上:
“They achieved more than they had ever dreamed, lending a magic to their family story that no tale or ordinary life could possibly rival”(Doris Kearns Goodwin)
“他们取得的成就比他们所梦想的还要多,这给他们的家族史注入了一股魔力,使得任何神话及日常生活都没法匹敌”(多丽丝·克恩斯·古德温)
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To be a competitor or rival; compete.
竞争:成为竞争对手或敌人;竞争

语源

(1)

Latin ro3lis} [a rival, one using the same stream as another]
拉丁语 ro3lis} [对手,与另一个使用相同水流的人]

(2)

from ros [stream] * see rei-
源自 ros [河,水流] *参见 rei-

参考词汇

(1)

rivalcompetevieemulate

(2)

These verbs mean to seek to equal or surpass another.
这些动词都表示试图与…匹敌或超越另一人。

(3)

Rival is the most general:
Rival 最具概括意义:
“His ambition led him to rival the career of Edmund Burke” (Henry Adams). To compete is to contend with another or others to attain a goal, as gaining an advantage, victory in a contest, or a prize:
“他的抱负致使他超越了爱德蒙·伯克的事业” (亨利·亚当斯)。Compete 指为了达到某一目标,如为取得优势、在竞赛中取得胜利或获奖,而与另一个人或其他人竞争:
Local hardware stores can't compete with discount outlets.
地方五金商店不能与那些削价商行相竞争。
“She must learn to compete . . . not as a woman, but as a human being” (Betty Friedan).
“她必须学会竞争…不是以女人的身份,而是以人的身份” (贝蒂·弗里丹)。

(4)

Vie, often interchangeable with compete, sometimes stresses the challenge implicit in rivalry:
Vie 常能与Compete 互换, 但有时强调隐含在竞争行为中的挑战:
“No mortal could vie with Zeus” (Homer).
任何凡人都没法与宙斯匹敌” (荷马)。

(5)

Emulate connotes imitation in an effort to match or outdo another:
Emulate 表示为赶上或超越另一人而努力模仿:
“The whole world emulates Athens and Rome” (David Hume).
“全世界都仿效雅典和罗马 (大卫·休谟)

现代英汉词典

rival
[5raIv(E)l]
n.
对手;敌手
She and I are rivals for the swimming prize.
我和她是游泳比赛奖的竞争对手。

词性变化

rival
vt.
-ll-; (AmE.) -l-
抗衡;与…匹敌
Ships can't rival planes for speed.
船的速度比不上飞机。

现代英汉综合大辞典

rival
[5raivEl]
n.

(1)

对手, 竞争者

(2)

匹敌者, 对等的人[物]; 可与相比的东西
a rival in love
情敌
near rival
威胁大的对手
without a rival
无可匹敌, 无敌

词性变化

rival
[5raivEl]
adj.
竞争的, 对抗的
rival business firms
竞争的商行

rival
[5raivEl]
vt.,vi.
([英] -ll-)竞争, 对抗, 匹敌
No one could rival him in this respect.
在这方面没有人能胜过他。

英文相关词典

rival
match    ally    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

rival
竞争

美国传统词典

rival
ri.val
AHD:[ro“v…l]
D.J.[6raiv*l]
K.K.[6ra!v*l]
n.

(1)

One who attempts to equal or surpass another, or who pursues the same object as another; a competitor.

(2)

One that equals or almost equals another in a particular respect.

(3)

Obsolete A companion or an associate in a particular duty.
n.attributive.
Often used to modify another noun:
rival companies; rival products; rival teams; rival schools.
v.
ri.valedor ri.valled ri.val.ingor ri.val.ling ri.valsor ri.vals
v.tr.

(1)

To attempt to equal or surpass.

(2)

To be the equal of; match:
“They achieved more than they had ever dreamed, lending a magic to their family story that no tale or ordinary life could possibly rival”(Doris Kearns Goodwin)
v.intr.
To be a competitor or rival; compete.

语源

(1)

Latin ro3lis} [a rival, one using the same stream as another]

(2)

from ros [stream] * see rei-

参考词汇

(1)

rival, compete, vie, emulate

(2)

These verbs mean to seek to equal or surpass another.

(3)

Rival is the most general:
“His ambition led him to rival the career of Edmund Burke” (Henry Adams). To compete is to contend with another or others to attain a goal, as gaining an advantage, victory in a contest, or a prize:
Local hardware stores can't compete with discount outlets.
“She must learn to compete . . . not as a woman, but as a human being” (Betty Friedan).

(4)

Vie, often interchangeable with compete, sometimes stresses the challenge implicit in rivalry:
“No mortal could vie with Zeus” (Homer).

(5)

Emulate connotes imitation in an effort to match or outdo another:
“The whole world emulates Athens and Rome” (David Hume).

英汉航海大词典

rival
n.竞争者

英汉化学大词典

rival
n.对手,匹配者;adj.竞争的,对抗的

英汉经贸大词典

rival
n.竞争者

英汉计算机大词典

rival
n.对手(匹配者);adj.竞争的(对抗的)

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