简明英汉词典

retire
[ri5taiE]
vi.
退休, 引退, 退却, 撤退, 就寝

美国传统词典[双解]

retire
re.tire
AHD:[r1-tor“]
D.J.[ri6tair]
K.K.[r!6ta!r]
v.(动词)
re.tiredre.tir.ingre.tires
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To withdraw, as for rest or seclusion.
隐退:退出,如为了休息或隐居而退出

(2)

To go to bed.
就寝:上床睡觉

(3)

To withdraw from one's occupation, business, or office; stop working.
退职:某人从其职业、生意或公职中退出;停止工作

(4)

To fall back or retreat, as from battle.
退却,撤退:后退或撤退,如从战场上撤退

(5)

To move back or away; recede.
后退:退回或移开;后退
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to withdraw from one's usual field of activity:
使退休:使某人从他的通常活动领域中退出:
retired all executives at 55.
所有的行政人员在55岁退休

(2)

To lead (troops, for example) away from action; withdraw.
使撤退:带领(例如军队)从军事行动中离开;退出

(3)

To take out of circulation:
收回(票证):退出流通:
retired the bonds.
使债券退出流通领域

(4)

To withdraw from use or active service:
报废,停止使用:从使用或正在进行的服务中退出:
retiring an old battleship.
使一艘旧战船报废

(5)

Baseball
【棒球】

(6)

To put out (a batter).
使(击球手)出局

(7)

To cause (the opposing team) to end a turn at bat.
封杀出局:使(对方球队)失去击球机会

语源

(1)

French retirer [to retreat]
法语 retirer [撤退]

(2)

from Old French [to take back]
源自 古法语 [撤回]

(3)

re- [re-]
re- [表示“后退”意思的前缀]

(4)

tirer [to draw] * see tier 1
tirer [拖,拉] *参见 tier1

注释
Despite the upbeat books written about retiring and the fact that it is a well-earned time of relaxation from the daily rigors of work, many people do not find it a particularly pleasant prospect. Perhaps the etymology of retire may hint at why. The ultimate source of our word is the Old French word retirer, made up of the prefix re-, meaning in this case “back,” and the verb tirer, “to draw,” together meaning “to take back or withdraw.” The first use of the English word retire is recorded in 1533 in reference to a military force that withdraws. It is not until 1667 that we find the word used to mean “to withdraw from a position for more leisure.” In regard to the sting in all this we need to look at the source of tirer, “to draw, draw out, endure,” which ultimately may be from Old French martir, “a martyr,” probably reflecting the fact that martyrs had to endure the torture of being stretched up to and beyond the point of dislocating their bones.
尽管有关于退休的乐观书籍,以及退休是从日常工作的严酷中解放出来的极好时光的事实,许多人并没有发现它特别令人愉悦的地方。也许retire 的语源学暗示了原因。 这个词最早的来源是古法语单词retirer , 由在此意指“向后”的前缀re- 及意为“拉”的动词 tiver 合在一起组成,意为“撤回或退回”。 英语单词retire 的使用则最早记录于1553年, 指撤退的军队。直到1667年我们才发现该词用于表达“为得到更多的闲暇而退出职位。”考虑到所有这些词的负面含义,我们有必要看看tirer 的词源, 其意为“拉,拉出,容忍,”它可能最初源于意为“殉道者”的古法语martir , 这可能反映了一个事实,即殉者不得不忍受四肢被拉直至骨肉脱离的酷刑

现代英汉词典

retire
[rI5taIE(r)]
vi., vt.
retired, retiring

(1)

隐居;隐退
to retire from the world
遁世
He is now retiring from political life and has gone abroad.
"他现在正在退出政治生活,并已出国。"

(2)

撤退

(3)

就寝

(4)

退休
He retired from the business when he was 60.
他60岁时,退休了。

(5)

收回

现代英汉综合大辞典

retire
[ri5taiE]
vi.

(1)

退下; 离开;【军】撤退

(2)

引退, 退隐[休, 职, 役]

(3)

[正式用语]就寝

(4)

(波浪等)后退; (海岸等)缩退
retire from the world
离群索居; 退隐(出家当和尚)
retire to bed [to rest]
就寝
retire for the night
就寝, 上床去睡
retire in disorder
溃退
retire on a pension
领退休金, 退休
retire under the age clause
因年老退休
Heretired from office in disgrace.
他受处分被撤职。
The football player retired hurt.
那个足球运动员受伤退场了。

词性变化

retire
[ri5taiE]
vt.

(1)

【军】(令)撤退

(2)

使退职[引退], 辞退

(3)

收回(纸币, 债券, 股票等); 付清(证券的本息)

(4)

【体】(棒球)使(打击手)出局
retire the troops
撤走部队
retire a clerk
辞退职员

retire
[ri5taiE]
n.
退隐; [罕]退隐所;【军】退兵信号
sound the (a) retire
吹退兵号

继承用法

retirer
n.

习惯用语

retire into oneself
不和人交际; 苦思不语; 离群索居

用法词典

retire
来自法语retirer
英文相关词典

retire
abdicate    discharge    dismiss    expel    go to bed    quit    recede    relinquish    remove    resign    retreat    suspend    vacate    withdraw    

美国传统词典

retire
re.tire
AHD:[r1-tor“]
D.J.[ri6tair]
K.K.[r!6ta!r]
v.
re.tired, re.tir.ing, re.tires
v.intr.

(1)

To withdraw, as for rest or seclusion.

(2)

To go to bed.

(3)

To withdraw from one's occupation, business, or office; stop working.

(4)

To fall back or retreat, as from battle.

(5)

To move back or away; recede.
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to withdraw from one's usual field of activity:
retired all executives at 55.

(2)

To lead (troops, for example) away from action; withdraw.

(3)

To take out of circulation:
retired the bonds.

(4)

To withdraw from use or active service:
retiring an old battleship.

(5)

Baseball

(6)

To put out (a batter).

(7)

To cause (the opposing team) to end a turn at bat.

语源

(1)

French retirer [to retreat]

(2)

from Old French [to take back]

(3)

re- [re-]

(4)

tirer [to draw] * see tier 1

注释
Despite the upbeat books written about retiring and the fact that it is a well-earned time of relaxation from the daily rigors of work, many people do not find it a particularly pleasant prospect. Perhaps the etymology of retire may hint at why. The ultimate source of our word is the Old French word retirer, made up of the prefix re-, meaning in this case “back,” and the verb tirer, “to draw,” together meaning “to take back or withdraw.” The first use of the English word retire is recorded in 1533 in reference to a military force that withdraws. It is not until 1667 that we find the word used to mean “to withdraw from a position for more leisure.” In regard to the sting in all this we need to look at the source of tirer, “to draw, draw out, endure,” which ultimately may be from Old French martir, “a martyr,” probably reflecting the fact that martyrs had to endure the torture of being stretched up to and beyond the point of dislocating their bones.

英汉地质大词典

retire
n.后退,退缩

英汉法学大词典

retire
付清 ;v.退出 ,退休 ;n.退休

英汉航海大词典

retire
n.退休

英汉航空大词典

retire
n.退休

英汉化学大词典

retire
vt.更新轮胎,退休,退下

英汉海运大词典

retire
退,退却(浪等)向后退,(海岸等)退缩(位置线)向后移线退休

基本词义

retire
退,退却(浪等)向后退,(海岸等)退缩(位置线)向后移线退休

英汉经贸大词典

retire
n.退休

英汉计算机大词典

retire
vt.退休(退下,收回

英汉建筑大词典

retire
vt.退职

英汉农牧林大词典

retire
n.后退,退缩

英汉心理学大词典

retire
退休

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